developmental disorders copyright © allyn & bacon 2007

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  • Developmental DisordersCopyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007Autism A developmental disorder marked by disabilities in language, social interaction, and the ability to understand another persons state of mind.A fundamental brain disorder with genetic influences

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

  • Aspergers Syndrome/DisorderA milder variant of Autistic Disorder.

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007It differs from other autism spectrum disorders by its relative preservation of linguistic and cognitive development.

    People with Asperger's often display intense interests.

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

  • Dyslexia/ Developmental Reading Disorder A reading disability, thought by some experts to involve a brain disorder in the language processing center.

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007It is estimated that dyslexia affects between 5% and 17% of the U.S. population.

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

    ADHDAttention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder A developmental disability involving short attention span, distractibility, and extreme difficulty in remaining inactive for any period of time..

    For these problems to be diagnosed as ADHD, they must be out of the normal range for the child's age and development.

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

  • Percent of Youth 4-17 ever diagnosed with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: National Survey of Children's Health, 2003 Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

  • Ritalin Methylphenidate

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007It is believed that it works by activating the brain stem arousal system and cortex.

    Pharmacologically, it works on the neurotransmitter dopamine, and in that respect resembles the stimulant characteristics of cocaine.Street Name / Slang Terms Kibbles & Bits, Kiddy-Cocaine, Skippy, Smarties, Vitamin R.

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

  • Adjustment DisordersCopyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

  • Adjustment Disorders

    Relatively mild problems that do not fit well under other headingsThe largest group of people fit into this category.

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007Examples include.Mild depressionJob, marital or academic problemsPhysical complaintsParent-child problemsBereavementMalingering (faking an illness)

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

  • Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007ShynessA distressing pattern of avoiding or withdrawing from social contact.

    It is treatable, but it is not a DSM-IV disorderShyness may come from personality introversion, genetic traits, or the environment in which a person is raised.

    Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2007

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