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  • 1APA()

    2001 APA ()20022000 APA APA APA http://www.apa.org

    2001 5 AmericanPsychological Association APA APA APA

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    7. APA (02) 8931-7287 e-mail: janenspe@pchome.com.tw

    8. APA

  • 2

    APA author-dateJr.

    1.

    1973

    1997

    Rogers1994

    Yager1990

    2.

    1973

    Rogers, 1994

    3.

    1996

    National Science Foundation, [NSF], 1991

    3.

    Chen, L. H. (2001)

    Chen, S. L. (2001)

    4. abc

    Smith (1998a)

    Smith (1998b)

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    199719961997

    Chang, 1996; Cheng, 1997; Shymansky & Kyle, 1992

  • 36.

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  • 42.

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    Wasserstein, Zappulla, Rosen, Gerstman, & Rock , 1994

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    (American College of Sports Medicine [ACSM], 2003)

    American College of Sports Medicine [ACSM] (2003)

    2.

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    ACSM (2003)

  • 5

    2003

    (University of Massachusetts, 1986)

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    Total Quality Management, 1993

    2.

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  • 62. 40 40

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    W. Schaiepersonal communication, April 18, 1993

    200012 8

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  • 72.

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    aChildren were 12 to 14 years old. bAdults were 18 to 21 years old.

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    Note. All nonsignificant three-way interactions were omitted. M = match process; N =nonmatch process. From Beyond Simple Pessimism: Effects of Sadness and Angeron Social Perception, by D. Keltner, P. C. Ellsworth , and K. Edwards, 1993,Journal of Personality and Social Psychological, 64, p.751. Copyright 1993 by theAmerican Psychological Association. Adapted with permission of the author.

    aChildren were 12 to 14 years old. bAdults were 18 to 21 years old.

    * p.05two-tailed. ** p.01, two-tailed.

    1992 326

    a 12 14 b 18 21

    *p.05** p.01

  • 8

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