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  • C H E T T A R A N O W S K I P H . D . C E A P .

    FLOURISHING: A BRIEF UPDATE

    ON THE SCIENCE OF HAPPINESS

    NIEAPA February, 2015

  • Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • WHO AM I?

    • Former EAP Manager at Aon Corporation • Virtual Instructor/Field Work Liaison at the University

    of Southern California • Social Work in Business Concentration

    • Ph.D. University of Illinois at Chicago • Presenter on topics related to:

    • Engagement at work • Well-being • Positive Leadership

    • Certification Commission for Employee Assistance Professionals

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • http://sowkweb.usc.edu/master-social-work/msw-degree/concentrations/social-work-and-business-in-a-global-society

    5

  • TOPICS FOR TODAY

    • What does it take to be happy? • At home • In your work

    • How do you increase your flourishing? • Positive Emotions • Engagement • Relationships • Meaning • Accomplishments

    • Where can I learn more?

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • WHAT DOES THIS MEAN TO ME?

    AM I FLOURISH ING?

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • AFFECTIVE PREDICTION

    • The things that we believe will have an extreme emotional consequence almost never do. • Good things aren’t as good. • Bad things aren’t as bad

    Timothy Wilson and Daniel Gilbert.

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • HOW HAPPY ARE YOU TODAY?

    PLEASURE AND PURPOSE

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • WHO ARE THE EXPERTS?

    SUBJECT IVE WELL BE ING

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • THE FATHERS OF POSITIVE PSYCH.

    Martin Seligman Edward Diener Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • SUPERSTARS

    Barbara Fredrickson

    Robert Biswas-Diener

    Sonja Lyubomirsky

    Michael Frisch

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • M O R E A N D M O R E

    IS THERE CONTROVERSY IN THIS FIELD?

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • MEASUREMENT METR ICS OF WELL -BE ING

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

    10. Extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic) 9. Very happy (feeling really good, elated) 8. Pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good) 7. Mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful) 6. Slightly happy (just a bit above normal) 5. Neutral (not particularly happy or unhappy) 4. Slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral) 3. Mildly unhappy (just a bit low) 2. Pretty unhappy (somewhat blue, spirits down) 1. Very unhappy (depressed, spirits very low) 0. Extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down)

    • The percent of time I feel happy _____ • The percent of time I feel unhappy _____ • The percent of time I feel neutral _____

    CHECK ONE STATEMENT BELOW THAT BEST DESCRIBES YOUR AVERAGE HAPPINESS

  • http://internal.psychology.illinois.edu/~ediener/Documents/FS.pdf

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • Diener, E., Wirtz, D., Tov, W., Kim-Prieto, C., Choi, DW., Oishi, S., & Biswas-Diener, R. (2010). New well-being measures: Short scales to assess flourishing and positive and negative feelings. Social Indicator Research, 97, 143-156.

    Flourishing Scale

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • SOCIOLOGICAL THE MACRO LEVEL

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • The highest Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • The lowest scores

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • Gallup Healthways http://info.healthways.com/wellbeingindex

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • OTHER DEMOGRAPHICS MICRO INFLUENCES

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • WHO ARE THESE HAPPY PEOPLE?

    • Wealthier • Are younger or older • Are healthier • Have lots of social contact • Are married or cohabiting • Are more educated (but skip the PhD) • Have a job • Commute a short distance to work • You are religious; it doesn’t matter which religion

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • WEALTH AND HAPPINESS I T HELPS TO HAVE MONEY – BUT ONLY TO A DEGREE

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • AGE AND HAPPINESS

    U Shaped Distribution

    Middle Age 40 - 50

    Young adult

    Later adulthood

    Dolan Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • BIOLOGY? GENET ICS AND HAPP INESS

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • GENETICS

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO FLOURISH?

    DEF IN I T IONS

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVE

    Happiness is: Pleasure + Purpose

    over time Paul Dolan

    The Pleasure Purpose Principle

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • THE PLEASURE PURPOSE PRINCIPLE DOLAN

    Pleasure Purpose Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • P.E.R.M.A.

    • Positive emotion • Engagement • Relationships • Meaning • Achievement

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • POSITIVE EMOTIONS

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • BARBARA FREDRICKSON PH.D.

    • University of North Carolina • Positive emotions:

    “Broaden & Build”

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • POSITIVE EMOTIONS

    1. Joy 2. Gratitude 3. Serenity 4. Interest 5. Hope

    6. Pride 7. Amusement 8. Inspiration 9. Awe 10. Love.

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • BAD IS STRONGER THAN GOOD

    vs

    Devil Angel

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • Intentionally create opportunities for positive emotions

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • ENGAGEMENT ABSORBING WORK

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • WHAT IS ENGAGEMENT?

    • A positive, fulfilling, work-related state of mind that is characterized by: • vigor, • dedication, and • absorption.

    • Engagement is about passion and commitment, the willingness to invest oneself and expend discretionary effort to help an employer succeed.

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • VIGOR

    • High levels of energy • Mental resilience while working, • The willingness to invest effort in one’s work • Persistence even in the face of difficulties

    41Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • DEDICATION

    • Experiencing a sense of significance, • Enthusiasm, • Inspiration, • Pride, • Challenge

    42Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • ABSORPTION

    • Have similarities to “Flow” • Engrossed in one’s work, • Whereby time passes quickly

    43Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • MIHALY CSIKSZENTMIHALYI

    From Transylvania.

    Studied at University of Chicago and later on the faculty.

    Interested in optimal experiences.

    Also did work on creativity.

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • FLOW 1. Task is challenging & requires skill 2. Concentration 3. Clear goals 4. Immediate feedback 5. Deep effortless involvement 6. Sense of control 7. Sense of self vanishes 8. Time stops

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • OBSTACLES TO FLOW

    • Our culture endorses pleasure over enjoyment.

    • We make a mistake in believing that effort is too hard and thus inferior to hedonistic pleasure.

    • Error of our civilization is pursuit of materialism, • VS quest for happiness or flow.

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • GALLUP: EMPLOYEE ENGAGEMENT

    1. I am doing something I am good at 2. I have all the things I need to do my job 3. I know what I should be doing 4. Every week someone says something good about my work 5. People care about me at work 7. I have a mentor 8. People listen to my opinions 9. I understand how my job is related to company goals 10. The people around me want to do a good job too. 11. I have a good friend at work 12. I get respectful feedback at work 13. There are opportunities to further my career.

    47Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • PSYCHOLOGICAL CAPITAL

    Fred Luthans Ph.D.

    University of Nebraska-Lincoln

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  • STRENGTHS IN THE WORKPLACE

    •Self Efficacy •Optimism •Hope •Resiliency

    Luthans, Youssef, Avolio. Psychological Capital. Oxford. (2003)

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  • RELATIONSHIPS

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  • SOCIAL SUPPORT

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • MEANING US ING STRENGTHS

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  • VIA - 6 CORE VALUES 1. Wisdom and knowledge 2. Courage 3. Love and humanity 4. Justice 5. Temperance 6. Spirituality and

    transcendence

    Chet Taranowski Ph.D.

  • VALUES IN ACTION

    Wisdom • Creativity • Curiosity • Open-mindedness • Love of learning • Perspective • Spirituality

    Courage • Bravery • Persistence • Integrity • Vitality

    Love/Humanity • Love • Kindness • Social Intelligence

    Justice • Citizenship • Fairness • Leadership

    Temperance • Forgiveness • Humility • Prudence • Self regulation

    Transcendence • Appreciation of beauty • Gratitude • Hope • Humor • Spirituality