anxiety disorders copyright © allyn & bacon 2007

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  • Anxiety DisordersCopyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

  • Anxiety DisordersMental problems characterized mainly by anxiety.

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007Anxiety is a normal reaction to stress.

    It helps one deal with a tense situation work, study harder for an exam, or keep focused on an important speech. In general, it helps one cope.

    But when anxiety becomes an excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations, it has become a disabling disorder.

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007Anxiety DisordersGeneralized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) Characterized by persistent and pervasive feelings of anxiety, without any external cause

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

  • Anxiety DisordersPanic Disorder Strong feeling of anxiety that has no connection to present events.

    Unlike GAD, the victims are usually free of anxiety between attacksCopyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

  • Panic AttackA wave of panic with no known source.Usual consists of dizzy spells, a racing heart, shakes, cold/clammy hands, and the fear that you are going to die Evidence of genetic influenceshowever the brain mechanism responsible for this condition lies in the amygdala

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

  • AgoraphobiaA fear of public places (situations that they can not easily escape from ..crowds, open spaces, etc)

    Commonly accompanying a panic disorder.

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007Anxiety DisordersPhobias A group of anxiety disorders involving a pathological (excessive) fear of a specific object or situation

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

  • Common PhobiasCopyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

  • 10 Most Common Phobias6. Astraphobia: The fear of thunder and lightening.

    7. Trypanophobia: The fear of injections.

    8. Social Phobias: The fear of social situations.

    9. Pteromerhanophobia: The fear of flying.

    10. Mysophobia: The fear of germs or dirt.

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

  • 10 Most Common Phobias1. Arachnophobia: The fear of spiders.

    2. Ophidiophobia: The fear of snakes.

    3. Acrophobia: The fear of heights.

    4. Agoraphobia

    5. Cynophobia: The fear of dogs.Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

  • Preparedness HypothesisThe concept that we have an innate tendency, acquired through natural selection, to respond quickly and automatically to stimuli that posed a survival threat to our ancestors

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007Anxiety DisordersObsessive-Compulsive Disorder Condition characterized by patterns of persistent, unwanted thoughts and behaviors

  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

  • Obsessions:Thoughts, images, behaviors, impulses reappear despite the persons effort to suppress them.A Mild Obsessive Experience: rechecking a door to see if its locked

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

  • Compulsions:Repetitive, purposeful acts performed according to certain rules in response to an obsession.Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

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