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“If the purpose is right, the means will follow .” .This Book Focuses on how to manage during the disaster and to reach out to people in the least possible time.

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Page 1: Appativar maat
Page 2: Appativar maat

1

AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

AmnÎmrda _mV - ~r.Oo.Eg. Mr gmWgm¡. gamo{OZr MìhmU

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2

AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

AmnÎmrda _mV - ~r.Oo.Eg. Mr gmW

gm¡. gamo{OZr MìhmU

gd© h¸$ gwa{jV

g§ moOZ : S>m°. lram_ JrV

àH$meH$

em§{Vbmb _wÏWm

^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>Zm (~r.Oo.Eg.)

8 dm _Obm, _wÏWm M|~g© 2, goZmnVr ~mnQ> _mJ©,

nwUo - 411 016

_wÐH$

à^mV qàQ>g©

427 JwbQ>oH$S>r, nwUo - 411 037

_wIn¥ï>

qMVm_Ur hg~Zrg

àW_ Amd¥Îmr

5 _o 2012

qH$_V : ê$. 100/-

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3

AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

An©Un{ÌH$mAn©Un{ÌH$mAn©Un{ÌH$mAn©Un{ÌH$mAn©Un{ÌH$m

AkmZm§Y:H$mam_YyZ kmZê$nr àH$memH$S>o,

_¥Ë wê$nr j{UH$ËdmnmgyZ ídmídVVÎdmH$S>o,

Xþd¥©ËVrnmgyZ gX²d¥ËVrH$S>o,

KoD$Z OmUmè`m

g§doXZerb, ñd §ào[aV

dmQ>Mmbrbm............

gÝ_mZnyd©H$ An©U.

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5

AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

AZwH«$_{UH$mAZwH«$_{UH$mAZwH«$_{UH$mAZwH«$_{UH$mAZwH«$_{UH$m

1. ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>Zm :g_mOH$m`m©Vrb AJ«Ur g§ñWm ....................8

2. AmnËVr ì`dñWmnZ:^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMo H$m © .....................14

3. bmVyaMm YS>m:AmnËVr {Z`moOZmMr nm`m^aUr ................21

4. dmKmobr àH$ën C^maVmZm .......................35

5. _oiKmQ>Mo Hw$nmofUmbm gm_moao OmVmZm .........51

6. nwÝhm yH§$n : JwOamVMr hmH$ ....................62

7. ËgwZm_rMo Vm§S>d: Vm{_iZmSy>, ..................77

8. yH§$n d Q>moH$mMo hdm_mZ :Oå_y-H$mí_raMo AZw d .........................99

9. _m§T>aXodr XþK©Q>Zm ................................ 110

10. nyamMo W¡_mZ: _hmamï´> d {~hmaMo YS>oAmH$S>odmarVyZ ................................... 113

11. g§doXZerbVoZo AmnËVrbm gm_moaoOmVmZm .. 120

12. Cng§hma ......................................... 135

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AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

bo{IHo$Mo _ZmoJVbo{IHo$Mo _ZmoJVbo{IHo$Mo _ZmoJVbo{IHo$Mo _ZmoJVbo{IHo$Mo _ZmoJVAmnËVr ì`dñWmnZmg§X^m©V {b{hÊ`m~m~VMm àñVmd

Ooìhm _mÂ`mg_moa Ambm, Voìhm EH$ jU^a {dMma M_H$bmH$s, AmnËVr, AmnËVr{ZdmaU dm AmnËVr ì`dñWmnZ mg§X^m©V

Va _mÂ`mH$S>o ~aoM AkmZM Amho. nU maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoÀ`m

_w»`mb`mV, AÜ`j em§VrbmbOt g_doV Ooìhm {_Q>tJ Pmbr,Ë`m§À`m AmnËVrg§X^m©Vrb H$m`m©Mm AmdmH$m nmhÿZ _Z AM§{~V

Pmbo Am{U OgOgo AmnËVrg§X^m©Vrb ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZo

Xoe^amV Ho$bobo H$m © Aä`mgy bmJbo, VgVem _mÂ`mVrbOm{Udm§À`m H$jm é§XmdV Joë`m.

g§KQ>ZoÀ`m H$m`m©Vrb {Z`moOZnÕVr, ~maH$mB©Zo Ho$bobm

KQ>ZoMm Aä`mg, doimnÌH$, H$mQ>oH$moa d {eñV~ÕarVrZo Ho$bobrH$m_m§Mr {d^mJUr, A§_b~OmdUr _r Aä`mgV Jobo. àË oH$

{R>H$mUr KS>boë`m KQ>Zoer {ZJS>rV g§X © Am{U ^maVr` O¡Z

g§KQ>ZoZo Ho$boë`m H$m`m©Mr AmIUr ~maH$mB©Zo g_OyZ KoVbr.`m gd© KQ>Zm§_Ü o, AmnËVrXaå`mZ ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZo

Ho$boë`m H$m`m©Mr Jw§\$U nwñVH$ê$nmZo ~m§YÊ`mg KoVbr, Voìhm

OmUdV Jobo H$s, ho ZwgVoM H$m © Zmhr Va g§doXZerb _ZmZoBVam§À`m ^mdZm§Mm, n[apñWVrMm {dMma H$ê$Z, Ë`m

n[apñWVrbm Amnbo _mZyZ, n[apñWVrVyZ _mJ© H$mT>Ê`mgmR>r

Ho$bobo AWH$, A{daV à`ËZ hmoV. ñd §ñ\y$V© àoaUoVyZ {Z{_©bobmhþ§H$ma Xþgè`m§À`m doXZm§da, Xþ:Imda \w§$H$a KmbÊ`mgmR>r

H${Q>~Õ hmoD$Z à`ËZaV AgVmo.

ñd`§godr g§ñWm AZoH$ AgVmV, nU ^maVr` O¡Zg§KQ>ZoMo H$m © ho m gdmªnojm doJio Amho. g§doXZm, mdZm Am{U

AZw dm§Mo AZmoIo {_lU `m H$m`m©VyZ àVrV hmoVo. `m{edm`

^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoÀ`m H$m`m©Vrb _bm ^mdbobr gdmªV

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7

AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

_hÎdmMr Jmoï> åhUOo à{gÕrnam‹S>_wI amhÿZ àË`j H¥$Vrda

{Xbobm ^a.

`m n[al_m§Zm, AWH$ à`ËZm§Zm eãX~ÕarË`m EH${ÌVH$aÊ`mMo H$m_ `m nwñVH$mÛmao _r H$arV Amho. AmVmn ªVÀ`m

_mÂ`m boIZmnojm doJù`m àH$maMo boIZ H$am`bm {_imë`mMo

g_mYmZ {ZpíMVM Amho, `m{edm` ^maVr` O¡Zg§KQ>Zogma»`m ZmdmOboë`m ñd §godr g§ñWoÀ`m H$m`m©{df`r

{b{hÊ`mMo ^m½` _bm {_imbo, `mMmhr Iyn AmZ§X Amho.

_Zwî`OrdZm_Ü o AmH$pñ_VnUo CX² dUmè`m AmnËVt_wioAgo OmUdbo H$s, B©ídamMo A_`m©{XVÎd d Ë`mMo A_mn gm_Ï ©,

VgoM ñdV:À`m BÀN>oà_mUo {Z{_©Vr Am{U {dZme H$aÊ`mMr Ë`mMr

eŠVr, {dídmMo AZm{XËd d AZ§VËd ho gmao Amnë`mbm _mÝ`H$amdo bmJVo. nU mgdmªV g_mOm{df`r g§doXZerbVoZo H$m ©aV

amhÊ`mVM emœVÎd A§V y©V Amho. g_mO{df`H$ H$_m©Mm CJ_

ì`pŠVJV JwUY_mªnmgyZ hmoVmo. g_mOmMr Am{U gmè`m OJVmMrgwpñWVr H$m`_ amIÊ`mgmR>r àË oH$ ì`ŠVr d Ë`mMr H¥$Vr m

Jmoï>r AË §V _hÎdnyU© AmhoV Ago Agë`mMo H$maU _bm dmQ>Vo

H$s, A{Ib {díd hr B©ídamMr {Z{_©Vr AgyZ _mZdàmUr hrË`mMr {H$_`m Amho. godm^mdr A§V:H$aUmZo _mZdmMr Ho$bobr

godm, hr Iè`m AWm©Zo B©ídagodmM hmo !

- gm¡. gamo{OZr MìhmU- gm¡. gamo{OZr MìhmU- gm¡. gamo{OZr MìhmU- gm¡. gamo{OZr MìhmU- gm¡. gamo{OZr MìhmU

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8

AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

1. ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>Zm :1. ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>Zm :1. ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>Zm :1. ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>Zm :1. ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>Zm :g_mOH$m`m©Vrb AJ«Ur g§ñWmg_mOH$m`m©Vrb AJ«Ur g§ñWmg_mOH$m`m©Vrb AJ«Ur g§ñWmg_mOH$m`m©Vrb AJ«Ur g§ñWmg_mOH$m`m©Vrb AJ«Ur g§ñWm

^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>Zm hr EH$ ñd §godr g§ñWm Amho. drg

EH$ dfmªhÿZ A{YH$ H$mi AmnËVr {ZdmaU d ì`dñWmnZmÀ`mjoÌmV hr g§KQ>Zm H$m ©aV Amho. ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMo H$m ©

\$mo\$mdbo Vo ~rS> _YyZ. m g§KQ>ZoMo g§ñWmnH$ AÜ`j d gd}gdm©

lr. em§VrbmbOr _wWm, _yiMo ~rS>Mo. Amnë`m embo`,_hm{dXçmb`rZ OrdZmnmgyZM Vo gm_m{OH$ H$m`m©V gh^mJr

AmhoV. gZ 1985 _Ü o Ë`m§Zr “A{Ib _hmamï>r` O¡Z g§KQ>Zm’’

ZmdmMr g§ñWm gwê$ Ho$br. Ë`mÛmao Vo “dYy-da g§å_obZ’’ ,gm_wXm{`H$ {ddmh gmohim, hþ§S>m~§Xr, ßbmpñQ>H$ gO©ar H±$n,

`m§gmaIo CnH«$_ am~{dV. Ë`mVyZ Ë`m§Mr g_mOH$m`m©{df`rMr

Vi_i, OmUrd d gm_m{OH$ ~m§{YbH$s gdmªZm n[a{MV hmoVrM.Ë`m§Mo H$m © Ho$di O¡Z g_mOmnwaVo qH$dm O¡Z~m§Ydm§nwaVo _`m©{XV

H$YrM ZìhVo qH$dm bm^mWuhr Ho$di O¡ZY_u` ZìhVo. g§nyU©

^maVmV O¡Z g_mO 0.4% Amho. H$mí_ra Vo H$Ý`mHw$_margJirH$S>o O¡Z g_mO {dIwabobm Amho. J§_VrZo åhQ>bo OmVo

H$s, “Ohm± Zm nhþ±Mo ~¡bJmS>r, dhm± nhþ±Mo _madmS>r&’’ àË oH$ amÁ`,

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9

AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

{OëhçmV O¡Z g_mO Amnë`m ì`dgm`mÀ`m _mÜ`_mVyZ

pñWamdbobm Amho.

O¡Z g_mO EH$ AqhgmdmXr g_mO Amho. H$éUm Am{Uào_ ho m g_mOmMo à_wI d¡{eï>ç Amho. JdmZ _hmdra m§Zm

AqhgoMo àVrH$ _mZbo OmVo. H$éUm, ào_ hr Ë`m§Mr {eH$dU

Amho.hOmamo O¡Z gmYwg§V Ë`m§Mr hr {eH$dU ñdV: AmË_gmV

H$ê$Z BVam§n ªV nmohmoM{dÊ`mgmR>r _¡bmoZ²_¡b nX`mÌm H$aVmV,

nm`r {\$aVmV. ì`dgm`, ì`mnma m joÌm§_Ü o H$m ©aV AgUmaogdm©V OmñV O¡Z bmoH$ AmhoV. Xoe^amV Hw$R>ohr, H$moUË`mhr

àH$maMr AmnËVr Ambr Var {VMo {ZdmaU H$aÊ`mgmR>r,

AmnËVrJ«ñVm§Zm _XV H$aÊ`mgmR>r, ghH$m`m©gmR>r gdmªV nwT>oH$moU AgVrb Va Vo O¡Z~m§Yd! g§nyU© maVmV O¡Z g_mOmÀ`m

2500 e¡j{UH$ g§ñWm AmhoV. Iyn bmoH$ ñdV:À`m n¡emZo

g_mOH$m`m©Mr C^maUr H$aVmV. m g§nyU© g_mOH$m`m©bm EH${Xem, EH${ÌVnUm {Z_m©U H$aUo em§VrbmbOtZm Amdí`H$

dmQ>bo. O¡Z ~m§Ydm§À`m `m g§nyU© g_mOH$m`m©_Ü o, n¡emÀ`m

{Z`moOZm_Ü o EH$gyÌrnUm, {Z`moOZ~Õ AmamIS>m d EH$N>ÌrH$m`©^ma AgÊ`mMr JaO em§VrbmbOtZm dmQ>br. Ë`m_wio

1993 _Ü o em§VrbmbOtZr `m g§KQ>ZoMo Zm_H$aU ^maVr`

O¡Z g§KQ>Zm” Ago Ho$bo. d AmnËVr ì`dñWmnZmÀ`m H$m`m©V,e¡j{UH$, gm_m{OH$ H$m`m©V {Xbr OmUmar _XV, Ho$bo OmUmao

H$m © EH$m ì`mgnrR>mda EH${ÌV Ho$bo, Vo åhUVmV, “If the

purpose is right, the means will follow.”

Ë`mà_mUo ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoÀ`m H$m ©H$Ë`mªMo Omio

Xoe^a ngabobo Amho. H$moUVrhr AmnËVr Pmbr Var XmoZ-VrZ

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AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

Vmgm§V gmhmæ moOZoMm AmamIS>m R>adbm OmVmo, BVHo$ Vo EH$_oH$m§À m

g§nH$m©V AgVmV.

rV_{gZnmWñd`ì

rV_{gZnmWñd`ì m`»§gUJ

rV_{g`r>ïma 02

rV_{g`Áma 67

rV_{gJm^d{ 882

rV_{gmhëO{ 789

rV_{gahe 8921

}V$H©`m$H omamOh

amï>r` g{_Vr

\o$S>aoeZ Am°\$O¡Z EÁ`Ho$eZb

BpÝñQ>Q>çyQ>

ì`dñWmnZ g{_Vr

gm_m{OH$ H$m ©

amÁ` g{_Vr

{d^mJ g{_Vr

{Oëhm g{_Vr

eha g{_Vr

amï>r` g{_Vr

amÁ` g{_Vr

H$m`_ñdê$nr

à~§Y g{_Vr

qnnar emim

à~§Y g{_VrdmKmobr e¡j{UH$

d nwZd©gZ àH$ën

à~§Y g{_Vr

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11

AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMo H$m © Z¡g{J©H$ d _mZd{Z{_©V Aem XmoÝhr

àH$maÀ`m AmnËVr ì`dñWmnZm_Ü o Amho. 6 {S>g|~a 1992 amoOr

CËVaàXoe_Ü o ~m~ar _{eXrMm nmS>md H$aÊ`mV Ambm d g§nyU©Xoe^a _mZd{Z{_©V AmnËVrMm àg§J AmoT>mdbm.

em§Vr`mÌoMo Am`moOZ :em§Vr`mÌoMo Am`moOZ :em§Vr`mÌoMo Am`moOZ :em§Vr`mÌoMo Am`moOZ :em§Vr`mÌoMo Am`moOZ :

am_OÝ_ y_r dmX d Ë`mZ§Va ~m~ar _{eXrMm nmS>md m XmoÝhrJmoï>t_wio g§nyU© Xoe^a VUmdnyU© pñWVr {Z_m©U Pmbr. OmVr`X§Jbr d Ominmoi m_wio gd©gm_mÝ`m§Mo OrdZ {dñH$irV Pmbo.g§d oXZerb ^mJm§_Ü`o H$â`y © bmdÊ`mV Ambm VaA{Vg§doXZerb ^mJmV {XgVmjUr Jmoù`m KmbÊ`mMo AmXoeXoÊ`mV Ambo.

Aem g§nyU© VUmdnyU© pñWVr_Ü o Xoe AgVmZm, maVr`O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMo AÜ`j lr. em§Vrbmb _wWm m§Zr em§VVm amIÊ`mMod g§ _ ~miJÊ`mMo AmO©d Ho$bo. Aqhgm d H$éUm `m O¡Z

~m§Ydm§À`m _w»` {eH$dUrbm AZwgê$Z Ë`m§Zr “em§Vr`mÌoMo”

Am`moOZ Ho$bo. {S>g|~a 1992 Vo \o$~«wdmar 1993 n ªV maVr`O¡Z g§KQ>ZoÀ`m H$m ©H$Ë`mªZr nwUo Vo ZmJnya Xaå`mZ em§Vr`mÌoMo

Am`moOZ Ho$bo.

`m{Z{_ËVmZo ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZo {d{dY Y_u`,àm§Vr` ZoË`m§Zm, H$m ©H$Ë`mªZm EH$Ì AmUbo. e§H$amMm © d

AmMm © gw{ebOr _wZr m§Mr oQ> maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZo KS>dyZ

AmUbr. Ë`mM~amo~a _m¡bmZm dmhr~wÔrZ ImZgm~, ñdm_r{MXmZ§XOr, nX²_{d yfU JmoqdX^mB© lm°\$, Ý`m`_yVu M§ÐeoIa

Y_m©{YH$mar, g_mOgodH$ AÊUm hOmao, m§gmaIo gd© à{V{ð>V

_mÝ`da XoIrb em§Vr`mÌoV gh^mJr Pmbo hmoVo. em§Vr`mÌo_wiogm_m{OH$ d gm¡hmXm©Mo dmVmdaU {Z_m©U hmoÊ`mg, VUmdnyU©

dmVmdaU {ZdiÊ`mg {ZpíMVM _XV Pmbr.

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AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

\o$S>aoeZ Am°\$ O¡Z EÁ`wHo$eZb BpÝñQ>Q>çyQ>g² (\o$S>aoeZ Am°\$ O¡Z EÁ`wHo$eZb BpÝñQ>Q>çyQ>g² (\o$S>aoeZ Am°\$ O¡Z EÁ`wHo$eZb BpÝñQ>Q>çyQ>g² (\o$S>aoeZ Am°\$ O¡Z EÁ`wHo$eZb BpÝñQ>Q>çyQ>g² (\o$S>aoeZ Am°\$ O¡Z EÁ`wHo$eZb BpÝñQ>Q>çyQ>g² (FJEI) :) :) :) :) :

FJEI ho ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoÛmao g§M{bV e¡j{UH$

g§emoYZ g§ñWm Amho. ^maV^a Odinmg 2500 e¡j{UH$g§ñWm§Mo Omio ngabobo Amho. {ejU joÌm_Ü o Am_ybmJ« ~Xb,

H«$m§Vr `m _mÜ`_mVyZ KS>dyZ AmUbr OmV Amho.

EH§$XarVM, ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMo H$m © ho gm_m{OH$,e¡j{UH$ d AmnËVr ì`dñWmnZmÀ`m joÌmV {dñVmabobo Amho.

^maVr` O¡Z g§§KQ>Zm hr AamOH$s`, ñd §godr g§ñWm Amho. Zm

Z\$m VÎdmda hr g§KQ>Zm gm_m{OH$ joÌmV ^ard H$m_{Jarnma nmS>V Amho. gm_wXm{`H$ {ddmh, Amamo½`, {ejU, AmnËVr

ì`dñWmnZ m§_Ü o Ë`m§Zr Ho$bobo H$m © VimJmimn ªV nmohmoMbo

Amho. `m_Ü`o H$moUË`mhr àH$maMr à{gÕr qH$dm \$m`Xm{_i{dÊ`mMm Vgy ahr à`ËZ hmoV Zmhr, ho `m g§KQ>ZoÀ`m

H$m`m©Mo à_wI d¡{eï>ç Amho.

1992 nmgyZ ^maVm_Ü`o ^yH§$n, ËgwZm_rgma»`mAmnËVr _moR>çm à_mUmda Amë`m. nU maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoÀ`m

H$m ©H$Ë`mªZr d em§VrbmbOtZr A{Ve` YramoXmËV, {Zü`r,

XÿaXeu d {Z`moOZ~ÕarË`m `m g§H$Q>m§Mm gm_Zm Ho$bm. H$mhrdoim KoVbobo {ZU© MwH$VmhoV H$m` Aerhr n[apñWVr m`Mr,

CXm. bmVyahÿZ 1200 _wbm§Zm nwÊ`mbm AmUÊ`mMm {ZU© .

Aemdoir IimiË`m g_wÐmV CM§~iUmè`m bmQ>m§à_mUoem§VrbmbOtMo _Zhr H$mhr H$mi Ii~iyZ CR>V Ago. nU

jU^aM!

nU ñdrH$mabobo H$m © VS>rg Ý`m`Mo hr _ZmVrb D$_uZ¡amí`mMo gd© _i^ Xÿa H$arV Ago. hrM àoaUm, hrM D$_u,

hmM gH$mamË_H$ {dMma, AmemdmX g§KQ>ZoMo H$m © nwT>o ZoV Amho.

gd©gm_mÝ`m§À`mhr OrdZmVrb Z¡amí`mMo _i^, A§YmamMo

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AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

gm_«mÁ` Xÿa H$ê$Z àH$me_` M¡VÝ` {Z_m©U H$arV Amho.

em§VrbmbOr A{daVnUo H$m`©aV AmhoV Am{U åhUyZM

gm_m{OH$, e¡j{UH$, AmnËVr ì`dñWmnZ joÌmVrb ^maVr`O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMr H$m_{Jar gdmªgmR>r àoaUmXm`r R>aV Amho!

em§VrbmbOtÀ`m àoaUoZo {Z_m©U Pmbobr hr g§ñWm

g_mOH$m`m©Vrb EH$ Zm_m§{H$V, AJ«Ur g§ñWm åhUyZ JUbrOmVo.

���

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AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

2. AmnËVr ì`dñWmnZ:2. AmnËVr ì`dñWmnZ:2. AmnËVr ì`dñWmnZ:2. AmnËVr ì`dñWmnZ:2. AmnËVr ì`dñWmnZ:^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMo H$m`©^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMo H$m`©^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMo H$m`©^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMo H$m`©^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMo H$m`©

^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>Zm EH$ ñd §godr g§ñWm Amho. 1993 À`m

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dó, {Zdmam. Ë`m~amo~aM oUmè`m JaOoÀ`m Jmoï>r åhUOo

Am¡fYm§Mr CnbãYVm, _¥VXohm §Mr {dëhodmQ>, AmOmar,

XþImnVJ«ñV ì`ŠVtMr Ëd[aV XoI^mb. `m AË`mdí`H$

AgUmè`m gw{dYm§_Ü o àm_w»`mZo S>m°ŠQ>g©, Zg}gMr CnbãYVm.

VgoM A°åã wbÝg, aŠVnoT>rMr Amdí`H$Vm. _¥VXohm§Mm Oa dmg

oV Agob Va amoJO§VyZmeH$ Am¡fYm§Mr \$dmaUr. g§gJ©OÝ`

amoJ, amoJamB© Q>miÊ`mgmR>r _moR>çm à_mUmda Ëd[aV

Cnm“moOZm§Mr JaO AgVo.

_¥VXohm§À`m XhZmgmR>r bmHy$S>\$mQ>m CnbãYVoMr AË`mdí`H$Vm

AgVo, `m gd©M Jmoï>tMr, gw{dYm§Mr CnbãYVm A{Ve`

VmËH$mi ObXJVrZo, AmnËVrJ«ñV ^mJm_Ü o hmoUo A{Ve`

OéarMo AgVo.

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AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZo m A{Ve` H$R>rU n[apñWVr_Ü o Amnë`m

H$m m©Mm, {Z moOZ~Õ, gwgyÌ Omo S>m|Ja C m Ho$bm Ë mbm IamoIarM

VmoS> Zmhr.

`mVrb gdmªV àW_ d _hÎdmMr Aer am~{dbobr Cnm``moOZm

g§KQ>ZoZo Cñ_mZm~mX d bmVya {OëhçmVrb ZD$ Jmdo XËVH$ KoVbr,

Ëd[aV “ [abr\$ H±$nMr’’ C^maUr H$aÊ`mV Ambr. gw_mao Vrg

hOma OUm§Mr XmoÝhr doioÀ`m OodUmMr ì`dñWm nmhÿZ AZoH$ bmoH$

BVH$s gw§Xa, AmIrd-aoIrd, {Z`moOZ~Õ ì`dñWm nmhÿZ mamdyZ

Jobo.

^moOZ ì`dñWoÀ`m _§S>nmMr aMZm Aer Ho$br hmoVr H$s, moOZmg

oUmè`m§Mm àdoe EH$mM XmamZo, AmV Amë`mZ§Va VmQ>-dmQ>çm§Mr

ZoQ>H$s ì`dñWm. H$m` Agob Vo AÝZ dmTy>Z KoD$Z bmoH$m§Zm Ëd[aV

~mhoa nS>Ê mMr gwb ì`dñWm. EH$mM {R>H$mUr JXu qH$dm VmQ>H$iV

amhmdo, mgma»`m H$moUË`mhr Jmoï>r KS>Uma ZmhrV mMr nwaonya

XjVm KoVbr OmV Ago. moOZ _§S>nmMr ì`dñWm XmoZ añVo {OWo

{_iVrb Ë`m Mm¡H$moZmV Ho$br OmVo, Ë`m_wio oUmè`m OmUmè`m§Zm,

_mb CVamd`mbm gmo rMo nS>Vo. nmÊ`mMr ì`dñWm Ho$br OmVo.

