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PLUG-INS UNPLUGGED Christian Rokitta Berlin 2016

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Page 1: Plugins unplugged

PLUG-INS UNPLUGGEDChristian Rokitta

Berlin 2016

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Content

what context structure details exercise

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APEX Versions vs Plug-in Features

5

4

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APEX Page States

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APEX Page States

Generate HTMLTemplates, Definitions

Resources

CSS, JS, Images

Dynamic Actions

Inline JSAJAX Calls (DB)

Submitting Form

Validating

Processing

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Reasons for Using APEX

declarative: hiding complexity behind properties; especially HTML, CSS and JavaScript

catalogue of build-in components

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Limitations

common components

evolving standards

evolving browser/device capabilities

users expectations

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APEX is an Extensible Framework

Add additional declarative

functionality

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Plug-in Types

Item

Region

Dynamic Action

Process

Authentication

Authorization

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Plug-in Types vs Page States

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Item Type Plug-in

validations

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Region Type Plug-in

static vs dynamic

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Dynamic Action Type Plug-in

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Process Type Plug-in

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Authorization Type Plug-in

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Authentication Type Plug-in

Authentication schemes are used to determine ifthe user can access the application. As such it is

not run on a page or component level.

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When to use Plug-ins

not possible with standard declarative APEX

hiding complexity

reusability (application, instance, public)

maintainability

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Skills to build APEX Plug-ins

SQLPL/SQL

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Declarative vs Extended Skills

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Ideal APEX Team

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Inspiration

write your own

cut-n-paste code

libraries/jQuery Plug-ins

Lots of well-know public available APEX plug-ins are based on existing JS/jQ solutions

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https://select2.github.io/

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Inspiration

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jQuery Plug-in Wishlist

• JS/CSS files/library

• Doc, HTML Example, how-to, …

• Options (Configuration)

• Methods (API)

• Events

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http://felicegattuso.com/projects/timedropper/

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$('#id').timeDropper({mousewheel:true,meridians:true,init_animation:'dropdown',setCurrentTime:false});

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Common Plug-in StructurePlugin PL/SQL function signature• render• AJAX-callback

PL/SQL Types• configuration• state• parameter passing

APEX PL/SQL API helper• include JS and CSS files• …

APEX JavaScript API• initiate AJAX calls• …

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Render Function

function <name of function> (

p_<type> in apex_plugin.t_<type>

, p_plugin in apex_plugin.t_plugin

[, p_...]

) return apex_plugin.t_<type>_render_result

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apex_plugin.t_<type>

type t_<type> is record (

<param n>

, <param n>

, attribute_01 varchar2(32767)

, attribute_NN varchar2(32767)

);

std. declarative attributes

additional plug-in specific attributes(page component)

APEX Version dependencies

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apex_plugin.t_plugin

type t_plugin is record (

name varchar2(45),

file_prefix varchar2(4000),

attribute_01 varchar2(32767),

… ,

attribute_15 varchar2(32767) );

APEX 4 max 10 attr.

additional plug-in specific attributes

application level(Component Settings)

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Item Type Render Function

function <name of function> (

p_item in apex_plugin.t_item_item

, p_plugin in apex_plugin.t_plugin

, p_value in varchar2

, p_is_readonly in boolean

, p_is_printer_friendly in boolean

) return apex_plugin.t_page_item_render_result

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t_page_itemtype t_page_item is record ( id number

, name varchar2(255)

, label varchar2(4000)

, plain_label varchar2(4000)

, label_id varchar2(255)

, placeholder varchar2(255)

, format_mask varchar2(255)

, is_required boolean

, lov_definition varchar2(4000)

, lov_display_extra boolean

, lov_display_null boolean

, lov_null_text varchar2(255)

, lov_null_value varchar2(255)

, lov_cascade_parent_items varchar2(255)

, ajax_items_to_submit varchar2(255)

, ajax_optimize_refresh boolean

, element_width number

, element_max_length number

, element_height number

, element_css_classes varchar2(255)

, element_attributes varchar2(2000)

, element_option_attributes varchar2(4000)

, escape_output boolean

, attribute_01 varchar2(32767)

, …

, attribute_15 varchar2(32767));

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Coding the Render Function

generate HTML for object

include assets (JS, CSS, …)

generate JS snippets

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Coding the 3 Simple Steps

sys.htp.p('<input type="text" id="'||p_page_item.id||

' name="'||p_page_item.name||'" />');

apex_javascript.add_onload_code (

p_code => '$( "#'||p_page_item.id||'" ).timeDropper();'

,p_key => null );

apex_javascript.add_library (p_name => 'timedropper'

, p_directory => p_plugin.file_prefix

, p_check_to_add_minified => true );

apex_css.add_file (p_name => 'timefropper'

, p_directory => p_plugin.file_prefix );

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Basic Demo Render Functionfunction render_timedropper(p_item in apex_plugin.t_page_item

, p_plugin in apex_plugin.t_plugin

, p_value in varchar2

, p_is_readonly in boolean

, p_is_printer_friendly in boolean)

return apex_plugin.t_page_item_render_result

is

v_result apex_plugin.t_page_item_render_result;

begin

apex_javascript.add_library(p_name => 'timedropper‘

, p_directory => p_plugin.file_prefix, p_check_to_add_minified => true);

apex_css.add_file(p_name => 'timefropper', p_directory => p_plugin.file_prefix);

sys.htp.p('<input type="text" id="' || p_page_item.id || '" name="' || p_page_item || '" />');

apex_javascript.add_onload_code(p_code => '$( "#' || p_page_item.id || '" ).timeDropper();', p_key => null);

return v_result;

end;

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Beyond Basic Render Function

item (component) std. attributes

validation (for item type plugin)

AJAX Callback

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Page Item Type Validation Callback

type t_page_item_validation_result is record(

message varchar2(32767)

, display_location varchar2(40)

, page_item_name varchar2(255)

);

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Plug-in AJAX Callback

function <name of function> (

p_<type> in apex_plugin.t_<type>,

p_plugin in apex_plugin.t_plugin )

return apex_plugin.t_<type>_ajax_result

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Callin the AJAX Callback

apex.server.plugin ( pAjaxIdentifier, { /*apex_plugin.get_ajax_identifier*/

x01-10: "...",

pageItems: "#P1_DEPTNO,#P1_EMPNO"

}, {

refreshObject: "#P1_MY_LIST",

loadingIndicator: "#P1_MY_LIST",

success: function( pData ) { ... do something ... },

any jQuery.ajax option,

});

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sponsered demo

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Q&A

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