elements and principles

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  • 1. Principles and Elements of Art
    Megan Coon
    January 26th

2. Principles of Art
3. Balance
Leonardo da Vinci , The Last Supper, 1495-1498, dry wall (fresco)
- The ways in which the elements are arranged, a feeling of visual weight. Formal balance is symmetrical. Informal balance is typically asymmetrical
4. Unity
- When all the elements of a piece combine to make a piece harmonious, complete, and whole.The different elements compliment each other.
Vincent Van Gogh, The Starry Night, 1889, oil on canvas
5. Movement
- The direction in which art directs the viewers eyes through the piece. This gives life to artwork
Francisco Goya, The Forge, 1817, oil on canvas
6. Proportion
-the relationships between the elementsthroughout the entire piece, through amounts
Leonardo da Vinci, Vitruvian Man, c. 1487, drawingpen and ink on paper
7. Repetition, Rhythm Pattern
-the movement in a piece of art, repetition creates this movement through repeating of shapes and colors. This repetition forms rhythm and pattern
Andy Warhol, Campbell Soup Cans, 1962 , silk screen
8. Emphasis
-the part of a piece of artwork that catches your eye when you first look, the focus or center of attention
John Trumbull, Surrender of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown, Virginia, 1820, oil on canvas
9. Variety
-the differences in a piece of art, contrasting elements liven up the piece
Georges Seurat,A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte, 1884-1886, oil on canvas
10. Elements of Art
11. Color
-when light hits an object and reflects back to the viewers eye, has three properties 1. hue, 2. value, and 3. intensity or chroma
Claude Monet, Bathing at La Grenouillere, 1869, oil on canvas
12. Line
- The pathway of a point moving through space, can vary in width, length, curvature, direction,and texture.Is a record of movement
M.C. Escher, Relativity, 1953, lithograph
13. Shape
-when a line moves through the piece and connects with its start. This enclosure is a shape. May be a perceived area of elements
Elizabeth Murray, Wiggle Manhattan, 1992, lithograph
14. Space
-the distance of an area around, between, within or above shapes. It can be 3d or 2d, actual or pictorial
Francisco Lucientes,He Can No Longer at the Age of 98, 1819-1823, brush india ink wash.
15. Texture
- The feel (surface quality) of an object. Examples would be roughness, smoothness, or softness. There are different types of texture, actual texture is one that can be felt by a viewer.
Vincent Van Gogh, Sunflowers, 1888, oil on canvas.
16. Value or Light and Shade
- The contrast between light and dark. This contrast could be strong or light. This arrangement within a piece is sometimes called chiaroscuro.
Gerrit van Honthorst, Christ Crowned with Thorns, 1620, oil on canvas.