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    LAPORAN PRAKTIKUM

    SI- MEKANIKA FLUIDA

     Diajukan untuk memenuhi syarat kelulusan Tahap Sarjana

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    LEMBAR PENGESAHAN

    LAPORAN PRAKTIKUM MEKANIKA FLUIDA DAN HIDRAULIKA

    SEMESTER 1 TAHUN 2013/2014

     Diajukan untuk memenuhi syarat kelulusan Tahap Sarjana

    MekanikaFluida

    KehilanganTinggiTekanpadaAliranMelaluiPipa

    TumbukanAkibaPan!aranFluida

    AliranMelalui"enurimeer 

    O#b$uneRe%n$ld

    &idraulika

    AliranMelaluiAmbang

    PinuS$r$ngdan Air L$n!a

    Di#u#un$leh

    Kel$mp$k '(

    M$hammad Ar)ianFari*i '+,',+(

    .inda Diana Sari '+,',(/

    Dian Pur0$Sapur$ '+,',1

    Kh$lidSamh$hana '+,',1/

    A#i#en Muhammad Kali)ardi'+,'',2+

    LA3ORATORIUM REKA4ASA SUM3ER DA4A AIR 

    PRO5RAM STUDI TEKNIK SIPIL

    FAKULTAS TEKNIK SIPIL DAN LIN5KUN5AN

    INSTITUT TEKNOLO5I 3ANDUN5

    ,'6

    2

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    Kata Pengantar

    Pu7i #%ukur kehadira Allah S.T aa# berka8 rahma8 au)ik #era hida%ah-

     N%a8 lap$ran prakikum Mekanika Fluida  ini dapa di#ele#aikan dengan baik9

    Lap$ran ini merupakan ha#il peng$lahan daa be#era anali#i# %ang kami ermukan

    #elama mengikui prakikum9 Lap$ran ini diuli# dengan daa apa adan%a8 anpa

    manipula#i apapun9 Terkai dengan #ele#ain%a lap$ran ini8 kami mengu!apkan

    erima ka#ih kepada :

    '9 K$$rdina$r dan A#i#en prakikum kami

    9 Tekni#i di lab$ra$rium %ang membanu kami unuk mendapakan daa

     prakikum

    69 D$#en maa kuliah mekanika )luida dan hidraulika

    29 Orang ua %ang elah memberikan dukungan m$ril #elama pembuaan

    lap$ran ini

    +9 Semua pihak %ang uru membanu er#ele#aikann%a lap$ran ini dan idak 

    dapa penuli# #ebukan #au per#au

    3ila dalam penuli#an lap$ran erdapa ke#alahan8 iu #emua merupakan hal

    %ang idak di#enga7a dan m$h$n maa) %ang #ebe#ar-be#arn%a8 #ehingga kriik dan

    #aran %ang mendukung #anga kami harapkan9

    Ban!ng" N#$e%&er 2013

    Ke'#%(#) 1*

    3

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    DAFTAR ISI

    Ha'a%an

    Le%&arPenge+a,an---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------..

    Kata Pengantar---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------...

    Datar I+.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------.$

    DatarGa%&aranGra.)----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------$..

    DatarTa&e'----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------.

    BAB I KEHILANGAN TINGGI TEKAN PADA ALIRAN MELALUI PIPA----------1

    '9' Pendahuluan999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999'

    '9 Tu7uanPrakikum99999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999'

    '96 Ala-alaPer!$baan99999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999

    '92 Da#arTe$ridanPenurunanRumu#99999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999

    '929' Prin#ipKer7a3angku&idr$lik999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999

    '929 Rumu#-rumu#999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999992

    '9299' Rumu# 3ern$ulli9999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999992

    '9299 Rumu# Re%n$ld#999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999+

    '92996 Kehilangan Tinggi Tekan pada Pipa Luru#99999999999999999999999999999999999999(

    '92992 Kehilangan Tinggi Tekan Akiba Ek#pan#i Tiba-iba99999999999999999999999/

    '9299+ Kehilangan Tinggi Tekan K$nrak#i Tiba-iba9999999999999999999999999999999'2

    '9299( Kehilangan Tinggi Tekan Akiba Tikungan999999999999999999999999999999999999'/

    '9+ Pr$#edur Per!$baan99999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999,

    '9( ;$n$h Perhiungan99999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999, '91 5ra)ik dan Anali#i#9999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999996/

    '9/ Ke#impulan dan Saran999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999926

    '9/9' Ke#impulan99999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999926

    '9/9 Saran999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999922

    '9< Re)eren#i99999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999922

    BAB II TUMBUKAN AKIBAT PANARAN FLUIDA--------------------------------------------4

    9' Pendahuluan99999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999992+

    9 Tu7uanPer!$baan9999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999992( 96 Ala-ala Prakikum999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999992(

    92 Da#ar Te$ri dan Penurunan Rumu#99999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999921

    929' 3e#ar 5a%a Piringan =5a%a Perhiungan>999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999921

    929 3e#ar 5a%a %ang Menumbuk Piringan =5a%a Pengukuran>99999999999999999999992/

    9+ Pr$#edur Per!$baan999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999992<

    9( Peng$lahan Daa9999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999+'

    91 5ra)ik dan Anali#i#999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999+(

    9/ Ke#impulan dan Saran9999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999+/

    9/9' Ke#impulan99999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999+/

    4

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    9/9 Saran 9999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999+<

    9< Re)eren#i999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999+<

    BAB III ENTURIMETER 

    69' Pendahuluan9999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999(,

    69 Tu7uan Per!$baan99999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999(,

    696 Ala-ala Prakikum99999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999(,

    692 Da#ar Te$ri dan Penurunan Rumu#999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999('

    69+ Pr$#edur Per!$baan99999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999(

    69( ;$n$h Perhiungan99999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999(6

    691 5ra)ik dan Anali#i#999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999((

    69/ Ke#impulan dan Saran9999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999(/

    69< Re)eren#i999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999(/

    BAB I OSBORNE RENOLD-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------*5

    29' Pendahuluan9999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999(<

    29 Tu7uan Per!$baan99999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999(<

    296 Ala-ala Per!$baan dan 5ambar Ala Per!$baan999999999999999999999999999999999999991'

    292 Pr$#edur Per!$baan999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999991

    29+ ;$n$hPerhiungan99999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999916

    29+9' Menghiung Nilai Debi =?>9999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999916

    29+9 Menghiung nilai ke!epaan aliran =@>9999999999999999999999999999999999999999999916

    29+96 MenghiungNilai raa-raa debi dan ke!epaan aliran9999999999999999999916

    29+92 Menghiung nilai bilangan re%n$ld#9999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999912

    29+9+ Menghiung nilai ge#ekan =)> unuk iap aliran999999999999999999999999999999912

    29( Peng$lahan Daa 999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999991+

    291 Anali#i# Daa 99999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999991(

    29/ Ke#impulan dan Saran999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999911

    29/9' Simpulan 99999999999999999