apa style fall 2012

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A review of the main points of APA style along with helpful links at the end.


  • 1. APA: The Inside Scoop Jody Bailey Reference/Instruction LibrarianUniversity of Texas at Arlington Library jbailey@uta.edu Jody Bailey, 2012

2. My Experience 10 years as a professional copyeditor forAPA, both in-house and as a freelancer. 5 years of teaching writing at LSU and VATech. 3 years as a reference/instruction librarianhere at UTA. Jody Bailey, 2012 3. APA Publication Manual, 6th edition Be sure you are buying a copy that says Second printing August 2009 or Third printing: October 2009. Do NOT buy a copy that says First printing! Jody Bailey, 2012 4. Writing Style: The Basics Having trouble with expressing ideas? ReadAPAs Publication Manual, 6th ed. (PM), pp. 65-70. Main topics: continuity in presentation ofideas, smoothness of expression, tone,economy of expression, and precision andclarity. See also grammar and usage (active/passiveverbs, s/v agreement, pronouns, misplaced ordangling modifiers, relative pronouns, andparallelism; PM, pp. 77-86). Jody Bailey, 2012 5. Can You Spot the Problem?(Examples from the PM) Thephenomena occurs every 100 years. Name the participant whom you foundachieved scores above the median. The participant who I identified as theyoungest dropped out. The investigator tested the participantsusing this procedure. After separating the participants intogroups, Group A was tested. Jody Bailey, 2012 6. Writing Style: Reducing Bias Very important! Avoid bias on the basis ofgender, sexual orientation, racial/ethnic identity,disability, and age. Avoid the + adjective (e.g.,the elderly; PM, pp. 71-77). Main point: Always call people what they wish tobe called (e.g., Hispanic or Latino?), and alwaysput the person before the disability or disorder(e.g., people with disabilities not the disabledand especially not the wheelchair-bound!). Jody Bailey, 2012 7. Mechanics of Style Review all punctuation usage (PM, pp. 87-96). Important! APA uses the serial comma. Spelling: House dictionary is Merriam-Websters Collegiate (2005). See Table 4.2(PM, p. 99) for nonhyphenatedprefixes/suffixes. Review capitalization (PM, pp. 101-104),italics (PM, pp. 104-106), and abbreviationrules (PM, pp. 106-111). Jody Bailey, 2012 8. Mechanics: Numbers Use numerals: all numbers 10+, numbers that precedeunits of measurement, statistical/math functions, time,dates, ages, scores, points on a scale, money (PM, pp.111-112). Use words: numbers at start of sentence, commonfractions, universally accepted usage (PM, 112). Ordinals: use same rules as cardinals. Use metric system for measurements (PM, pp. 114-115). Statistical and mathematical copy (PM, pp. 116-124). Jody Bailey, 2012 9. Heading Styles (PM, p. 62) Jody Bailey, 2012 10. Style Mechanics Spacingtwice after punctuation marks atthe end of a sentence aids readers of draftmanuscripts [emphasis added] (PM, p. 88). Dropped: the rule to use numerals fornumbers below 10 grouped or comparedwith numbers above 10. New: OK to use words for approximationsof days, months, and years (PM, p. 112) Jody Bailey, 2012 11. In-Text Citations The PMs section on in-text citations is extremely helpful(pp. 174-179). See also Table 6.1 (PM, p. 177). Examples:Walker and Bailey (2000) compared reaction times.In a recent study of reaction times (Walker & Bailey, 2000) . . . . Two authors? Cite both names every time. Three to five authors? Cite all names the first time, then cite onlythe first author followed by et al. on subsequent citations. Six or more authors? Cite only the first author followed by et al.on all citations. Always include the year in parenthetical citations. Provide page number if info comes from specific place inyour text or if you are quoting. Jody Bailey, 2012 12. Digital Object Identifier (DOI) Providesa means of persistentidentification for managing information ondigital networks (PM, p. 188) A DOI is a unique alphanumeric string . . .to identify content and provide a persistentlink to its location on the Internet (PM, p.189) DOI is analogous to ISBN. Jody Bailey, 2012 13. How is the DOI used? Goto http://crossref.org/ Put the DOI in the search box Retrieve full citation, abstract, and linkto purchase article Try it! 10.1037/a0015860 Jody Bailey, 2012 14. Reference List If a source has a DOI, always use it, nomatter what type of source it is! Periodical (print OR online): Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (2007). Title of article. Title of Periodical, xx, xxx- xxx. doi: xx-xxxxxxxxx Online periodical with no DOI: Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (2000). Title of article. Title of Periodical, xx, xxx- xxx. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxxxx URL of open-access article or periodicals home page Jody Bailey, 2012 15. Reference List (contd.) Book: Author, A. A. (1994). Title of work. Location: Publisher. Author, A. A. (1998). Title of work. Retrieved fromhttp://www.xxxxxxxx Author, A. A. (2008). Title of work. doi: xxxxxxxx Editor, A. A. (Ed.). (1994). Title of work. Location:Publisher. Book chapter: Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (1994). Title of chapter. InA. Editor, B. Editor, & C. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp.xxx-xxx). Location: Publisher. Jody Bailey, 2012 16. Group Work!Pair up!Formulate a correct APA reference for each of the following sources Jody Bailey, 2012 17. Johnson, A. M., Jent, S., & Reynolds, L. (2007).Library instruction and information literacy 2006.Reference Services Review, 35, 584-640. doi:10.1108/00907320710838408 Jody Bailey, 2012 18. Mirza, R., & Seale, M. (2011).Watchers, punks and dashingheroes: Representations ofmale librarians in Generation Xmass culture. In M. K. Wallace,R. Tolley-Stokes, & E. S. Estep(Eds.), The Generation Xlibrarian: Essays on leadership,technology, pop culture, socialresponsibility and professionalidentity (pp. 135-146).Jefferson, NC: McFarland. Jody Bailey, 2012 19. http://dspace.uta.edu/handle/10106/5651 Aaron, T. L. (2011). Closing the gap in higher education: African American male college students perceptions of advising at a two year college (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from http://dspace.uta.edu/handle/10106/5651 Jody Bailey, 2012 20. Useful Resources From APA: The PMwell, duh! APAs 2012 Style Guide to Electronic References:http://discover.uta.edu/?itemid=|uta-cat|1963538 APA Style home page: http://apastyle.apa.org/ APA Style Blog: http://blog.apastyle.org/ APA Style FAQ: http://www.apastyle.org/learn/faqs/index.aspx Learning APA Style: http://www.apastyle.org/learn/index.aspx From UTA: Our Ask A Librarian entry on APA style:http://ask.uta.edu/a.php?qid=64563 UTAs 2-page brochure on APA style:http://www.uta.edu/library/help/files/cite-apa.pdf Other: The OWL at Purdue:http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ Northern Michigan Universitys APA Guide:http://library.nmu.edu/guides/userguides/style_apa.htm Jody Bailey, 2012