Art Appreciation Principles & Elements of Art: Focal Point, Contrast, Emphasis, & Pattern

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<ol><li> 1. Art Appreciation Professor Paige Prater T, R, 9:30-10:50AM A850 </li><li> 2. 10 ELEMENTS of Art: 1. Color 2. Form 3. Line 4. Mass 5. Shape 6. Space 7. Texture 8. Time/Motion 9. Value 10. Volume </li><li> 3. 10 PRINCIPLES of Art: 1. Unity 2. Variety 3. Balance 4. Emphasis 5. Focal Point 6. Pattern 7. Proportion 8. Rhythm 9. Scale 10. Contrast </li><li> 4. Emphasis Drawing attention to particular content VS SUBORDINATION (drawing attention away from particular content) </li><li> 5. EmphasisDouble-chambered vessel with mouse, Recuay, Peru, 4th8th century. Ceramic, 6 high. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York </li><li> 6. EmphasisJules Olitski, Tin Lizzie Green, 1964. Acrylic and oil/wax crayon on canvas, 1010 x 610. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Massachusetts </li><li> 7. NO EmphasisMark Tobey, Blue Interior, 1959. Tempera on card, 44 x 28 </li><li> 8. Focal Point The particular part of emphasis to which the artist draws our eye </li><li> 9. Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Landscape with the Fall of Icarus, c. 15558. Oil on canvas, mounted on wood, 29 x 44. Muses Royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, Brussels, Belgium </li><li> 10. EMPHASIS &amp; FOCAL POINT Directional Line Contrasting ValuesArtemisia Gentileschi, Judith Decapitating Holofernes, c. 1620. Oil on canvas, 66 x 53. Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy </li><li> 11. EMPHASIS &amp; FOCAL POINT water is the focal point conceptually as well as visuallyThe Emperor Babur Overseeing his Gardeners, India, Mughal period, c. 1590. Tempera and gouache on paper, 8 x 5. Victoria and Albert </li><li> 12. 3 separate focal points Position Shape RhythmAndo Hiroshige, Riverside Bamboo Market, Kyobashi, from One Hundred Famous Views of Edo, 1857. 15 x 10. James A. Michener Collection, Honolulu Academy of Arts, Hawaii </li><li> 13. Contrast Very different elements right next to each other </li><li> 14. CONTRAST Francisco de Zurbarn, The Funeral of St. Bonaventure, 1629. Oil on canvas, 8' 2 x 7' 4. Muse du Louvre, Paris, France </li><li> 15. Rehash ALL the elements and principles of art can serve to create EMPHASIS Both actual and implied lines shape our examination of a work of art by directing the movement of our gaze Contrasts between different values, colors, or textures can sometimes be so dramatic and distinct that we cannot help but feel drawn to that area of a work </li><li> 16. PATTERN Recurrence of an element Motif repeated design as a unit within a pattern Repetition creates UNITY comes from repetition! </li><li> 17. RHYTHM/PATTERN </li><li> 18. Suzanne Valadon, The Blue Room, 1923. Oil on canvas, 45. Muse 35 National dArt Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France </li><li> 19. Great Mosque of Crdoba, prayer hall of Abd alRahman I, 7846 </li><li> 20. MotifHuqqa base, India, Deccan, last quarter of 17th century. Bidri ware (zinc alloy inlaid with brass), 6 x 6 in. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York </li><li> 21. Chuck Close, Self Portrait, 1997. Oil on canvas, 86 7. MOMA, New York </li><li> 22. Motif vs. RANDOMNESS Dada movement chance Random arrangement Hans Arp, Trousse dun Da,192021. Assemblage of driftwood nailed onto wood with painting remains, 15 x 10 x 1. Muse National dArt Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France</li></ol>