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livre blanc sur l'internet des objets édité par Alten

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  • 1. Internet of Things, for smarter Industries & Services WHITE PAPER for smarter Industries,

2. Internet of Things, for smarter Industries & Services White paper for smTable of contents 1. Market overview 2. A large technology/technical universe 3. Industry Use Cases 4. ALTENs positioning 5. Conclusion 3. Internet of Things, for smarter Industries & Services White paper ALTEN in brief ALTEN is the European leader in technology consulting and engineering. We provide support and assistance to our clients in the fields of innovation, R&D and information technology systems. Our 14,800 top-level engineers conduct design and research projects for Technical and Information System Divisions for our corporate customers in the industry, telecommunications and tertiary sectors. Globalisation is increasing, and we, at ALTEN, part of our clients R&D strategy to boost their performance and support them in breaking into new markets. With a presence in 16 countries, and a turnover for 2013 of 1.2 billion euros, we cover the whole product development cycle, and offer a choice of services from consulting to project outsourcing. We are the technology partner of choice for Europes leading corporations. By mixing its industrial domain knowledge, -and its technology consulting telecommunications and Information systems business lines, ALTEN is positioned as a vendor-neutral, technology agnostic, consulting and engineering partner for all actors of this transforming eco-system. The portfolio of services offered by ALTEN in the Internet of Things (IoT) domain is grouped into 6 categories (communicating devices, networks, information systems, mobile application, sector-specific product engineering and integration services), which are mapped onto the overall end-to-end architecture of an IoT/M2M solution. 4. Internet of Things, for smarter Industries & Services White paper Market overview Over the past 50 years, the Internet has exponentially grown from a small research network to a worldwide widespread network that services more than a billion users. The further miniaturization and cost reduction of electronic devices makes it possible to expand the Internet into a new dimension: the smart objects. A smart object is a cyber-physical system or an embedded system, consisting of a thing (the physical entity) and a component (the computer) that processes the sensor data and supports a wireless communication link to the Internet. The novelty of the Internet of Things (IoT) seems to have its roots not only in the functional capability of a smart object (because today many embedded systems are connected to the Internet) but even more in the size of billions or even trillions of smart objects that bring about new technical and societal issues that are only going to grow. According to Cisco, the Internet of Things world appears as long as there is more connected devices than people. 5. Internet of Things, for smarter Industries & Services White paper Some examples of the issues mentioned above are: authentic identification of a smart object, management and self-organization of networks of smart objects, diagnostic and maintenance, context awareness and goal-oriented behavior, intrusion of smart objects into the private life and generation of huge amounts of private data. The IoTs field is very wide, including the communicating devices and the machine-to-machine (M2M). It goes even further by enabling an Internet connection for any item. Regardless of the technology used to connect to the Internet: NFC, RFID chip, sensor, Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, the communication between those objects caracterises IoT. The value of IoT is also based on the complementarity of both data storage and data processing. Data is the fundamental piece of an IoT solution, it represents the information exchanged and has a tremendous value in itself. There is also a semantic evolution of terms that makes the Internet of Thing become the Internet of Everything. In fact, everything Every Thing i.e. the thousand things in contact with a human being is concerned by this revolution. And all the generations are involved with this new social development. We can then point out three general trends: 1. Mature and accessible technologies (for developing communication devices, ...) 2. Stakes awereness related to the energy management 3. Growing needs in terms of health Internet of Thing is a concept of intimate convergence of four factors (sensors, mobile, big data and cloud for the data storage). 6. Internet of Things, for smarter Industries & Services White paper IOT semantics: some definition Three categories of devices Three categories of devices are classified under the term of Internet of things : connected things/objects, M2M, communicating devices. Connected objects are directly connected to the Internet or through a terminal, storing their data in the cloud. These connected things could be considered as inert, which means that they dont have their own intelligence but are able to send information to communicating devices. The term M2M, standing for machine-to-machine, gathers under one term the communications between machines and the access to an information system without a human intervention, via a Bluetooth, RFID, NFC, Wi-Fi or 3/4G technology. This M2M field would probably be the most promising. Communicating devices are tablets, smartphones, laptops, TVs or other screens (like glasses). One of the key points about the communicating devices is the strong interaction between us, as human beings and these devices. M2M and connected objects work with different hardware and communication technologies. Whereas the RFID and the 2D bar code are used to interact with objects, M2M applications run on several different network technologies, which allow the machines to communicate and forward generated data or received data from another machine depending on the type of machine and the application. In a similar scheme, whereas cellular technology is more often used for M2M deployments, new communication technologies (more adapted to the classical M2M telemetric software application) are arising those last years and could trigger a radical change in a near future (e.g. SigFox, Neul). Nevertheless, setting up the Internet of Things requires a new architecture with upgradeable naming and addressing technologies as well as new tools for accessing data, because one of the caracteristics of the IoT is to use and generate a huge amount of data (coming from M2M and connected objects). To connect objects: NFC (near field communication): wireless communication technology, which enables information exchange between RFID chips. RFID chip (Radio Frequency Identification): embedded electronic tag, which allows receiving and storing remote data. The ISO/CEI 1443 norm standardized the identification and the transmission. 7. Internet of Things, for smarter Industries & Services White paper Bluetooth: communication protocol based on radio waves with a short action range, typically of 1 to 20 meters. This protocol can be used for the IoT. Wi-Fi: technology that allows an electronic device to exchange data or connect to the internet wirelessly using radio waves with an action ranging between 20 and 50 meters. Internet of Things environment Big data: set of statistic data, usually unstructured, which potential amount requires new management and information processing tools. Considered as the one of the biggest technical challenge of the decade, big data concerns in particular the IoT because of the huge amount of information going to be created. Cloud: the Cloud technology offers the capacity for a user to outsource the storage of his data on a network supplied by a provider or publicly available 8. Internet of Things, for smarter Industries & Services White paper IoTs market outlook: some figures With this background, the IDATE Research Institut estimates that 15 billion of things (machines, communicating devices and items) are already connected to the Internet in 2012, while they were 4 billion in 2010. According to IDATE, In 2020, there will be 80 billion of connected things, of which 85% of connected objects, 11% of communicating devices, and only 4% for the M2M. About growth, the Internet of Objects will increase with an annual rate of 41% between 2010 and 2020, followed by the communicating devices with 22% and the M2M with 16%. According to the previous graphs, it is obvious that there is a huge potential for the Internet of Things in the future as much regarding the market size as the annual rate of development. By looking closer on the market share of the communicating devices and M2M, one question is worth to be raised: Will both of these markets still have potential in the next ten/twenty years? In addition to the actual number of communicating machines, the business value of that market and the value creation for the various industry sectors deploying those technologies should also be taken into account and measured if possible. This market remains difficult to estimate: In fact, according to a CISCOs survey, in 2020 the IoT will generate a market of $14,400 bn, whereas Gartner forecasts a market in 2020 of $1,900 bn. 9. Internet of Things, for smarter Industries & Services White paper The market of IoT is full of issues linked in particular to the industrial market. Connected things are going to change completely the relationship between the industry manufacturer, the object and the consumer. The relationship between the industry and the object goes on after the sale, because of the necessary storage of data that the device is relaying to its parent industry. Thus, the industry can use those data to always provide new services to the consumers. There are real opportunities for the IoT in so many fields such as Energy (smart home, smart city, smart grid, smart water, ), Transportation (connected cars,