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  • 1.Late Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries Chapter 20

2. 3. Neoclassicism

  • Neoclassicism refers to the emulation of Greek and Roman art, specifically Roman art because is represents a republic government
  • It was believed, at this time, that art should serve a social purpose

4. Jacques-Louis David.Oath of the Horatii . 1784. 10'10" 14'. Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 5. Oath of the Horatii

  • The sons pledge to take the swords offered by the father to defend Rome
  • This was an inspirational image for the revolutionaries in France
    • Its meaning is that their cause is noble

6. Romanticism

  • A wave of emotional expression
  • Romanticism comes from the word romances which were medieval tales of adventure written in romantic language
  • Romantic artists believed that imagination and emotion are most important

7. Francisco Goya.The Third of May, 1808 . 1814. 8'9" 13'4" (2.67 4.06 m). Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 8. The Third of may

  • Depicts Napoleons army shooting citizens suspected of rioting
  • The figure in white is the main focus
  • Shows the brutality and injustice of the situation
  • Like most romantics, Goya was interested in current events rather than distant historical stories

9. Photography

  • Photography opened up a new way of seeing
  • Originally, people thought that photography would replace painting, but instead it opened painters up to new types of expression

10. Carleton E. Watkins.The Three Brothers . 1861. Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 11. 12. The Three Brothers

  • Yosemite in 1861
  • After these photos, the government decided to make Yosemite into a national park
  • Taken with a large wet plate camera

13. Realism

  • Realism-depicts a ordinary existence without idealism, exoticism, or nostalgia
  • Artists are departing from depicting gods and history and moving toward painting the regular person

14. Gustave Courbet.The Stone Breakers . 1849 (destroyed in 1945). 5'5" 7'10". Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 15. The Stone Breakers

  • Ordinary men
  • Not idealized
  • Not dramatic

16. Impressionism

  • Portrayed contemporary life
  • Often painted outdoors
  • Sought to paint impressions of what the eye actually sees
  • Sketchy quality to the paintings
  • Strong observation of color
  • Used small dabs of colot
  • When seen far away, the painting looks relatively realistic
  • When seen up close the painting looks very loose and the brush strokes are visible

17. Claude Monet.Arrival of the Normandy Train, Gare St. Lazare . 1877. 59.6 80.2 cm. Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 18. Claude Monet.Impression: Sunrise . 1872. 49.5 64.8 cm. Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 19. Pierre-Auguste Renoir.Le Moulin de la Galette . 1876. 51-1/2" 68-7/8". Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 20. Edgar Degas.The Ballet Class . c. 18791880. 32-3/8" 30-1/4". Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 21. Post-Impressionistic Period

  • Artists reacted in various ways to the impressionistic painters

22. Georges Seurat.A Sunday on la Grande Jatte . 18841886. 81" 120-3/8". Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 23. A Sunday on la Grande Jatte

  • Not as spontaneous as an impressionist
  • The composition is more refined and organized
  • Pointillism-tiny dots of color used to create a form and color

24. The Starry Night

  • Very textural brush work
    • This creates a rhythmic movement
  • Uses colors to depict moods and emotions

25. Vincent van Gogh.The Starry Night . 1889. 29" 36-1/4". Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.