Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Chapter 13 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 This multimedia product.

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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Chapter 13 Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Late 1600s treatment was advocated 19 th c. Most common recommendation was for institutionalization Early 20 th c. Attention to war veterans brought about laws to assist individuals National organizations developed Easter Seals and the March of Dimes
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Irving Independent School District v. Tatro, 468 U.S. 883 (1984) Cedar Rapids Community School District v. Garrett F., 19 S. Ct. 992 (1992)
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Chronic e.g., cerebral palsy Acute e.g., childhood cancers Progressive e.g., muscular dystrophy Episodic e.g., epilepsy Congenital present at birth Acquired occurs after birth
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities a severe impairment that adversely affects a childs educational performance. The term includes impairments caused by congenital anomaly, impairments caused by disease, and impairments from other causes
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Monoplegia only one limb is affected Hemiplegia one side of the body is affected Paraplegia only legs are affected Tetraplegia (formerly called quadriplegia) involves all limbs and trunk of the body Diplegia both legs or both arms are affected
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Types of Paralysis
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Cerebral palsy paralysis of the brain. disability in muscle control, posture, and movement
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities spastic, athetoid, ataxic, mixed
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Spina bifida bones of the spinal column are not closed Hydrocephalus cerebrospinal fluid in the brain
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Spinal cord injury break, severe bruise, or other damage to spinal cord that affects motor and sensory functions.
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Duchenne muscular dystrophy deterioration of muscles
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis inflammation (redness, swelling, and soreness) of the joints autoimmune disorder
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a childs educational performance.
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Closed head injury no physical injury to the skull Open head injury skull is fractured and membrane surrounding the brain is penetrated
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Cognitive skills Processing ability Language Academic achievement Emotions Behavior
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Car/motorcycle accidents Falls from bicycles Playground accidents Shaken baby syndrome
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities having limited strength, vitality or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment, that adversely affects a childs educational performance.
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Asthma lung disease that causes episodes of extreme difficulty in breathing. Triggers in environment cause airways to swell and produce mucus
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Epilepsy (seizure disorder) Partial seizure electrical charge affects only part of the brain; involuntary twitching of muscles or rapid eye blinks Generalized 1)tonic-clonic person stiffens, loses consciousness, falls, and arms and legs contract 2)absence (ab-sawnce) seizures lasts up to 30 seconds; mistaken for daydreaming.
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Cancer uncontrolled division of abnormal cells 1)Leukemia (white blood cell cancer) 2)Brain tumor
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Caused by hemoglobin S that reduces O 2 About 9% affected in U.S. HHomozygous recessive (ss) Heterozygous: (Ss) carriers CCan transmit gene to offspring
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Type I Diabetes (juvenile) body cannot break down sugars and store them due to a lack of insulin (hormone and protein)
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Cognitive and academic varies widely Behavior, Emotional, and Social Behavior problems may be present Student may have low self-esteem May need help relating to peers Physical and medical teachers must learn about each students challenges and needs
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Medical condition and physical functioning Intellectual functioning Academic achievement, language, and related areas Behavior
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Infants/toddlers services at home Preschoolers in-home, center-based, or preschool programs Services focus on family relationships as well as treatment for the child Early interventionists help family locate and access needed resources
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities In general education classrooms: About 50% of students with physical disabilities and health impairments Less than 33% of students with traumatic brain injury Many students receive services in special education classrooms, residential facilities, at home, or in hospitals
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Public School Placements for Students with Physical and Health Disabilities: Time Spent Outside General Education (in percentages)
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Postsecondary education Transportation Living arrangements Career choices Agency supports
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities Access to education Aids for posture and mobility Aids for communication Aids for learning Related services Factors related to disability School re-entry Responding to emergencies
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  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2008 Chapter 13: Students with Physical and Health Disabilities How prepared are teachers to work with students with physical and health disabilities? How available is technology to students in rural areas or those who are poor?

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