Chapter 1 Biopsychology as a Neuroscience. Copyright © 2009 Allyn & Bacon What Is Biopsychology? “The scientific study of the biology of behavior” Also.

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<ul><li><p> Chapter 1Biopsychology as a Neuroscience</p><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; Bacon</p></li><li><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; BaconWhat Is Biopsychology?The scientific study of the biology of behaviorAlso called psychobiology, behavioral biology, behavioral neurosciencePsychology: the scientific study of behavior</p><p>`</p><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; Bacon</p></li><li><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; BaconWhat Is Biopsychology? (continued)Hebb (1949) proposed that psychological phenomena might be produced by brain activityBiopsychology takes an eclectic approach based on experiments, case studies, observation, and inference`</p><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; Bacon</p></li><li><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; BaconBiopsychology and Other Disciplines of NeuroscienceKnowledge from other disciplines of neuroscience is applied to the study of behaviorEach discipline studies a different aspect of the nervous system that informs our understanding of what produces and controls behavior</p><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; Bacon</p></li><li><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; BaconOther Disciplines of NeuroscienceNeuroanatomyStructure of the nervous systemNeurochemistryChemical bases of neural activityNeuroendocrinologyInteractions between the nervous system and the endocrine system</p><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; Bacon</p></li><li><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; BaconOther Disciplines of Neuroscience (continued)NeuropathologyNervous system disordersNeuropharmacologyEffects of drugs on neural activityNeurophysiologyFunctions and activities of the nervous system</p><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; Bacon</p></li><li><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; BaconBiopsychological Research: Three Major Dimensions</p><p>Human and nonhuman subjectsExperiments and nonexperimentsPure and applied research</p><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; Bacon</p></li><li><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; BaconHuman and Nonhuman SubjectsWhile some questions about behavior can only be addressed using human subjects, much can be learned from studying the brains of other speciesSpecies differences are more quantitative than qualitative</p><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; Bacon</p></li><li><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; BaconHuman and Nonhuman Subjects (continued)Why use nonhumans?Simpler brains makes it more likely that brain-behavior interactions will be revealedComparative approach gain insight by making comparisons with other speciesFewer ethical restrictions than with humansWhy use humans?They can follow instructionsThey can report their introspectionsTheyre cheaper </p><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; Bacon</p></li><li><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; BaconExperiments and NonexperimentsExperiments involve the manipulation of variablesIn nonexperiments, the researcher does not control the variables of interestQuasiexperimental studiesCase studies</p><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; Bacon</p></li><li><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; BaconCase studies focus on a single individual, such as Jimmie G.Usually more in-depth than other approaches, but may not be generalizableGeneralizability the degree to which results can be applied to other casesExperiments and Nonexperiments (continued)</p><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; Bacon</p></li><li><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; BaconDivisions of BiopsychologySix major divisionsPhysiological psychologyPsychopharmacologyNeuropsychologyPsychophysiologyCognitive neuroscienceComparative psychologyEach has a different approach, but there is much overlap</p><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; Bacon</p></li><li><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; BaconDivisions of Biopsychology (continued)Physiological psychologyNeural mechanisms of behaviorDirect manipulation of the brainPsychopharmacologyEffects of drugs on the brain and behaviorNeuropsychologyPsychological effects of brain damage in humans</p><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; Bacon</p></li><li><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; BaconPsychophysiologyRelation between physiological activity and psychological processesExample: visual tracking in schizophrenicsDivisions of Biopsychology (continued)</p><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; Bacon</p></li><li><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; BaconCognitive neuroscience the neural bases of cognitionFunctional brain imaging is the major method of cognitive neuroscience</p><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; Bacon</p></li><li><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; BaconComparative psychologyComparing different species to understand evolution, genetics, and adaptiveness of behaviorDivisions of Biopsychology (continued)</p><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; Bacon</p></li><li><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; Bacon</p><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; Bacon</p></li><li><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; BaconScientific InferenceThe empirical method that biopsychologists use to study the unobservableScientists measure what they can observe and use these measures as a basis for inferring what they cant observe </p><p>Copyright 2009 Allyn &amp; Bacon</p><p>******************</p></li></ul>

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