Aem àH$mao AÝZYmÝ` gmR>dÊ`m~m~V, AÝZ ~Z{dÊ`m~m~V d

AÝZ dmQ>nm~m~V AË §V H$mQ>oH$moa, {eñV~Õ {Z`moOZ Ho$bo OmVo.

gd© emgH$s` A{YH$mar, S>m°ŠQ>g©, Am_u, nmobrg, E_.Eg.B©.~r.Mo

bmoH$ H$m ©H$V} gdmªgmR>r ~rOoEg AÝZ ~Z{dV Ago. gdmªZm

~mobmdyZ Oodm`bm XoV AgV. hm \$ma _moR>m {dMma em§VrbmbOtZr

Aem AmnËVrJ«ñV H$mimV {Xbm. am̧{Xdg MhmMr ì`dñWm

H$aÊ`mV Ambr. emgH$s` A{YH$mar, bîH$amVrb bmoH$, S>m°ŠQ>g©,

H$m ©H$V} gVV H$m ©aV AgVmV. Ë`m§À`mgmR>r Mhm, {~ñH$sQ>o,

ZmíVm-OodU XoUo JaOoMo AgVo. OodU Aem àH$mao ~Zdbo OmV

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AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

Ago H$s Á`mbm \$ma doi bmJUma Zmhr. nyU© OodUm_Ü o nm¡{ï>H$

AmhmamMm g_mdoe Ago, nU ñdÀN>Vm Am{U bdH$amV bdH$a

AÝZ ~Z{dbo OmB©b, mMr nwaonya H$miOr KoVbr OmV Ago.

bmVya yH§$nm_Ü o ~rOoEgZo gmYmaU _{hZm^a H$m © Ho$bo.

A_o[aHo$Mo amOXÿV {VWo Ambo. Ë`m§Zr ~rOoEgÀ`m H±$n_Ü o OodU

Ho$bo. Ë`m§Zm {VWbr gd© ì`dñWm, ñdÀN>Vm, AÝZmMr nm¡{ï>H$Vm

EdT>r AmdS>br H$s Ë`m§Zr àgma_mÜ`_m§Zm gm§{JVbo, H$s “Oo

AÝZ Imëbo Vo A_o[aHo$V {_imë`mgmaIoM dmQ>bo.”

nU yH§$nm_wio hmZr Pmboë`m H$mhr _§S>itZm H±$nda oD$Z OodU

KoUo Mm§Jbo dmQ>m`Mo Zmhr. Aem ì`ŠVtMr _ZYaUr H$ê$Z

Ë`m§Mm H±$nda AmUyZ Oody KmbÊ`mMo qH$dm Ë`m§À`m Kar ZoD$Z

OodU XoÊ`mMo H$m_hr ~rOoEgÀ`m H$m ©H$Ë`mªZr Ho$bo.

AmOy~mOyÀ`m amÁ`m§VyZ 4-5 Q>H$ gm{hË` KoD$Z bmoH$ oV hmoVo.

H$moU AÝZ ~ZdVo mMm emoY KoV. bmoH$m§Zm _m{hV Pmbo H$s,

^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoÀ`mV\}$ XaamoO VrgoH$ hOmaOUm§Zm AÝZ

~ZdyZ {Xbo OmV Amho, Ë`m_wio YmÝ` AmUyZ H$moUmH$S>o Úm`Mo

hm Ë`m§Mm àíZ gwQ>V Ago. ho YmÝ` qH$dm BVa gm{hË` CVadyZ

KoUo. ZrQ> O_m H$aUo, Ë`m§Mr ì`dñWm R>odUo `m gd© Jmoï>tZm

em§VrbmbOtZr ZoQ>Ho$ diU, gwì`dpñWV {Z`moOZ {Xbo. Ë`m_wio

AÝZYmÝ`mMr ZmgmS>r Pmbr Zmhr. nwÊ`mhÿZ oVmZm ~rOoEgMo

H$m ©H$V} OZaoQ>a, Q>çw~, dm`a, {S>Pob, _mB©H$ Agohr gd©

gm{hË` KoD$Z Ambo hmoVo. H$maU ZwgVo OZaoQ>a AmUyZ \$m`Xm

Zmhr Va Ë`mgmR>r {S>Pobhr nm{hOo. Ë`m_wio {S>Pob AmUÊ`mgmR>r

doJir JmS>r R>odbr. H$moUË`mhr Jmoï>rMr AZmD$Ýg_|Q> H$aÊ`mgmR>r

_mB©H$Mm Mm§Jbm Cn`moJ Pmbm. ~rOoEgÀ`m Q>|Q>, _mB©H$, bmB©Q>,

OZaoQ>a_wio JmdmVrb dmVmdaUm_Ü o ~Xb Pmbm. ~rOoEgMm Q>|Q>

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AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

åhUOo gdmªgmR>r EH$ _m{hVr H|$Ð Pmbo hmoVo. emgH$s` A{YH$mar,

Am_u, nmobrg bmoH$ XoIrb _mB©H$dê$Z AZmD$Ýg_|Q> H$aÊ`mgmR>r

~rOoEgÀ`m Q>|Q>da oV.

^maVmMo n§VàYmZ Ooìhm ^yH§$nJ«ñV {R>H$mUmMr nmhUr

H$aÊ`mgmR>r Ambo, Voìhm Ë`m§Mo mfUmgmR>r ~rOoEgMm _mB©H$

dmnaÊ`mV Ambm.

bmVyaÀ`m yH§$nm_Ü o àM§S> Or{dVhmZr Pmbr. _¥VXoh BVñVV:

nS>bobo hmoVo. Ë`mVM àM§S> nmD$g oV hmoVm. _¥VXohm§Zm A½Zr

Úm`bm bmH$S>o {_iV ZìhVr. 50-100 _¥VXohm§Zm EH$Ì A½Zr

Úmdm bmJo. ^mdZm Am{U AZw d Zoh_rM doJio AgVmV.

AmnËVrÀ`m H$mimV Va H$Yr H$moUVr n[apñWVr CX² dob, mMo

^mî` H$moUrM H$ê$ eH$V Zmhr. ñdV: em§VrbmbOtZm XoIrb

`m n[apñWVrVyZ Omdo bmJbo. nwÊ`mhÿZ yH§$nJ«ñV mJmV OmD$Z

_moR>çmà_mUmV ^ard _XVH$m © H$aÊ`mMr H$ënZm S>moŠ`mV

KoD$Z g§Ü`mH$miÀ`m doir nwÊ`mhÿZ g§KQ>ZoÀ`m JmS>çm§Mm Vm\$m

~meuÀ`m {XeoZo {ZKmbm. em§VrbmbOt~amo~a lr. _XZbmb

~m\$Zm d gwdmbmb Mmoa{S> m hmoVo. _wgiYma nmD$g gwê$ hmoVm,

JmS>r Mmb{dVmZm g_moaMo H$mhrM {XgV ZìhVo, amÌrMr doi

hmoVr, Q>| yUuÀ`m Amgnmg Amë`mda Á`m JmS>rV em§VrbmbOr

hmoVo, Ë`m JmS>rÀ`m _mJÀ`m H$mModa drO H$mogibr. JmS>rMo

Iyn ZwH$gmZ Pmbo nU H$_©Y_©g§ moJmZo em§VrbmbOr d _XZ

~m\$ZmOr m XþK©Q>ZoVyZ ~Mmdbo. JmS>rÀ`m Q>m`aÀ`m A{WªJ_wio

Vo dmMbo. JmS>rMr nmR>r_mJMr H$mM \w$Q>ë`mZo Ymo-Ymo nmD$g

JmS>r_Ü o XoIrb oV hmoVm. nU Aemhr n[apñWVrV añË`mV Hw$R>ohr

Z Wm§~Vm Ë`m§Zr amÌr ~mer© JmR>br. VoWo gd© H$m ©H$Ë`mªer g{dñVa

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AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

MMm© Pmbr. nwT>rb H$m`©H«$_mMr {Xem R>a{dbr d gd©OU

Cñ_mZm~mXbm admZm Pmbo.àË`oH$ _Zwî`mÀ`m A§V`m©_r {Xì`àH$me VodV AgVmo.em §VrbmbOtgmaIr EImXrM ì`ŠVr A§V`m ©_rÀ`m{Xì`àH$membm àÁd{bV H$ê$Z Amg_§VmVrb A§YH$ma_`Am^mgrê$n Zmhrgo H$ê$Z Q>mH$VmV. Ë`m_wio em§VrbmbOtZrXmIdboë`m `m VoOmo_` àH$memÀ`m dmQ>oda AZoH$m§Mr Am wî oCOiyZ {ZKmbr.

lr. eaX ndlr. eaX ndlr. eaX ndlr. eaX ndlr. eaX ndmam§Mo `moJXmZ :mam§Mo `moJXmZ :mam§Mo `moJXmZ :mam§Mo `moJXmZ :mam§Mo `moJXmZ :

_hmamï> amÁ`mMo VËH$m{bZ _w»`_§Ìr lr. eaX ndma `m§Zr

bmVyaMr yH§$nJ«ñV n[apñWVr AË §V Mm§Jë`m àH$mao hmVmibr.Vo ñdV: n§Yam {Xdg `m {R>H$mUr hmoVo. Ë`m§Zr Amnbo _w§~B©

H$m`m©b` gmobmnya_Ü`o hb{dbo. Vo Ëd[aV {ZU©` KoV.

doJdoJiçm ñd §godr g§ñWm§Zm doJdoJiçm H$m`m©Mo dmQ>n Ë`m§ZrHo$bo. bmoH$ yH§$nJ«ñVm§Zm haàH$mao _XV H$ê$ BpÀN>V hmoVo, m

_XVrMo XoIrb mo½`àH$mao {Z`moOZ~Õ dmQ>n KSy>Z oUo JaOoMo

AgVo. Oo H$moUr n¡go ê$nmV _XV XoV hmoVo, Vo ñd §godr g§ñWm§ZmXoV. Ë`m§Zm BÝH$_Q>°Šg_Ü o gdbV Agm eaXamdm§Zr {ZU©

KoVbm. _w»`_§Ìr {ZYr_Ü`o Oo _XV XoVrb Ë`m §Zm

BÝH$_Q>°Šg_Ü o 100% gdbV {Xbr OmB©b. mZ§VaMm Ë`m§Zram~{dbobm _hÎdmMm {ZU©` hmoVm Vmo åhUOo {ZdmgñWmZ

~m§YÊ`mMo H$m`© hmVr KoVbo. Ë`mZ§Va Ë`m§Zr doJdoJiçm

{~ëS>g©Zm H$m`_ñdê$nr {ZdmgñWmZmÀ`m Ñï>rZo AmnmnboñQ>ŠMab {S>PmB©Ýg qH$dm AmamIS>o gmXa H$aÊ`mg gm§{JVbo,

Ë`mMo EpŠP{~eZ ^adbo d Ë`mVyZ H$mhr {~ëS>g©Zm {ZdSy>Z

Ë`m§À`mH$S>o yH§$nJ«ñV _§S>itÀ`m H$m`_ñdê$nr {ZdmgmMr gmoH$ê$Z XoÊ`mMo H$m © gmon{dbo.

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AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

nwZd©gZ H$m`m©_Ü`o {Z`moOZmMr Amdí`H$Vm- ~rOoEgMonwZd©gZ H$m`m©_Ü`o {Z`moOZmMr Amdí`H$Vm- ~rOoEgMonwZd©gZ H$m`m©_Ü`o {Z`moOZmMr Amdí`H$Vm- ~rOoEgMonwZd©gZ H$m`m©_Ü`o {Z`moOZmMr Amdí`H$Vm- ~rOoEgMonwZd©gZ H$m`m©_Ü`o {Z`moOZmMr Amdí`H$Vm- ~rOoEgMo

{ZarjU :{ZarjU :{ZarjU :{ZarjU :{ZarjU :

AmnËVrJ«ñVm§gmR>r _moR>çm à_mUmda _XVrMm AmoK emgH$s`,AemgH$s` g§ñWm, {d{dY amÁ o, naXoem§VyZ gwê$ hmoVmo. m dñVy

CVadyZ KoÊ`mMr, mo½` VèhoZo R>odÊ`mMr {d{eï> §ÌUm AgUo

JaOoMo AgVo, hr _XV XoIrb H$em àH$maMr Agmdr? Ë`mgmR>rH$mhr {Z`moOZ AgUo JaOoMo Amho. CXm. 100 ~moar Jhÿ KoD$Z

bmoH$ oV. nU ZwgVm Jhÿ AmUyZ H$m` \$m`Xm? Xim`bm {JaUr

nm{hOo. OwZo H$nS>o bmoH$m§H$Sy>Z Jmoim Ho$bo OmVmV, Ë`mgmR>rJmdm§_Ü o JmS>çm§Mr MŠH$a hmoVo. bmoH$m§Zr H$nS>o H$em àH$maMo

ÚmdoV m~Ôbhr H$mhr gwgyÌVm Agbr nm{hOo. H$maU OwZo H$nS>o

yH§$nJ«ñVm§Zm Var XoUma H$go? Xþgar Jmoï> EdT>r _ohZV KoD$ZH$nS>o Jmoim hmoUma Vo {VWn ªV nmohmoMdbo OmUma nU Oa Ë`m§Mm

H$mhr Cn`moJM Zmhr, Va Vo EdT>o H$nS>çm§Mo T>rJ R>odUma Var

Hw$R>o? Am{U Ë`m§Mo H$m` H$aUma? doJdoJiçm ñd §godr g§ñWmoD$Z {VWo H$m ©, _XV H$ê$ BpÀN>VmV. nU H$moUr H$moUVo H$m ©

H$amdo `mMohr {d{eï> {Z`moOZ, YmoaU Agbo nm{hOo. åhUOo

_XVH$m`m©V EH$ àH$maMr gygwÌVm oVo. H$moUr YmÝ` AmUm`Mo?H$moUr AÝZ ~Zdm`Mo? H$moUr gm{hË`mMo dmQ>n H$am`Mo? H$moUr

_¥VXohm§Mr {dëhodmQ> bmdm`Mr? H$moUr AmOmè`m§Mr ewlyfm

H$am`Mr? bhmZ _wbm§Mr H$miOr ¿`m`Mr? H$moUr nwZd©gZmÀ`mH$m`m©_Ü o _XV H$am`Mr? {Zdmè`mMr ì`dñWm H$am`Mr? m

gdmªMo EH$ {d{eï> {Z`moOZ Agbo åhUOo _XVH$m © gwairVnUo

nma nSy> eH$Vo.AmnËVrJ«ñV mJmbm nmhÊ`mgmR>r åhUyZ gwÕm AZoH$ bmoH$ oV

AgVmV. Ë`m_wio añVo ãbm°H$ hmoVmV. dmhVyH$ VmgZ²Vmg Imoi§~Vo.

Aem H$mimV dmhVwH$sda, oUmè m JmS>çm§da {Z §ÌU AgUo JaOoMo

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AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

AgVo. H$maU emgH$s` A{YH$mar, hmo_JmS>©, bîH$a, nmobrg,

ñd §godr g§ñWm m§Mo oUo _hÎdmMo AgVo.

gwédmVrbm _¥VXohm§Zm A½Zr XoÊ`mgmR>r bmH$S>m§Mr H$_VaVmOmUdV hmoVr. nU {_S>r`mH$Sy>Z Ooìhm bmoH$m§n ªV ~mV_r Jobr

H$s bmH$S>o ZmhrV, Va gJirH$Sy>Z bmoH$ EdT>o bmH$S>§ KoD$Z

Ambo H$s R>odm`bm OmJm ZìhVr. ñd §ñ\y$V©nUo AZoH$ H$m ©H$V}_XVrgmR>r oV AgVmV, nU H$mhr H$mbmdYrZ§Va Vo WH$VmV.

amhmÊ`mMo, ImÊ`m{nÊ`mMo hmb hmoVmV. H$m ©H$Ë`mªMr Aemhr

n[apñWVrV OwidyZ KoD$Z {VWoM amhÿZ H$m © H$aÊ`mMr mgmR>rV`mar Agm`bm hdr. em§VrbmbOtZr `m gd© n[apñWVrVhr

_XV H$m © gwê$ R>odbo. Ë`m§Zm ñdV:bm JmS>rVM Pmonmdo bmJo,

gH$miMo AmpÝhH$ CaH$Ê`mgmR>r H$Yr Pmon hmoB©, Va H$Yr Zmhr.nU H$m © nwT>o ZoUo Ë`m§Zm \$ma JaOoMo dmQ>o. nU EH§$XarVM

`m{df`r Ë`m§Mo _V Amho H$s, “AmnËVr ì`dñWmnZmV _XV

H$m © H$aÊ`mgmR>r H$m ©H$Ë`mªZm, ñd §godr g§ñWm§Zm {d{eï>à{ejU XoÊ`mMr {ZpíMVM JaO Amho.”

`m{edm` gdmªV _hÎdmMm AZw d ~rOoEgbm AZw dm`bm

{_imbm, Vmo åhUOo yH§$nJ«ñV mJmVrb Jmdm§Mr bmoH$g§»`mAmnËVrZ§Va dmT>Vo! KamV EH$Ì amhUmao bmoH$ Ëd[aV doJio

hmoVmV. H$moUr ñd §godr g§ñWm Kao ~m§YyZ XoV Amho, ho Ü`mZmV

oVmM ~mhoaJmdr amhUmao bmoH$hr JmdmVrb OmJm§da, Kam§daAmnbm hŠH$ gm§Jy bmJVmV. VhgrbXma, VbmR>çm§H$adr Amnbo

aoH$m°S>© ~XbdyZ KoVmV. Va H$mhr bmoH$ åhUV Amåhm§bm n¡go

Xçm, Amåhr Ka ~m§YVmo Aem gd© AS>MUt_YyZ dmQ> H$mT>rV_XV H$m © nyU© H$ê$Z bmoH$m§À`m OrdZmbm _mJ©Xe©Z H$aUo, C^mar

XoUo JaOoMo AgVo.

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AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

gd© AS>MUtMm gm_Zm H$aVmZm, dmQ> H$mT>VmZm bmoH$m§Mm gh^mJ

KoV H$m © dmT>drV H$m © H$aUo JaOoMo AgVo. Ë`m_wio ~rOoEgZo

Amnë`m AZw dmX²dmao _m§S>bobo {ZarjU Ago H$s, nwZd©gZmÀ`mH$m`m©_Ü o Á`m H$moUr ñd §godr g§ñWm H$m © H$aVmV Ë`m§À`mgmR>r

goëg Q>°Šg, H$ñQ>_ S>çwQ>r, EŠgmB©O S>çwQ>r, gpìh©g Q>°Šg `m

gJiçm_Ü o gdbVr {_iUo Amdí`H$ Amho.

em§VrbmbOtMr bhmZ _wbm§àVrMr g§doXZerbVm :em§VrbmbOtMr bhmZ _wbm§àVrMr g§doXZerbVm :em§VrbmbOtMr bhmZ _wbm§àVrMr g§doXZerbVm :em§VrbmbOtMr bhmZ _wbm§àVrMr g§doXZerbVm :em§VrbmbOtMr bhmZ _wbm§àVrMr g§doXZerbVm :

bmVya ^yH§$nJ«ñV ^mJm_Ü`o OodU-ImU, H$nS>o, BVa

gm_mZmMr ì`dñWm, _¥VXohm§Mr {dëhodmQ>, Am¡fYmonMma,XdmImÝ`m§Mr gmo , VmËnwaVo {ZdmamñWmZ Aem gd© Jmoï>tMr

ZrQ> ì`dñWm bmdë`mZ§Va, AmUIr H$m` Ho$b§ Omd§ `mda

em§VrbmbOr bj H|${ÐV H$ê$ bmJbo. O¡Z g§KQ>ZoÀ`m_XVH|$Ðmda OodUmgmR>r Or am§J bmJV Ago Ë`m_Ü o bhmZ

_wbm§Mr g§»`m Iyn _moR>çm à_mUmda Ago. em§VrbmbOtMr

Mm¡H$g~wÕr H$m_ H$ê$ bmJbr. bhmZ _wbm§er Vo ~moby bmJbo.H$moUmMr AmB© dmabr, H$moUmMo dS>rb dmabo, Va H$moUmMo H$mH$m,

_m_m, ho Ë`m _wbm§À`m Vm|Sy>Z EoH$V AgVmZm mMm Ë`m _wbm§À`m

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H$iÊ`mMo AZw dÊ`mMo bhmZ _wbm§Mo d` ZgVo.

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Hw$ndmam {OëhçmVrb _wbo OmñVr à_mUmV hmoVr, Ë`m§À`mKaÀ`m§Mm Ë`m§Zm EdT>çm Xÿa nmR>{dÊ`mgmR>r àW_ {damoY hmoVm,

nU Z§Va Vmo _mdibm.

emioV XmIb Pmë`mZ§Va _wbm§Mo Am`S>|Q>rQ>r H$mS>© V`ma Ho$bo,\$moQ>mo H$mT>bo, Amamo½` VnmgUr Ho$br, {d_m CVa{dbm. `mVrb

~hþVm§er _wbo 5 Vo 10 qH$dm 11 dr, 12 drVrb hmoVo. H$mhtMo d`

12 dr nojmhr OmñV hmoVo. Aem§Zm _mÌ naV nmR>{dÊ`mV Ambo.H$maU g§ñWoV \$ŠV 12 dr n`ªVÀ`mM _wbm§Zm àdoe XoUo

~§YZH$maH$ hmoVo.

`m _wbm§Zm BWo Oar emH$mhmar OodUmMr gŠVr hmoVr Var Ë`m§À`mZ_mOMr _mÌ doJir gmo` dg{VJ¥hmV Ho$br hmoVr. VgoM

R>am{dH$ {Xder _{eX_Ü o OmÊ`mMr nadmZJrhr hmoVr. Ë`m§Mo

B©X, _moha_ gmaIo gU gd© {_iyZ g§ñWoV gmOao Ho$bo OmV.`m gd© ì`dñWoZ§Vahr _wbm§À`m ~m~VrVrb EH$ _hÎdmMm àíZ

AOyZhr AZwËVarV hmoVmo Vmo åhUOo gm`H$m¡bm°{OH$b

H$mD$ÝgoqbJ. Ë`m§Zm _mZ{gH$ YŠŠ`mVyZ gmdaUo gmono Omdo de¡j{UH$ {dH$mgm~amo~aM _mZ{gH$ nwZd©gZhr bdH$a d mo½`

arVrZo ìhmdo `mgmR>r _hmamï> BpÝñQ>Q>çyQ> Am°\$ _|Q>b Q>oÝg d

{S>nmQ>©_|Q> Am°\$ gm`H$m°bm°Or ~r.Oo. _o{S>H$b H$m°boO, nwUo`m§À`m~amo~a H$ama H$aÊ`mV Ambm.

Ë`mà_mUo gm¡. AbH$m ndma, lr. H$_bm_ d lr. E_. Zmam`U

`m§Zr dmKmobrÀ`m e¡j{UH$ nwZ{d©H$mg H|$Ðmbm oQ> {Xbr. _wbm§erì`pŠVJVarË`m g§dmX gmYbm. Ë`m§Mo àíZ, AS>MUr g_OmdyZ

KoVë`m. Ë`m§À`m _Zmbm C^mar {Xbr. nU Ë`mVyZhr Á`m§Zm

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A{YH$ H$mCÝgoqbJMr JaO Amho, Aem 40 EH$ _wbm§Mr {ZdS>

H$aÊ`mV Ambr. d Ë`m§Zm {deof gmhmæ` Ho$bo.

m{edm H|$ÐmV m _wbm§Mr H$b MmMUr KoÊ mV Ambr, moJm, ì pŠV_Îd{dH$mg {e{~ao am~{dÊ`mV Ambr. _wbm§Zm KaMr AmR>dU Zmhr

Ambr nm{hOo, `màH$mao Ë`m§Mo _Z emioV BVa A°pŠQ>pìh{Q>O_Ü o

a_ob mMr doimodoir XjVm KoÊ`mV Ambr.

df©^amMo doimnÌH$ AJXr ^aJÀM Ago embo`

{ejUm~amo~aM, Ioim§_Ü o d¡{dÜ`nyU© àH$ma, dŠV¥Ëd ñnYm©,

ñnYm©narjm, ì`pŠVJV {dH$mg {e{~am§_Ü o _wbm§Mm doi {ZKyZOmB©. Ë`m§À`m narjm {VH$S>o \o$~«wdmar_Ü`o AgV. Ë`m_wio

narjoÀ`m doir gdmªZm Ë`m§À`m amÁ`m§V nmR>{dbo OmB© d gwÅ>r

g§nbr H$s naV BH$S>o. hm gd© IM© g§KQ>ZoMm Ago.H$mhr doim àdmgm_wio, hdm_mZ ~Xbm_wio _wbo AmOmar nS>V.

Ë`m_wio ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZo {gÕmW© hm°pñnQ>ber gm_§Oñ`

H$ama Ho$bm. dg{VJ¥hmVrb _wbm§Mr AmOmanUmV XoI^mbH$aÊ`mgmR>r E_.~r.~r.Eg. S>m°ŠQ>a d Zg}gMr Zo_UyH$ Ho$br.

BWo _wbm§Mr gd© àH$mao \$ma H$miOr KoVbr OmB©. Ago AgyZhr

Oå_y H$mí_ra_Yrb AemgH$s` g§ñWm§Zr _wbm§Zm amÁ`m~mhoa

yH§$n pñWVrbm Vm|S

AmnËVrJ«ñV _wbo

_mZ{gH$ nwZd©gZmgmR>r à`ËZ

nwZd©gZpñWVrnyd©nXmda

oÊ`mMr pñWVr

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nmR>{dÊ`mg gŠV {damoY Ho$bm. EdT>oM Zmhr Va, amÁ` gaH$ma

d ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoÀ`m {déÕ hm`H$moQ>m©V [aQ> {nQ>reZ

XmIb Ho$bo. Iyn {damoY Ho$bm. àgma_mÜ`_o d nonadmë`m§Zr {_iyZH$m§Jmdm H$aÊ`mg gwédmV Ho$br H$s _wbm§Mo ñ_JqbJ hmoV Amho.

{_iob Vr _m{hVr N>mnÊ`mg Ambr.

