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Tindell & Bohlander, 2012

Pros Cons

No,ers of emergencies Useful as dic,onaries and

thesauruses (when these resources are unavailable)

Data collectors

Ringing is a distrac,on Distrac,on, proven to deter

learning, demonstrated through test performance between those who used cell phones in class and those who didnt

Used for chea,ng during tests/exams

About 40% of students indicated that they used their cell phones during class, and this ac,vity caused a distrac,on for about 85% of the students.

One problem stems from the allowance to use cell phones in class by one faculty member, and another member reprimanding students for doing so.

Tindell & Bohlander, 2012

91% of student respondents set phones to vibrate while in class

9% of respondents shut their phones o 97% send and receive messages while wai

97% of the class no,ce others doing this daily Tindell & Bohlander, 2012

Students do not want to risk a confronta,on with the [instructor], and so are less likely to text in class if the instructor has a set policy and seems to care whether the students are tex,ng, but if the instructor turns his or her back to the class, or focuses too much on his or her own lecture, students indicate that it is easier to text in class.

Tindell & Bohlander, 2012

Tindell & Bohlander, 2012

Other sources specied the following informa4on.

although students uniformly believe that overt prejudice requires interven

students report no

Boysen, 2012

Students perceived ignoring [incivili

most students want teachers to take swiA, decisive ac

Boysen, 2012

immediate responses are advisable when incivility is interrup

Students recognize classroom incivility as inappropriate and want teachers to take direct ac

Direct and private confronta

Boysen, 2012

References Boysen, B. A. (2012). Teacher responses to classroom incivility: Student perceptions of effectiveness. Teaching of Psychology, 39(4), 276-279. Tindell, D. R., & Bohlander, R. W. (2012). The use and abuse of cell phones and text messaging in the classroom: A survey of college students. College Teaching, 60(1), 1-9.