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OKUTEEKATEEKA ABASUMBA MU NSI YONNA

ENZIVVUUNULA YA BAIBULI

kyawandiikibwa

Jonathan M. Menn

B.A., University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1974

J.D., Kolnell Law School, 1977

M.Div., Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, 2007

Equipping Pastors International

714 S. Summit St., Appleton, WI 54914

(920) 734-0709

[email protected]

www.equippingpastors.com

January 2008;

revised July 2008;

revised September 2008;

revised November 2008;

revised August 2009;

revised December 2009;

revised November 2010.

Enyinyonnyola namakulu gennono zokutegeera nokuvvuunula obulungi Baibuli mu mazima. Mu kitabo kino ojja kusangamu kiki Baibuli kyeri, ennono zokuvvuunula Baibuli, enyinyonnyola zebika byebiwandiiko ebikulu mu Baibuli, ennono zokuvvuunula nokwekenneenya awamu nokunyonnyola ebiwandiiko, nokutunuulira engeri yokuteekesa ebiwandiiko bya Baibuli mu nkola olwaleero. Ebyokulabirako ebyennono zokuvvuunula ebiwandiiko nokubiteekesa mu nkola biweereddwa mu kutwaliza awamu.

Kyavvuunulwa Omusumba Elkanah Munduni

+256-782-728-001

[email protected]

Copyright by Jonathan Menn and Equipping Pastors International 2008-2010. All rights reserved.

EBIRIMU

I. Baibuli nObwetaavu obwOkuvvuunula. ......3

A. Baibuli entukuvu kwe kubikkulirwa kwa Katonda okwenjawulo eri omuntu.......................................3

B. Endowooza yomuntu ku Baibuli eraga endowooza ye ku Kristo............................................................3

C. Ebintu bingi byetaaga ennono okusobola okutegeera obulungi Baibuli nokugivvuunula.......3

II. Amakulu, Ebyetaago, nEbigendererwa ebyOkuvvuunula Baibuli...........4

A. Ekikula nAmakulu...........4

B. Enkolagana wakati wekikula namakulu mu kuvvuunula Baibuli........................................................4

C. Enzivvuunula ya Baibuli eya kigambo ku kigambo nekozesa ebigambo ebikola

amakulu ge gamu...........................................................................................................................5

D. Ennono zOkuvvuunula nOkwekenneenya awamu nOkunyonnyola Baibuli......................................5

E. Ekigendererwa ekyokutegeera Baibuli kwe kugondera obuyinza bwayo nokukola kyegamba..........6

III. Ennono zOkuvvuunula Ezawamu ku lwOkutegeera Baibuli..........................................................6

A. Baibuli ku bwayo bwe buyinza obusembayo obwokukkiriza nobulamu................................................6

B. Baibuli yevvuunula yokka.........................................................................................................................6

C. Omulamwa gwekitundu kyekisumuluzo mu kuvvuunula nokutegeera ekitundu kya Baibuli............6

D. Okunyonnyola nokulagira.......................................................................................................................12

E. Okuvvuunula kulina kukwatagana nebigambo ebyakozesebwa nekikula kyekitundu......................13

F. Ennono eziri waggulu ziraga omugaso gwokumanya obulungi Ebyawandiikibwa..........14

IV. Ebika byEbiwandiiko ebiri mu Baibuli...............................................................................................14

A. Ebyafaayo..................................................................................................................................................14

B. Ebitontome.................................................................................................................................................16

C. Ebiwandiiko ebyAmagezi.........................................................................................................................17

D. Obunabbi nObulaguzi..............................................................................................................................18

E. Engero nenjogera eyebifaananyi............................................................................................................26

F. Ebbaluwa....................................................................................................................................................28

V. Ennono zOkwekenneenya Ebiwandiiko bya Baibuli...........................................................................29

A. Ebyokulowoozaako ebisookerwako mu kutandika okunyonnyola nokuvvuunula...............................29

B. Okwekenneenya nokutegeera awamu nokunyonnyola ekitundu okutuufu mu Baibuli

byesigamizibwa ku bintu bisatuokwetegereza; okunyonnyola; nokuteekesa mu nkola............29

C. Tegeera omulamwa gwekitundu..............................................................................................................30

D. Teeka ekitabo, ekitundu, nekyawandiikibwa kyokutte mu bufunze......32

E. Soma nga bwe weebuuza............................................................................................................................33

F. Weetegereze ebyafaayo nobuwangwa.......................................................................................................33

G. Weetegereze obuwandiike..................................................................................................................33

H. Weetegereze ebigambo nenkozesa yaabyo mu kwogera..........................................................................36

VI. Amakulu gEbigambo nEbifaananyi ebyEnjogera............................................................................39

A. Nyonnyola ebigambo okusinziira ku kiseera kyabyo nomulamwa gwekitundu kyokutte...................39

B. Nyonnyola ebigambo okusinziira ku kikula kyenjogera mwe byakozesebwa nekifaananyi

kyenjogera.....40

VII. Enteekesa yEbiwandiiko mu Nkola....................................................................................................44

