vascular trauma 2nd_edition_2

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  1. 1. The Curtis Center Independence Square West Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19106 ISBN: 0-7216-4071-0 VASCULAR TRAUMA, SECOND EDITION Copyright 2004, Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Permissions may be sought directly from Elseviers Health Sciences Rights Department in Philadelphia, PA, USA: phone: (+1) 215 238 7869, fax: (+1) 215 238 2239, e-mail: [email protected] You may also complete your request on-line via the Elsevier Science homepage (http://www.elsevier.com), by selecting Customer Support and then Obtaining Permissions. NOTICE Surgery is an ever-changing eld. Standard safety precautions must be followed, but as new research and clinical experience broaden our knowledge, changes in treatment and drug therapy may become necessary or appropriate. Readers are advised to check the most current product information provided by the manufacturer of each drug to be administered to verify the recommended dose, the method and duration of administration, and contraindications. It is the responsibility of the licensed prescriber, relying on experience and knowledge of the patient, to determine dosages and the best treatment for each individual patient. Neither the publisher nor the author assumes any liability for any injury and/or damage to persons or property arising from this publication. The Publisher Previous edition copyrighted 1978 International Standard Book Number: 0-7216-4071-0 Printed in the United States of America Last digit is the print number: 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 FM.qxd 4/21/04 3:37 PM Page iv
  2. 2. To those who serve and have served our country in the military, both at home and in distant lands in our nations trauma centers in the education of surgeons with an interest in vascular disease in the development of new knowledge in safety net hospitals FM.qxd 4/21/04 3:37 PM Page v
  3. 3. C O N T R I B U T O R S JOHN T. ANDERSON, MD Assistant Professor Department of Surgery Trauma Surgery and Surgical Critical Care University of California, Davis Sacramento, California JUAN A. ASENSIO, MD Associate Professor Department of Surgery University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine Los Angeles, California WALTER L. BIFFL, MD Associate Professor Department of Surgery Brown Medical School Chief, Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care Rhode Island Hospital Providence, Rhode Island F. WILLIAM BLAISDELL, MD Professor Department of Surgery University of California, Davis Sacramento, California KEVIN M. BRADLEY, MD Assistant Professor Department of Surgery Temple University School of Medicine Philadelphia, Pennsylvania ROBERT F. BUCKMAN, MD Professor Department of Surgery Drexel University College of Medicine Trauma Program Director Saint Mary Medical Center Langhorne, Pennsylvania vii FM.qxd 4/21/04 3:37 PM Page vii
  4. 4. viii CONTRIBUTORS JON M. BURCH, MD Professor Department of Surgery University of Colorado Health Sciences Center Denver, Colorado NEAL S. CAYNE, MD Assistant Professor Department of Surgery New York University School of Medicine Director of Endovascular Surgery New York University Medical Center New York, New York IRSHAD H. CHAUDRY, PhD Professor, Departments of Surgery, Microbiology, Physiology, and Biophysics Vice Chairmen, Department of Surgery Director, Center for Surgical Research The University of Alabama at Birmingham Birmingham, Alabama RAUL CIOMBRA, MD Associate Professor Department of Surgery Division of Trauma, Surgical Critical Care and Burns University of California, San Diego School of Medicine San Diego, California LORI D. CONKLIN, MD Surgical Resident Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery Baylor College of Medicine Houston, Texas MICHAEL E. DeBAKEY, MD Chancellor Emeritus Distinguished Service Professor Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery Baylor College of Medicine Houston, Texas DEMETRIOS DEMETRIADES, MD, PhD Professor Department of Surgery Division of Trauma and Critical Care Keck School of Medicine University of Southern California Los Angeles, California JAMES W. DENNIS, MD Professor Department of Surgery University of Florida Health Science Center Chief, Division of Vascular Surgery Shands Jacksonville Medical Center Jacksonville, Florida FM.qxd 4/21/04 3:37 PM Page viii
