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  1. 1. Moving Images Chapter 8
  2. 3. The First Moving Image
    • Leland Stanford made a bet that all 4 of a horses hooves come off the ground as it runs
    • Muybridge set up a line of cameras on a horse track
    • Each camera was triggered by a string as the horse ran by
    • Muybridge later found a way to quickly project the images to create a movie
    • There are also experiments by Edison in moving images
  3. 4. Eadweard Muybridge.The Horse in Motion . 1878.Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  4. 5. Film and Visual Expression
    • All films create 3 types of motion
      • Movement of the objects in the shot
      • Movement of the camera
      • Movement created by the sequence of shots
    • Time and sequence are important parts of filmmaking
  5. 6. Creating a New Language of Vision
    • Film began as though they were theatrical performances
      • Sound was not added until 30 years after film began to be made
    • D.W. Griffith started to move the camera and edit the film
      • Griffith created the phenomena of parallel editing-showing whats happening in two places at one time.
      • Griffiths camera operator accidentally closed the shutter too slow once, creating the fade to black
      • Griffith was also the first to include both close up and long shots
  6. 7. D. W. Griffith.Intolerance( The Modern Story ). 1916.Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  7. 8. Creating a New Language of Vision
    • Eisenstecein
      • The first to produce epic films of high quality
      • Created the use of montage-stitching together many short brief shots to create new relationships, build emotion, and show passage of time
  8. 9. Sergei Eisenstein.The Battleship Potemkin . From Odessa Steps sequence, selected frame 1. 1925.Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  9. 10. Sergei Eisenstein.The Battleship Potemkin . From Odessa Steps sequence, selected frame 2. 1925.Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  10. 11. Sergei Eisenstein.The Battleship Potemkin . From Odessa Steps sequence, selected frame 3. 1925.Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  11. 12. Sergei Eisenstein.The Battleship Potemkin . From Odessa Steps sequence, selected frame 4. 1925.Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  12. 13. Sergei Eisenstein.The Battleship Potemkin . From Odessa Steps sequence, selected frame 5. 1925.Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  13. 14. Sergei Eisenstein.The Battleship Potemkin . From Odessa Steps sequence, selected frame 6. 1925.Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  14. 15. Sergei Eisenstein.The Battleship Potemkin . From Odessa Steps sequence, selected frame 7. 1925.Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  15. 16. Sergei Eisenstein.The Battleship Potemkin . From Odessa Steps sequence, selected frame 8. 1925.Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  16. 17. Sergei Eisenstein.The Battleship Potemkin . From Odessa Steps sequence, selected frame 9. 1925.Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  17. 18. Sergei Eisenstein.The Battleship Potemkin . From Odessa Steps sequence, selected frame 10. 1925.Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  18. 19. Salvador Dal and Luis Buuel.An Andalusian Dog . 1929.Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  19. 20. Creating a New Language in Vision
    • By the 1930s, Hollywood was the Mecca for film
    • The motion picture production code censored the content of films
      • It remained in effect until 1968
  20. 21. Citizen Kane
    • Considered by many as the best movie ever made
    • Used a wide array of cinematic devices:
      • Dramatic lighting
      • Distorted lenses
      • Dialog that extends past a scene
      • Innovative camera angles
      • Clever editing
  21. 22. Orson Welles.Citizen Kane . 1941.Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  22. 23. Fantasia
    • A feature length animation accompanied by classical music
    • Each frame was painted individually
      • There are 24 frames per second
      • Its a 2 hour film
    • The paintings are then photographed to create the movie
  23. 24. Walt Disney.Fantasia . 1940. Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  24. 25. La Dolce Vita
    • By Federico Fellini
    • The Protagonist is the main character
      • Marcello is the protagonist and he explores the lifestyles of the rich and famous
    • A secondary character is a photographer nicknamed Paparazzo after the pop of the camera flash
      • The word paparazzi stems from this
  25. 26. Federico Fellini.La Dolce Vita . 1961. Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  26. 27. Scorpio Rising
    • By: Kenneth Anger
    • A documentary about a Brooklyn motorcycle gang
    • He was one of the first to use a soundtrack of modern pop music
  27. 28. Kenneth Anger.Scorpio Rising . 1964. Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  28. 29. Avatar
    • Special effects are becoming very important in movie making and have proven to be lucrative to the movie studios
    • Avatar uses the recent developments in motion capture where an actors movements are scanned and digitized and then can be used in animation
  29. 30. James Cameron.Avatar . Film still. 2009. Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  30. 31. Television
    • Literally means vision from afar
    • Television is the transmission of still or moving images with sound via a cable or wireless broadcast
  31. 32. Video Art
    • Video made the process of filmmaking extremely portable and accessible
  32. 33. Digital Art Forms
    • Computers are the new up and coming art medium
    • Art made with computers ranges from film, video, finished artworks, brainstorming, storyboarding
    • Camilla Benolirao took a fashion photo and slowly manipulated it until it finished with a image of destruction
  33. 34. Camilla Benolirao Griggers.Alienations of the Mother Tongue . 1996. 5 minutes.Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  34. 35. Natalie Bookchin. Still fromLocation Secured . 2007. 12 minutes.Cao Fei.RMB City . 20072009. Copyright 2011, 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.