elements and-principles

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  • 1.The Elementsand Principles

2. The Elements of ArtThe building blocksor ingredients of art. 3. LINEPablo PicassoA mark with length and direction. A continuousmark made on a surface by a moving point. 4. Line 5. LineContour lines- outline the edges of forms or shapesGestural lines- indicate action and physical movement 6. COLORConsists of Hue(another word forcolor), Intensity(brightness) andValue (lightness ordarkness).Henri Matisse Alexander Calder 7. ColorColor has three properties:1. The first is HUE.(this is the name of the colors)2. The second property of color is value, which refers to the lightness or darkness of a hue.3. The third property of color is intensity, which refers to the purity of the hue (called chroma) 8. Neutral Colors These colors are made by adding acomplimentary color (opposite on the colorwheel) to a hue. Neutralized hues are calledtones. 9. Tints and Shades Tints-adding the color white. 10. Warm and Cool Colors 11. VALUE The lightness or darkness of a color.MC Escher Pablo Picasso 12. VALUEHigh Range in ValueLow Range in Value 13. SHAPEAn enclosed area defined and determinedJoanby other art elements; 2-dimensional. Miro 14. ShapeSHAPES CAN BE DESCRIBED AS:GEOMETRICsquare, triangle, rectangle, rhombus, circle, coneORGANIC free form shapes, shapes in nature for example: leaves, trees, clouds, animals 15. Organic vs. Geometric 16. FORM A 3-dimensional object; or something in a 2- dimensional artwork that appears to be 3- dimensional. For example, a triangle, which is 2-dimensional, is a shape, but a pyramid, which is 3-dimensional, is a form.Jean Arp Lucien Freud 17. FORMForm can be 2-d Form can be 3-d 18. SPACE The distance or area between, around, above, below, or within things.Robert MapplethorpeClaude MonetPositive (filled with Foreground, Middleground and something) and Negative Background (creates DEPTH) (empty areas) 19. SpaceSpace is being created how?How is space being altered? 20. TEXTUREThe surface quality or "feel" of an object, itssmoothness, roughness, softness, etc. Textures maybe actual or implied. 21. TextureImplied texture texture that has beensimulated in drawing and painting on aActual texture texture that you can feelsmooth surfacewith your sense of touch 22. The Principles of DesignWhat we use to organize the Elements of Art,or the tools to make art. 23. BALANCE The way the elements are arranged toAlexander Calder create a feeling of stability in a work. 24. Symmetrical BalanceThe parts of an image are organized so that one side mirrors the other.Leonardo DaVinci 25. Asymmetrical BalanceWhen one side of a composition doesnot reflect the design of the other. James Whistler 26. EMPHASISThe focal point of animage, or when onearea or thing standout the most.Jim DineGustav Klimt 27. EMPHASISCAN BE CREATED THROUGH THE USE OF MANYDIFFERENT ELEMENTS AND PRINCIPLES LIKECONTRASTPROPORTI ON COLOR 28. CONTRASTSalvador DaliAnsel AdamsA large difference between twothings to create interest and tension. 29. CONTRASTwith color with proportion/scale 30. RHYTHM RHYTHMA regular repetitionof elements to RHYTHMproduce the look and RHYTHMfeel of movement.RHYTHM RHYTHM andMarcel MOVEMENTDuchamp 31. RHYTHM and MOVEMENTIT CAN BE QUICKAND FAST TEMPO 32. RHYTHM and MOVEMENTOR SLOWER ANDMORE MELODIC 33. Vincent VanGogh 34. PATTERNand Repetition Gustav KlimtRepetition of a design. 35. UNITYWhen all theelements andprincipleswork togetherto create apleasingimage.Johannes Vermeer 36. The use ofdifferences and change toincrease the visual interest ofthe work. VA R IET YMarc Chagall 37. PROPORTIO NThe comparativerelationship ofone part toanother withrespect to size,quantity, ordegree; SCALE.GustaveCaillebotte