Copyright © 2007 Allyn & Bacon Chapter 9 Physical Impairments and Special Health Care Needs This multimedia product and its contents are protected under

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<ul><li>Slide 1</li></ul> <p>Copyright 2007 Allyn &amp; Bacon Chapter 9 Physical Impairments and Special Health Care Needs This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; any rental lease, or lending of the program. Introduction to Special Education: Making a Difference 6th Edition Slide 2 Copyright 2007 Allyn &amp; Bacon Focus Questions How are physical impairment and special health care needs classified and organized? How are physical impairment and special health care needs classified and organized? What are some steps teachers should follow to assist a child who is having a seizure? What are some steps teachers should follow to assist a child who is having a seizure? What are the different types of cerebral palsy? What are the different types of cerebral palsy? How do students with ADHD qualify for special education services? How do students with ADHD qualify for special education services? How can the learning environment be modified to accommodate students with physical impairments and special health care needs? How can the learning environment be modified to accommodate students with physical impairments and special health care needs? Slide 3 Copyright 2007 Allyn &amp; Bacon Challenge Question What are the barriers to the full inclusion of these individuals in society, and how can they be minimized? What are the barriers to the full inclusion of these individuals in society, and how can they be minimized? Slide 4 Copyright 2007 Allyn &amp; Bacon History of the Field Treatment dates to prehistoric times, but was often based in superstition and unsafe practices Treatment dates to prehistoric times, but was often based in superstition and unsafe practices Architectural barriers, though improving, are still problems Architectural barriers, though improving, are still problems Brief timeline: Brief timeline: 1861: William Little describes cerebral palsy 1900: First public classes for crippled children 1973: Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act is passed 1977: Section 504 is implemented 1990: The Americans with Disabilities Act is signed into law 1997: IDEA calls out ADHD in other health impairment category Slide 5 Copyright 2007 Allyn &amp; Bacon Opportunities for a Better Future Incorrect stereotypes about physical impairments are common Incorrect stereotypes about physical impairments are common Physical perfection is often wrongly associated with goodness Physical perfection is often wrongly associated with goodness Slide 6 Copyright 2007 Allyn &amp; Bacon Thinking about Dilemmas to Solve How can the educational system best respond to their needs How can the educational system best respond to their needs Why some states use separate special education schools for students with physical disabilities while others do not Why some states use separate special education schools for students with physical disabilities while others do not The impact of fully including all medically fragile students in general education classrooms on all of those directly and indirectly involved The impact of fully including all medically fragile students in general education classrooms on all of those directly and indirectly involved The implications of including ADHD as a condition under the health impairments category The implications of including ADHD as a condition under the health impairments category How teachers should be prepared to work with children with these special needs How teachers should be prepared to work with children with these special needs Slide 7 Copyright 2007 Allyn &amp; Bacon Physical Impairments and Special Health Care Needs Defined Physical impairments Physical impairments IDEA uses the term orthopedic impairments IDEA uses the term orthopedic impairments Children have problems with structure or functioning of their bodies Children have problems with structure or functioning of their bodies Includes impairments caused by: Includes impairments caused by: Congenital anomaly Congenital anomaly Disease Disease Other causes such as cerebral palsy and amputations Other causes such as cerebral palsy and amputations Special health care needs Special health care needs IDEA uses the term other health impairments IDEA describes these students as having: Limited strength Chronic or acute health problems Affected educational performance Can be divided into two categories Neuromotor Muscular/skeletal Slide 8 Copyright 2007 Allyn &amp; Bacon Physical Impairments Neuromotor impairments Neuromotor impairments Brain and spinal cord damage Brain and spinal cord damage Includes: Includes: Seizure disorders Seizure disorders Cerebral palsy Cerebral palsy Spinal cord disorders Spinal cord disorders Polio Polio Muscular dystrophy Muscular dystrophy Multiple sclerosis Multiple sclerosis Muscular/Skeletal conditions include: Muscular/Skeletal conditions include: Juvenile arthritis Limb deficiencies Skeletal disorders Slide 9 Copyright 2007 Allyn &amp; Bacon Assisting a Child who is Having a Seizure Create a safe place free from hazards Create a safe place free from hazards Loosen clothing Loosen clothing Protect the head Protect the head Call ambulance for seizures longer than five minutes Call ambulance for seizures longer than five minutes Keep individual calm when they return to consciousness Keep individual calm when they return to consciousness Slide 10 Copyright 2007 Allyn &amp; Bacon Special Health Care Needs Chronic Illnesses Chronic Illnesses Asthma Asthma Sickle cell anemia Sickle cell anemia Tuberculosis Tuberculosis Childhood cancer Childhood cancer Cystic fibrosis Cystic fibrosis Congenital heart defects Congenital heart defects Blood disorders Blood disorders Diabetes Diabetes Infectious Diseases Infectious Diseases HIV and AIDS Hepatitis B Slide 11 Copyright 2007 Allyn &amp; Bacon Prevalence In the 2003-2004,school year: In the 2003-2004,school year:.88% of all students were classified as having other health impairments ( including students diagnosed with ADHD).88% of all students were classified as having other health impairments ( including students diagnosed with ADHD) 13% of all students were classified with physical disabilities 13% of all students were classified with physical disabilities Both categories comprise 1% of all students Slide 12 Copyright 2007 Allyn &amp; Bacon Prevalence of Some Special Health Care Needs Asthma - 8% to 12% Asthma - 8% to 12% Cerebral palsy - 0.03% Cerebral palsy - 0.03% Epilepsy -</p>