A. Okuteekesa ebiwandiiko mu nkola ku bwakwo kukwatagana nokutegeera Baibuli.............................44

B. Okuteekesa ebiwandiiko mu nkola kuva mu kiluubirirwa ekyokufaanana Kristo................................44

C. Okuteekesa ebiwandiiko mu nkola okulungi kukwatagana nennono zokwekenneenya

nokuvvuunula ennungi....................................................................................................................45

D. Okuteekesa ebiwandiiko mu nkola okubi kukwatagana nennono zokwekenneenya

nokuvvuunula embi............................................................................................................. ...........45

E. Waliwo eddibu lyomutindo ogwekyo ekikwatibwako kyennyini nensonga eriwo wakati

wensonga Baibuli zeyogerako nensonga eziyinza okulowoozebwako, kubanga Baibuli tekola

butereevu naddala ku buli nsonga erowoozebwako....46

F. Waliwo olukonko olwobuwangwa wakati wobuwangwa obwa Baibuliomuli amateeka

nebiragiro ebisinziira ku buwangwanobuwangwa obwenjawulo nembeera bye

tulimu olwaleero..47

G. Ebintu ebituyamba okumanya biwandiiko ki ebya Baibuli bya buwangwa, oba ebiriko

ekkomo, nebitali bya buwangwa.....................................................................................................49

H. Ebyennono, enjigiriza, nebyokulabirako ebiri mu Baibuli.............54

I. Amateeka, nebiragiro by Baibuli..............55

J. Emitendera etaano mu kutinda enkonko eziri wakati wensonga nobuwangwa amateeka

nebiragiro bya Baibuli bwe biba nga BIYINZA okuteekesebwa mu nkola mu ngeri

yokufaanaganya embeera mu mbeera za leero .........58

K. Ennono yokuvvuunula Baibuli eyomugendo omununuzi/omwoyo omununuzi olwokutinda

olukonko wakati wensonga nobuwangwa amateeka nebiragiro bya Baibuli bwe biba nga

TEBIYINZA kuteekesebwa mu nkola mu ngeri yokufaanaganya embeera kubanga tebyali

biragiro bya Katonda ebyenkomerero oba ebisinga obulungi ku lwobuwangwa nabantu

bonna ...............................................................................................................................................60

EBITABO EBYEYAMBISIBBWA....65

EBYOKWONGERAKO A: Gregory Koukl, Tosomanga Lunyiriri lwa Baibuli Lumu Lwokka..67

EBYOKWONGERAKO B: J. Daniel Hays, Okuteekesa mu nkola Amateeka gEndagaano

Enkadde Olwaleero... ..71

ENZIVVUUNULA YA BAIBULI

I. Baibuli nObwetaavu obwOkuvvuunula.

A. Baibuli entukuvu kwe kubikkulirwa kwa Katonda okwenjawulo eri omuntu.

1. Abawandiisi bEbyawandiikibwa bajulira nti Baibuli kwe kubikkulirwa kwa Katonda okwenjawulo kwe boogedde era kwe bawandiise (laba, Kuv 17:14; 20:1; 24:4, 7; 34:27; Nek 9:13-14; Yer 1:4, 9; Luk 3:2-4; 1 Kol 7:10; 11:23; 1 Bas 2:2-9; 2 Tim 3:16-17; 2 Peet 1:20-21; 3:14-16).

2. Olukiiko olwensi yonna olwayogera ku kya Baibuli obutabaamu ensobi (ICBI) mu bigambo byalwo ebyayogerwa e Chicago (1978), luteeka mu bufunze ekikula kya Baibuli bwe luti:

1. Katonda, ye Kennyini Amazima era ayogera amazima gokka, yalungamya Ebyawandiikibwa Ebitukuvu okusobola okwebikkula eri omuntu eyabula okuyita mu Yesu Kristo ngOmutonzi era Mukama, Omununuzi era Omulamuzi. Ebyawandiikibwa Ebitukuvu bwe bujulizi bwa Katonda ku ye Kennyini. . . .

2. Ebyawandiikibwa Ebitukuvu, Ekigambo kya Katonda kyennyini, ekyawandiikibwa abantu abaateekebwateekebwa ne balabirirwa Omwoyo We, kirina obuyinza bwa Katonda obutalemererwa mu nsonga zonna ze kikwatako: kirina okukkirizibwa, ngekiragiro kya Katonda, mu byonna bye kiteekako essira: okugonderwa, ngekiragiro kya Katonda, mu byonna bye kitwetaagisa; okwanirizibwa, ngokweyama kwa Katonda, mu byonna bye kisuubiza. . . .

4. Kubanga mu bulamba bwabyo ne mu bigambo byabyo byatuweebwa Katonda, Ebyawandiikibwa tebiriimu nsobi oba ekikyamu mu njigiriza zaabyo, newakubadde mu ebyo bye byogera ku bikolwa bya Katonda mu kutonda, ku byafaayo byensi, ne ku nsibuko yaabyo mu Katonda, ne mu kujulira ekisa kya Katonda ekirokola mu bulamu bwa buli sekinnomu.