Iao Va, hm \$ŠV {damoYmgmR>r {damoY hmoVm. VÏ` H$mhrM ZìhVo!_wbm§Zm ~rOoEg_m\©$V Oå_y-H$mí_rabm narjogmR>r nmR>{dë`mZ§Va

gaH$maZo _wbm§Zm naV ~rOoEg ~amo~a nmR>{dbo Zmhr. H$maU Ho$gMm{ZH$mb ~rOoEgÀ`m ~mOyZo bmJbm Zmhr.nd©Vmbm D$Z, dmè`mbm Km~ê$Z MmbV Zmhr! dmXimÀ`mVS>m»`m§Zr {dM{bV hmoD$Z MmbV Zmhr! nmdgmMo T>J AS>dyZnmdgmbm A§JmIm§Xçmda Ioi{dÊ`mMo {ZË`mMo H$V©ì` Ë`mbmMwH$dm`Mo ZgVo! H$V©ì` Am{U mdZm§À`m g§Kfm©V H$_©H$V©ì`OmUUmao H$V©ì`mbmM OmñV _hÎd XoVmV!dmKmobr e¡j{UH$ nwZ{d©H$mg H|$ÐmMo `e :dmKmobr e¡j{UH$ nwZ{d©H$mg H|$ÐmMo `e :dmKmobr e¡j{UH$ nwZ{d©H$mg H|$ÐmMo `e :dmKmobr e¡j{UH$ nwZ{d©H$mg H|$ÐmMo `e :dmKmobr e¡j{UH$ nwZ{d©H$mg H|$ÐmMo `e :dmKmobr e¡j{UH$ nwZd©gZ àH$ën H|$ÐmVrb emim H$m°boO_Ü o_wbm§Zm XoIrb àdoe {Xbm OmVmo. Ë`m_wio AmnËVrJ«ñV _wbm§Mo{ejU m _wbm§~amo~a hmoV AgVo. àW_nmgyZM gd© _wbo KaJwVrdmVmdaUmV amhVmV. ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>Zm `m gdmªÀ`mamhÊ`mMm, e¡j{UH$ gm{hË`mMm, ImÊ`mMm, H$nS>çmbË`m§MmIM© CMbVo._wbm§À`m nmbH$m§H$Sy>Z EH$ én`mMohr S>moZoeZ KoVbo OmV Zmhr.{ejUm~amo~aM gdmªJrU {dH$mg, àJVr, ì`mdgm{`H$à{ejUmMr g§Yr {_imë`m_wio _wbo {Z{ ©S>, H$UIa ~ZVmV.gdmªV _hÎdmMo åhUOo ^`mZH$ AmnÎmrÀ`m _mZ{gH$YŠŠ`mVyZ BWo Amë`mZ§Va Vo ~mdaVmV. Ë`m§Zm ào_mZo, _m oZoBWo Amnbogo Ho$bo OmVo. hoM m àH$ënmMo gdmªV _moR>o e Amho.

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Am{U `m `emMr nVmH$m KoD$ZM Vo Amnë`m Jmdr, {VWbrgwYmaUm {dH$mg KS>{dÊ`mgmR>r naVVmV.dmKmobr e¡j{UH$ d nwZd©gZ H|$Ðmbm AmVmn ªV _hÎdmÀ m ì`ŠVtZr

oQ> {Xbr Amho, nmhUr Ho$br Amho. oWrb {Z`moOZ, {ejUmMrnÕV, H$m_H$mOnÕV g_OyZ KoVbr Amho. yVnyd© amï>nVr S>m°.E.nr.Oo. AãXþb H$bm_ àH$ën nmhÿZ BVHo$ mamdbo H$s, Ë`m§Zr`m{R>H$mUr ñdV:À`m ImË`mVrb MoH$ _XV åhUyZ {Xbm._mOr n§VàYmZ nr.ìhr. Zaqghamd, lr. ìhr.nr.qgJ, lr. Om°O©\$ZmªS>rg, lr_Vr gmo{Z`m Jm§Yr `m gdmªZr ^maVr` O¡Zg§KQ>ZoÀ`m H$m`m©Mo ^a^ê$Z H$m¡VwH$ Ho$bo Amho. Ë`mMà_mUolr. AQ>b{~hmar dmOno r, _mOr bmoH$g^m AÜ`j {edamOnmQ>rb, lr. OZmX©Z aoS²>S>r, draßnm _moB©br `m§Zr doimodoirg§KQ>ZoÀ`m e¡j{UH$ H$m`m©Mr àe§gm Ho$br Amho.lr. {edamO nmQ>rb qnnar oWrb emioÀ`m àW_ dYm©nZ{XZrCnpñWV hmoVo. Va lr. eaX ndma `m§Mo àH$ën C^maUrÀ`màË oH$ Q>ßß`mda, àË oH$ diUmda doimodoir ghH$m ©, _mJ©Xe©Zam{hbo Amho. Ë`m§Zr g§KQ>ZoÀ`m gm_m{OH$ H$m`m©gmR>r doJirB_maV Agmdr Ago gy{MV Ho$bo._hmamï> amÁ`mMo _w»` g{Md lr. {XZoe A\$PbnyaH$a m§Zr^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoÀ`m e¡j{UH$ nwZd©gZ H|$Ðmbm ^oQ>{Xë`mZ§Va ^mdmoX²Jma H$mT>bo H$s, “AemgH$s` g§ñWmgm_m{OH$, e¡j{UH$ Am{U nwZd©gZ joÌmV emgZmnojm {H$VrAdmT>ì` H$m © H$ê$ eH$VmV, ho `m ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoÀ`mH$m`m©dê$Z bjmV oVo.’’ _mOr {ZdS>UyH$ Am wŠV lr. Q>r.EZ².eofZ `m§Zr dmKmobr `oWo ^oQ> {Xbr d Amnë`m _mVmolrgrVmbú_tÀ`m ñ_¥Vr{àË`W© Xadfu AmXe© {dXçmÏ`mªgmR>r én oXmoZ hOmamMo nm[aVmo{fH$ Omhra Ho$bo.AmOMr bhmZ _wbo hm CXçmMm ^maVmMm ^{dî`H$mi Amho.^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZo _hmamï>, O~bnya, Oå_y-H$mí_ra_Yrb

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AmnËVrJ«ñV bhmZ _wbm§Zm e¡j{UH$ gw{dYm XoD$Z, Ë`m§Mo_mZ{gH$ nwZd©gZ H$ê$Z CÁÁdb {dVì`mMm _mJ© XmIdbm,Ë`m§À`m OrdZmbm {Xem {Xbr. hrM {nT>r CXçm Amnë`m ~m§>Ydm§Mo,g_mOmMo, ^maVmMo ^{dî` CÁÁdb H$aUma Amho! dmKmobre¡j{UH$ d nwZ{d©H$mg H|$ÐmÀ`m C^maUrMo g§nyU© `e `m{nT>çm§À`m Xo{Xß`_mZ d CÁÁdb H$ma{H$XuV gm_mdbo Jobo Amho!

���

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5. _oiKmQ>Mo Hw$nmofUmbm gm_moao OmVmZm5. _oiKmQ>Mo Hw$nmofUmbm gm_moao OmVmZm5. _oiKmQ>Mo Hw$nmofUmbm gm_moao OmVmZm5. _oiKmQ>Mo Hw$nmofUmbm gm_moao OmVmZm5. _oiKmQ>Mo Hw$nmofUmbm gm_moao OmVmZmdmKmobr oWrb WERC àH$ënmbm àË`j oQ> {Xë`mda VoWrb

_wbm§_Ü`o àH$fm©Zo OmUdUmar Jmoï> hmoVr Vr åhUOo

AmË_{dídmg d {Z{ ©S>Vm. gwQ>rMm {Xdg hmoVm, Ë`m_wio _wbm§erN>mZn¡H$s ~mobm`bm {_imbo.

Ë`m§Zm {dMmabo H$moRy>Z AmbmV? Jmd H$moUVo Vw_Mo? Va H$moUmMo

CËVa hmoVo hram, H$moUmMo JmobIoS>m, H$moUr nmWanyaMo Va H$moUramohUrIoS>çmMo.

“BWo Vwåhm§bm H$m` H$m` AmdS>Vo?’’-_r.

“Amåhm§bm BWbo OodU AmdS>Vo, {ejH$ N>mZ AmhoV. Ioim`bmIyn {_iVo.’’-_wbo.

nU gdmªMo EH$ CËVa _mÌ gmaIo hmoVo. Vo åhUOo “BWbr Ag|ãbr

Amåhm§bm Iyn AmdS>Vo.’’- _wbo.“H$m?’’ -_r.

“H$maU Ë`m_Ü o Am_Mr H$bm, dŠV¥Ëd, H${dVm, Ioi Ago

{d{dY JwUm§Zm gmXa H$aÊ`mMr amoO g§Yr {_iVo.’’“ {H$Vr dmOVm AgVo Ag|ãbr’’-_r,

“amoO g§Ü`mH$mir 6 Vo 7 AgVo.’’-_wbo.

“ {Xdg^amMo {Z`moOZ H$go AgVo?’’- _r,

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“nhmQ>o 5 dm. CRy>Z, Amdê$Z, àmW©ZogmR>r hOa amhmdo bmJVo.

Ë`mZ§Va ì`m`m_, XÿY-Zmï>m KoD$Z emioV Om`Mo. _Yë`m doir

OodU, emim gwQ>ë`mZ§Va XmoZ Vmg Aä`mg, Zmï>m-XÿY. WmoS>m doiIoi, _J Ag|ãbr. amÌrMo OodU, Aä`mg d Pmon.’’-_wbo

`m _wbm§~amo~a Aem N>mZem Jßnm _marV Amåhrhr {VWbo M{dï>

OodU KoV hmoVmo. ñd §nmH$KamVrb ñdÀN>Vm, YmÝ`mMr, S>mitMr,H$S>YmÝ`m§Mr àV CËV_ Va hmoVrM, nU ñdÀN>Vmhr. Iyn _wbo

{eñVrV oD$Z OodU ñdV:À`m hmVmZo KoV hmoVr.

“AmB©d{S>bm§Mr AmR>dU oVo H$m§?’’-_r.“hmo, H$YrH$Yr. nU Amåhm§bm g§ñWoMo {ejH$ _moR>çm åhUOo

{XdmirÀ`m/ CÝhmiçmÀ`m gwQ²>Q>çm§_Ü o Kar KoD$Z OmVmV Am{U

naV AmUm`bm oVmV.’’-_wbo.dmKmobrÀ`m WERC àH$ënm_Ü`o _wbm§À`m {ejUm~amo~aM

gdmªJrU {dH$mghr Ho$bm OmVmo. _wbm§À`m AmË_{dídmgmMm

àË`` Amåhr {ZKVmZm Ambm. Amåhr Ogo Ë`m§Zm àíZ {dMmabo,VgoM Ë`m§Zrhr Amåhm§bm {dMmabo H$s, “Vwåhr H$moU AmhmV?

H$emgmR>r BWo AmbmV? H$m` H$aVm? dJ¡ao.’’

ho EoHy$Z Va IamoIar H$m¡VwH${_{lV AmZ§XmZo Amåhr ^mamdyZJobmo. Bdë`m§em amonQ>çmbm `mo½` hdm, nmUr, IV {_imbo H$s

Vo H$go Q>dQ>drV, VmOoVdmZo amhÿZ \w$bV OmVo! gdmªMo bj Va

doYyZ KoVoM nU _Zmbm Cëhm{gV H$aVo! `mMmM àË`` _rAZw drV hmoVo.

_wbm§Mm AmVmMm gdmªJrU {dH$mg d àJVr nmhÿZ _Z 97

gmbm_Ü o a_bo.^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoV\}$ BWo AmUÊ`mV Ambobr _wbo _oiKmQ>

n[agamVrb AmhoV. AmVmn`ªV gm_wXm{`H$ {ddmh VgoM

_amR>dmS>çmVrb yH§$nJ«ñVm§À`m _wbm§À`m e¡j{UH$ nwZd©gZmMo

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H$m © hmVr KoVboë`m maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZo _oiKmQ> n[agamVrb

Hw$nmofUJ«ñV mJmVrb VrZeoAÇ>mdrg _wbm§À`m g§nyU© e¡j{UH$

O~m~XmarMm _hÎdm§H$mjr CnH«$_ hmVr KoVbm._oiKmQ> ho gmVnwS>m nd©Vam§Jo_Ü`o dgbobo A_amdVrÀ`m

CËVaoH$S>Mo Jmd Amho. BWbo Am{Xdmgr àm_w»`mZo H$moaHy$

O_mVrMo AmhoV. _wbm§À`m Hw$nmofU g_ñ o~m~V _oiKmQ> gdmªZmn[a{MV Amho. nU Ë`mhr nbrH$S>Mr AmoiI åhUOo _oiKmQ>bm

^maVmMo gmo_m{b`m åhQ>bo OmVo. `m n[agamV Am{XdmgtÀ`m

Hw$nmofUmMr g_ñ`m Xadfu CX²^dVo, åhUyZ g§KQ>ZoÀ`mH$m ©H$Ë`mªZr m mJmMm àË`j Aä`mg Ho$bm.

`mgmR>r gd©àW_ maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>Zm d H$ñVwa~m Jm§Yr Q>ñQ>Zo

EH$Ì oD$Z Am{XdmgtMo EH$ gå_obZ adbo. Ë`m_Ü o Ë`m§Zr~mb{ddmh nÕVrbm Amim KmbÊ`mgmR>r gm_wXm{`H$ {ddmhmMo

Am`moOZ H$aÊ`mMo R>adbo, nU EH$m AQ>rda, _wbrMo d` AR>am

dfmªnojm OmñV Va _wbmMo d` EH$drg dfmªnojm OmñV hdo.gm_wXm{`H$ {ddmh gmohiçmMo Am`moOZ, nmbH$m§Mo g§_obZ d

Aä`mg Xm¡am `mÛmao Hw$nmofU g_ñ`o{déÕ g§KQ>ZoZo EH$

MidiM gwê$ Ho$br. Aä`mg Xm¡am doJdoJiçm Jmdm§_Ü o OmD$Znma nmS>bm. Ë`m_Ü o ~arM H$maUo XS>bobr Ë`m§Zm OmUdbo.

g§KQ>ZoÀ`m H$m ©H$Ë`mªZr Vo åhUOo n[agamV Agbobr AË §V

J[a~r, A{e{jVnUm, AñdÀN>Vm, ~mb{ddmh, A§YlÕm,ì`gZmYrZVm Am{U Hw$Qw>§~{Z`moOZmMm A^md.

na§namJV d dfm©Zwdf} hr O_mV nmS>çm§da, Xm[aÐçmV {IVnV

nS>bobr Amho. ~mhç {dH${gV OJmer m§Mm XþamÝd`mZohr H$Yrg§~§Y Ambm Zmhr. Ë`m_wio AmYw{ZH$Vm, {dH$mg, àJVr, {ejU,

Amamo½` `m Jmoï>r Ë`m§À`m Jmdrhr ZmhrV. {dH${gV OJmÀ`m

àdmhmV gm_rb hmoÊ`mMr Ë`m§Zm H$YrM g§Yr {_imbr Zmhr,

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XþîH$mir, XþJ©_ ^mJmVrb, S>m|Ja n[agamVrb Ë`m§Mo {OUo

Ë`m_wio A{Ve` A{dH${gV, gm_m{OH$, e¡j{UH$Ñï>çm

_mJmgbobo d na§namJV ê$T>r-nam§nam, A§YlÕm§_Ü oM {IVnVnS>bo hmoVo. Ë`m_wio Xadfu gmYmaUV: EH$ hOma _wbm§Mm _¥Ë y

Hw$nmofUm_wio hmoVmo.

`m n[apñWVrMm g§nyU© Aä`mg Ho$ë`mZ§Va g§KQ>ZoZo KoVbobm{ZU© hm IamoIarM Iyn doJim d AmXe© {Z_m©U H$aUmam

R>abm. Ë`m§Zr R>a{dbo H$s, BWo ZwgVo n¡go, JaOy gm{hË` qH$dm

{Zdmam XoD$Z MmbUma Zmhr Va XrK©H$mimgmR>r gwgyÌ YmoaUAdb§{~Ê`mMr JaO Amho. g§nyU© n[apñWVr_Ü`o _yb^yV

n[adV©Z KS>dyZ AmUÊ`mMr {ZH$S> gdmªZm OmUdy bmJbr.

_yb yV {ejU hmM Hw$nmofUmÀ`m g_ñ oMm Cnm` Agë`mZo_yb^yV d XO}Xma {ejUmgmR>r ^ard H$m_{Jar H$aÊ`mMo

R>a{dÊ`mV Ambo. àË`j nmhUr_Ü o g§KQ>ZoÀ`m H$m ©H$Ë`mªZm

Ago AmT>ibo H$s, oWrb emim§Mr XþamdñWm Pmbobr Amho, YmaUrVmbwŠ`mVrb Va emim nmdgmù`m_Ü o ~§XM R>odë`m OmVmV.

EdT>r `m emim§À`m B_maVtMr dmB©Q> pñWVr Amho.

KamnmgyZ Xÿa AgUmè`m emim, añË`m§Mr XþamdñWm, dfm©Zwdf}emioÀ`m B_maVtMr XoI^mb XþéñVr Zmhr, Ë`m_wio mM mJmV

CËV_ {ejU XoÊ`mMr ì`dñWm H$aUo \$ma {OH$sarMo H$m_

hmoVo. oWrb gm_m{OH$ pñWVr, amhUr_mZ, A§YlÕm, Xm[aÐç`m gJù`m_wio {ejUmÀ`m XOm©da {dnarV n[aUm_ hmoV hmoVm.

Ë`m_wio {dH${gV mJmVrb {ejUmMm XOm©, {dMmam§Mr nÕVr,

ì`pŠV_Îd {dH$mg m gd© Jmoï>tnmgyZ hr _wbo H$m`_Mr d§{MVam{hbr AmhoV. nU hoM Oa {dH${gV ^mJmVrb JwUdËVoÀ`m

XOm©Zwgma {ejUmMr g§Yr `m _wbm§Zm {_imbr, Va hr _wbo

à{V^mdmZ, {e{jV Va hmoVrbM nU nwÝhm Amnë`m n[agam_Ü o

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~XbmMr, n[adV©ZmMr H«$m§Vr VoWo KSy>Z Ambr. AmYw{ZH$,{dH${gV g_mOmer AmoiI Pmbr, ZdZdo {dMma A§{JH$mabo.

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yH§$nmMr ~mV_r H$mZr nS>VmM AÜ`j lr. _wWm d H$m ©H$Ë`mªZrdmKmobr oWrb WERC _Ü o ~¡R>H$ KoVbr. WERC _Ü o bmVya

yH§$nJ«ñVm§À`m {ejUmMr gmo Ho$bobr hmoVr. lr. _wWm§Zr R>a{dboH$s, mVrb H$mhr _wbm§Zm ~amo~a KoD$Z JwOamV_Ü o _XVH$m ©C^mam`Mo. mnmR>r_mJMm CÔoe Agm H$s, EH$ yH§$nJ«ñV Xþgè`m

yH§$nJ«ñVmÀ`m doXZm OmñV g_OyZ KoD$ eH$Vmo, OmUy eH$Vmo.ñdV: doXZm ghZ Ho$ë`m_wio Xþgè`mMo Aly nwgy eH$Vmo.R>aë`mà_mUo 400 H$m`©H$V} JwOamVH$S>o AÝZ nm{H$Q>o,AÝZYmÝ`, Am¡fYo d OrdZmdí`H$ gm{hË` KoD$Z {ZKmbo. VgoM_bH$mnya, {gbmoS>, Am¡a§Jm~mX, qhJUKmQ>, Zm§XoS>, g§J_Zoa m{R>H$mUmhÿZhr H$m ©H$V} _XVH$m`m©gmR>r JwOamVH$S>o admZm Pmbo.lr. _wWm `m§Zr _w§~B©À`m B§{S> Z M|~a Am°\$ H$m°_g©er g§nH©$gmYbm d AÝZ, nmUr, H$nS>o, XÿY nmdS>a, Mßnb, BVaOrdZmdí`H$ dñVy nmR>{dÊ`mMr _mJUr Ho$br.^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMo H$m ©H$V} JwOamV_Ü o nmohmoMë`mZ§Va Ë`m§Zmgm_{I`mQ>r d ~N>md oWo Amnbo H±$n C^mabo. AÜ`j lr. _wWmñdV: ~N>md H±$n_Ü o amhmV hmoVo. EH$mdoir Vrg hOma OUm§ZmAÝZnwadR>m H$aVm oB©b Aer ì`dñWm H$aÊ`mV Ambr. amoOgH$mir-g§Ü`mH$mir gd©OUm§À`m ImÊ`mMr ì`dñWm H$aÊ`mVAmbr. Ë`mM~amo~a H$nS>o, {Zdmam, Am¡fYmonMma, OrdZmdí`H$dñVy§Mo dmQ>n m§Ûmao doJmZo _XVH$m © gwê$ Pmbo. _¥VXohm§Mr {dëhodmQ>bmdUo, ho \$ma {OH$sarMo H$m_ AmnËVrÀ`m {R>H$mUr AgVo. VgoMAm¡fYmonMma hm°pñnQ>ëgMr Vrd«VoZo JaO ^mgVo. dgdmS>bm S>m°.N>moQy> mB© AO_oam m§Zr 80 ~oS>Mo hm°pñnQ>b gwê$ Ho$bo. maVr` O¡Zg§KQ>ZoZo nwÊ`mhÿZ S>m°ŠQ>g© dgdmS>bm nmR>{dbo. aŠVXmZ {e{~amMoAm`moOZ Ho$bo.AmnËVrJ«ñVm§gmR>r _XV H$m ©, gwQ>H$m d Ë`m§Mo nwZd©gZ `mJmoï>r {Z`moOZ~Õ, gwgyÌarË`m Omo_mZo gwê$ hmoË`m. Ë`m_wio

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64

AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

lr. _wWm `m§Zr Amnbo bj emim§Mr C^maUr, Amdí`H$ VoWonwZ~mªYUr `mda H|${ÐV Ho$bo.

JwOamV_Yrb ^yH§$nàdU ^mJ :JwOamV_Yrb ^yH§$nàdU ^mJ :JwOamV_Yrb ^yH§$nàdU ^mJ :JwOamV_Yrb ^yH§$nàdU ^mJ :JwOamV_Yrb ^yH§$nàdU ^mJ :

.$$«H ohëO{ m$HwbmVrM§mdmJ

m`Ȥg

.1 >NÀ$H dm>N~ 67

.2 Oy^ 57

.3 aO§A 67

.4 anma 15

.5 rd>S§m_ 61

.6 mЧw_ 13

.7 m`b{Z 20

.8 mZmbIZ 81

.9 _mYrY§mJ 30

.01 >Qom$HOma m`b{_ 64

.11 u~om_ 54

.21 mam$H§V 50

.31 aJZÐ|awg >Smdbh 20

.41 r>Såb{ 10

.51 aJZ_mO m`r>SomO 22

U$yHE 964

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65

AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMm emim C^maUrMm CnH«$_ :^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMm emim C^maUrMm CnH«$_ :^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMm emim C^maUrMm CnH«$_ :^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMm emim C^maUrMm CnH«$_ :^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMm emim C^maUrMm CnH«$_ :

bmVyaÀ`m AZw dmà_mUo, _wbm§Zm gwa{jV dmVmdaU R>odÊ`mgmR>r,

_mZ{gH$ VmU-VUmdmVyZ ~mhoa H$mT>Ê`mgmR>r emioMr nwZC© maUrH$aUo _hÎdmMo Amho, Ago lr. _wWm m§Zr R>a{dbo.

gm_{I`mar emim§À`m B_maVtMr nmhUr Ë`m§Zr Ho$br Am{U Ëd[aV

nwZ~mªYUrÀ`m H$m`m©bm àma§ Ho$bm. lr. YZamO Mmoàm Am{U lr.VoO_b Jm§Yr m§À`m ghH$m`m©Zo H$m_H$mO hmVr KoVbo. ~m§YH$m_mMo

gm{hË` Ah_Xm~mXhÿZ AmUUo JaOoMo hmoVo. Ë`mM~amo~a lr. _wWm

`m§Zr _wbm§À`m nmbH$m§~amo~a, JmdH$è`m§~amo~a MMm© gwê$ Ho$brd _wbm§Zm emioV nmR>{dÊ`mMr {dZ§Vr Ho$br. OoUoH$ê$Z _wbm§Zm

_mZ{gH$ YŠŠ`mVyZ ~mhoa oD$Z emioVrb Aä`mg, Ioi d BVa

Jmoï>tda bj H|${ÐV hmoB©b.AmnËVrZ§Va Voamì`m {Xder gm_{I`mar oWrb emim gwê$

H$aÊ`mV Ambr. qhXÿ na§nam§à_mUo KamV EImXçm ì`ŠVrMm

_¥Ë y Pmë`mZ§Va ~mam {Xdg XþIdQ>m nmibm OmVmo. nU Voamì`m{XdgmnmgyZ gd© H$m_H$mO nyd©dV gwê$ H$aÊ`mV oVo.

`m emioÀ`m CX²KmQ>ZmgmR>r _hmamï>mVyZ lr. gwaoeXmXm O¡Z

`m§Zm nmMmaU H$aÊ`mV Ambo. lr. gwaoeXmXm O¡Z `m§Zr lr._wWm m§À`m H$m`m©Mr _wŠVH§$R>mZo àe§gm Va Ho$brM nU, 500

emim C^maUrgmR>r _XV H$aÊ`mMo Omhra Ho$bo. Ë`mgmR>r Ë`m§Zr

“OiJmd-ImZXoe e¡j{UH$ nwZd©gZ Q>ñQ>’’ Mr ñWmnZm Ho$br.Am{U gw_mao 4 H$moQ>rÀ`m Amgnmg _XV Ë`m§Zr emim

C^maUrgmR>r {Xbr.

bmVya_Ü o yH§$n Pmë`mZ§Va VoWrb _wbm§Zm nwÊ`mV AmUyZË`m§Mo e¡j{UH$ nwZd©gZmMm _moR>m àH$ën dmKmobr oWo AmUyZ

^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZo am~{dbm. na§Vw JwOamV_YyZ _wbm§Zm

nwÊ`mbm hb{dUo eŠ` ZìhVo. H$maU doi Iyn bmJUma hmoVm.

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66

AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

Ë`mnojm JwOamV_Yrb emim§Mo gd}jU H$ê$Z, Amdí`H$VoZwgma

B_maV ~m§YUrMm AmamIS>m V`ma H$aÊ`mMo H$m_ hmVr KoÊ`mMo

R>a{dÊ`mV Ambo.626 Jmdm§_Ü o H$m ©H$V} nmoMbo, VoWrb gd© emim§Mo narjU

Ho$bo. H$moUË`m JmdmVrb {H$Vr emim nyU©nUo CX²ÜdñV Pmë`m

AmhoV.^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoÀ`m emim§_wio JwOamVMr ^mdr {nT>r C^r

am{hbr.

