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  • 1. How An Artwork Is Built Chapter 3

2. From Toolbox to Creation

  • How does an artist use the visual tools in their toolbox to create an artwork?
  • They organize these tools into compositions, also called design
  • Well be looking at the basic design principles:
    • Unity and variety
    • Balance
    • Emphasis and subordination
    • Contrast
    • Repetition and rhythm
    • Scale and proportion

3. Bad Design

  • Even those without formal art training can see when bad design is at work

4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Good Design Its Easy to Spot 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. Charles Demuth (18831935).The Figure 5 in Gold . 1928. 35-1/2" 30" (90.2 76.2 cm). Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 19. Unity and Variety

  • Unity-the appearance of oneness
    • The feeling that the design is complete and all elements are working together
  • Variety-diversity
  • Most artists try to find a balance

20. Yves Klein 21. Jacob Lawrence.Going Home . Line study. 1946. 21-1/2" 29-1/2". Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 22. Pieter de Hooch.Interior of a Dutch House . 1658. 29" 35".Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 23. Pieter de Hooch.Interior of a Dutch House . Line Study. 1658. 29" 35".Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 24. Robert Rauschenberg.Gift for Apollo . 1959. 43-3/4" 29-1/2" 41" (111.1 74.9 104.1 cm).Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 25. Balance

  • Balance-equilibrium
  • Symmetrical Balance-left and right are near or exactly match each other

26. James Hoban.A Design for the President's House . Elevation. 1792.Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 27. James Hoban.A Design for the President's House . White House. Front View. 1997.Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 28. Damien Hirst.PosterityThe Holy Place . 2006. 89-5/8" 48". Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 29. Asymmetrical Balance

  • Asymmetrical balance-the left and right sides are not the same
    • Instead, balance is achieved through the size and meaning of the elements

30. Lavinia Fontana.Noli Me Tangere . 1581. 47-3/8" 36-5/8".Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 31. Visual Weight

  • A large form is heavier than a small one
  • A form close to the edge of the frame is heavier
  • A complex form is heavier than a simple one
  • Warm colors are heavier and advance toward the viewer
  • Intense colors are heavier
  • The weight of a color increases as the background approaches its complementary hue

32. Nicolas Poussin (French, 15941665).The Holy Family on the Steps . 1648. 72.4 111.7 cm.Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 33. Edgar Degas (18341917).Jockeys Before the Race . c. 18781879. 42-1/2" 29".Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 34. Edgar Degas (18341917).Jockeys Before the Race . Line Study. c. 18781879. 42-1/2" 29".Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 35. Emphasis and Subordination

  • Emphasis-used to draw the attention of the viewer
  • Subordination-used to create areas of lesser interest
  • By using these two principles the artist shows the viewer where to look

36. Directional Forces

  • Like emphasis and subordination, directional forces tell the viewer where to look
  • Directional forces have the added advantage of showing the viewer where to look next.

37. Francisco Goya.Bullfight: The Agility and Daring of Juanito Apinani . Plate 20. 9-1/2" 14".Francisco Goya.Bullfight: The Agility and Daring of Juanito Apinani . Line Study. Plate 20. 9-1/2" 14". Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 38. 39. 40. Annie Leibovitz 41. Contrast

  • Contrast-opposing elements
    • Dark vs. light
    • Large vs. small
    • Thick vs. thin

42. Luster-Painted Bowl . Hispano-Moresque, Manises. Spain. c. 1400. Height 5-1/2", diameter 17-4/5".Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 43. Repetition and Rhythm

  • Repition-repeating elements
  • Rhythm-regular repeating elements

44. Liubov Popova.The Pianist . 1915. 106.5 88.7 cm. Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 45. Ogata Korin (16581716.)Cranes . Japanese, Edo period (16151868). c. 1700. 166 H 371 cm (65-3/8" 146-1/6").Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 46. Jos Clemente Orozco.Zapatistas . 1931. 45" 55" (114.3 139.7 cm).Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 47. Scale and Proportion

  • Scale-the size of one thing in relation to another
  • Proportion-size relationship of the parts that make up a whole

48. Scale Relationships. Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 49. Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen.Shuttlecocks . One of four.1994. 215-3/4" 209" 191-3/4". Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 50. Michelangelo Buonarroti.Piet.1501. Height 6'8-1/2".Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 51. Roettgen Piet . 13001325.Height 34-1/2". Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.