art appreciation-chapter5

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  • 1.Painting Chapter 5

2. Painting

  • For many, art is painting
  • Painting is linked with drawing as drawing is often a preliminary step for a painting
  • Began with cave paintings made with pigments from plants and clays

3. Ingredients

  • Paints consist of:
    • Pigment provides color. Can be made from minerals, plants, animals
    • Binder is a sticky substance that holds the pigment together
      • Linseed oil, egg
    • Vehicle makes the paint a liquid
      • Turpentine, water

4. Surfaces

  • Support-structure to hold the painting
    • Wood panel, canvas, paper
  • Sizing and priming-often a surface is smoothed and prepared to accept the paint
    • Gesso is a mixture of glue and chalk applied to canvas before painting

5. Watercolor

  • Pigments are bound with gum arabic and water is the vehicle
  • Watercolor is usually painted on rag paper
    • Rag paper is absorbant and wont disintegate in water
  • Dries fast and it isnt easy to correct mistakes
  • Opaque watercolor is called gouache

6. 7. Winslow Homer.Sloop, Nassau . 1899. 14-7/8" 21-7/16" (37.8 54.3 cm).Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 8. Zhang Daqian.Hidden Valley, After Guo Xi . 1962. 76-1/4" 40-1/8".Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 9. Tempera

  • Tempera is traditionally made with pigment eggs and water
  • Created a luminous and matte finish
  • Not easily blended or corrected
  • Often applied in many layers
  • Little used today

10. Filippo Lippi.Madonna and Child . c. 14401445. 0.797 .511 cm (31-3/8" 20-1/8").Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 11. Encaustic

  • Pigments are dissolved into beeswax
  • Mixture has to be kept hot while being used to paint

12. Anne Appleby.Mother E.2009. Each panel, 72" 34".Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 13. Oil

  • Pigment mixed with oil
  • Turpentine is used to thin oil paint
  • Method is attributed to Hubert and Jan van Eyck
  • Painted on gesso covered wood or canvas
  • Painted in layers from dark to light
  • Glaze is a thin translucent layer of varnish to give the painting depth and glossiness
  • Dries very slowly and is easily corrected, blended, and painted over
  • Impasto is oil paint applied very thickly

14. Jan van Eyck.Madonna and Child with the Chancellor Rolin . c. 14331434. 66 62 cm.Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 15. Rembrandt van Rijn. Detail fromSelf-Portrait . 1663. Full painting 45" 38".Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 16. Frank Auerbach.Head of Michael Podro . 1981. 13" 11". Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 17. Inka Essenhigh.Escape Pod . 2003. 50" 50". Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 18. Acrylic

  • Made of pigment and acrylic polymer
  • Fast drying, long lasting
  • Can use water instead of turpentine to thin the paint
  • Harder to blend

19. Audrey Flack.Wheel of Fortune . 19771978. 96" 96". Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 20. Fresco

  • Buon fresco- pigment mixed with water is applied to a damp lime-plaster surface
  • A cartoon is usually made
    • A full scale drawing that is transferred onto the area to be painted
  • The lime-plaster has to be damp, so the artist can only paint a section at a time
  • Fresco seco-dry fresco-tempera paint is applied over the buon fresco to add color intensity

21. Judith F. Baca. View of Great Wall of Los Angeles. 19761983. Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc. 22. Leonardo da Vinci The Last Supper 23. Michelangelo Buonarotti Sistine Chapel Ceiling 24. Diego Rivera The Building of a City 25.