JwOamV_Ü o gìh} H$aÊ`mV Ambm H$s, {H$Vr JmdmVë`m emimnyU© nS>boë`m AmhoV d Ë`m emio_Yë`m {dXçmÏ`mªMr g§»`m

{H$Vr Amho, {VWbr n[apñWVr H$er Amho. _w»`mÜ`mnH$, {ejH$

H$moU AmhoV, {H$Vr AmhoV Aem gd© àH$maÀ`m _m{hVrMm EH$VŠVm V`ma H$aÊ`mV Ambm hmoVm. JwOamVÀ`m yH§$nmV nmM-

ghmeo Jmd§ AmnX²J«ñV hmoVr. Ë`mMr ^`mZH$Vm BVH$s _moR>r

hmoVr H$s {dMma H$aUohr A{Ve` AdKS> hmoVo. Ooìhm lr.em§{Vbmb _wWm m§Zr gd© JmdmVrb _m{hVr EH$Ì H$ê$Z Ë`mVyZ

{ZîH$f©, AZw_mZ H$mT>bo, Voìhm Ago Ü`mZmV Ambo H$s, Odinmg

nmMeo Jmdm_Yë`m emim nS>boë`m AmhoV. hm AhdmbnwñVH$ê$nmV N>mnyZ KoVbm. Odinmg XrS>-XmoZ bmIm§nojm OmñV

{dXçmWu Ë`m_wio emionmgyZ d§{MV amhUma hmoVo. Ë`m§À`m emim

nyU©nUo nS>ë`m hmoË`m. hr g§»`m BVH$s _moR>r hmoVr H$s `m§ZmnwUo oWo KoD$Z OmUo eŠ` ZìhVo.

O~bnya_Ü o yH§$n Pmë`mZ§Va VoWrb _wbm§Zm _hmamï>mVrb

~rOoEgÀ`m WERC oWrb e¡j{UH$ nwZd©gZ H|$ÐmV AmUÊ`mVAmbo hmoVo. na§Vw naamÁ`mVrb {ejU nÕVr, mfm, nmR>çnwñVHo$,

Aä`mgH«$_ `m_Ü o d _hmamï´>mVrb H«${_H$ nmR>çnwñVHo$,

Aä`mgH«$_, ^mfm `m§_Ü`o \$ma \$aH$ hmoVm. Ë`m_wio

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67

AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

naamÁ`mVyZ _wbm§Zm AmUyZ {ejU XoÊ`m_Ü o Ë`m§À`m amhÊ`m-

ImÊ`m {nÊ`mÀ`m AmdS>tnmgyZ gd©M Jmoï>t_Ü o \$ma AS>MUr

Cä`m R>mH$VmV Agm AZw d hmoVm.`m AZw dm_wio JwOamVMr _wbo nwÊ`mbm AmUUo AeŠ` Amho

Ago dmQ>V hmoVo. {edm` Ë`m§Mr g§»`mhr Iyn _moR>r hmoVr.

JwOamV gaH$maMm emim ~§X H$aÊ`mMm {ZU©` :JwOamV gaH$maMm emim ~§X H$aÊ`mMm {ZU©` :JwOamV gaH$maMm emim ~§X H$aÊ`mMm {ZU©` :JwOamV gaH$maMm emim ~§X H$aÊ`mMm {ZU©` :JwOamV gaH$maMm emim ~§X H$aÊ`mMm {ZU©` :

JwOamV gaH$maZo, VËH$m{bZ _w»`_§Ìr lr. Ho$ew mB© nQ>ob m§Zr

JwOamV_Yrb yH§$nJ«ñV mJmVrb gd© emim ~§X H$aÊ`mMm d

gd© _wbm§Zm nwT>À`m dJm©V nmR>{dÊ`mMm {ZU© KoVbm.

gmYmaUnUo ghm-gmV _{hZo emim ~§X amhUma hmoË`m. `mVyZ

_wbm§Mo {H$Vr ZwH$gmZ hmoUma hmoVo, `mMr qMVm lr. em§Vrbmb

_wWm§ì`{V[aŠV H$moUrhr Ho$br Zmhr.

JwOamV_Ü`o emim C^maUrMm _hÎdmH$m§jr {ZU©` :JwOamV_Ü`o emim C^maUrMm _hÎdmH$m§jr {ZU©` :JwOamV_Ü`o emim C^maUrMm _hÎdmH$m§jr {ZU©` :JwOamV_Ü`o emim C^maUrMm _hÎdmH$m§jr {ZU©` :JwOamV_Ü`o emim C^maUrMm _hÎdmH$m§jr {ZU©` :

_wbm§~ÔbÀ`m H$miOrVyZ em§Vrbmb _wWm§Zr gd© emim

C^maÊ`mMm _hÎdmH$m§jr àH$ën hmVr KoVbm. Ë`mà_mUo 614

àmW{_H$ d _mÜ`{_H$ emim C^maUrMr JaO Agë`mMo bjmV

Ambo. 1468 Imoë`m d 1,32,339 {dXçmÏ`mªMr gmo hmoUo

JaOoMo hmoVo. yH§$n{ZamoYH$ d dmXi{damoYH$ ~m§YH$m_ H$aÊ`mMo

~rOoEgZo R>a{dbo hmoVo. Am{H©$Q>oŠQ> lr.~r.ìhr. Omoer, Ho$ed XogmB©

Am{U lr. {earf ~d} m§Zr emim§À`m B_maVtMm AmamIS>m V`ma

H$ê$Z {Xbm. hm AmamIS>m EH$m {d{eï> nÕVrZo ~Z{dbm hmoVm

H$s, B_maV yH§$n{ZamoYH$, bmB©Q>doQ> d MH«$sdmXi ao{OñQ>§Q>

Agob.

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Speech of Shri. Atal Bihari Vajpayee

on the occasion of handing over 368

schools constructed by Bharatiya Jain

Sanghatana in the earthquake stricken

of Gujarat in 2001. “I would like to

congra tu la te Bhara t i ya Ja in

Sanghatana on this occasion. In this

s i t u a t i o n a f t e r t h e m a s s i v e

earthquake, they have organized all

required resources and have done an

excellent job only with a view to

provide social service. They have

constructed 368 schools and handed

them over to the people. You can now

see these schools coming up but still

there is a lot of work to be done. I am

sure that you will continue with this

job with the same dedication. Please

accept my best wishes and many

thanks for this accomplishment.”

Word of praise for Bharatiya Jain Sanghatana by

Shri. Atal Bihari Vajpayee

^maVmMo VËH$ mbrZ n§VàYmZ _m. lr. AQ>b {~hmar dmOnm`r `m§À`meãXmV ~r.Oo.Eg².Mo H$ m_

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STATEMENT BY THE MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF HOME

AFFAIRS

(EXCERPTS)

(i) Re: Relief and rehabilitation in the aftermath of Jammu and

Kashmir earthquake

The Non Governmental Organization have also rendered support

in providing shelter to the earthquake affected persons of J&K.

Bhartiya Jain Sangathan (BJS) has donated 870 prefabricated

structures which are to be erected in the earthquake affected

areas of J&K, particularly in Uri and Tangdhar. The first

consignment of 245 pre-fabricated structures was delivered to

the State Government of Jammu on 12th November, 2005 and has

already been transported by the State Government to Tangdhar.

The second consignment of 277 pre fabricated strictures was

delivered at Jammu on 21-11-2005 and the third consignment of

the remaining 348 pre fabricated structures will be dispatched to

the State Government by 30th November 2005. These pre-

fabricated structures will be erected at four locations in Tangdhar

and one location in Uri where households were required to be

relocated because of their vulnerability to landslides/avalanches.

Parliament discusses activities of BJS in LOK SABHA

LOK SABHA

SYNOPSIS of DEBATES

Monday, November 28, 2005 / Agrahayana 7, 1927 (Saka)

(Proceedings other than Questions & Answers)

REFERENCE BY SPEAKER

^maVr` bmoH$ g^o_Ü`o ~r.Oo.Eg².À`m H$ m_mMr MMm© d Ë`mMr Pmbobr Zm|X

Page 70: Appativar maat

A§X_mZ {ZH$ mo~ma àemgZm~amo~aMm ~r.Oo.Eg².Mm gm_§Oñ` H$ ama

Page 71: Appativar maat

^yH§$ nJ«ñV ^mJmMr nmhUr H$ aVmZm lr. _wÏWm d lr. nmaI

^yH§$ nJ«ñV 500 _wbm§Zm Oå_w H$ mpí_a _YyZlr_Vr gmo{Z`m Jm§Yr {Zamon XoVmZm

Page 72: Appativar maat

Oå_w-H$ mpí_a_Yrb ^yH§$ nmZ§Va _wbm§Mo ñWbm§Va dmKmobre¡j{UH$ H|$ ÐmV hmoVmZm

Page 73: Appativar maat

Oå_w-H$ mpí_a àemgZm~amo~a MMm©, nwZd©gZmMr V`mard emim~m§YUrMr nyV©Vm

Page 74: Appativar maat

A§X_mZ {ZH$ mo~ma_Yrb ËgwZm_rZ§VaMo _XVH$ m`©à_wI Am`moOH$ "lr. à\w$ ëb nmaI'

Page 75: Appativar maat

_m. M§ÐeoIa `m§Mr bmVya ^yH§$ nJ«ñV _XVH|$ Ðmg ^oQ>

Page 76: Appativar maat

bmVya ^yH§$ nmZ§Va AmnÎmrJ«ñV _wbm§Mo dmKmobr e¡j{UH$nwZd©gZ H|$ ÐmV AmJ_Z

Page 77: Appativar maat

lr. em§Vrbmb _mÝ`dam§er MMm© d 3 ímmim§Mo hñVm§VaU_wÏWm 68 H$ aVmZm

Page 78: Appativar maat

68

AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

Ano{jV IM© :Ano{jV IM© :Ano{jV IM© :Ano{jV IM© :Ano{jV IM© :àË oH$ Imobr 384 ñHo$. \y$Q>mMr d {VMm IM© 99,800/- Ë`m_wiog§nyU© “JwOamV e¡j{UH$ nwZd©gZ àH$ënmMm IM©’’ 14 H$moQ>r

Ano{jV hmoVm.

Zmo-Am°ãOoŠeZ g{Q>©{\$Ho$Q> :Zmo-Am°ãOoŠeZ g{Q>©{\$Ho$Q> :Zmo-Am°ãOoŠeZ g{Q>©{\$Ho$Q> :Zmo-Am°ãOoŠeZ g{Q>©{\$Ho$Q> :Zmo-Am°ãOoŠeZ g{Q>©{\$Ho$Q> :

ñWm{ZH$ JmdH$ar, gan§M, {ejH$, _w»`mÜ`mnH$m§À`m

ghH$m`m©Zo d nmbH$m§À`m g§_VrZo emim C^maUrMr nadmZJr~rOoEgZo {_idbr Am{U EH$ boIr Zmo-Am°ãOoŠeZ g{Q>©{\$Ho$Q>

Ë`m§À`mH$Sy>Z KoVbo H$s JwOamV_Yrb emim§Mo Ooìhm nŠHo$

~m§YH$m_ nyU© hmoB©b Voìhm ~rOoEgMo emim§Mo VmËnwaVo ~m§YH$m_~rOoEgbm naV Xçmdo.

AW©gmhmæ` C^maUr :AW©gmhmæ` C^maUr :AW©gmhmæ` C^maUr :AW©gmhmæ` C^maUr :AW©gmhmæ` C^maUr :

EdT>çm _hÎdmH$m§jr àH$ënmbm VmËH$mi AW©gmhmæ`mMr JaO^mgUo AJXr An[ahm`© hmoVo. Ë`m_wio ~rOoEgZo Amnë`m

g_mOmH$S>o dJ©, emim, ñnm°Ýga H$aÊ`m{df`r {dZ§Vr Ho$br.

Ë`m Ë`m B_maVrMo ~m§YH$m_ nyU© Pmë`mZ§Va VoWo XmZeyaì`ŠVrMo, ñnm°ÝgaaMo Zmd XoÊ`mV oB©. ~rOoEgÀ`m AmdmhZmbm

d¥ËVnÌo d amOH$s` njm§H$Sy>Z AË §V gH$mamË_H$ à{VgmX

{_imbm.amï>dmXr H$m±J«og njmMo AÜ`j d amï>r` AmnËVr ì`dñWmnZ

g{_VrMo CnmÜ`j lr. eaX ndma `m§Zr ~N>md oWo oQ> {Xbr.

Odinmg 4 Vmg MMm© H$ê$Z Ë`m§Zr ~rOoEgÀ`m H$m`m©Mr dàH$ënmMr _m{hVr KoVbr. ~rOoEgÀ`m e¡j{UH$ nwZd©gZ

àH$ënmÀ`m _m{hVrZo Ë`m§Zm A{Ve` Mm§Jbo dmQ>bo d Ë`m§Zr

Jadmao Šb~Mo dVrZo 50 bmImMr _XV Omhra Ho$br.àË`j ~m§YH$m_mgmR>r Amdí`H$ AgUmar 44 OUm§Mr Q>r_

à_moQ>g© Am{U {~ëS>g© Agmo{gEeZ nwUo oWyZ nmR>{dÊ`mV

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69

AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

Ambr. nwUo, _w§~B© d OiJmdhÿZ H§$ÌmQ>Xma d _Owam§Mm JQ>

nmR>{dÊ`mV Ambm.

`màH$mao A{Ve` H$R>rU n[apñWVr_Ü o, AS>MUt_Ü o 368emim§Mr C^maUr ~rOoEgZo lr. em §{Vbmb _wWm §À`m

AÜ`jVoImbr Ho$br, Vohr Ad¿`m 90 {Xdgm§_Ü o!

emim§Mr nwZdmªYUr åhUOo _wbm§À`m ^{dî`mMr C^maUrhoM Ü o em§VrbmbOtZr Amnë`m Camer ~miJbo hmoVo d Vo nyU©

H$ê$Z, `eñdr H$ê$Z XmIdbo. Ë`mgmR>r Vo ghm _{hZo EH$m

gmÜ`m Q>oÝQ>_Ü o am{hbo. Am§KmoirgmR>r EH$ {H$._r. A§Va MmbVOmdo bmJo. AË §V gd©gm_mÝ` nÕVrZo amhÿZ Ë`m§Zr JwOamV_Ü o

e¡j{UH$ joÌmV H«$m§{VXeu, XÿaXeu, YmoaUmË_H$ nmD$b CMbbo.

AmnËVrgma»`m H$R>rU àg§Jr AVwbZr` Y¡`m©Zo CMbbobonmD$b, nm{hbobo ñdßZ àË`jmV AmUyZ XmI{dbo, hr IamoIarM

B{VhmgmV Zm|X KoÊ`mOmoJr Jmoï> Amho.

gH$mi, gm_Zm, bmoH$_V Aem gd©M dV©_mZnÌm§Zr Ë`m§Mo {ZYr^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>Zobm XoD$ Ho$bo. gd© H$m`m©Mr nmhUr H$ê$Z

H$mhr emim§Mo CX²KmQ>Z lr. eaX ndma gmho~m§À`m hñVo Pmbo.

H$mhr emim§Mo CX²KmQ>Z lr. CÕd R>mH$a|À`m hñVo Pmbo. VrZ_{hÝ`mV 368 emim Cä`m H$ê$Z 1005 dJ©Imoë`m§_Ü o EH$

bmI drg hOma _wbm§Zm emioV ~g{dÊ`mM§ ñdßZ àË`jmV

gmH$ma Pmbobo hmoVo.

emim§Mo hñVm§VaU :emim§Mo hñVm§VaU :emim§Mo hñVm§VaU :emim§Mo hñVm§VaU :emim§Mo hñVm§VaU :

^maVmMo VËH$m{bZ n§VàYmZ lr. AQ>b{~hmar dmOno r d lr.

bmbH¥$îU AS>dmUr `m§Zr yH§$nJ«ñV ^mJmMm Xm¡am Ho$bm. Ë`mXm¡è`m_Ü o 368 emim JwOamV gaH$maH$S>o hñVm§V[aV H$aÊ`mMm

H$m`©H«$_ R>odÊ`mV Ambm. ~ÀN>md `oWo Pmboë`m `m ^ì`

H$m`©H«$_mV 368 emim§Mr H$mJXnÌo n§VàYmZm§À`m hñVo

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_w»`_§Í`m§Zm gwnwX© H$aÊ`mV Ambr. n§VàYmZ AQ>b{~hmar

dmOno r `m§Zr Ë`m§À`m ^mfUmV ~rOoEgÀ`m H$m`m©Mm IynM

Jm¡ad Ho$bm.

JwOamV AmnËVrVyZ {_imbobo YS>o :JwOamV AmnËVrVyZ {_imbobo YS>o :JwOamV AmnËVrVyZ {_imbobo YS>o :JwOamV AmnËVrVyZ {_imbobo YS>o :JwOamV AmnËVrVyZ {_imbobo YS>o :

JwOamV gaH$maZo ghm-gmV _{hÝ`m§Mr gwQ>r Omhra H$aVmZm

H$moUVrhr YmoaUmË_H$ ~mOy Ü`mZmV KoVbr Zmhr. _wbm§À`m_mZ{gH$Voda, e¡j{UH$ XOm©{df`r H$moUVo ZwH$gmZ hmoD$ eH$Vo d

Vo Q>miUo H$go Amdí`H$ Amho, Ë`mgmR>r doJdoJiçm n`m© m§Mr

MmMnUr H$aUo Va Xÿa nU emimM ~§X H$ê$Z _wbm§Mo _moR>oZwH$gmZ hmoUma hmoVo. ~rOoEgZo `m {ZU© mbm {damoY H$ê$Z,

emim§Mr Ëd[aV nwZ~mªYUr Ho$br. Ad¿`m Voamì`m {Xder emim

gwê$ Ho$br, Voìhm emioVrb _wbm§Mr g§»`m hmoVr nmMeo!gaH$maMm {ZU© , YmoaU {H$Vr MwH$sMo hmoVo ho ~rOoEgZo àË`j

H¥$VrVyZ XmIdyZ {Xbo.

H$moUË`mhr _XVH$m`m©_Ü`o qH$dm àH$ënm§_Ü`o emgZ dAemgH$s` g§ñWm§Mo 50-50% gh^mJ AgUo JaOoMo Amho.

n¡emÀ`m ñdê$nmV AmnËVrJ«ñVm§Zm _XV {Xbr OmVo. nU Ë`m

n¡emMm {d{Z`moJ mo½` H$maUmgmR>r hmoV Amho Zm, mMr XoIaoI_mÌ H$moUr H$arV Zmhr. Aem doir gaH$maZo àË`j n¡emMr

_XV JaOonwaVr H$ê$Z Kao, gm{hË`, OrdZmdí`H$ dñVy§Mm

nwadR>m `mo½` àH$mao H$aÊ`mV `mdm. H$Yr H$Yr Jmdm§VrbbmoH$g§»`m AmnËVrZ§Va AMmZH$ dmT>Vo. Ë`m_wio

JmdH$è`m§ì`{V[aŠV, AmnËVrJ«ñVm§ì`{V[aŠV XþgaoM bmoH$

oD$Z _XVrMm \$m`Xm {_idVmV.JwOamV gaH$maZo Ago Omhra AmídmgZ {Xbo H$s, AemgH$s`

g§ñWo~amo~a 50-50% ^mJrXmar H$ê$Z nS>boë`m emim§Mo

~m§YH$m_ nyU© H$ê$. R>aë`mZwgma ~rOoEgZo gd© emim§Mo

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~m§YH$m_ gwé Ho$bo. Ë`mZwgma _w»`_§Ìr, {ejU_§Ìr d AW©_§Ìr

åhUmbo hmoVo H$s, 50% n¡go ~rOoEgbm XoÊ`mV `oVrb.

n§VàYmZm§À`m hñVo emim hñVm§VaUmMm H$m ©H«$_ hmoVm. Ë`mH$m ©H«$_mVhr _w»`_§Í`m§Zr m Jmoï>rMm nwZéÀMma Ho$bm. Varhr

gaH$maZo ~rOoEgbm n¡go {Xbo ZmhrV!

`mnojmhr _moR>r MyH$ gaH$maZo Ho$br, Vr åhUOo, OoWo OoWo~rOoEgZo emim ~m§Yë`m, gaH$mabm hñVm§V[aV Ho$ë`m, VoWo

emim ~m§YÊ`mgmR>r gaH$maZo d¥ËVnÌm§V Om{hamV XoD$Z Q>|S>a

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_Q>o[aAbZwgma, gaH$mar {Z`_mZwgma, H$moUVohr n¡go Z KoVm

emim ~m§YyZhr VoWo nwÝhm emim ~m§YÊ`mMm gaH$ma àñVmd _m§S>Vo!`mgdmª{déÕ ~rOoEgZo hm`H$moQ>m©V [aQ>{nQ>reZ {Xbo. hm`H$moQ>m©V

hr Ho$g H$mhr dfmªn ªV Mmbbr. hm`H$moQ>m©Zo nwÝhm gaH$maH$S>o

Ho$g nmR>{dbr. gaH$manwT>o nwÝhm àoP|Q>oeZ Pmbo. Vr Ho$g AOyZhrnoS>tJ Amho.

~rOoEggma»`m EdT>çm _moR>çm, AZw dr d ^maV^a H$m ©aV

AgUmè`m g§K{Q>V g§ñWobm Aem AZw dm§Zm Vm|S> Xçmdo bmJmdohr {ZpíMVM {dMma H$aÊ`mgmaIr Jmoï> Amho.

dQ>d¥jmH$S>o WH$bo mJbo dmQ>gê$ AmYma åhUyZ Aml` KoVmV,

gd©M dmQ>gê§$Zm gmdbrMm AmYma ZH$mo AgVmo, H$mhtZm Ë`mÀ`m\$m§Xçm ñdV:À`m ñdmWm©gmR>r VmoS>m`À`m AgVmV. dQ>d¥j _mÌ

`m gd© àH$maÀ`m dmQ>gê§$Mo VQ>ñWVoZo {ZarjU H$arV, D$Z,

nmD$g, dmXidmam ghZ H$arV, Amnbo H$V©ì` ~OmdrV AgVmo!AmnËVrZ§Va H$moUH$moUVr nmD$bo CMbbr nm{hOoV? H$emàH$mao

{Z`moOZ Agmdo?

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AmnËVrÀ`m doir EH$ {IS>H$s moOZm am~dbr nm{hOo d {ZU©

à{H«$ oVrb {Xa§JmB© Q>mibr nm{hOo. aoìhoÝ y {S>nmQ>©_|Q>_Ü o H$mJXnÌo

nyV©VogmR>r d {ZU© à{H«$ ogmR>r {d{eï> ñQ>m\$ amIrd Agbm

nm{hOo, à{e{jV Agbm nm{hOo. AmnËVr Ooìhm oB©b, Voìhm `m

à{e{jV ñQ>m\$bm gaH$ma d AemgH$s` g§ñWm§~amo~a H$m_

H$aÊ`mgmR>rMo AmXoe Agbo nm{hOoV.

~rS>ãë`yS>r, AW©{d^mJ, Amamo½` {d^mJ, aoìhoÝ`y {S>nmQ>©_|Q>

`m§À`m_Ü o AmnËVr Xaå`mZ hmoV Agboë`m _XVH$m`m©{df`r

H$moUVohr gm_§Oñ` ZìhVo. `m gd© {d^mJm§Mo gm_§Oñ`,

ghH$m`©, VËnaVm, {Xa§JmB© Q>miUo `m Jmoï>tMr _XVH$m`©

Omo_mZo hmoÊ`mgmR>r JaO Amho.

doJdoJù`m AemgH$s` g§ñWm§Zm H$moUH$moUVr H$m_o {Xbr Jobr

nm{hOoV, Ë`m§À`mH$Sy>Z H$moUË`m doir H$moUVr _XV KoVbr nm{hOo

`m gd© Jmoï>tMr AmnËVrgmR>r åhUyZ gaH$maH$S>o EH$ doJir

{Z`_mdbr V`ma Agbr nm{hOo.

AmnËVrZ§Va nmD$g oVmo, dmXio hmoVmV, H$mhrhr hmoD$ eH$Vo.

g§gJ©OÝ` amoJ \¡$bmdÊ`mMr eŠ`Vm AgVo. Aem amoJm§Zm

doirM AmQ>moŠ`mV AmUUo \$ma JaOoMo AgVo. amoJ à{V~§YH$

Am¡fYm§Mr \$dmaUr H$aUo A{Ve` JaOoMo AgVo. Ë`mMà_mUo

_o{S>H$b H±$ng²Mr gdm©V OmñV JaO AgVo. AmnÎmrJ«ñVm§gmR>r

Am¡fYmonMma, hm°pñnQ>ëgMr gw{dYm ËdaoZo {_iUo \$ma JaOoMo

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AË`mYw{ZH$ CnH$aUm§Zr gÁO XdmImZm qH$dm hm°pñnQ>ëgMr

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doirM CnMma {Xbo nm{hOoV. A°åã wbÝgMr gmo CnbãY H$ê$Z

{Xbr nm{hOo.

^maVmVrb ~è`mMem {d_mZVim§da ZmB©Q> b±S>tJMr gmo Zmhr,

Aem H$R>rU H$mimV `m gmo r AgUo JaOoMo Amho. EImXçm

{R>H$mUr XmoZ Jmdm§Zm OmoS>Umam nyb H$mogibm Va Xþgam H$moUVm

_mJ© CnbãY H$ê$Z XoVm `oB©b, Aem Jmoï>tMm Aä`mg,

{Z`moOZ `m_Ü o hmoUo JaOoMo Amho.

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gw{dYm§À`m gmhmæ`mZo Ëd[aV XiUdiU d g§nH©$ gmYbm Jobm

nm{hOo. Ë`mgmR>r m gd© gw{dYm§Mr CnbãYr AgUo JaOoMo Amho.

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nobbo. AZoH$ AS>MUtZm Vm|S> {Xbo.

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gm{hË` CnbãY ZìhVo. Ë`m_wio ~rOoEgbm nwÊ`mhÿZ ~m§YH$m_

gm{hË` d _Owam§Zm Ý`mdo bmJbo. ~m§YH$m_mgmR>r _{eZar

CnbãY ZìhË`m. amÌrÀ`m doir gm{hË` Mmoar hmoV Ago.

gdm©V _hÎdmMo åhUOo nmUr d {dOoMr gmo ~m§YH$m_mÀ`m

{R>H$mUr ZìhVr. ~rOoEgbm OZaoQ>a {dH$V ¿`mdo bmJbo. Iao

Va, gaH$maZo nmUr d {dOogmaIr Amdí`H$ gw{dYm CnbãY

H$ê$Z XoUo JaOoMo AgVo nU _XVàg§Jr gaH$maZo Xþb©jM

Ho$ë`mMo ho EH$ CXmhaU Amho.

Aemhr n[apñWVrV ~rOoEgZo 368 emim§Mo Ho$di 90 {Xdgm§_Ü o

~m§YH$m_ H$ê$Z Ë`m gd© emim gaH$maH$S>o hñVm§V[aV Ho$ë`m.

