Quotation, Summary or Paraphrase?

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Quotation, Summary or Paraphrase?. Decide whether to use a quotation, summary or paraphrase. Read the advice and/or answer the questions in this presentation to help you choose. There are 3 people involved in this decision:. the author of the text you are referencing the writer (you) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<ul><li><p>Quotation, Summary or Paraphrase? Decide whether to use a quotation, summary or paraphrase. Read the advice and/or answer the questions in this presentation to help you choose.</p></li><li><p>There are 3 people involved in this decision:the author of the text you are referencing the writer (you) the reader (often your English teacher). </p></li><li><p>When should I paraphrase?When the authors' words will be difficult for your reader to understand.When your reader is your teacher and your teacher wants to know if you understand the author correctly.</p></li><li><p>When should I quote?When the language is especially vivid or expressive.When exact wording is needed for technical accuracy. When the words of an authority lend weight to an argument.When the language of a source is the topic of your discussion (as in an analysis or interpretation).See Rules page 469</p></li><li><p>When should I summarize?If not all of the authors words are necessary; e.g. if the author gives examples or explanations that you don't need to put in your text.If paraphrasing or quoting will make your text too long.</p></li><li><p>Still not sure? </p><p>If not, answer the questions below and the computer will help you to decide. Or go to the CILL webpage for interactivity athttp://elc.polyu.edu.hk/cill/refchoice.htm#Use%20a%20quotation</p></li><li><p>The first question is to help you decide whether to use a paraphrase. Do you think that your reader will understand what the author wrote?a. Yes, I think the reader will understand.b. No, I'm not sure if the reader will understand.c. I'm sure the reader will not understand.</p></li><li><p>O.K You think that your reader will understand. The second question to help you to decide whether to use a paraphrase is, 'Do you need to show the reader that you understand the author'?</p><p>a. Yes, my reader wants to check to see if I understand.b. No, it's not necessary.c. I'm not sure.</p></li><li><p>Now you need to choose between a quotation and a summary. Ask yourself, 'Is every word that the author wrote essential'?a. Yes, everything is important.b. No, there are some things I can miss out, such as examples and explanations.c. I'm not sure.</p></li><li><p>To help you to decide you need to think about your word limit. Is the text too long to quote?</p><p>a. Yes, I will go over my word limit.b. No, it's not too long.</p></li><li><p>The text is not too long. The next question to help you decide is, 'Have you already written a summary in your text'?</p><p>a. Yes, I've already done a summary.b. No, I haven't done a summary yet.</p></li><li><p>You have already done a summary, so now you can choose between a quotation and a paraphrase. Ask yourself, 'Have I already done a quotation in my text'?</p><p>a. Yes, I have.b. No, I haven't. </p></li><li><p>Use a Paraphrase</p><p>Use a paraphrase to explain what the author says to your reader.</p></li><li><p>Use a Quotation </p><p>If the quotation is one or two lines long you can include it inside a paragraph. If it is more than 2 lines you should put it in a separate paragraph and indent it from both sides </p></li><li><p>Use a Summary</p><p>A summary should contain the main points from the author's text.</p></li></ul>