art appreciation-chapter18

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  • 1.The Islamic World Chapter 18

2. Islam

  • Islam is one of the three major world religions
    • Based on the teachings of the prophet Mohammed
  • Traditional Muslim belief stated that the human form should not be represented in art as it would be competing with Allah (God)

3. Pitcher (Spouted Ewer) . Kashan. Early 13th Century. Height 6-4/5". Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 4. Pitcher

  • Ceramic arts are highly valued in Islam
  • Potters in Iraq perfected the luster technique
  • This technique gave the finished piece a metallic sheen and was often reserved fornobles and ruler as it was difficult to control

5. Text of the Koran . North Africa or Spain. 11th Century. Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 6. Text of the Koran

  • Calligraphy is another highly valued type of art
  • It was valued as a way to enhance the beauty of the word of God

7. Court of the Lions, Alhambra . Granada, Spain. 13091354. Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 8. Court of the Lions, Alhambra

  • The royal palace and fort of the Muslim rulers in Granada, Spain
  • Elaborate decoration of the stucco and glazed tile
  • Just above the the columns is a band of calligraphy the says, There is no victor except God

9. Mihrab . Iran. c. 1354. 14th Century. Height: 11'3" (342.9 cm). Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 10. Mihrab

  • Persian (Iran)
  • Decorating architecture with decorated tiles was an important step in ceramic art
  • This Mihrab was taken from its original location where it would have pointed the way to Mecca for the worshippers
  • Extremely intricate design work

11. Taj Mahal

  • Taj Mahal - Crown of the Palace
  • It is a tomb for the rulers (Shah Jahan) wife who died in childbirth
  • Made from the best and most expensive materials
  • Tall, light walls are punctured with pointed arches
  • Bulb shaped dome sometimes called onion domes

12. Taj Mahal . Agra, India. 16321648. Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.