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gìdm bmI _wbm§À`m emim gwê$ Pmë`m. _wbo AmnËVrgma»`m

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~gy bmJbr. `m bhmZ bhmZ ~mbH$m§Mo nwÝhm emim§_Ü o oUo,

IoiUo, Aä`mg H$aUo, Jm|JmQ,> _ñVr H$aUo, hgUo, ~mJS>Uo nmhÿZ

~rOoEgÀ`m gd© H$m`©H$Ë`mªMo, lr. em§Vrbmb _wWm§Mo _Z

AmZ§XmZo, CËgmhmZo, A{^_mZmZo ê$Z Ambo.

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`emVyZ {gÕ hmoVo.

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^maVmMo n§VàYmZ AQ>b{~hmar dmOno r m§Mo hñVo 368 emim§Mo

Ho$di 90 {Xdgm§_Ü o JwOamV gaH$maH$S>o hñVm§VaU.

n§VàYmZm§Mo _wŠV H§$R>mZo ~rOoEgÀ`m H$m`m©~Ôb àe§gmoX²Jma.

w{Zgo\$Mo _w»` lr. {nQ>a `m§Zr åhQ>bo H$s, “~rOoEgMo H$m ©

åhUOo Ho$di M_ËH$ma hmo ! ~ÀN>md_Ü o ~rOoEgZo AË §V

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e¡j{UH$ nwZd©gZmÀ`m H$m`m©~Ôb A{Ve` g_mYmZr d AmZ§Xr

hmoVo. Ë`m§Zr `m H$m`m©gmR>r n¡emÀ`m ê$nmZo _XV Omhra Ho$br.

AmZ§Xr~oZ nQ>ob, JwOamV {ejU_§Ìr, m§Zr ~rOoEgZo Ho$boë`m

_XVH$m`m©~Ôb d e¡j{UH$ àH$ënm{df`r A{Ve` àe§gm Ho$br.

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d _XVH$m © H$aÊ`mgmR>r gd©àW_ ghm {R>H$mUr VoWrb ñWmZrH$

O¡Z bmoH$m§Zr V§~y R>moH$bobo hmoVo. {gaH$mbr, {MX§~a_², H$amB©H$b,Hw§$^H$moZ_², Hw$S²>bmoa, nm±S>oMar. `mVrb {gaH$mbr ho {R>H$mUr

BVa EH$drg Jmdm§gmR>rMo _Ü`dVu _XV H|$Ð åhUyZ {ZdS>bo

Jobo. AmnËVrJ«ñVm§Zm AÝZ nm{H$Q>o, {nÊ`mMo nmUr nwadÊ`mMoH$m`© àW_ gwê$ Ho$bo. Am¡fYmonMma, AË`mdí`H$ dñVy§Mm

nwadR>m, AÝZ ~Z{dÊ`mgmR>r OmJoMr nmhUr H$aÊ`mV Ambr.

{Zdmè`mgmR>r XmoZeo V§~y§Mr Ëd[aV C^maUr Ho$br. `m{edm`PmonS>r ~m§YÊ`mgmR>r Am{W©H$ _XV H$m ©H$Ë`mªZr {Xbr. H$m_mMr

ì`mßVr àM§S> hmoVr. Or{dVhmZr OmñV Pmë`m_wio KQ>ZoMr Vrd«Vm

dmT>br hmoVr. _¥VXohm§Mr {dëhodmQ> bmdUo ho gdmªV _hÎdmMo H$m_hmoVo. nU Ë`m~amo~aM O§Vyg§gJ©, g§gJ©OÝ` amoJ amoIÊ`mgmR>r

à`ËZ H$aUohr JaOoMo hmoVo. Ë`mgmR>r pãbqMJ nmdS>aMr

\$dmaUr H$aÊ`mV Ambr.AÝZ ~ZdyZ AÝZnwadR>m H$aÊ`mg§~§YrMr gd© ì`dñWm O¡Z

g_mOmÀ`mdVrZo H$aÊ`mV Ambr. drg dfm©Vrb g§KQ>ZoÀ`m

AZw dmVyZ, gd© gm{hË`gm_wJ«r CnbãY Agë`mZo, g§KQ>ZoV\}$

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`m Jmoï>tMr Ëd[aV A§_b~OmdUr Ho$br Jobr. OrdZmdí`H$

dñVy§Mo gm{hË` EH$Ì H$ê$Z {H$Q> V`ma H$aÊ`mV Ambo, `mV

^m§S>r, _oU~ËVr, A§WéU nm§KéU, H$nS>o, H$mS>onoQ>r, gmIa,MhmnmdS>a, AÝZYmÝ` d ho {H$Q> dmQ>n H$aÊ`mV Ambo.

emim C^maUrgmR>r à`ËZ :emim C^maUrgmR>r à`ËZ :emim C^maUrgmR>r à`ËZ :emim C^maUrgmR>r à`ËZ :emim C^maUrgmR>r à`ËZ :

500 _wbm§Mo d Ë`m§À`m nmbH$m§Mo emim gwê$ H$aÊ`m~m~VMog§_VrnÌ, Ë`m§À`mM mfoV, g§KQ>ZoÀ`m H$m ©H$Ë`mªZr {_idbo.

_XV dmQ>nmMo H$m_ gwairVnUo gwê$ Pmë`mZ§Va lr. _wWm m§Zr

bhmZ _wbm§À`m emioÀ`m àíZmH$S>o Amnbo bj H|${ÐV Ho$bo.Ë`mà_mUo Ë`m§Zr lr. à\w$ëb nmaoI `m§Zm MoÝZB©bm ~mobmdyZ

KoVbo d nwT>À`m H$m`m©À`mÑï>rZo AmIUr gwê$ Ho$br. g§nyU©

CX²ÜdñV Pmboë`m emim {H$Vr, H$mhr à_mUmV CX²ÜdñV Pmboë`memim {H$Vr d XþéñVrÀ`m emim {H$Vr `mMm nmhUr Ahdmb

V`ma Ho$bm.

500 _wbo emim nwÝhm gwê$ H$aÊ`mV `mì`mV `mgmR>r V`mahmoVo. Aem àH$mao emim§Mm nmhUr Ahdmb, 500 _wbm§Mo g§_VrnÌ

d g§KQ>ZoV\}$ Ho$ë`m OmUmè`m H$m`m©g§~§YrMr ~maH$mB©Zo _m{hVr,

Aer gd© H$mJXnÌo V{_iZmSy>gaH$maH$S>o, emim ~m§YUrMmàñVmd åhUyZ gmXa H$aÊ`mV Ambr. `mgmR>r MoÝZB©Vrb

g§KQ>ZoÀ`m nXm{YH$mè`m§Mrhr g§_Vr hmoVr, BVHo$M Zìho Va

O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZo MoÝZB©_Ü o emiogmR>r O_rZhr XoÊ`mMo _mÝ`Ho$bo hmoVo. O`b{bVm§er oQ> lr. eaX ndmagmho~m§Zr KS>dyZ

AmUbr. m gd© Jmoï>tg§~§Yr {dñV¥V MMm© VËH$m{bZ _w»`_§Ìr

O`b{bVm§er H$aÊ`mV Ambr. na§Vw Ë`m§Zr “emim ~m§YÊ`mMmàñVmd ZmH$mabm.’’ Ë`m§Mo åhUUo hmoVo, “n¡go Xçm. emim ZH$mo.’’

lr. em§Vrbmb _wWm, lr. à\w$ëb nmaoI d H$m ©H$Ë`mªZr Varhr

`mgmR>r à`ËZ Ho$bo. nU V{_iZmSy>gaH$ma Amnë`m {ZU© mda

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R>m_ hmoVo. eodQ>r {Zame pñWVrVM lr. _wWm MoÝZB©

{d_mZVimda, 20 OmZodmar 2005 amoOr nwÊ`mÀ`m naVrÀ`m

àdmgmgmR>r Ambo.

O`bbrVm§Mr ^oQ> ndmagmho~m§ZrM KS>dyZ AmUbr :O`bbrVm§Mr ^oQ> ndmagmho~m§ZrM KS>dyZ AmUbr :O`bbrVm§Mr ^oQ> ndmagmho~m§ZrM KS>dyZ AmUbr :O`bbrVm§Mr ^oQ> ndmagmho~m§ZrM KS>dyZ AmUbr :O`bbrVm§Mr ^oQ> ndmagmho~m§ZrM KS>dyZ AmUbr :

{d_mZVimda lr. _wWm `m§Mr amï´>r` AmnËVr ì`dñWmnZ

g{_VrMo CnmÜ`j lr. eaX ndma d amÁ`nmb lr. am_ H$mngo`m§Mr oQ> Pmbr.> lr. ndmagmho~m§Zr, “A§X_mZ-{ZH$mo~mahr

VodT>oM AmnËVrJ«ñV Amho d VoWohr _XVrMr VmËH$mi JaO Amho.

{VWo Vwåhr emim, àmW{_H$ Amamo½` H|$Ðm§Mr C^maUr H$am,’’Ago gm§{JVbo. Ë`mà_mUo Ë`m§Zr lr. am_ H$mngo, VËH$m{bZ

JìhZ©a, A§X_mZ {ZH$mo~ma `m§Zm emim§Mm àñVmd _mÝ`

H$aÊ`mg gm§{JVbo.lr. _wWm m§Zr Amnë`m nwT>rb H$m`m©Mr {Xem, A§X_mZ-{ZH$mo~ma

hrM R>adbr. maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>Zm BWyZ nwT>À`m EH$-XrS> dfm©V

A§X_mZ-{ZH$mo~ma_Yrb {ejU d Amamo½`joÌmV H«$m§VrKS>dUma hmoVr, ho {Z`Vrbmhr _m{hVr Zgob!

A§X_mZ-{ZH$mo~ma_Yrb H$m`© :A§X_mZ-{ZH$mo~ma_Yrb H$m`© :A§X_mZ-{ZH$mo~ma_Yrb H$m`© :A§X_mZ-{ZH$mo~ma_Yrb H$m`© :A§X_mZ-{ZH$mo~ma_Yrb H$m`© :

A§X_mZ-{ZH$mo~ma_Yrb ~oQ>m§Mm g_yh hm maVmMm H|$Ðem{gVàXoe hmo`! BWo bmoH${Z`wŠV à{V{ZYtMr gËVm Zmhr, Va

gaH$ma{Z`wŠV amÁ`nmb d A{YH$mar H$m_H$mO nmhVmV.

Ë`m_wio H$moUVohr {ZU© BWo gaH$mar nÕVrZoM nma nS>VmV!AemgH$s` g§ñWm gaH$mar H$m`m©_Ü o _XV, ghH$m © H$ê$

eH$VmV, hoM BWë`m gaH$mar A{YH$mè`m§Zm AmVmn ªV _m{hV

ZìhVo! _wimVM EdT>r _moR>r AmnËVr H$mogiÊ`mMr hr n{hbrMdoi! Ë`mVhr A§X_mZ {ZH$mo~ma_Yrb ~oQ>o EH$_oH$m§nmgyZ Xÿa

A§Vamda ~amMgm àXoe Am{XdmgtÀ`m A§_bmImbr.

gaH$maì`{V[aŠV BWo {ZU© hmoVmV Vo Am{Xdmgr H$m¡pÝgb_m\©$V.

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EH§$XarV Aem dmVmdaUmV, _w»`^y_rnmgyZ Xÿa A§Vamda

amhÿZhr _XVH$m © H$aUo, AÝZnwadR>m, H$nS>odmQ>n, OrdZmdí`H$

dñVy§Mo dmQ>n H$aUo `mgma»`m Jmoï>r nma nmS>ë`m. nU _w»`H$m © g§KQ>Zobm nma nmS>m`Mo hmoVo Vo åhUOo emim§Mr C^maUr d

àmW{_H$ Amamo½` H|$Ðm§Mr C^maUr.

emim C^maUr_mJrb lr. _wWm `m§Mr ^y{_H$m :emim C^maUr_mJrb lr. _wWm `m§Mr ^y{_H$m :emim C^maUr_mJrb lr. _wWm `m§Mr ^y{_H$m :emim C^maUr_mJrb lr. _wWm `m§Mr ^y{_H$m :emim C^maUr_mJrb lr. _wWm `m§Mr ^y{_H$m :AmnËVrÀ`m doir gaH$maMr à_wI H$m_o åhUOo añVo,

{nÊ`mÀ`m-dmnaÊ`mÀ`m nmÊ`mMr ì`dñWm, drO, AW© gmhmæ`

H$aUo, AÝZYmÝ` nwadUo, {Zdmè`mMr ì`dñWm H$aUo ho hmoV.`m{edm` AmH$S>odmar V`ma H$aUo. {Oëhm{Zhm`, VmbwH$m{Zhm`,

Jmd{Zhm` AmnËVrJ«ñVm§g§~§YrMm Ahdmb, AmH$S>odmar

gaH$maXa~mar gmXa H$aUo. Ë`m~ahþHy$_ {ZU© KoD$Z àË`j_XVH$m`m©Mr, AÝZYmÝ` nwadR>çmMr, AW©gmhmæ`mMr moOZm

AmIyZ, àË`j A§_b~OmdUr H$aUo hr gd© H$m_o àm_w»`mZo

gaH$maÀ`m AIË`m[aV `oVmV. Va emim§Mr C^maUr,Am¡fYmonMmam§Mm nwadR>m, àmW{_H$ Amamo½` H|$Ðm§Mr C^maUr,

XdmImÝ`mMr _XV `m Jmoï>r AemgH$s` g§ñWm nma nmSy>

eH$VmV. H$maU {OWo emim AgVmV, {VWo Ioim§Mo _¡XmZ qH$dmnQ>m§JU AgVoM Ë`m_wio emioOdiÀ`m _moH$ù`m OmJo_Ü oM

ZdrZ B_maVrMr C^maUr hmoD$ eH$Vo. {ejH$m§Zm nJma

gaH$maH$Sy>Z gwê$ AgVmo, _wbo AgVmV. B_maV ~m§YyZ nyU©H$aUo, EdT>rM Jmoï> AgVo. nU `mVyZ EH$ AË §V _hÎdmMr

Jmoï> gmÜ` hmoVo, Vr åhUOo _wbm§Mo bj Xþgè`m Jmoï>rda H|${ÐV

hmoD$Z Ë`m§À`m _ZmdaMm VmU H$_r hmoD$Z OmVmo. KS>boë`mKQ>Zo_wio _wbm§Zm O~aXñV _mZ{gH$ YŠH$m ~gbobm AgVmo.

`m YŠŠ`mVyZ gmdê$Z Ë`m§Mo _mZ{gH$ XS>nU KmbdUo,

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ñdñWVm {Z_m©U H$aUo, gwa{jV dmVmdaU {Z{_©Vr H$aUo

Ë`m§À`mgmR>r \$ma _hÎdmMo AgVo.

`mì`{V[aŠVMr Xþgar _hÎdmMr Jmoï> åhUOo gJirH$Sy>Z_XVrMm AmoK gwê$ AgVmo. Ë`m_wio _mJÊ`mMr, KoÊ`mMr,

namdb§{~ËdmMr d H$mhr A§er Am`VonUmMr, AmiernUmMr

gd` bmJÊ`mMr eŠ`Vm AgVo. bhmZ d`mV Aem àH$mao_wbm§da g§ñH$ma Pmbo Va Ë`m§À`m {dVì`mbm hmZrH$maH$ Amho.

Ë`m_wiohr {nT>r dmMdUo EdT>oM Zmhr Va Vo gwg§ñH$m[aV,

ñdmdb§~r H$aUo gd©ñdr Amnë`m hmVmV Amho.Ë`mMà_mUo Am¡fYmonMma, XdmImZm m Jmoï>r AmnËVrÀ`mdoir

gdmªV OmñV _hÎdmÀ`m AgVmV. AnKmVJ«ñVm§Zm Ëd[aV

S>m°ŠQ>am§Mr _XV {_iUo Oê$ar AgVo. Am°naoeÝg, VnmgUr,Am¡fYm§Mr ì`dñWm VmËH$mi hmoUo JaOoMo AgVo, g§^mì`

Or{dVhmZr Q>miÊ`mgmR>r _o{S>H$b H±$nMr C^maUr {dZm{db§~

AmnÎmrgmR>r hmoUo JaOoMo AgVo. Ë`m{edm` H$m`_ñdê$nrMoàmW{_H$ Amamo½` H|$Ð qH$dm XdmImZm C^maUohr OéarMo AgVo.

`m XmoÝhr Jmoï>tMo _hÎd, {ZH$S>, JaO bjmV KoD$Z lr.

em§Vrbmb _wWm AmnËVrH$m ©, _XVH$m © gwê$ AgVmZmM emimC^maUr d àmW{_H$ Amamo½` H|$Ð C^maUrH$S>o bj H|${ÐV

H$aVmV.

A§X_mZ-{ZH$mo~ma_Ü`o emim C^maUrgmR>r à`ËZ :A§X_mZ-{ZH$mo~ma_Ü`o emim C^maUrgmR>r à`ËZ :A§X_mZ-{ZH$mo~ma_Ü`o emim C^maUrgmR>r à`ËZ :A§X_mZ-{ZH$mo~ma_Ü`o emim C^maUrgmR>r à`ËZ :A§X_mZ-{ZH$mo~ma_Ü`o emim C^maUrgmR>r à`ËZ :A§X_mZ-{ZH$m o~maÀ`m AmVmn`ªVÀ`m B{Vhmgm_Ü`o

n{hë`m§XmM EH$m AemgH$s` g§ñWobm H$m_ H$aÊ`mMr nadmZJr

{_imbr hmoVr!A§X_mZ-{ZH$mo~ma_Ü o EHy$U 572 ~oQ>m§Mm g_yh Amho. qhXr

_hmgmJamV Vo EH§$XarV 500 _¡b A§Vamda dgbobo Amho.

~oQ>m§da OmUo \$ma _wpíH$b H$m_ hmoVo. OoQ²>Q>r ËgwZm_r_wio CX²ÜdñV

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Pmboë`m hmoË`m qH$dm nmÊ`mImbr Joë`m hmoË`m. EH$M gaH$mar

ho{bH$m°ßQ>a hmoVo, nU Vohr JaOoÀ`m doir g§KQ>ZoÀ`m AÜ`jm§Zm

qH$dm H$m ©H$Ë`mªZm dmnaVm oD$ eH$bo Zmhr, CnbãY Pmbo Zmhr.Aemhr n[apñWVrV ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZo emim C^maUrMm

{ZU© KoVbm. EH§$XarV 400 emim§n¡H$s 97 nyU© CX²ÜdñV Pmë`m

hmoË`m. Ë`mVrb 20 emim§À`m ~m§YH$m_mgmR>r g§KQ>Zobm Vm|S>rnadmZJr {_imbr. gaH$ma d g§KQ>Zo_Ü o Omo H$ama, MoU ìhm`bm

Ano{jV AgVo, Ë`mda ghr H$aÊ`mgmR>r qH$dm EH§$XarV H$m_mMr

O~m~Xmar KoÊ`mgmR>r gaH$mar A{YH$mar V`ma ZìhVo. Ë`m_wioH$mJXnÌm§Mr nyV©Vm hmoÊ`mgmR>r \$ma {db§~ bmJV hmoVm.

_w»` H$m_mda bj H|${ÐV H$aÊ`mMo lr. _wWm `m§Zr R>a{dbo.

Ë`mà_mUo Ë`m§Zr lr. à\w$ëb nmaoI m§Zm MmO© {Xbm. Ë`m{Xderlr. à\w$ëb nmaoI ZmJnya_Ü o hmoVo. VoWyZ Vo Ëd[aV nmoQ>©ãboAabm

admZm hmoUma hmoVo, Ë`mgmR>r Vo MoÝZB©bm Ambo, nU MoÝZB©-

nmoQ>©ãboAa {d_mZ MwH$bo d Ë`m§Zm MoÝZB©_Ü oM lr. JmobojZmdmÀ`m J¥hñWmH$S>o amhmUo ^mJ nS>bo. Xþgè`m {Xder

nmoQ>©ãboAa_Ü o Joë`mda à\w$ëb^mB© lr. Z{bZ Jmoboj m§À`m

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Am°{\$g gwê$ Ho$bo. emim§gmR>r OmJoMr nmhUr gwê$ Ho$br. na§Vw

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H$R>rU hm oVo, ~m §YH$m_mMo gm{hË` h¡Ðm~mX, MoÝZB©,

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Jobr. VoìhmMo MoAa_Z {_. A~S>uZ, H$ma{ZH$mo~ma_Ü o amhmV

hmoVo. Am{H©$Q>oŠQ>Mr Zo_UyH$ Ho$br. B§{O{ZAaMr Zo_UyH$ Ho$br.

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H$m°åß wQ>a B§{O{ZAa, Am°{\$g_Ü o H$m_ H$aUmè`m ì`ŠVtMr

Zo_UyH$ Ho$br. EnrS>ãë`wS>r (APWD) H$Sy>Z Vm|S>r _mÝ`Vm

{_idbr.EdT>o H$ê$Zhr AS>Wio H$mhr g§nV ZìhVo, gdmªV _hÎdmMm

AS>Wim g_moa C^m R>mH$bm, Vmo åhUOo gaH$mar bmb{\$VrMm,

A§X_mZ {ZH$mo~ma gdmªV OmñV ^yH§$nàdU joÌ åhUOogopñ_H$PmoZ 5 _Ü o oVmo.

emim§À`m ~m§YH$m_mMm AmamIS>m V`ma Ho$bm Vmo, gopñ_H$PmoZ

5 Zwgma, Am`.Eg. 1893 À`m à_mUo. na§Vw gaH$marA{YH$mè`m§Mo åhUUo hmoVo H$s m Jmoï>rMr JaO Zmhr. Ë`m_wio

AmamIS>m _§Oya H$ê$Z KoVmZm IynXm Ë`m§Zm g_OmdyZ gm§Jmdo

bmJbo.AmamIS>m _§Oya H$ê$Z KoVbm Va ñWm{ZH$ H§$ÌmQ>Xma V`ma

ZmhrV, _Oya ZmhrV. mgmR>r H$maUo doJdoJir hmoVr- H$moUmMo

Am°{\$gog CX²ÜdñV hmoVo, H$moUr _mZ{gH$ YŠŠ`mVyZ gmdaboZìhVo. Ë`m_wio H$m_mda OmÊ`mMr, C^mar KoÊ`mMr _mZ{gH$Vm

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H$m_o KoVmV. ~mhoaMr KoV ZmhrV. gaH$mar H$m_mVyZ 40-50%

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_Owam§{df`rhr AZw dm`bm {_imbr. _Oya H$m CnbãY ZmhrV

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100-200 é. amoO§Xmarda H$m_mMr bmO dmQ>Vo. Ë`mnojm gaH$ma/

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gJirH$Sy>Z EdT>m gwê$ AgVmo H$s, H$m_mVyZ n¡go {_i{dÊ`mMr

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H$m_mda Om`Mo?EH$sH$S>o Am§Vaamï>r` g§ñWm/ ñd §godr g§ñWm ~mobV AgVmV

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Amdí`H$ Amho. àË`jmV KQ>ZmñWirMr pñWVr _mÌ AË §V doJirAgVo. AWm©V² dmVmZwHy${bV §ÌUo_Ü o ~gyZ H$m°\$s {nVmZm _hÎdmMr

YmoaUo R>adUo Ho$ìhmhr gmono AgVo Ë`m_wioM àË`jmV KQ>ZmñWir

H$m © H$aUmè`m§À`m H$m ©nÕVt_Ü o, YmoaU A§_b~OmdUr_Ü o ddmVmZwHy$brV §ÌUoVrb YmoaU _gwXçm§_Yrb \$aH$ \$ŠV empãXH$

Amho!

Aemdoir ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZo YmoaU R>a{dbo H$s, nmM XhmQ>ŠHo$ OmñVr Kmb{dbo Var MmbVrb nU H$m_ df©-XmoZ df©

WH$bo Zmhr nm{hOo. Ë`mgmR>r AmJmD$ n¡go XoD$Z H$m_mbm gwédmV

Ho$br. ~m§YH$m_ gm{hË` V`ma H$aÊ`mgmR>r h¡Ðm~mXÀ`m H§$nZrbmH§$ÌmQ> {Xbo. ho gm{hË` \°$ŠQ>>arVyZ bmoS> hmoD$Z MoÝZB©bm m`Mo,

VoWo Vo CVadbo Om`Mo. VoWyZ OhmOmV MT>dyZ {demImnQ²>Q>U_²bm

CVa{dbo Om`Mo d {demImnQ²>Q>U_² `oWo nwÝhm MT>dyZnmoQ>©ãboAabm CVa{dbo Om`Mo. Aem àH$mao Vo nwÝhm nwÝhm MT>dyZ-

CVadyZ, _mbmMr Zo-AmU H$aÊ`mV nwîH$i doi IM© hmoV Ago.

gJirH$S>o _Zwî`~imMr JaO mgV Ago. nmoQ>©ãboAa_YyZ VodoJdoJù`m ~oQ>m§da nmohmoMVo H$amdo bmJo. H$maU emim§Mr {R>H$mUo

doJdoJir hmoVr.

à\w$ëbZJa_Ü o emioMr C^maUr H$aVmZm Ambobm AZw dVa \$maM doJim Amho. oWo OmVmZm EH$ ZXr bmJVo. Vr ZmJ_moS>r

diUo KoV dmhmVo. nmUr H$_aoBVHo$ Agob, nU {Vbm ~amo~a

Xhm doim Amobm§Sy>ZM nwT>o OmUo eŠ` hmoVo Aem àH$mao S>moŠ`mda

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gm{hË` d Xhm doim nm`r ZXr Amobm§Sy>V Vo gm{hË` KoD$Z,

emion ªV Omdo bmJbo d _JM ~m§YH$m_ H$aVm Ambo.

{OX²X, AmH$m§jm, _ohZVrMr V`mar Agob Va AeŠ` Jmoï>rhràË`jmV oVmV, hoM Ho$di `mVyZ àVrV hmoVo. ^JraW à`ËZ

H$ê$Z EH$ EH$ ~m §YH$m_ nyU© Ho$bo, hr ZŠH$sM

dmImUÊ`mgmaIr Jmoï> Amho.Aem gd© AS>MUt_YyZ, AS>Wù`m§_YyZ OmV. ^maVr` O¡Z

g§KQ>ZoZo EH$ dfm©À`m AmV 11 emim§Mr C^maUr Ho$br. {OWo

gdmªV OmñV AS>Wim, {VWo gdmªV OmñV CËgmhmZo H$m ©, hoMgyÌ g§KQ>ZoÀ`m H$m`m©V H$m`_ _hÎdmMo R>abo Amho.

