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Elements and Principles of Design Elements: Line Shape Form Color Value Texture Space Principles: Balance Emphasis & Focal Point Contrast Movement Variety Pattern & Repetition Unity Harmony/Gestalt Slide 2 Line A line is defined as a mark with length and direction, created by a point that moves across a surface. A line can vary in length, width, direction, curvature, and color. Contour, Diagonal, Broken, Curved, Outline, Implied, Vertical, zigzag, Horizontal, Wavy, Slanted, Continuous, Solid, Narrow, Bold Jasper Johns, 0-9 (continuous line) Gesture drawing Slide 3 line Jackson Pollock, Autumn Rhythm Slide 4 Andy Goldsworthy LINE Slide 5 Keith Haring Slide 6 Shape Shape is an enclosed space defined by other elements of art. Shape is 2-Dimensional Shape can be: Geometric: Angular, man-made concept Organic: curvilinear - found in nature Fernana Leger, The City Matisse, from the series Jazz Slide 7 Picasso, Three Musicians Slide 8 FORM 3 Dimensional Shape. Volume Slide 9 MC Escher, Self Portrait Slide 10 Tamara de Lempicka Portrait of Ira P. 1925 Vincent Van Gogh, Shoes Slide 11 Value An element of art that refers to luminance or luminosity the lightness or darkness of a color. Value is an especially important element in works of art when color is absent. This is particularly likely with drawings, printmaking, and photographs Kathe Kollwitz, Self portrait Slide 12 Value Chuck Close (made w/ thumbprints!) Edward Weston, Pepper (photograph) Slide 13 Texture Texture refers to the surface quality or "feel" of an object, such as roughness, smoothness, or softness. Actual texture can be felt while simulated textures are implied by the way the artist renders the surface area Oppenheim Fur-lined cup Slide 14 Texture Actual and Implied Golsdworthy Albrecht Durer Rhinocerus Slide 15 Color Is an element of art with three properties 1) Hue, the name of the color, e.g. red, yellow, etc. 2) Intensity or the purity and strength of the color 3) Value, or the lightness or darkness of the color Delauney Jasper Johns, Target (primary colors) Slide 16 Primary Colors Slide 17 Piet Mondrian Wassily Kandinsky Slide 18 Warm Colors Colors that are often described as being higher in temperature Reds, oranges, yellows Associated with fire and sun Optically, appear to advance Stimulating and passionate Slide 19 Ex. Warm Slide 20 Cool Colors that are often described as being lower in temperature Greens, Blues, and Violet Associated with water, sky, and spring Optically, they appear to recede Calming and depressing Slide 21 Ex. Cool Slide 22 Color and Mood Picasso, the Old Guitarist Van Gogh, the Night Cafe Slide 23 Space Space is the empty or open area between, around, above, below, or within objects. Shapes and forms are made by the space around and within them. Space is often called three-dimensional or two- dimensional. MC Escher Slide 24 Space Positive space is filled by a shape or form. Negative space surrounds a shape or form. Slide 25 Space/Depth May be created by overlapping, change in scale, perspective placement, color theory, or projection toward the viewer. David Hockney Place Furstenberg, Paris, August 7,8,9, 1985 -#11985 Slide 26 Balance Balance is a sense of stability in the body of work. Balance can be symmetrical (formal) or assymmetrical (informal) Wayne Thiebaud, Around the Cake (formal balance) Slide 27 Diane Arbus, Twins Symmetrical/Formal Balance Slide 28 Leonardo da Vinci, The Last Supper 1495-1498 Symmetrical Balance Slide 29 Asymmetrical Balance Edgar Degas (informal balance) Slide 30 Asymmetrical Balance Slide 31 Variety When elements are changed in scale, color, or form. Andy Warhol Stuart Davis Slide 32 Movement Movement adds excitement to your work by showing action and directing the viewers eye throughout the picture plane. Edward Munch, the Scream Slide 33 Movement Marcel Duchamp, Nude Descending Staircase Umberto Boccioni, Unique forms of continuity in space Slide 34 Dominance & Subordination The part of a composition that is emphasized, has the greatest visual weight, the most important, powerful, or has the most influence.compositionemphasizedweight Slide 35 Emphasis & Focal Point Emphasis - Any forcefulness that gives importance to some feature or features of an artwork; something singled out, stressed, or drawn attention to by means of contrast, anomaly, or counterpoint Focal Point = portion of an artwork's composition on which interest or attention centers David Hockney Slide 36 Emphasis & Focal Point Barbara Kruger Rene Magritte Slide 37 Pattern & Repetition Involves multiples of the same element. Repeated elements can vary in size, color, or axis placement. Repeated elements can create a pattern. The use of repetition may be applied to all Visual Elements. Motion can be created by repetition. William Morris Arts and Crafts Movement Slide 38 Pattern & Repetition Chuck Close, Self Portrait, detail Slide 39 Contrast A large difference between two things, such as light and shadow, color and black/white Andy Warhol Slide 40 Contrast David, the Death of Marat Slide 41 Economy Slide 42 Slide 43 Unity & Harmony The quality of wholeness or oneness (Gestalt) that is achieved through the effective use of the elements and principles of design. Claude Monet Haystacks Slide 44 Unity Cezanne Wayne Theibaud Slide 45 Unity Van Gogh Starry Night Slide 46 What Elements and Principles stand out? Slide 47 Goya, The 5 th of May Slide 48 Gauguin What Elements and Principles stand out? Slide 49