Elements and Principles of Design
Post on 30-Dec-2015
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DESCRIPTIONElements and Principles of Design. Principles are the guidelines you follow to create certain effects while USING the different elements. Elements vs Principles. Elements are the different raw materials of a design. The Five Elements of Design. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Elements and Principles of Design
Elements vs PrinciplesElements are the different raw materials of a design.Principles are the guidelines you follow to create certain effects while USING the different elements.
The Five Elements of Design
Elements of DesignThere are many factors that can effect a design. The elements that make up those factors are referred to as the Elements of Design.1. Line 2. Shape 3. Space 4. Texture5. Color
LineProvides a sense of direction causes eye to move side to side or up and downVertical lines - point to the skyHorizontal lines - relaxation, informalityDiagonal lines - activity, movementCurved lines - activity or relaxation, depending on the degree to which they are curved
ShapeMake up the objects shape outline of the objectShape becomes three-dimensional, gains depth and is known as formShape can make object appear heavy or light
SpaceRefers to area around or between objects within that spaceAlso the three-dimensional area to be designed (room itself).Can greatly impact feel of roomcozy vs crowded
TextureThe way an object's surface feels.Also includes visual textureThis can effect the mood of the room as well as the apparent size and heaviness of furniture, etc.Shiny vs dullSmooth vs roughPlush vs hard
ColorGives great life and beauty to roomExpresses the personality of entire familySet the mood of a roomMake room seem warmer or coolerChange the apparent size and shape of a roomTie other design elements togetherDisguise architectural flawsCreates a center of interest
Common Color Schemes
The Five Principles of Design
Principles of DesignWhen used together in design, the Elements of Design (color, line, form, shape, and texture) make sense only when certain principles of design are applied to them. They are:1. Proportion2. Scale 3. Balance 4. Emphasis5. Rhythm
ProportionProportion is the ratio of one part to another part or of one part to the whole.The coffee table and sofa in this room have good proportions to each other. In general, a coffee table that is two thirds the length of a couch is more pleasing than one that is the same length or half the length of the couch.
ScaleScale refers to the size of an object in relation to a standard or familiar size.The table and chairs in this childs bedroom is in scale with the size of the children who will be using it.
Balance Formal/SymmetricalFormal Balance is achieved through the placement of identical objects on both sides of a central point.Notice the identical arrangement of plates, pillows, side tables, accessories, lamps, and the window treatments on each side of the large mirror.
Balance Informal/AsymmetricalThis room, at first glance, seems to have formal or symmetrical balance, however, a second look will identify the difference in the side tables and accessories on these tables. The tables here are similar in form if one had been heavy and chunky, the balance in this arrangement would have been compromised.
Emphasis Focal PointThe center of interest in a room is usually a fireplace, window, work of art, or dominate piece of furniture.In this master bedroom, the bed creates the focal point. This bed is emphasized by its tall headboard, the placement of artwork on the wall above it, and by its place as the center of the symmetrical arrangement of the bed, side tables, lamps and artwork.
Rhythm - RepetitionRhythm is seen in this room in the repetition of the three square windows, the repetition of color in the green ceiling, upper wall, bedside table, and decorative pillows on the bed.
Rhythm - RadiationThe wooden floor planks in this entryway radiate out from the central star design.
Rhythm - GradationGradation in size is evident in the two ladder-style bookcases leaning against the wall. Note the large bottom shelf with each shelf getting smaller towards the top.There can also be gradations in color- from light to dark, etc.
InformationResidential Housing & Interiors