^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZo XoUJrXmam§Zm àË`oH$ emiobm qH$dm

Amamo½` H|$Ðmbm oUmam IMm©Mm AmH$S>m gm§{JVbm, Ë`mà_mUoemim qH$dm Amamo½` H|$ÐmMm IM© Á`m§Zr {Xbm, Ë`m

XoUJrXmamÀ`m ZmdmMm “~moS>©” Ë`m emioÀ`m qH$dm Amamo½`

H|$ÐmÀ`m {R>H$mUr bmdÊ`mV Ambm Amho.gd© emim§Mo hñVm§VaU H$aÊ`mV Ambo, Vohr R>a{dboë`m doioÀ`m

AmYr! gmR> Q>ŠHo$ {ejH$m§Zm à{e{jV H$aÊ`mV Ambo. Á`m Á`m

emim§_Ü o H$m°åß wQ>a CnbãY hmoVo VoWo H$m°åß wQ>a~X²Xb à{ejUXoÊ`mV Ambo. BJS-EDUQIP hm à`moJ oWo am~{dÊ`mV Ambm.

Ë`mX²dmao nwT>À`m {nT>çm§gmR>r gdmªV Mm§Jë`m nÕVrMo {ejU,

_wbm§Zm gj_ ~Z{dUo, ñdmdb§~r ~Z{dUo, AmYw{ZH$ V§ÌkmZmer{ZJS>rV {ejUmMm nm`m nŠH$m H$aUo `mgma»`m Jmoï>tMm

BJS-EDUQIP _Ü o g_mdoe H$aÊ`mV Ambm.

A§X_mZ-{ZH$mo~magma»`m XþJ©_, A{VXÿa d gmJar ~oQ>m§daOmD$Z, {ejUmMr nVmH$m dmXidmè`mer Pw§O XoV, \$S>H$mdÊ`mMo

_hmH$R>rU H$m`© ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZo, lr. _wWm `m§À`m

AÜ`jVoImbr nma nmS>bo.

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AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

àmW{_H$ Amamo½` H|$Ðm§Mr C^maUr :àmW{_H$ Amamo½` H|$Ðm§Mr C^maUr :àmW{_H$ Amamo½` H|$Ðm§Mr C^maUr :àmW{_H$ Amamo½` H|$Ðm§Mr C^maUr :àmW{_H$ Amamo½` H|$Ðm§Mr C^maUr :

H$moUË`mhr mJm_Ü o Am¡fYmonMma, XdmImZm m Jmoï>tMr JaO

Va AgVoM. AmnËVrJ«ñV {R>H$mUr Va \$ma Amdí`H$Vm mgVAgVo. A§X_mZ-{ZH$mo~ma hm ~amMgm Am{Xdmgr ^mJ Amho.

AË`mYw{ZH$ gmo r-gw{dYm§À`m CnbãYVoVrMr JaO BWo {ZpíMV

Amho, hm Ñ{ï>H$moZ _ZmV R>odyZ ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoÀ`m lr._wWm d lr. nmaoI m§Zr àmW{_H$ Amamo½` H|$Ð d g~ H|$Ðm§À`m

doJdoJiçm {R>H$mUr, C^maUrMm, {ZU© KoVbm.

9 _mM© 005 amoOr Amamo½` g{Mdm§H$Sy>Z Ë`m§Zm EHy$U 34 Amamo½`H|$Ðm§Mr C^maUr H$aÊ`mMr nadmZJr {_imbr. Ë`m_Ü o 4

àmW{_H$ Amamo½` H|$Ð d 30Cn H|$Ðm§Mm g_mdoe hmoVm.

emioÀ`m ~m§YH$m_mà_mUoM mhr ~m§YH$m_mgmR>r {Z`moOZ Ho$bo.Am{H©$Q>oŠQ>, B§{O{ZAa, H§$ÌmQ>Xma, _Owam§Mr Zo_UyH$ Ho$br.

~m§YH$m_mMo gm{hË`hr h¡Ðm~mXhÿZ _mJ{dbo OmV hmoVo. BWohr

gd© àH$maMo AS>Wio, AS>MUtMo S>m|Ja nma H$arV H$m © AmIbod àË`jmV AmUbo.

{H«$`meŠVr, BÀN>meŠVr d kmZeŠVr `m§Mm {ÌdoUr g§J_

Á`m{R>H$mUr hmoVmo {VWoM n{dÌVm AgVo, Ë`mVyZM `e {_iVo.^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMo H$m © åhUOo m {ÌeŠVtMo EH${ÌH$aUM

hmo !

àmW{_H$ Amamo½` H|$Ðm§Mr C^maUr H$aVmZm doJdoJù`m {R>H$mUrdoJdoJio AZw d oV Jobo. IynXm o-Om H$amdr bmJm`Mr,

dmhVwH$sMr gmo CnbãY ZìhVr. ~oQ>m§da g§nH©$ _mÜ`_ Zgm`Mo.

ZmZH$dar J«wn Am°\$ Am`b§S>darb AS>MUr :ZmZH$dar J«wn Am°\$ Am`b§S>darb AS>MUr :ZmZH$dar J«wn Am°\$ Am`b§S>darb AS>MUr :ZmZH$dar J«wn Am°\$ Am`b§S>darb AS>MUr :ZmZH$dar J«wn Am°\$ Am`b§S>darb AS>MUr :oWrb H$_moQ>m© oWo 14 àmW{_H$ Amamo½` CnH|$Ðm§Mr C^maUr

H$aÊ`mV Ambr. m ~oQ>m§n ªV nmohmoMÊ`mgmR>r Ho$di EH$M OhmO

CnbãY hmoVo. Vohr n§Yam {Xdgm§VyZ EH$Xm! nmoQ>©ãboAadê$Z

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AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

{ZKmbobo OhmO H$_moQ>m©bm oUma VoWyZ nwT>o Om`bm XmoZ {Xdg

Am{U mM naVUmè`m OhmOmZo nmoQ>©ãboAabm nwÝhm OmUo eŠ`

Ago. Ë`m_wio EH$Xm ZmZH$dar qH$dm H$_moQ>m©bm Ambobr ì`ŠVrn§Yam {Xdgm§ZrM nmoQ>©ãboAabm `oB© qH$dm ~m§YH$m_mVrb

H$moUVohr N>moQ>o _moR>o gm{hË`hr nmoQ>©ãboAadê$Z AmUÊ`mgmR>r

n§Yam {Xdg dmQ> nmhmdr bmJo! VgoM ~m§YH$m_mMo gm{hË`h¡Ðm~mXhÿZ MoÝZB©, {demImnQ²>Q>U_² _mJ} nmoQ>©ãboAabm

Amë`mZ§Va VoWyZ doJdoJù`m ~oQ>m§da nmR>{dÊ`mgmR>r \$maM

H$gaV H$amdr bmJo. _moR>_moR>o erQ>g² Ajae: S>moŠ`mda KoD$ZOhmOm_Ü o MT>dyZ nwÝhm Zo_Š`m {R>H$mUr CVadyZ ¿`mdo bmJV.

Aem gd© H$gaVtVyZ H$_moQ>m ~oQ>m§da 14 CnH|$Ðo ñWmnZ Ho$br.

nU Vnm±J m {R>H$mUr _mÌ doJirM AS>MU hmoVr. BWo Amamo½`H|$ÐmMo {R>H$mU C§M Q>oH$S>rda hmoVo d Ë`m {R>H$mUmn ªV gm{hË`

ZoUo H${R>U hmoVo.

lr. à\w$ëb nmaoI `m§À`m XoIaoIrImbr Amamo½` H|$Ðm§À`mC^maUrMo H$m © nma nS>V hmoVo. Vo AmR>dS>çmVyZ EH$Xm g§nyU©

H$m_mÀ`m g§X^m©Vrb AmT>mdm gaH$mabm gmXa H$arV.

gaH$maÀ`m Ñï>rZo hm AJXrM doJim AZw d hmoVm, hm ^mJAbJ hmoVm! Ë`m_wio gaH$maXa~mar Ho$di AmíM ©M ì`ŠV

hmoB©, H$maU AmVmn`ªV gaH$maV\}$ EH$mhr B_maVrMo

y{_nyOZhr Pmbo ZìhVo H$s `m ~oQ>m§n ªV H$moUr nmohmoMbohrZìhVo. Ë`m§À`m H$m_mÀ`m AmT>mì`mV XmoZ-VrZXm Vnm±JMo H$m_

am{hbo Amho, Agm CëboI hmoVm. Va EH$m ì`ŠVrZo Ë`m§Zm

gm§{JVbo, Vo gm{hË` bdH$a CMbyZ ~m§YH$m_mgmR>r Zmhrdmnabo Va Iam~ hmoB©b H$maU Ë`m ^mJmV Imè`m O{_ZrMo/

Imè`mnmÊ`mMo à_mU OmñV Amho. Ë`mà_mUo lr. nmaoI

nmoQ>©ãboAadê$Z Vnm±Jbm Ambo. ñdV: Q>oH$S>r nm`r MTy>Z Jobo.

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AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

nm`m V`ma Pmbobm hmoVm. nbrH$S>o dñVr hmoVr, nU Ho$di

gm{hË` Ë`m OmJon ªV, dan ªV AmUÊ`mnmgyZ nyU© ~m§YH$m_

Wm§~bobo hmoVo.Ë`mZwgma à\w$ëb^mBªZr ñWm{ZH$ _Owam§Zm {dZ§Vr Ho$br nU Vo

H$mhr V`ma hmoB©ZmV. _J gaH$maH$S>o H$mhr _Oya d ñWm{ZH$

_Oya {_iyZ AS>Vrg OUm§Zm 500 é. amoO R>adyZ Vo gm{hË`dan`ªV ZoÊ`mg Ë`m§Zr H$go~go V`ma Ho$bo Vo ñdV:

Ë`m§À`m~amo~a MmbV am{hbo Am{U gm_mZ nmohmoMdyZ KoVbo,

~m§YH$m_ Ho$bo d Amamo½` H|$ÐmMr C^maUr Ho$br.EH$m EH$m emiogmR>r EH$ H§$ÌmQ>Xma qH$dm EH$m Amamo½` H|$ÐmgmR>r

EH$ H§$ÌmQ>Xma Aer {d^mJUr H$ê$Z H$m_ Ho$bo.

B§{Xam nm°BªQ>- ^maVmMo gdmªV eodQ>Mo Q>moH$, `mbm B§{Xam nm°BªQ>åhUVmV, oWo 10 dJmªMr EH$ emim d VrZ àmW{_H$ Amamo½`

CnH|$Ðm§Mr C^maUr Ho$br.

àË oH$ Amamo½` H|$ÐmMr C^maUr Pmë`mZ§Va hñVm§VaUmMm EH$H$m ©H«$_ R>odÊ`mV oB©. gd© Amamo½` H|$Ðm§À`m C^maUrZ§Va

hñVm§VaUmMm H$m ©H«$_ maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZo AmIbm. VoWrb

g{Md XOm©Mo A{YH$mar, Am{Xdmgr H$m¡pÝgbMo AÜ`j, gXñ``m§Zmhr {Z_§{ÌV Ho$bo. H$m ©H«$_ R>abm nU AMmZH$nUo à\w$ëb

nmaoIm§Zm {Zamon Ambm H$s, “AmnU ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMm

H$m ©H«$_ Xþgè`m {Xder R>ody.’’ lr. nmaoI m§Zr {dMmaUm Ho$brH$s,“H$m ~Xb hmoV Amho?’’ Va CËVa Ambo H$s, “Ë`mM {Xder

n§VàYmZm§À`m hñVo EH$ y{_nyOZmMm H$m ©H«$_ Amho!’’

AemgH$s` g§ñWm Á`m{Xder g§nyU© ~m§YH$m_ H$ê$Z gaH$mabmhñVm§VaU H$ê$ BpÀN>V hmoVr, Ë`m {Xder gaH$ma _mÌ ~m§YH$m_

gwê$ H$aÊ`mMm {dMma H$aUma hmoVo!

gaH$mar H$m`©nÕVrMm EH$ Z_wZm :gaH$mar H$m`©nÕVrMm EH$ Z_wZm :gaH$mar H$m`©nÕVrMm EH$ Z_wZm :gaH$mar H$m`©nÕVrMm EH$ Z_wZm :gaH$mar H$m`©nÕVrMm EH$ Z_wZm :

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A§X_mZ-{ZH$mo~ma àemgZ d ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>Zo_Ü o Ago

R>abo H$s, gd© Amamo½` H|$Ðm§_Ü o Amdí`H$ AgUmè`m gw{dYm

CXm. IwÀ`m©, Q>o~b, ñQ>oQ>moñH$mon, EŠgao _{eZ dJ¡ao dJ¡aoA_o[aHo$À`m S>m`aoŠQ> B§Q>aZ°eZb [a{b\$ g§ñWoH$Sy >Z

_mJ{dÊ`mV `mì`mV. ho gd© gm{hË` A_o[aHo$hÿZ gaH$maÀ`m

Zmdo ~§XamV oB©b, åhUOo _mb CVadVmZm, gmoS>dVmZm H$ñQ>_S>çwQ>r, EŠgmB©O S>çwQ>r, gpìh©g MmO©, Am°ŠQ>m° ^maVr` O¡Z

g§KQ>Zobm ^amdm bmJUma Zmhr. nU ~mH$s gd© IM© g§KQ>Zm

H$aob. gaH$mabm EH$hr én`m IM© H$amdm bmJUma Zmhr.`m{df`r Amamo½` g{Md d ~rOoEg `m§À`m_Ü`o Iyn

oQ>rJmR>rA§Vr {ZU© Pmbm H$s, gd© gm{hË` A_o[aHo$hÿZ hoëW

S>m`aoŠQ>aÀ`m ZmdmZo oB©b, OoUoH$Sy>Z ~mH$s IM© dmMob dH$mJXnÌm§Mr nyV©Vm H$aÊ`mMm doi dmMob.

Ë`mà_mUo A_o[aHo$hÿZ gd© gm{hË` MoÝZB© nmoQ>©bm Ambo. na§Vw VoWyZ

Vo gm{hË` Vmã`mV KoÊ`mg gaH$mar A{YH$mè`m§Zr gmV-AmR>_{hZo Kmb{dbo. H$mJXnÌm§À m O§OmimV, bmb{\$VrV Vo gd© gm{hË`

d _hÎdmMo Am¡fYo gmV-AmR> _{hZo ~§XamVM nSy>Z hmoVo.

Am¡fYm§gma»`m Jmoï>t~m~V dma§dma {dZ§Vr H$ê$Zhr EdT>r {Xa§JmB©Ho$br Omdr, hr IamoIa Xþ:IX Am{U XþX£dr Jmoï> Amho.

AmnËVrÀ`m doir gaH$maZo H$moUË`m doir H$m` {ZU© ¿`mdoV

`m~Ôb {deof {Z`_mdbr Agmdr, EdT>mM {ZîH$f© AmnU mVyZH$mTy> eH$Vmo!

gJiçm emim§À`m d àmW{_H$ Amamo½` H|$Ðm§À`m B_maVtMm {d_m

^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZo CVa{dbm Amho. XÿaÑï>r d Agm_mÝ` YmoaU`mMmM hm CËH¥$ï> Z_wZm hmo .

^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>Zobm Amboë`m gaH$ma{df`rÀ`m AZw dmVyZ

nwT>rb AmnËVr{df`r YmoaUmË_H$ {ZU© à{H«$`m am~{dÊ`mV

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`mdr, Ë`mgmR>r H$mhr _wÔo {dMmamV KoUo Amdí`H$ AmhoV Vo

åhUOo-

A§X_mZ {ZH$mo~ma_Ü o ~m§Yboë`m gd© emioÀ`m B_maVtMmAmamIS>m gaH$maZo Vm|S>r _§Oya Ho$bm Amho. nU AOyZhr

H$mJXmonÌr _§Oya Pmbobm Zmhr. ~m§YH$m_ nyU© hmoD$Z, Ë`mMo

hñVm§VaU gaH$maH$S>o Pmbo. emim gwê$ hmoD$Z, _wbo emioVOm`bm bmJbr, Varhr _§Oyar {Xbobr Zmhr!

^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>Zm hr EH$ ñd §godr g§ñWm Amho. gd© Wam§Vrb

bmoH$ {_iyZ AmnËVrJ«ñVm§À`m _XVrgmR>r n¡gm C^m H$aVmV.gaH$maH$Sy>Z n¡gm KoVbm OmV Zmhr, gmd©O{ZH$ n¡emVyZ `m

B_maVr, gw{dYm Cä`m amhVmV. EH$ gm_m{OH$ ~m§{YbH$s åhUyZ

ho gd© H$m © hmoV AgVo. nU gaH$mar _§S>ir m H$m`m©H$S>o AemMÑï>rZo nmhVmV Ago Zmhr. VgoM ~m§YH$m_mÀ`m H$m_mgmR>r

ñWm{ZH$ _Oya, H$m_ H$aUmao bmoH$ {_iV ZmhrV. {_imbo Var

Vo \$ma n¡em§Mr _mJUr H$aVmV. Aem doir Ë`m§Zrhr gm_m{OH$H$m © H$amdo, Agm g§KQ>ZoMm CÔoe Zmhr. nU ñd §godr g§ñWm§Mr,

_XVrMm hmV XoUmè`m§Mr AmnU byQ> Va H$arV Zmhr Zm? mMmhr

Hw$R>oVar {dMma hmoUo {ZpíMVnUo Oéar Amho.H$moUVohr H$m © gaH$maÀ`m nadmZJr{edm` nma nmSy> eH$V Zmhr.

Ë`mgmR>r gaH$mar A{YH$mè`m§~amo~a dma§dma ~¡R>H$m KoD$Z {ZU©

¿`mdo bmJVmV. {ZU© Oar Mm§Jbo KoVbo Var eodQ>r Ë`mMo \$iH$go Agm`bm hdo? H$m` AS>MUr oVrb? Ë`mVyZ H$moUVo _mJ©

{ZKy eH$Vrb? `m gd© Jmoï>t{df`r AmYrM {dMma{d{Z_`

Pmbm Agob Va doi, n¡gm IM© H$ê$Zhr níMmÎmmn nmdÊ`mMrdoi oV Zmhr.

CXm. _mJo gm§{JVë`mà_mUo A_o[aHo$hÿZ Am¡fY d gm{hË`

oD$Zhr gaH$mar A{YH$mè`m§À`m {Xa§JmB© YmoaUm_wio gmV-AmR>

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AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

_{hZo Vo ~§XamVM nSy>Z hmoVo.

nmaXe©H$VoMm A^md, EH$ hmVr {ZU©` à{H«$`m Zmhr,

àemgZmVrb {Z`_m§_Ü o, H$m_H$mO nÕVt_Ü o ÌwQ>r, VÁkm§MrH$_VaVm, nwT>o OmD$Z Zo_Ho$ H$m` H$am`Mo Amho? `m{df`rMo

gwgyÌ YmoaU Zmhr. m_wio H$moUVohr H$m_ doioV nyU© hmoD$M eH$V

Zmhr.{dOoMr CnbãYVVm Ëd[aV H$ê$Z XoUo, ho Iao Va gaH$maMo gdmªV

àW_ H$V©ì` d _hÎdmMo H$m_ hmo . nU Vohr doioda hmoD$ eH$V

Zmhr.A§X_mZ-{ZH$mo~ma_Yrb, XÿadaÀ`m ~oQ>m§da ~m§YH$m_ gwê$ hmoVo,

Voìhm OZaoQ>aÀ`m gmhmæ`mZo H$m © Ho$bo OmB©. nU {S>PobgmR>r,

OZaoQ>a_Ü o H$mhr {~KmS> Pmë`mg XþéñVrgmR>r nmoQ>©ãboAabm`mdo bmJo. Ë`mgmR>r {H$_mZ n§Yam {Xdg Wm§~mdo bmJo H$maU

OhmO n§Yam {XdgmVyZ EH$XmM gwQ>V Ago. åhUOo n§Yam {Xdg

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{Z_m©U Pmbr. H$mogr ZXr, Zonmi_Ü o CJ_ nmdyZ, {~hma_Ü o

oVo. na§Vw Hw$emhm, Zonmi oWo H$mogr ZXrda ~m§Ybobm ~§Ymam

\w$Q>ë`m_wio eoH$S>mo Jmdo nmÊ`mZo dmhÿZ Jobr. Joë`m {H$Ë oH$

dfm©Vrb hr {~hma_Yrb AË §V XþX£dr KQ>Zm hmo . nmUr AË §V

doJmZo dmhV hmoVo H$s, nyU© Jmdo, Kao, C^r {nHo$ Va dmhÿZ JobrM

nU àM§S> Or{dVhmZr Pmbr.

^maVmVrb gdm©V OmñV bmoH$g§»`m Agbobo amÁ` åhUOo {~hma,

Ë`m_wio nwam_wio \$ma _moR>çm à_mUmda Or{dVhmZr Pmbr.

2004 _Ü o V{_iZmSy>, A§X_mZ-{ZH$mo~ma_Ü o ËgwZm_rdoir

Pmboë`m Or{dVhmZrnojm {H$Ë`oH$ A{YH$ nQ>rZo OmñV

{~hma_Ü o Pmbr. ^maV gaH$maZo hr amï>r` AmnËVr åhUyZ

Omhra Ho$br.

AmnËVrJ«ñV {R>H$mUo :AmnËVrJ«ñV {R>H$mUo :AmnËVrJ«ñV {R>H$mUo :AmnËVrJ«ñV {R>H$mUo :AmnËVrJ«ñV {R>H$mUo :

^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMo _^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMo _^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMo _^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMo _^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMo _XVH$m`© d gH$mi [abr\$ \§$S> :XVH$m`© d gH$mi [abr\$ \§$S> :XVH$m`© d gH$mi [abr\$ \§$S> :XVH$m`© d gH$mi [abr\$ \§$S> :XVH$m`© d gH$mi [abr\$ \§$S> :{~hma_Yrb nyapñWVrMr ~mV_r EoH$VmM ^maVr` O¡Zg§KQ>ZoÀ`m H$m ©H$Ë`mªMr n{hbr VwH$S>r _XVH$m`m©gmR>r Ëd[aV

:oUm$H>R{Vñ«JrVËnmA,m`a[maA,b¡mnwg

m©Z{wnU{mAmawnoY_

:$HombVñ«JrVËnmA $HombImb4.1

:m`»§grM§maKm`ëoboJZÿhmd 000,52,2

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_YonyamH$S>o admZm Pmbr. ghgm `m {R>H$mUr Am°{\$g gwê$H$ê$Z, {VWyZ _XVH$m ©, pñWVrMr nmhUr, A§_b~OmdUr gwê$Pmbr. drg EH$ hOma bmoH$m§Mr gwQ>H$m H$ê$Z Ë`m§Zm gwa{jV{R>H$mUr hb{dÊ`mV Ambo.Ë`m§Zm AÝZnm{H$Q>o, H$nS>o, Am¡fYmonMma nwadR>m H$aÊ`mggwédmV Ho$br. g§KQ>ZoÀ`m H$m ©H$Ë`mªZm _XVH$m © H$aVmZmAZoH$ AS>MUtZm, g§H$Q>m§Zm Vm|S> Xçmdo bmJbo. ghgm© Vo Hw$emdmAgo 50 {H$._r.Mo A§Va nma H$ê$Z gd© H$m`©H$Ë`mªZm_XVH$m`m©gmR>r doJdoJiçm {R>H$mUr Omdo bmJo. añVo AË §VIam~ Pmbo hmoVo, Ë`m_wio 50 {H$._r. A§Va nma H$aÊ`mgmR>rXoIrb 3 Vmg bmJV AgV. lr. AemoH$ ndma gm§JVmV H$s,“àM§S> nmD$g, à{VHy$b hdm_mZ Ë`m_wio bmoH$m§n ªV nmohmoMUo\$ma H$R>rU Agm`Mo. Ë`mVhr grVmnya Am{U JrVmnya mXmoÝhrJmdm§Zm OmoS>Umam nyb H$mogië`m_wio g§nH©$ gmYUo \$ma H$R>rUhmoVo.’’^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZo àmW{_H$ Amamo½` H|$ÐmMr C^maUrZonmiÀ`m gahÔrda Ho$br. gmYmaUnUo 3000 bmoH$m§Zm AÝZAm{U Am¡fYm§Mm nwadR>m oWyZ H$aÊ`mV oV Ago na§Vw n[apñWVrBVH$s ^ §H$a hmoVr H$s, ~mH$sÀ`m ñd §godr g§ñWm§Zr {VWyZH$mT>Vm nm` KoVbm. _mÌ _Yonya {OëhçmVrb JmdH$è`m§Zrg§KQ>ZoÀ`m H$m ©H$Ë`mªZm {dZ§Vr Ho$br H$s, “Amåhm§bm gmoSy>ZOmD$ ZH$m, ZmhrVa H$moUmMmM AmYma amhUma Zmhr.’’Am¡fYmonMma :Am¡fYmonMma :Am¡fYmonMma :Am¡fYmonMma :Am¡fYmonMma :Am°ŠQ>mo~aZ§Va AÝZ, dó nwadR>çmMo à_mU H$_r Pmbo, na§VwVnmgUr, Amamo½`VH«$matMo à_mU dmT>bo. Ë`m_wio Am¡fYmonMmagw{dYm, _o{S>H$b H±$n ñWmnZ H$amdo bmJbo. nwÊ`mVyZ ~aoMS>m°ŠQ>g© {VWo OmD$Z _XVH$m © H$ê$ bmJbo. VmOo d ñdÀN>AÝZnwadR>çm~amo~aM g§KQ>ZoMo H$m ©H$V} XaamoO 5000 OUm§Zm

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AÝZnm{H$Q>o nwa{dV AgVmV. `mV AYm© {H$bmo {MdS>m, 100J«°_ gmIa, \$agmU, H±$S>ëg, AmJnoQ>tMm g_mdoe Ago.Ë`m{edm` nwÊ`mVrb bmoH$m§Zr Odinmg 10000 bmoH$m§Zm dmQ>Vm

oB©b, Ago H$mnS> {Xbo Va H$mhtZr ~mXbr, m§S>r, nm§KéU {Xbo.Ho$ga Jwbm~ _wZmoV ZodmgH$a `m§Zr A°åã wbÝg {Xbr.

