elements principles update

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  • 1. Elements of Art and Principles of Design

2. Elements of Art The building blocks or ingredients of art. They structure and carry the work. 3. Elements of Art Line Color Value Shape Form Space Texture 4. LINE A mark with length and direction. A continuous mark made on a surface by a moving point. Pablo Picasso 5. LINE May be vertical, horizontal or diagonal, curved, straight, zigzag, or show emotion. 6. LINE 7. Contour lines- outline the edges of forms or shapes Gestural lines- indicate action and physical movement LINE 8. Consists of Hue (another word for color), Value (lightness or darkness) and Intensity (brightness). Henri Matisse Alexander Calder COLOR 9. Color has three properties: 1. HUE: this is the name of the colors 2. VALUE: refers to the lightness or darkness of a hue. 3. INTENSITY: refers to the purity of the hue (called chroma) COLOR 10. Neutral Colors These colors are made by adding a complimentary color (opposite on the color wheel) to a hue. Neutralized hues are called tones. 11. Tints adding the color white to lighten a hue Shades adding black to darken a hue Tints and Shades 12. Warm and Cool Colors Warm red, orange, yellow Cool green, blue, violet 13. The lightness or darkness of a color. MC Escher Pablo Picasso VALUE 14. High Range in Value Low Range in Value VALUE 15. An enclosed area defined and determined by other art elements; 2-dimensional. Joan Miro SHAPE 16. SHAPE Shapes can be geometric or organic. GEOMETRIC: square, triangle, rectangle, rhombus, circle, cone ORGANIC: free form shapes, shapes in nature; for example: leaves, trees, animals 17. Organic vs. Geometric SHAPE 18. A 3-dimensional object; or something in a 2- dimensional artwork that appears to be 3-dimensional. Jean Arp Lucien Freud 19. Shows an object in space, the mass or positive space it occupies. For example, a triangle, which is 2-dimensional, is a shape, but a pyramid, which is 3-dimensional, is a form. 20. Form can be 2D Form can be 3D 21. The distance or area between, around, above, below, or within things. Foreground, Middleground and Background (creates DEPTH) SPACE 22. Positive (filled with something) and Negative (empty areas) SPACE 23. The surface quality or "feel" of an object, its smoothness, roughness, softness, etc. TEXTURE 24. TEXTURE Textures may be actual or implied. 25. Actual texture that you can feel with your sense of touch Implied texture that has been simulated in drawing and painting on a smooth surface TEXTURE 26. You should now have 7 Elements of Art Cards to save in your Art Card Envelope! 27. Principles of Design What we use to organize the Elements of Art, or the tools to make art. They are concepts that affect content and message. 28. Principles of Design Balance Emphasis Contrast Movement & Rhythm Unity Variety Proportion 29. The way the elements are arranged to create a feeling of stability in a work. Alexander Calder BALANCE 30. Symmetrical Balance The parts of an image are organized so that one side mirrors the other.Leonardo DaVinci 31. Asymmetrical Balance When one side of a composition does not reflect the design of the other. James Whistler 32. The focal point of an image, or when one area or thing stand out the most. Jim Dine Gustav Klimt EMPHASIS 33. EMPHASIS The part that catches your attention first. 34. Can be created through the use of many different elements and principles like CONTRAST PROPORTION COLOR EMPHASIS 35. A large difference between two things to create interest and tension. Ansel Adams Salvador Dali Contrast 36. with color with proportion/scale Contrast 37. RHYTHM RHYTHM RHYTHM RHYTHM RHYTHM RHYTHM and MOVEMENT A regular repetition of elements to produce the look and feel of movement. Marcel Duchamp 38. MOVEMENT The motion created in a work of art. Often uses the principle of rhythm to achieve this. 39. RHYTHM The repetition of lines, shapes, or colors to create a feeling of movement. 40. Vincent VanGogh 41. When all the elements and principles work together to create a pleasing image. The feeling of wholeness or the parts belonging together. Johannes Vermeer UNITY 42. The use of differences and change to increase the visual interest of the work. Marc Chagall VARIETY 43. VARIETY The use of different lines, shapes, and colors in a piece of work. 44. The comparative relationship of one part to another with respect to size, quantity, or degree; SCALE. Gustave Caillebotte PROPORTION 45. PROPORTION 46. You should now have 7 Principles of Design Cards to save in your Art Card Envelope! 47. Please hand in your 14 E&P Art Cards with the rubric when theyre done ! Write your name on them!!! 48. When returned to you, keep all of your Art Cards in your Art Card Envelope! You can study from them for your mid-term and final exams. * You should have 22 cards. *