  5. 5. CONTRIBUTORS ix DAVID V. FELICIANO, MD Professor Department of Surgery Emory University School of Medicine Chief of Surgery Grady Memorial Hospital Atlanta, Georgia ERIC R. FRYKBERG, MD Professor Department of Surgery University of Florida College of Medicine Chief, Division of General Surgery Shands Jacksonville Medical Center Jacksonville, Florida PRISCILLA J. GARCIA, MD Resident, Department of Anesthesia Baylor College of Medicine Houston, Texas NICHOLAS J. GARGIULO, III, MD Assistant Professor Department of Surgery The Albert Einstein College of Medicine Chief of Endovascular Surgery Jack D. Weiler Hospital Bronx, New York THOMAS S. GRANCHI, MD, MBA Associate Professor Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery Baylor College of Medicine Medical Director, Emergency Center Ben Taub General Hospital Houston, Texas ASHER HIRSHBERG, MD Associate Professor Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery Baylor College of Medicine Director of Vascular Surgery Ben Taub General Hospital Houston, Texas DAVID B. HOYT, MD Professor and Interim Chairman Department of Surgery University of California, San Diego Chief, Division of Trauma, Burns, and SICU UCSD Medical Center San Diego, California FM.qxd 4/21/04 3:37 PM Page ix
  6. 6. x CONTRIBUTORS RAO R. IVATURY, MD Professor Department of Surgery Virginia Commonwealth University Chief, Division of Trauma/Critical Care VCU Medical Center Richmond, Virginia DORAID JARRAR, MD Chief Resident Department of General Surgery The University of Alabama at Birmingham Birmingham, Alabama KAJ JOHANSEN, MD, PhD Clinical Professor Department of Surgery University of Washington School of Medicine Director, Peripheral Vascular Services Swedisky Medical Center Seattle, Washington M. MARGARET KNUDSON, MD Professor Department of Surgery University of California Director, Injury Research Center San Francisco General Hospital San Francisco, California ANNA M. LEDGERWOOD, MD Professor Department of Surgery Wayne State University Detroit, Michigan SCOTT A. LeMAIRE, MD Assistant Professor Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery Baylor College of Medicine Houston, Texas MICHAEL R. LePORE, MD Medical Director of Peripheral Vascular Surgery Sarasota Memorial Hospital Sarasota, Florida CHARLES E. LUCAS, MD Professor Department of Surgery Wayne State University Detroit, Michigan FM.qxd 4/21/04 3:37 PM Page x
  7. 7. CONTRIBUTORS xi KENNETH L. MATTOX, MD Professor and Vice Chairman Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery Baylor College of Medicine Chief of Staff and Chief of Surgery Ben Taub General Hospital Houston, Texas SAMUEL R. MONEY, MD Clinical Associate Professor Department of Surgery Tulane University Head, Section of Vascular Surgery Ochsner Clinic Foundation New Orleans, Louisiana ERNEST E. MOORE, MD Vice Chairman and Professor Department of Surgery University of Colorado Health Sciences Center Chief of Surgery and Trauma Denver Health Denver, Colorado JAMES A. MURRAY, MD Division of Trauma and Critical Care Department of Surgery Keck School of Medicine University of Southern California Assistant Professor of Surgery University of Southern California Los Angeles, CA TAKAO OHKI, MD, PhD Associate Professor Department of Surgery Albert Einstein College of Medicine Chief, Vascular and Endovascular Surgery Monteore Medical Center Bronx, New York ABHIJIT S. PATHAK, MD Assistant Professor Department of Surgery Temple University School of Medicine Director, Surgical Intensive Care Unit Temple University Hospital Philadelphia, Pennsylvania DAVID C. RICE, MD, MB, BCH Assistant Professor Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Houston, Texas FM.qxd 4/21/04 3:37 PM Page xi
  8. 8. xii CONTRIBUTORS NORMAN M. RICH, MD Leonard Heaton and David Packard Professor Chairman, Department of Surgery, USUHS Chief, Division of Vascular Surgery, Emeritus F. Edward Herbert School of Medicine Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences Bethesda, Maryland AURELIO RODRIGUEZ, MD Professor Department of Surgery Drexel University College of Medicine Director, Division of Trauma Surgery Allegheny General Hospital Shock Trauma Center Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania SALVATORE J.A. SCLAFANI, MD Professor Department of Radiology State University of New York Director, Department of Radiology Kings County Hospital Center Brooklyn, New York BRADFORD G. SCOTT, MD Assistant Professor Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery Baylor College of Medicine Associate Trauma Medical Director Ben Taub General Hospital Houston, Texas STEVEN R. SHACKFORD, MD Stanley S. Fieber Professor and Chairman Department of Surgery University of Vermont College of Medicine Surgeon-in-Chief Fletcher Allen Health Care Burlington, Vermont MICHAEL J. SISE, MD Clinical Professor Department of Surgery UCSD School of Medicine Medical Director Scripps Mercy Hospital San Diego, California ERNESTO SOLTERO, MD Assistant Professor Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery Baylor College of Medicine Chief of Cardiovascular Surgery Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center Houston, Texas FM.qxd 4/21/04 3:37 PM Page xii
  9. 9. CONTRIBUTORS xiii MICHAEL C. STONER, MD Fellow Division Vascular and Endovascular Surgery Massachusetts General Hospital Boston, Massachusetts FRANK J. VEITH, MD Professor and Vice Chairman Department of Surgery Albert Einstein College of Medicine The William J. von Liebig Chair in Va