XmoZ _{hÝ`m§À`m H$mbmdYr_Ü`o AÝZ, dñÌ, {Zdmam `m§Mog_mYmZH$maH$arË`m nwadR>m H$aÊ`mV Ambm. ^maVr` O¡Zg§KQ>ZoÀ`m H$m`©H$Ë`mªZr `m AË`§V à{VHy$b d J§^ran[apñWVr_Ü o, YmoH$mXm`H$ pñWVr_Ü o nyd©nXmda oÊ`mgmR>rIamoIa A{daV H$ï> KoVbo.lr. em§{Vbmb _wWm§Mr AmnËVrJ«ñVm§er ^oQ> :lr. em§{Vbmb _wWm§Mr AmnËVrJ«ñVm§er ^oQ> :lr. em§{Vbmb _wWm§Mr AmnËVrJ«ñVm§er ^oQ> :lr. em§{Vbmb _wWm§Mr AmnËVrJ«ñVm§er ^oQ> :lr. em§{Vbmb _wWm§Mr AmnËVrJ«ñVm§er ^oQ> :[abr\$ H±$n Am{U _o{S>H$b H±$nbm lr. _wWm `m§Zr oQ> {Xbr.g§KQ>ZoÀ`m H$m`m©Mr {~hma `oWrb d¥ËVnÌm§Zr \$ma _moR>çmà_mUmda XIb KoVbr. lr. {ZVreHw$_ma, _w»`_§Ìr, {~hmaamÁ` `m§Zr H±$nbm oQ> {Xbr. Á`m VoOrZo _XVH$m © gwê$ hmoVo,Ë`mMr Ë`m§Zr ^a^ê$Z àe§gm Ho$br. OZVmXbmMo AÜ`jlr. eaX `mXd, Am{U lr. Za|Ð `mXd `m§Zr XoIrb H$m`m©Mràe§gm Ho$br. ñWm{ZH$ bmoH$m§Zm `m H$m`m©_wio \$ma {Xbmgm{_imbm.

���

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11. g§doXZerbVoZo AmnËVrbm gm_moao OmVmZm11. g§doXZerbVoZo AmnËVrbm gm_moao OmVmZm11. g§doXZerbVoZo AmnËVrbm gm_moao OmVmZm11. g§doXZerbVoZo AmnËVrbm gm_moao OmVmZm11. g§doXZerbVoZo AmnËVrbm gm_moao OmVmZmAmnËVr ì`dñWmnZmÀ`m joÌmV H$m ©aV AgUmar maVr` O¡Z

g§KQ>Zm, hr EH$ ñd §godr g§ñWm Amho. AmnËVrJ«ñVm§Zm Ëd[aV_XV {_imdr, Or{dV d {dËVhmZr H$_r ìhmdr `m hoVyZo hr

g§ñWm AmnËVr {ZdmaUmMo H$m © H$aVo.

^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMo AmnËVr {ZdmaU H$m`m©Vrb R>iH$ ~m~r-· AmnËVrJ«ñVm§Mr Ëd[aV gwQ>H$m d _XVH$m © nwa{dUo.

· AmnËVr_wio ~gboë`m _mZ{gH$ YŠŠ`mVyZ bhmZ _wbm§Zm

~mhoa H$mT>Uo.· bhmZ _wbm§Mo e¡j{UH$ nwZd©gZ H$aUo.

· à{e{jV H$m ©H$V} V`ma H$aUo.

lr. em§Vrbmb _wWm m§À`m AÜ`jVoImbr gwê$ Pmboë`m maVr`O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZo Xoe^am_Ü o Pmboë`m yH§$nmXaå`mZ AmnËVr

{ZdmaU d AmnËVr ì`dñWmnZmMo \$ma _moR>o d àoaUmXm`r H$m ©

Ho$bo Amho. AË`§V ~maH$mB©Zo {Z`moOZ H$ê$Z, AmnËVr

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ì`dñWmnZmMo H$m © Ë`m§Zr nma nmS>bo Amho. AmnËVrMr KQ>Zm

KS>bobr g_OVmM Vo àW_ dmKmobr oWrb WERC H|$Ðmda gd©

H$m ©H$Ë`mªMr ~¡R>H$ KoVmV d nwT>rb AmamIS>m R>a{dVmV.1. _XV d gwQ>H$m: AmnËVrJ«ñVm§Mr gwQ>H$m H$aUo, Ë`m§Zm

gwa{jVñWir hb{dUo d àW_monMma H$aUo m _hÎdmÀ`m

H$m`m©bm ~rOoEg àma§ H$aVo.2. yH§$nJ«ñV ^mJmMr H$m ©H$Ë`mªH$Sy>Z nmhUr Ho$br OmVo.

Ahdmb ~Z{dbo OmVmV, H±$n C^mabo OmVmV. emgZmH$Sy>Z

_XVH$m`m©gmR>r nadmZJr KoVbr OmVo Am{U BVa OUm§erg§nH©$ gmYbm OmVmo.

3. H$m ©H$Ë`mªMr \$ir V`ma Ho$br OmVo. H$m_o {d^mJyZ {Xbr

OmVmV. H$m_mMo ì`dpñWV dmQ>n hmoVo.4. H$m ©H$Ë`mªZm O~m~Xmar AmIyZ {Xbr OmVo. Q>r_brS>a

{ZdS>bm OmVmo d àË oH$ Q>r_H$S>o doJdoJù`m H$m_m§À`m

O~m~Xmè`m gmon{dë`m OmVmV.5. AmnËVrÀ`m {R>H$mUr H$m ©H$Ë`mªZmXoIrb \$ma H$R>rU

n[apñWVrbm Vm|S> Xçmdo bmJVo. gd© àH$maÀ`m AS>MUtVyZ

_mJ© H$mTy>Z _XVH$m © gwê$ R>odÊ`mgmR>r Ë`m§Zm à{e{jVH$aÊ`mMr, Ë`m§Mo Y¡ © dmT>{dÊ`mMr JaO AgVo. Aem

à{e{jV H$m ©H$Ë`mªMr Q>r_ ~rOoEgH$S>o Amho.

6. _XV H$m © H$aVmZm H$m ©H$Ë`mªZmhr AZoH$ Jmoï>tZm Vm|S>Xçmdo bmJVo, CXm. dmVmdaUmVrb ~Xb, Amdí`H$

gmo`rgw{dYm§Mm A^md, AdVr^modVr BVñVV: nS>bobo

_¥VXoh qH$dm AmOmar _mUgo, g§gJ©OÝ` amoJ \¡$bmdÊ`mMreŠ`Vm. ñdÀN>VoMm A^md `m_wio H$m ©H$Ë`mªH$S>o ho gd©

ghZ H$aÊ`mMr VmH$X, j_Vm AgUo Iyn OéarMo Amho.

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7. ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>Zm H$m ©H$Ë`mªMr Oer \$ir V`ma R>odVo

VgoM gm{hË` dmQ>nmMo XoIrb gyÌ~ÕarË`m {Z`moOZ

H$aVo. m_Ü o A§WéU-nm§KéU, Amdí`H$ Vr m§S>r, Mhm,gmIa, Vm§Xÿi, S>mi, H$mS>onoQ>r, H$nS>o, ñQ>moìh, am°Ho$b Aem

gd© gm{hË`mMo EH$ H$sQ> V`ma H$ê$Z Vo dmQ>n H$aUo.

8. [abr\$ H±$nMr C^maUr- ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZmAmnËVrJ«ñV {R>H$mUr Amnbm [abr\$ H±$n C^maVo. `m

H±$nMr C^maUr eŠ`Vmo _w»` añË`mbm bmJyZ d

JmdmnmgyZ OdiÀ`m A§Vamda Ho$br OmVo. BboŠQ>r{gQ>r,XiUdiUmMr gmYZo, H$m°åß wQ>g©, \°$Šg _{eZMr gmYZo,

OZaoQ>a Aem gd© Jmoï>tMr CnbãYVm H±$nda Ho$br OmVo.

`m{edm` nyduÀ`m AmnËVrÀ`m {R>H$mUr Ho$boë`m H$m_mMoAhdmb gdmªÀ`m _m{hVrgrR>r R>odbo OmVmV. maVr` O¡Z

g§KQ>ZoÀ`m {Z`moOZ~Õ H±$nH$S>o gdmªMoM bj doYbo OmVo.

Jmdm_Ü o EH§$XarVM doJio dmVmdaU V`ma hmoVo. Ë`m_wio_XV gm{hË` KoD$Z oUmao bmoH$gwÕm Amnbo gm{hË`

g§KQ>ZoÀ`m H±$nda CVa{dVmV. H$maU g§KQ>ZoMo H$m ©H$V}

Vo gm{hË` Vn{ebdma dmQ>n H$aUma, mMr gdmªZm ImÌrAgVo.

9. dmhVyH$ ì`dñWm- AmnËVrÀ`m doir dmhVwH$sÀ`m gmYZm§Mr

\$ma JaO nS>Vo. dmhVyH$ ì`dñWoMr JaO nS>Vo. yH§$nm_wio~hþVm§er doim añË`m§Mo ZwH$gmZ Pmbobo AgVo. ^maVr`

O¡Z g§KQ>Zm ñdV:H$S>À`m dmhZm§Mm dmna H$aVo, m{edm`

H$m ©H$Ë`mªÀ`m dmhZm§Mmhr doiÀ`mdoir dmna Ho$bm OmVmo.~è`mMXm {S>Pob, noQ´>mobMm IM© ~rOoEgH$Sy>ZM Ho$bm

OmVmo, nU H$Yr H$Yr emgZ {S>Pob-noQ>mobgmR>r ghH$m ©

H$aVo.

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10. Am{W©H$ {Z`moOZ- maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>Zm AmnËVrJ«ñVm§À`m

gwQ>H$m d nwZd©gZmMo H$m © lr. em§VrbmbOr _wWm `m§À`m

ñdV:À`m \§$S>g² d [agmog}g_YyZ H$aVo. _XV H$m © gwê$Pmë`mZ§Va d¥ËVnÌ g_yh, amOH$s` ZoVo, _moR>_moR>çm

H§$nÝ`m m§À`mX²dmao Am{W©H$ {ZYrMo g§H$bZ Ho$bo OmVo.

d¥ËVnÌ g_yh qH$dm _moR>_moR>çm H§$nÝ`m§X²dmao _moR>çm à_mUmda{ZYrMo g§H$bZ hmoD$ eH$Vo. nU `m {ZYrMm `mo½` àH$mao

{d{Z`moJ H$aÊ`mMo H$m_ H$aÊ`mgmR>r {dídmgmh© g§ñWoMr

{ZpíMVM JaO ^mgVo. ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMo AÜ`jlr. em§VrbmbOtZr `m~m~VrV Iyn Mm§Jbo Zmd d {dídmg

H$_mdbm Amho. hmVr KoVbobo H$m © AË §V VÝ_`VoZo VS>rg Zobo

Amho. XoUJrXmam§Zm {Xboë`m XoUJrMo MrO ìhmdo, hr gdmªV_hÎdmMr Jmoï> ~rOoEg V\}$ nyU© Ho$br OmVo.

åhUyZM AmnËVrJ«ñVm§gmR>r ~rOoEgMo _XV H$m © hm \$ma _moR>m

{Xbmgm AgVmo.

~rOoEgV\}$ am~{dë`m OmUmè`m àË`j _XV H$m`m©_Ü`o~rOoEgV\}$ am~{dë`m OmUmè`m àË`j _XV H$m`m©_Ü`o~rOoEgV\}$ am~{dë`m OmUmè`m àË`j _XV H$m`m©_Ü`o~rOoEgV\}$ am~{dë`m OmUmè`m àË`j _XV H$m`m©_Ü`o~rOoEgV\}$ am~{dë`m OmUmè`m àË`j _XV H$m`m©_Ü`o

`m ~m~tMm {Z`moOZnyd©H$ g_mdoe Ho$bm OmVmo :`m ~m~tMm {Z`moOZnyd©H$ g_mdoe Ho$bm OmVmo :`m ~m~tMm {Z`moOZnyd©H$ g_mdoe Ho$bm OmVmo :`m ~m~tMm {Z`moOZnyd©H$ g_mdoe Ho$bm OmVmo :`m ~m~tMm {Z`moOZnyd©H$ g_mdoe Ho$bm OmVmo :

1) AmnËVrJ«ñV mJmMm g§nyU© gìh} H$ê$Z narjU AhdmbV`ma Ho$bm OmVmo.

2) AmnËVrJ«ñV ^mJmMm ^m¡Jmo{bH$Ñï>çm Aä`mg H$ê$Z

Ë`m~ahÿHy$_ Ahdmb V`ma Ho$bm OmVmo. m Aä`mgmA§Vr{ZîH$f© H$mT>bm OmVmo H$s, AmnËVrJ«ñV ^mJ IS Code

1893 à_mUo H$moUË`m {gpñ_H$ PmoZ Imbr oVmo.

3) AmnËVrJ«ñV ^mJm_Ü o ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>Zm EH$ _XVH|$Ð C^maVo. g§KQ>ZoMo _w»` H$m`m©b` nwUo oWo Amho. nU

VËH$m{bZ H$m_mgmR>r Ë`m Ë`m mJmV EH$m _XV H|$ÐmMr

Amdí`H$Vm AgVo.

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4) AmnËVrJ«ñVm§À`m nwZd©gZ H$m`m©g§~§Yr {ZU© KoVmZm

g§KQ>ZoMo H$m ©H$V} d AÜ`j Ë`m Ë`m amÁ`mVrb gaH$ma,

OZVm, JmdH$ar `m§À`mer {dMma{d{Z_` H$aVo.5) AmnËVrJ«ñVm§gmR>rÀ`m nwZd©gZmg§~§{YV B_maVtMm

AmamIS>m V`ma H$aÊ`mgmR>r à»`mV dmñVwaMZmH$mam§Mr

Zo_UyH$ Ho$br OmVo.6) H§$ÌmQ>Xmam§Mr {Z wŠVr Ho$br OmVo.

7) emgZ, dmñVwaMZmH$ma, H§$ÌmQ>Xma, JmdH$ar d _XV

{_iUmar ì`ŠVr `m gd© ì`ŠVter gVV MMm©,{dMma{d{Z_` H$ê$ZM g§nyU© nwZd©gZmMm AmamIS>m

V`ma Ho$bm OmVmo.

8) nwZd©gZmMo H$m © hmVr KoVmZm ñWm{ZH$ _§S>itZm gh^mJrH$ê$Z KoVbo OmVo. Á`m_wio Ë`m§Zm H$mhr amoOJma g§Yr

CnbãY hmoVrb.

9) _Owam§Zm à{ejU {Xbo OmVo. AmnËVrJ«ñV {R>H$mUr Ho$boOmUmao ~m§YH$m_ ho BVa ~m§YH$m_mhÿZ {Zamio AgVo.

Ë`m_wio Aem ~m§YH$m_mda H$m_ H$aÊ`mgmR>r Hw$eb

_Owam§Mr JaO AgVo.10) Am{W©H$ {ZYrMo g§H$bZ Ho$bo OmVo d Á`m§À`mH$Sy>Z Am{W©H$

{ZYr {_idbm Amho, Ë`m XoUJrXmam§Zm Xa n§Yam {Xdgm§Zr

H$m`m©Vrb àJVrMm AmT>mdm nwa{dbm OmVmo.

Aem àH$mao àË oH$ AmnËVrJ«ñV ^mJmV _XVH$m © C^mê$Z

^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZo Amnë`m àË`j H$m`m©Mm S>m|Ja

em§VrbmbOtÀ`m AÜ`jVoImbr C^mabm Amho. Ë`mVrb

à_wIH$m ©.

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1) 1992 À`m OmVr` X§JbtZ§Va em§Vr d gbmo»`mgmR>r

em§Vr`mÌoMo Am`moOZ.

2) WERC dmKmobr oWo AmnËVrJ«ñV _wbm§gmR>r H$m`_ñdê$nr

e¡j{UH$ d nwZd©gZ H|$ÐmMr ñWmnZm.

3) JwOamV_Ü`o Ad¿`m 90 {Xdgm§_Ü`o 368 emim§Mr

C^maUr.

4) A§X_mZ-{ZH$mo~ma_Ü o AS>Wiçm§Mr e ©V nma H$arV,

Ho$di EH$m dfm©V 11 emim d 34 àmW{_H$ Amamo½` H|$Ðm§Mr

C^maUr Ho$br.

5) Oå_y H$mí_ra_Ü o 870 {ZdmamJ¥hm§Mr Ad¿`m 40 {Xdgm§V

C^maUr.

6) {~hma_Ü o XmoZ bmIm§nojm OmñV nyaJ«ñVm§Zm ghm _{hZo

_XVH$m © nwadbo.

7) _oiKmQ>_Yrb Hw$nmofUJ«ñV _wbm§Mo {ejUmgmR>r H$m ©aV.

_oiKmQ>_Yrb Am{Xdmgt_Ü o {ejU d Amamo½`{df`r

à~moYZ d Ë`mVyZM H«$m§VrH$mar ~Xb KS>dyZ AmUbo.

8) amÁ`g^m d bmoH$g^m m maVmÀ`m XmoÝhr g^mJ¥hm§_Ü o

^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoÀ`m H$m`m©Mr dmImUUr Ho$br Jobr.

9) AmnËVr ì`dñWmnZmVrb {dídgZr` g§ñWm Aer emgZ

Xa~mar ~rOoEgMr »`mVr Pmbr Amho.

10) EH$m AmnËVr_Ü`o dmnabobo gm{hË` H$mTy>Z Xþgè`m

AmnËVr_Ü o dmnaÊ`mMo d doi d n¡gm dmM{dÊ`mMr AË §V

H$ënH$ `moOZm ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZo {Xbr Amho.

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AmnËVr ì`dñWmnZ H$m`m©_Ü`o ~rOoEgnwT>o C^r R>mH$bobrAmnËVr ì`dñWmnZ H$m`m©_Ü`o ~rOoEgnwT>o C^r R>mH$bobrAmnËVr ì`dñWmnZ H$m`m©_Ü`o ~rOoEgnwT>o C^r R>mH$bobrAmnËVr ì`dñWmnZ H$m`m©_Ü`o ~rOoEgnwT>o C^r R>mH$bobrAmnËVr ì`dñWmnZ H$m`m©_Ü`o ~rOoEgnwT>o C^r R>mH$bobr

AmìhmZo :AmìhmZo :AmìhmZo :AmìhmZo :AmìhmZo :

AmH$pñ_V CX² dboë`m AmnËVtZm gd©Vmonar gmhmæ` H$aUo,

Ë`m g§nyU© n[apñWVrbm H$S>dm gm_Zm H$ê$Z Y¡ m©Zo Pw§O XoUo

hr IamoIaM H$R>rU ~m~ Amho. nU ^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>Zm d

AÜ`j em§VrbmbOr `m §Zr Á`m AmË_{dídmgmZo,

{Z`moOZ~ÕarË`m m H$R>rU n[apñWVrbm Vm|S> {Xbo Vo IamoIar

_hX²AmíM ©M hmo !

AmnËVr EH$Q>r oV Zmhr, Vr g§H$Q>m§Mr _m{bH$mM KoD$Z oVo.

nU Aem doir \$ŠV ^md{ZH$ hmoD$Z MmbV Zmhr. ^mdZm d

àË`j AZw^d Zoh_rM doJio AgVmV. g_moa `oUmè`m

AS>MUtVyZ _mJ© H$mT>Ê`mgmR>r AmìhmZo nobÊ`mMr VmH$X,

j_Vm, Y¡ © A§Jr AgUo AË §V _hÎdmMo Amho. hrM {MH$mQ>r,

Agr_ CËgmh d A_mn Y¡ © ~miJyZ em§VrbmbOtZr àË oH$

AmìhmZm§Mo ê$nm§Va emV H$ê$Z XmI{dbo.

A) àemgH$s` AmìhmZo :A) àemgH$s` AmìhmZo :A) àemgH$s` AmìhmZo :A) àemgH$s` AmìhmZo :A) àemgH$s` AmìhmZo :

1)1)1)1)1) nadmZJr, H$mJXnÌm §Mr n yV ©Vm d _m{hVrMr nadmZJr, H$mJXnÌm §Mr n yV ©Vm d _m{hVrMr nadmZJr, H$mJXnÌm §Mr n yV ©Vm d _m{hVrMr nadmZJr, H$mJXnÌm §Mr n yV ©Vm d _m{hVrMr nadmZJr, H$mJXnÌm §Mr n yV ©Vm d _m{hVrMr

Jmoim~oarO:Jmoim~oarO:Jmoim~oarO:Jmoim~oarO:Jmoim~oarO:ñd §godr g§ñWm§Zm H$m_ H$aVmZm emgZmMr nadmZJr

¿`mdr bmJVo. ~è`mMXm {ZU©`à{H«$`oVrb {db§~,

{Z`moOZmMm A^md, n[apñWVrMo ñdê$n, AmnËVrJ«ñV{d^mJmÀ`m ZH$memMm A^md, `m gd© Jmoï>t_Ü`o

gwgyÌVVm Zgë`m_wio ñd §godr g§ñWm§Zm H$m_ H$aVmZm

AS>MUr `oVmV. emgZmMr _XV ¿`md`mMr VaH$mJXnÌm§Mr nyV©Vm, nadmZJr Aem Jmoï>r H$amì`m

bmJVmV. ~è`mMXm ñd §godr g§ñWm§Zm H$m_ H$aÊ`mg

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emgZmMm ZH$ma AgVmo m{edm` AmnËVrÀ`m {R>H$mUr

C^maÊ`mV Ambobr emgH$s` H$m`m©b o hr VmËnwaVr

AgVmV. AË`mdí`H$ gmo`r-gw{dYm§Mm VoWo A^mdAgVmo.

2004 _Ü o Ooìhm ËgwZm_rMm VS>mIm ~gbm Voìhm,

Direct Relief International m A_o[aH$mpñWV g§ñWoerg§b¾ amhÿZ ~rOoEgZo gw_mao XmoZ H$moQ>r én`m§Mr

naXoemVyZ Am¡fYo _mJdbr. na§Vw MoÝZB© ~§XamVM Vr

nSy>Z am{hbr. Am¡fYm§Mr Expiry Date hmoV Ambr VarV{_iZmSy> gaH$maH$Sy>Z H$moUVrhr {ZU© à{H«$`m Pmbr

Zmhr.

2)2)2)2)2) gaH$mar ZmoH$adJm©Mr ~Xbr:gaH$mar ZmoH$adJm©Mr ~Xbr:gaH$mar ZmoH$adJm©Mr ~Xbr:gaH$mar ZmoH$adJm©Mr ~Xbr:gaH$mar ZmoH$adJm©Mr ~Xbr:nwZd©gZmMo qH$dm _XVH$m`m©Mo EImXo H$m`© hmVr

KoVë`mZ§Va Vo nyU© ìhm`bm gmYmaUnUo EH$ Vo XrS>

dfmªMm H$mbmdYr bmJy eH$Vmo. nU Xaå`mZÀ`m H$mimVgaH$mar A{YH$mar dJm©Mr ~Xbr Pmbr Va, g§nyU© H$m_

a|JmiVo qH$dm ZdrZ oUmè`m A{YH$mè`mZo g_OyZ KoD$Z

à{H«$`m nma nmS>Ê`mg \$ma doi OmVmo.

~) dmhVyH$ gw{dYm§Mm A^md :~) dmhVyH$ gw{dYm§Mm A^md :~) dmhVyH$ gw{dYm§Mm A^md :~) dmhVyH$ gw{dYm§Mm A^md :~) dmhVyH$ gw{dYm§Mm A^md :

AmnËVrJ«ñVm§n`ªV H$moUVohr gm{hË` nmohmoMdm`Mo

Agë`mg dmhVwH$s_Ü o AZoH$ AS>Wio oVmV. A§X_mZ-{ZH$mo~ma_Ü`o emim§À`m d àmW{_H$ Amamo½` H|$ÐmÀ`m

~m§YH$m_mgmR>r h¡Ðm~mXhÿZ gm{hË` Ý`mdo bmJo. ho gd©

gm{hË` MT>{dÊ`m-CVa{dÊ`mMr H$gaV Va H$amdrbmJbrM nU XþJ©_ d S>m|Jami àXoemn ªV gm{hË` nmoMdyZ,

àË`j ~m§YH$m_ H$aon ªV dmhVyH$, _Oya, gmo rgw{dYm§Mm

A^md Ago AZoH$ àíZ C o am{hbo. emgZmMr _XV dm

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ghH$m © _mÌ BWo H$moR>oM {_imbo Zmhr! EH$sH$S>o ñd §godr

g§ñWm§Zm H$m_ H$aÊ`mg nadmZJr ZmH$mabr OmVo, XþgarH$S>o

emgZmH$Sy>Z CËH¥$ï> XOm©Mo d doioV H$m_ nyU© hmoV ZmhrAm{U `mdahr _hÎdmMo åhUOo ~rOoEg gma»`m Á`m

ñd §godr g§ñWm H$m_ H$aVmV Ë`m§Zmhr _XV dm ghH$m`m©Mo

YmoaU R>odbo OmV Zmhr!

H$) _Owam§Mm A^md :H$) _Owam§Mm A^md :H$) _Owam§Mm A^md :H$) _Owam§Mm A^md :H$) _Owam§Mm A^md :

_Oyam§Mm A^md hr \$ma _moR>r g_ñ`m dm S>moHo$XþIr

AmnËVrÀ`m {R>H$mUr H$m_ H$aVmZm AZw dm`bm {_iVo.EH$ Va naamÁ`mV OmD$Z _{hZmoZ²_{hZo amhÿZ H$m ©H$V}

H$m © ma gm§ miy eH$V ZmhrV, Ë`mgmR>r ñWm{ZH$ OZVoMr

_XV ¿`mdr bmJVo. nU ñWm{ZH$ OZVm ~è`mMXm _XVKoÊ mÀ m am§Jo_Ü o Wm§~bobr Agë mZo, H$m_mgmR>r Ë m§À mH$S>o

doi ZgVmo!

S>) nwZ~mªYUrMo H$m`© :S>) nwZ~mªYUrMo H$m`© :S>) nwZ~mªYUrMo H$m`© :S>) nwZ~mªYUrMo H$m`© :S>) nwZ~mªYUrMo H$m`© :^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZo Xoe^am_Ü`o CX²^dboë`m

AmnËVt_Ü`o H$m`© Ho$bo Amho. àË`oH$ amÁ`mVrb

AmnËVtÀ`mdoir Zdr AmìhmZo, Zì`m g_ñ`m, ZdrZn[apñWVr H$m © H$aVmZm ~rOoEgg_moa C^r R>mH$bobr Amho.

yH§$nmgmaIr AmnËVr H$mogië`mZ§Va gd© JmdoÀ`m Jmdo

~o{MamI hmoVmV, Kao, emim CX²ÜdñV hmoVmV. `m Kam§Mr,emim§Mr nwZ~mªYUr H$aÊ`mMo _moR>o AmìhmZ gdmªg_moa

AgVo.

