Elements & Principles of Design

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Intro to basic art terms


<ul><li>1.Elements &amp; Principles of Art</li></ul> <p>2. Elements &amp; Principles of ArtWhats the difference between the two? The elements of design can be thought of as thethings that make up an artwork (the ingredients). The principles of design are ways to organize theelements of design. How we apply the principles of design determineshow successful we are in creating a work of art. 3. Elements of Art Linean elongated mark Types of Line: horizontal/ vertical / diagonal/ jagged / smooth / squiggly/ calligraphic (varying thickness) In your sketchbook, draw 5 different types of lines. 4. Elements of Art Valueamount of light (tint) and dark (shade) Varietylightdarkwhiteblack Demonstrate a range of 10 values inyour sketchbook. 5. Elements of Art Colourreflected light Types of Colour:primary (red, blue, yellow) secondary (purple, green, orange) tertiary (red-violet, blue-violet, blue-green, yellow-green) Colour Relationships:analogous (neighbours; blue &amp; blue-green,yellow &amp; yellow-orange)complementary (opposites; blue-orange, red-green, purple-yellow)monochromatic (using tints and shades of one colour) 6. Elements of ArtMaking your Colour Wheel:1. Draw a circle, using a guide.2. Divide the circle into three.3. Divide each third into four.4. Before colouring mark where each colour will be placed. Make sure the primary colours are equally spread out around the circle (one primary colour in each third).5. Make sure you have room for primary, secondary, &amp; tertiary colours, with no extra space remaining.6. Use only primary colours to mix secondary &amp; tertiary colours. This will help your Colour Wheel to look like a continuous blend.7. Label analogous &amp; complementary colours. 7. Elements of Art Shapea two-dimensional enclosed area Types of Shape:geometric (controlled, regular) / organic (natural,free-flowing) / symmetrical (same on both sides) /asymmetrical In your sketchbook, draw 4 different shapes:a symmetrical geometric shape, an asymmetrical geometric shape, a symmetrical organic shape, and 8. Elements of Art Formthree-dimensional shape; enclosed volume How can you create the illusion of form on a2D surface? 9. Elements of ArtCreating Form on Paper:Use shading to . . . create a sphere. create a cone. create a cylinder. create an open cup. 10. Elements of Art Texturethe way an object feels How can you create the illusion of texture on a 2Dsurface? 11. Elements of ArtCreating Texture on Paper: Draw an outline of a simple creature (ananimal, a monster, an alien).Fill in your outline using at least 3 differenttextures. Use a variety of lines to achievedifferent textures. 12. Elements of Art Spacethe area an object takes up, or thedistance between objects Types of Space:positive space (filled in)negative space (empty) 13. Elements of ArtShowing Space: Draw an object of your choice. Colour/shade in the object. In a new space, draw a different object. Colour/shade in the space around it. Underneath your drawings, identify what type ofspace is filled in (negative or positive). 14. Principles of Design The principles of design are ways to organize theelements of design. Ex. you can place different colours next to eachother to create a specific effect. When used well, an artist creates an interestingcomposition (arrangement of things). 15. Principles of ArtBalancespreading things out evenly Types of Balance:Formal (symmetrical), informal (asymmetrical), andradial (growing from a centre point) 16. Principles of ArtTypes of Balance:Create 3 drawings that show:Formal balanceInformal balanceRadial balance 17. Principles of Art Contrastclashing; placing different elementsnext to each other What are some types of contrast? 18. Principles of Art Proportioncomparative size;relative size 19. Principles of Art Pattern - evenly repeated images 20. Principles of Art Rhythm/Movementmovement caused by unevenly repeating an element 21. Principles of ArtCreate different types of rhythm/ movement by repeating lines: Calm horizontal lines Excited vertical lines Dynamic movement diagonal lines 22. Principles of Art Emphasis/Focus - creating a centre of attention How can you do that? 23. Principles of Art Unity - matching, harmony, likeness, similarity How can you create unity in an artwork? 24. Principles of Art Variety - having different types of one element Types of variety? 25. Composition the plan, placement or arrangement in an art work Any work of art from music to writing is arranged or puttogether using conscious thought .Do it on purpose! Composition causes a response from the viewer. There are artists whose sole aim is to disrupt traditionalcomposition, and challenge the viewer to think differently. 26. CompositionOrientation/Direction:1. Horizontal calming effect2. Vertical stressful effect3. Diagonal dynamic, creates a sense of movement4. Curved lines - create a sense of flow within an image.5. Blurred images can also create a reaction (confusion?). 27. Composition Viewpoint:1. viewing the subject from above makes it seem weak and small (birds eye view)2. viewing the subject from below makes it seem strong and large (worms eye view)3. A subject can seem more dramatic when itfills the frame; this also reduces distractions. 28. Composition Rule of Thirds1. Place theimportant thingsat the intersections.2. Avoid centering thesubject its boring! 29. Composition Simplicity1. By limiting the extras, the viewer is more likely to focus onthe important stuff.2. Reduce clutter by using lighting. The brighter areas of theimage tend to draw attention.3. Fade in - use less detail towards the edges of the picture.4. Point to your focal point - using lines, shapes, andcolour. 30. Composition The Rule of Odds1. an odd number of objects in an image is moreinteresting than an even number2. triangles are pleasing shapes within an image.For example, in the face, the mouth and eyes make a triangle. 31. Critique An analysis of artwork Discuss the elements &amp; principles ofdesign used in the artwork. BE SPECIFIC! GIVE EXAMPLES! 32. Critiques1. What do you see? Describe your first impression of the artwork. (does it remind you of something?...)2. Describe three elements of design in the artwork.3. Identify the most obvious principle of design in the artwork. Explain how the artist achieved it.4. Describe the mood of the artwork.(sad, happy, nervous, excited, bored ) 33. M.C. Escher 34. L. Da Vinci </p>