Aem doir nwZ~mªYUrgmR>r Amdí`H$ Aem O{_ZrMrCnbãYVm, ho _moR>o AmìhmZ AgVo. {~hma_Ü`o nya

Amë`mZ§Va _ëQ>r- wQ>r{bQ>r H$å w{ZQ>r g|Q>a C^maUrMm

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àñVmd ~rOoEgZo {Xbm. na§Vw Ë`mgmR>r {~hma emgZmH$Sy>Z

O_rZ {_iÊ`mMm àñVmd AOyZhr àb§{~V Amho.

Jmdm§_Ü`o Kao H$mogië`mZ§Va, Ë`m Ë`m {R>H$mUrnwZC© maUr H$aVmZm VbmR>r, gan§M, OZVm m gdmªnmgyZ

Vo amOH$s` ZoVo, H$boŠQ>an ªV nadmZJr ¿`mdr bmJVo.

`m_Ü o \$ma doi Va OmVmoM nU {ZU© à{H«$`m Mm§Jë`màH$mao nma nS>ob H$s Zmhr `mMr emídVr ZgVo.

B) BVa ñd`§godr g§ñWm§~amo~a H$m`© H$aVmZm :B) BVa ñd`§godr g§ñWm§~amo~a H$m`© H$aVmZm :B) BVa ñd`§godr g§ñWm§~amo~a H$m`© H$aVmZm :B) BVa ñd`§godr g§ñWm§~amo~a H$m`© H$aVmZm :B) BVa ñd`§godr g§ñWm§~amo~a H$m`© H$aVmZm :

AmnËVr {ZdmaUmgmR>r _moR>çm à_mUmda gm{hË` d _XVKoD$Z ~è`mMem N>m oQ>çm-_moR>çm ñd`§godr g§ñWm

XþK©Q>ZmñWir Ymd KoVmV. Aem doir emgZ m gd© ñd §godr

g§ñWm§Zm mo½` àH$maMo H$m_ dmQ>n H$ê$Z XoÊ`m_Ü o H$_rnS>Vo. Ë`m_wio _XVrMo à_mU H$_r-OmñV hmoV amhmVo,

qH$dm ñd §godr g§ñWm§_Ü oM ñdV:Mo Zmd H$ê$Z KoÊ`mgmR>r

ñnYm© gwê$ hmoVo.

\$) {då`mMr gw{dYm :\$) {då`mMr gw{dYm :\$) {då`mMr gw{dYm :\$) {då`mMr gw{dYm :\$) {då`mMr gw{dYm :

yH§$nmÀ`m AmnËVrÀ`m {R>H$mUr ~è`mMXm nwÝhm nwÝhm

yH§$nmMo YŠHo$ OmUdV amhVmV. Ë`m_wio Aem {R>H$mUrH$m_ H$aUo hr Iao Va _moR>r YmoŠ`mMr Jmoï> AgVo. amoJm§Mm

àmXþ m©d, Or{dVmbm YmoH$m Aem n[apñWVrV H$m_ H$aVmZm

H$m ©H$Ë`mªZm Ëd[aV {d_mgw{dYm CnbãY hmoUo JaOoMoAgVo.

J) hdm_mZ :J) hdm_mZ :J) hdm_mZ :J) hdm_mZ :J) hdm_mZ :

yH§$nmÀ`m {R>H$mUr hdm_mZm_Ü o gmVË`mZo ~Xb KSy>ZoV AgVmV. Am°ŠQ>mo~a 2005 _Ü o Oå_y-H$mí_ra_Ü o

Pmboë`m yH§$nm_Ü o mMr à{MVr Ambr. bmoH$m§Zm {Zdmam

ZìhVm d W§S>r dmT>V hmoVr. ~rOoEgZo JwOamV_YyZ

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àr\°$~«rHo$Q>oS> _Q>o[aAb Oå_y H$mí_ra_Ü o Ëd[aV ZoD$Z,

VoWrb bmoH$m§gmR>r {Zdmè`mMr ì`dñWm Ho$br. Va

{~hma_Ü o àM§S> nmD$g, àM§S> W§S>r d YwŠ`mMo à_mUdmT>bobo Aer n[apñWVr {Z_m©U Pmbr hmoVr. nU Aem

{d{MÌ hdm_mZmer OwidyZ KoV H$m ©H$Ë`mªZm _XV H$m ©

nwT>o Ý`mdo bmJVo.

h)h)h)h)h) bhmZ _wbm§Mo nwZd©gZ :bhmZ _wbm§Mo nwZd©gZ :bhmZ _wbm§Mo nwZd©gZ :bhmZ _wbm§Mo nwZd©gZ :bhmZ _wbm§Mo nwZd©gZ :

AmnËVrZ§VaMr gdmªV _moR>r AmnËVr åhUOo bhmZ _wbm§Zm

~gbobm _mZ{gH$ YŠH$m d BVñVV: nS>bobo _¥VXoh,CX²ÜdñV Kao, Am_u-nmo{bg §ÌUm ho gd© nmhÿZ Ë`m§À`m

_Zmda hmoV Agbobm Imobda n[aUm_!

`m Jmoï>rMm {dMma àm_w»`mZo em§{VbmbOtZr Ho$O dbmVya, JwOamV, O~bnya, Oå_y-H$mí_ra _Yrb _wbm§Zm

`mVyZ ~mhoa H$mT>Ê`mgmR>r eWuMo à`ËZ Ho$bo.

`mVrb _hÎdmMr Cnm``moOZm Ë`m§Zr Ho$br, Vr åhUOo_wbm§Zm AmnËVrJ«ñV dmVmdaUmVyZ ~mhoa H$mTy>Z,

nwÊ`mgma»`m ehar ^mJmV AmUyZ Ë`m§Mo nwZd©gZ Ho$bo.

Ë`m§Mo {ejU nyd©dV gwê$ Ho$bo d {ejUmÀ`m _mÜ`_mVyZË`m§À`m OJÊ`mbm Zdr C_oX {Xbr.

em§VrbmbOtZr dmKmobr oWo WERC Mr C^maUr Ho$br d m

g§nyU© {nT>rMo CÁÁdb {dVì` KS>{dbo!

^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZ o AmËVmn`ªVÀ`m Amboë`m^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZ o AmËVmn`ªVÀ`m Amboë`m^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZ o AmËVmn`ªVÀ`m Amboë`m^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZ o AmËVmn`ªVÀ`m Amboë`m^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoZ o AmËVmn`ªVÀ`m Amboë`m

AZw^dmVyZ gwM{dboë`m H$mhr Cnm` `moOZm-AZw^dmVyZ gwM{dboë`m H$mhr Cnm` `moOZm-AZw^dmVyZ gwM{dboë`m H$mhr Cnm` `moOZm-AZw^dmVyZ gwM{dboë`m H$mhr Cnm` `moOZm-AZw^dmVyZ gwM{dboë`m H$mhr Cnm` `moOZm-

ñd §godr g§ñWm§Zm _XV H$m © H$aVmZm emgZ, ñWm{ZH$OZVoMohr ghH$m`© {_iUo Amdí`H$ AgVo. Ë`mgmR>r

Zì`mZo H$mhr VaVyXr H$aUo JaOoMo Amho.

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1) AmnËVtMr nyd© gyMZm {_iÊ`mMr §ÌUm g§emo{YH$ H$aUoJaOoMo Amho.

2) AmnËVrJ«ñVm§À`m gwQ>H$m d _XV H$m`m©gmR>r H$mhrYmoaUmË_H$ {ZU© d {Z`_mdbr R>a{dÊ`mMr Amdí`H$VmAmho. emgZmMr O~m~Xmar, H$m © H$m`? ñd §godr g§ñWm§MrO~m~Xmar, H$m © H$m`? d OZVoÀ`m ghH$m`m©{df`r H$mhr{Z`_ AgUo JaOoMo Amho. CXm. OZVoH$Sy>Z dmhVwH$sMrH$m|S>r hmoVo, _XVH$m © H$aÊ`mgmR>r Ë`m_wio Am_u, hmo_JmS>©

§ÌUm doioV nmohMy eH$V Zmhr.3) emgZmH$Sy>Z nadmZJrgmR>r EH$ {IS>H$s moOZm hdr.4) emgH$s` H$_©Mmar, ñd §godr g§ñWm§À`m H$m ©H$Ë`mªZm

à{ejU XoUo JaOoMo Amho.5) àgma_mÜ`_m§Zr ~°bÝñS²> [anmo{Q>ªJ H$aUo JaOoMo Amho.

^mdZmde hmoD$Z ~mVå`m à{gÕ H$aUo mo½` Zmhr. {àÝg{_S>r`m Am{U BboŠQ>m{ZH$ {_S>r`m m§Zr EH${ÌVnUo H$m ©H$aUo JaOoMo Amho. naXoem§Vrb ~mVå`m XoÊ`mÀ`mnÕVtMm Aä`mg ìhm`bm nm{hOo. 9 Zmoìh|~abm A_o[aH$m

oWo dëS>© Q´>oS> g|Q>a g§X^m©Vrb d VX²Z§VaÀ`m H°$Q>[aZmAmnËVrg§X^m©Vrb ~mVå`m `m A{Ve` ~°bÝñS²> hmoË`m.B§½b§S>_Ü`o ~m°å~ñ\$moQ> Pmë`mZ§Va ZwgVoM _¥VXohm§MoAdeof XmI{dbo OmV ZìhVo. Va ~mVå`m§_Ü o XoIrb{d{eï> {Z`_ nmibobo {XgVmV.bmVya_Ü`o Ooìhm _¥VXohm§À`m A½ZrgmR>r bmH$S>m§MrH$_VaVm hmoVr, Voìhm ~mV_r àg¥V Pmbr. VX²Z§Va EdT>mbmHy$S>\$mQ>m O_m Pmbm H$s R>odm`bm OmJm ZìhVr.JwOamV_Ü o nmÊ`mMm àíZ {Z_m©U Pmbm. Ë`mg§X^m©VOoìhm nona_Ü o ~mV_r Ambr, Voìhmhr AerM n[apñWVrCX² dbr. nmÊ`mÀ`m ~mQ>ë`m§Mm AmoK gwê$ Pmbm. Ë`m_wio

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~mVå`m XoVmZm n[aUm_m§Mm {dMma H$ê$Z ~mVå`m {Xë`mJoë`m nm{hOoV.

6) ñd`§godr g§ñWm d emgZ `m§À`m_Ü`o ì`dpñWVCo-ordination H$aÊ`mgmR>r _Ü`ñWr g§ñWm§Mr JaO Amho.

7) AË`mYw{ZH$ g§nH©$ §ÌUm d XiUdiUm§À`m gmYZm§Mmdmna, VmËH$mi g§nH©$ gmYÊ`mgmR>r Ho$bm nmm{hOo.

8) XdmImZo, hm°pñnQ>ëg, VgoM AË`mYw{ZH$ CnH$aUm§X²dmaoËd[aV CnMmam§Zm àmYmÝ` {Xbo Jobo nm{hOo.

9) gd© ñd §godr g§ñWm, XoUJrXma, mJrXma m§À`m~ÔbMmd Ë`m§Zr Ho$boë`m H$m`m©~ÔbMm S>oQ>m V`ma R>odUo OéarAmho.

10) emgZmMm à{V{ZYr `m ZmË`mZo H$boŠQ>abm àgma_mÜ`_m§Zm gm_moao Omdo bmJVo. _§Ìr, Am_Xmam§nwT>o Ahdmb,H$m_mMm nmR>nwamdm gmXa H$amdm bmJVmo. Ë`m_wio doi VaOmVmo nU àË`j H$m`m©gmR>r doi H$_r {_iVmo. gmVË`mZoBVa H$m_mer g§b¾ amhmdo bmJVo. m ~m~tMm {dMma hmoUoAmdí`H$ Amho.

11) B§{S> Z M|~a Am°\$ H$m°_g©, _hmamï> M|~a Am°\$ H$m°_g©,Z¡gH$m°_, BÝ\$m°_}eZ Q>oŠZm°bm°OrMr Agmo{gEeZ, Ho${_ñQ>bmoH$m§Mr Agmo{gEeZ, S>m°ŠQ>g©Mr Agmo{gEeZ- m gdmªZmAmnËVr ì`dñWmnZmV gm_mdyZ KoVbo Jobo nm{hOo.

12) ~è`mMXm AmnËVrJ«ñVm§Zm àË`j _XV {_iÊ`mg qH$dm_XV Ë`m§À`mn ªV nmohmoM{dÊ`mg AS>MUr oVmV. Ë`m_wioÁ`m§Zm àË`j _XV bdH$a {_imbr Zmhr d ZwH$gmZ PmboAgob Va Ë`m§Zr H$moUmH$S>o Om`Mo? mgmR>r Z°eZb {bJbA°Wm[aQ>rOMr {Z{_©Vr Ho$br Jobr Amho. Ë`mMà_mUoamÁ`ñVamda ñQ>oQ> {bJb A°Wm°[aQ>rO, {OëhmñVamda{S>ñQ´>rŠQ> {bJb A°Wm°[aQ>r, VmbwH$m nmVirda VmbwH$m

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133

AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

{bJb A°Wm°[aQ>rMr Zo_UyH$ Ho$br Amho. `m A°Wm°[aQ>rO dñd §godr g§ñWm§_Ü o gm¡hmX©nyU© dmVmdaU V`ma hmoUo JaOoMoAmho. ñd §godr g§ñWm§Zr `m A°Wm°[aQ>rOÀ`m _mÜ`_mVyZbmoH$m§Zm Ý`m` {_idyZ XoÊ`mgmR>r à`ËZaV am{hbo nm{hOo.

13) gaH$maZo 100 IAS A{YH$mè`m§Zm AmnËVr ì`dñWmnZmMoà{ejU {Xbo nm{hOo d Aem à{e{jV IAS A{YH$mè`m§MrAmnËVrÀ`m {R>H$mUr Ëd[aV Zo_UyH$ Ho$br nm{hOo.

14) amÁ`mÀ`m _w»`_§Í`mg_moa {ZU© H$m` ¿`mdoV, H$goAgmdoV mg§X^m©V {d{eï> _mJ©Xe©Z n{ÌH$m, {Z`_mdbrV`ma Agm`bm hdr.

15) _wbm§À`m emim n§Yam {Xdgm§À`m AmV gwê$ H$ê$Z _wbm§ZmemioV ZoD$Z ~gdbo nm{hOo.

16) “ H$m °nm }a oQ > gm oeb [añnm °pÝg{~{bQ>r ’ ’ AgUmè`mH§$nÝ`m§H$Sy>Z gaH$maZo XoUJr AWdm n¡go ê$nmV _XVKoÊ`mnojm Ë`m§Zm Jmdo XËVH$ XoD$Z Ë`m Jmdm§À`m gdmªJrU{dH$mg KS>dyZ AmUÊ`mMr _wWm {Xbr nm{hOo.

17) ñd §godr g§ñWm§Zm BÝH$_ Q>°Šg, gpìh©g Q>°Šg, EŠgmB©OS>çwQ>r, goëg Q>°Šg `m_YyZ Ëd[aV gdbV {Xbr nm{hOo.

18) AmnËVrJ«ñV JmdmMr bmoH$g§»`m AmnËVrZ§Va XrS>nQ>rZodmT>Vo. VbmR>çmÀ`m {e\$maerdê$Z H$mhr _§S>itZm Kao{_iVmV. Aem Jmoï>tda Mm§Jë`m àH$maMm dMH$ Agbmnm{hOo.

19) EImXr ì`ŠVr nwÝhm nwÝhm gm_mZ/ gm{hË` KoD$Z OmVo.`mgmR>r ~rOoEgZo EH$ aoeZ H$mS>© V`ma Ho$bo. VmaIoà_mUodñVy KoD$Z OmÊ`mg gm§{JVbo. Aem VaVwXr d Ë`m§MrA§_b~OmdUr gaH$maV\}$hr hmoUo Amdí`H$ Amho.

20) ~rOoEgH$S>o dmKmobr oWo AmnËVrer {ZJS>rV gd© àH$maMogm{hË` V`ma Amho. OZaoQ>a, V§~y, AÝZ ~Z{dÊ`mgmR>r

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134

AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

bmJUmar ^m§S>r, _XVrMo {H$Q> Ago Q>H$^a gm_mZ V`maAmho. à{e{jV H$m ©H$Ë`mªMr Q>r_ Amho. Xoe^amVrb gd©O¡Z ñd §godH$m§er XiUdiU, g§nH©$ §ÌUm Amho. Ë`m_wioAmnËVrZ§Va Ë`m Ë`m ^mJmVrb ñd §godH$ Ad¿`m XmoZVmgm§V gd© gm{hË`m{Zer {VWo nmohmoMyZ _XV H$m © gwê$H$ê$ eH$VmV. `màH$maMo {Z`moOZ d ì`dñWmnZgaH$maH$S>ohr AgUo AË §V Oê$ar Amho.

lr. em§VrbmbOtÀ`m AmnËVr ì`dñWmnZ d {Z`moOZmÀ`mg§X^m©Vrb H$m`m©Mm Jm¡ad bmoH$g oZo R>amdmX²dmao Ho$bm. _hmamï>{dYmZg o_Ü o gd© amOH$s` njm§Zr em§VrbmbOtÀ`m H$m`m©Mràe§gm Ho$br. em§VrbmbOtZr AmnËVr ì`dñWmnZmg§X^m©V Ooì`m»`mZo {Xbr AmhoV, Ë`m~ahþHy$_ A§_b~OmdUr gaH$maMoaoìhoÝ`y {S>nmQ> ©_|Q> H$aVo, hm em§VrbmbOtMm H$m`m©Mm,{Z`moOZ~Õ gwgyÌVoMm {ZpíMVM Jm¡ad Amho.^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoÀ`m ^{dî`mVrb `moOZm d H$m`m©Mr^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoÀ`m ^{dî`mVrb `moOZm d H$m`m©Mr^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoÀ`m ^{dî`mVrb `moOZm d H$m`m©Mr^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoÀ`m ^{dî`mVrb `moOZm d H$m`m©Mr^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoÀ`m ^{dî`mVrb `moOZm d H$m`m©Mr{Xem :{Xem :{Xem :{Xem :{Xem :^maVm_Ü o AmnËVr ì`dñWmnZmÀ`m H$moUVmhr nXdrn ªVMmH$mog© Zmhr, Agm nXdrn ªVMm H$mog© gwê$ H$aÊ`mMm {dMmaH$arV Amho.^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>Zm AmnËVr ì`dñWmnZm g§X^m©V Q´>oqZJBpÝñQ>Q>çyQ> gwê$ H$aÊ`mMr `moOZm AmIrV Amho. `m Q>oqZJBpÝñQ>Q>çyQ>_Ü o àgma_mÜ`_, emgZ d H$m ©H$Ë`mªZm à{ejUXoÊ`mg§X^m©V Aä`mgH«$_ {dMmamYrZ Amho.gd© ñd §godr g§ñWm, JìhZ©_|Q> EOÝgr m§À`mg§X^m©V _°Ý wAbV`ma H$aUo.

���

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135

AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

12. Cng§hma12. Cng§hma12. Cng§hma12. Cng§hma12. Cng§hmaAmnËVr ì`dñWmnZmg§X^m©V em§VrbmbOtZr Ho$bobo

Xoe^amVrb H$m © ho gdmªgmR>r AmXe© hmo .

EImXçm {R>H$mUr KS>boë`m AmnËVrMr Ëd[aV _m{hVrKoD$Z, H$m ©H$Ë`mªZm gyMZm XoD$Z, Ad¿`m XmoZ-VrZ Vmgm§V

AmnËVrJ«ñV ^mJmV gd© V`mar{Zer, gm{hË`m{Zer

nmohmoMÊ`mMr Ë`m§À`mH$S>rb hmVmoQ>r hr IamoIar {dbjU hmo !àË`j AmnËVrJ«ñV ^mJmV _XVH$m © gwê$ H$ê$Z,

gmhmæ`, ghH$m`© XoÊ`m_Ü`o Vo ñdV: AJ«Ur AgVmV.

AmnËVrJ«ñV {R>H$mUr gwQ>H$m, _XVH$m ©, AÝZnwadR>m, gm{hË`dmQ>n, {Zdmè`mMr ì`dñWm m AË §V JaOoÀ`m d OrdZmdí`H$

Jmoï>tgX^m©Vrb H$m © gwairVnUo gwê$ H$ê$Z, Vo bhmZ _wbm§H$S>o

diVmV. AmnËVrV gmnS>boë`m bhmZ _wbm§Zm _mZ{gH$,^md{ZH$ YŠH$m ~gyZ, Ë`m§Mo nwT>rb Am wî`mda n[aUm_ hmoD$

Z o åhUyZ Vo _wbm§À`m emim gwê$ R>odÊ`m~Ôb AmJ«hr AgVmV.

Ë`m§Mo m_mJMo {dMma d Ñ{ï>H$moZ A{Ve` CXma AmhoV. XoemMr^mdr {nT>r ~a~mX hmoVmZm Ë`m§Zm nmhm`Mr Zmhr Va XoemMo

^{dVì` CÁÁdb ~Zdm`Mo Amho. Ë`m_wio Ë`m§Zr bmVya, O~bnya,

JwOamV, A§X_mZ-{ZH$m o~ma d Oå_y-H$mí_ra `oWrb

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136

AmnÎmrda _mV - BJS Mr gmW

AmnËVrJ«ñV _wbm§À`m {ejUmMr gmo hm àmYmÝ`H«$_ R>a{dbm.

dmKmobr oWo e¡j{UH$ d nwZd©gZ àH$ënmMr C^maUr Ho$br.

AmnËVrJ«ñV Zìho Va Hw$nmofUJ«ñV _wbm§Zmhr m emio_Ü o àdoe{Xbm.

`m _wbm §À`m amhÊ`m-ImÊ`m {nÊ`mÀ`m,

H$nS>çmbË`mÀ`m, nwñVH$m§À`m gd© IMm©Mr O~m~Xmar ñdV:À`mIm§Xçmda nobbr. em§VrbmbOtZr Ho$bobo ho H$m © mdr {nT>rgmR>r

{ZpíMVM {XemXe©H$, AmXe© AgoM Amho. Ë`m_wioM emgZmZo

Ë`m§À`m H$m`m©Mr XIb KoVbr Amho. EImXçm {R>H$mUrCX² dboë`m AmnËVrMo {ZdmaUH$m © H$aÊ`mMo H$m_r emgZ

^maVr` O¡Z g§KQ>ZoMr _XV {dMmamV KoVo, hm g§KQ>ZoÀ`m

H$m`m©Mm {ZpíMVM Jm¡ad Amho.O¡Z OrdZnÕVr_Ü o Aqhgm, XmZ d gË` m§Mm AmJ«h,

AñVo`mMo VÎd, {dMma-AmMma-CÀMma `m§Mo nm{dÍ` `m§Zm

_hÎd Amho. `m VÎdm§Zm àË`j OrdZm_Ü o em§VrbmbOtZrA§{JH$maë`mMo {ZpíMVnUo OmUdVo.

����

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Speech of Shri. Atal Bihari Vajpayee

on the occasion of handing over 368

schools constructed by Bharatiya Jain

Sanghatana in the earthquake stricken

of Gujarat in 2001. “I would like to

congra tu la te Bhara t i ya Ja in

Sanghatana on this occasion. In this

s i t u a t i o n a f t e r t h e m a s s i v e

earthquake, they have organized all

required resources and have done an

excellent job only with a view to

provide social service. They have

constructed 368 schools and handed

them over to the people. You can now

see these schools coming up but still

there is a lot of work to be done. I am

sure that you will continue with this

job with the same dedication. Please

accept my best wishes and many

thanks for this accomplishment.”

Word of praise for Bharatiya Jain Sanghatana by

Shri. Atal Bihari Vajpayee

^maVmMo VËH$ mbrZ n§VàYmZ _m. lr. AQ>b {~hmar dmOnm`r `m§À`meãXmV ~r.Oo.Eg².Mo H$ m_

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STATEMENT BY THE MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF HOME

AFFAIRS

(EXCERPTS)

(i) Re: Relief and rehabilitation in the aftermath of Jammu and

Kashmir earthquake

The Non Governmental Organization have also rendered support

in providing shelter to the earthquake affected persons of J&K.

Bhartiya Jain Sangathan (BJS) has donated 870 prefabricated

structures which are to be erected in the earthquake affected

areas of J&K, particularly in Uri and Tangdhar. The first

consignment of 245 pre-fabricated structures was delivered to

the State Government of Jammu on 12th November, 2005 and has

already been transported by the State Government to Tangdhar.

The second consignment of 277 pre fabricated strictures was

delivered at Jammu on 21-11-2005 and the third consignment of

the remaining 348 pre fabricated structures will be dispatched to

the State Government by 30th November 2005. These pre-

fabricated structures will be erected at four locations in Tangdhar

and one location in Uri where households were required to be

relocated because of their vulnerability to landslides/avalanches.

Parliament discusses activities of BJS in LOK SABHA

LOK SABHA

SYNOPSIS of DEBATES

Monday, November 28, 2005 / Agrahayana 7, 1927 (Saka)

(Proceedings other than Questions & Answers)

REFERENCE BY SPEAKER

^maVr` bmoH$ g^o_Ü`o ~r.Oo.Eg².À`m H$ m_mMr MMm© d Ë`mMr Pmbobr Zm|X

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A§X_mZ {ZH$ mo~ma àemgZm~amo~aMm ~r.Oo.Eg².Mm gm_§Oñ` H$ ama

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^yH§$ nJ«ñV ^mJmMr nmhUr H$ aVmZm lr. _wÏWm d lr. nmaI

^yH§$ nJ«ñV 500 _wbm§Zm Oå_w H$ mpí_a _YyZlr_Vr gmo{Z`m Jm§Yr {Zamon XoVmZm

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Oå_w-H$ mpí_a_Yrb ^yH§$ nmZ§Va _wbm§Mo ñWbm§Va dmKmobre¡j{UH$ H|$ ÐmV hmoVmZm

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Oå_w-H$ mpí_a àemgZm~amo~a MMm©, nwZd©gZmMr V`mard emim~m§YUrMr nyV©Vm

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A§X_mZ {ZH$ mo~ma_Yrb ËgwZm_rZ§VaMo _XVH$ m`©à_wI Am`moOH$ "lr. à\w$ ëb nmaI'

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_m. M§ÐeoIa `m§Mr bmVya ^yH§$ nJ«ñV _XVH|$ Ðmg ^oQ>

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bmVya ^yH§$ nmZ§Va AmnÎmrJ«ñV _wbm§Mo dmKmobr e¡j{UH$nwZd©gZ H|$ ÐmV AmJ_Z

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lr. em§Vrbmb _mÝ`dam§er MMm© d 3 ímmim§Mo hñVm§VaU_wÏWm 68 H$ aVmZm

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