B. Endowooza yomuntu ku Baibuli eraga endowooza ye ku Kristo.

Obutakkiriza Baibuli bwe butakkiriza Kristo. Okulemwa okutegeera obulungi Baibuli kwe kulemwa okutegeera obulungi Kristo.

1. Kristo yennyini yakkiriza Ebyawandiikibwa byonna (Yok 10:35). Yakkiririza nti ebyafaayo mu Ndagaano Enkadde nabantu aboogerwako mu ndagaano eyo ddala byaliwo era si ngero njiiye (Mat 12:39-41; 19:45; 24:37; 24:37-39; Luk 10:12; Yok 3:14). Yakkiririza mu byamagero byEndagaao Enkadde (Mat 12:39-40; Luk 4:25-27; Yok 6:49). Yayigiriza nti obulaguzi obuli mu Ndagaano Enkadde ddala bwava wa Katonda (Mat 24:15; Luk 24:25-27, 4445; Yok 5: 39).

2. Yesu yayogera ku Baibuli nga ekitabo ekirina obuyinza (Mat 4:1-11; Luk 4:113; Yok 17:17). Yakakasa nti Baibuli yalungamizibwa okutuukira ddala ku buli kigambo nebiseera ebigambo ebyo bye byayogerwamu (Mat 5:1719; 22:3132, 43 45; Luk 16:17). Yakakasa nti Katonda ye yayogera okuyita mu bantu (Mat 22:43; 24:15); mu kiseera kye kimu yayawula Baibuli okuva ku bulombolombo bwabantu (Mat 15:6; Yok 5:4647).

3. Yagamba nti buli kigambo ye kennyini kye yayogera kyali kigambo kya Katonda (Yok 8:28-29; 12:44-50). Yagamba nti Baibuli eteekwa okutuukirizibwa mu ye yennyini (Mat 5:17; 26:56; Luk 4:21; 22:37).

4. Yavumirira okulemwa kwabantu okutegeera Baibuli (Mat 22:29; Luk 24:25; Yok 3:10).

C. Ebintu bingi byetaaga ennono okusobola okutegeera obulungi Baibuli nokugivvuunula.

Baibuli kwe kubikkulirwa kwa Katonda eri omuntu, era yagendererwa okutegeerwa ffe. Naye, waliwo ensonga nyingi lwaki twetaaga ennono entuufu okutuyamba okutegeera obulungi nokuvvuunula ekyo Baibuli kyetugamba. Ensonga ezo zirimu bino wammanga:

1. Baibuli erimu amazima ga Katonda eri ebirowoozo byabantu. Katonda ataliiko ekkomo ayogera eri abantu abaliko ekkomo. Yasalawo okukozesa kumpi abawandiisi 40 abaawandiikira mu bbanga lya myaka kumpi 1300-1500 (okuva kumpi mu 1400-1200 nga Kristo tannazaalibwa okutuuka mu myaka gya 70 oba 95 oluvannyuma lwa Kristo okuzaalibwa). Mu kwebikkula eri omuntu, Katonda yakozesa ennimi zabantu. Nolwekyo, twetaaga okutegeera enkozesa yennimi ezo.

2. Ekibi kyomuntu, omuli amaanyi gekibi ekibeera mu bakkiriza, kyazikiriza ne kyonoona ebirowoozo byabantu nokutegeera kwabwe (laba, Lub 5:1-3; Zab 51:5; Yok 8:31-34; Bar 3:9-18; 6:6, 20-21; 7:14-25; Bef 2:1-3; Tit 3:3; 2 Peet 2:18-19).

3. Waliwo olukonko lwobuwangwa wakati wabantu nebintu ebyawandiikibwa mu Baibuli nobuwangwa obungi obuli mu nsi olwaleero. Obulombolombo bungi, empisa, ennono zabantu, ebikolwa ebyeddiini, ebiwummulo, nemikolo emirala byali ebifo ebyokukunganirwamu era byategeerwanga bulungi abantu abaawandiikirwa Baibuli. Naye, ebintu ebyo byawufu nnyo okuva ku byabantu aba leero era tebitegeerekeka.

4. Waliwo olukonko lwebyafaayo wakati wabantu be tusanga mu Baibuli nebintu ebyaliwo mu biseera byabwe nabantu abaliwo olwaleero. Ebyawandiikibwa ebikwata ku byafaayo, enteekateeka zabantu, abantu bennyini, entalo, ebyobufuzi, ebyenfuna, nebirala byategeerwanga bulungi abantu abaawandiikirwa Baibuli. Naye, byawufu nnyo okuva ku byabantu aba leero era tebitegeerekeka.

5. Waliwo olukonko lwekikula kyensi wakati webifo bye tusomako mu Baibuli nebyaliwo mu biseera ebyo nabantu abasinga abasoma Baibuli olwaleero. Okukyalira ebifo bye tusomako mu Baibuli kuyinza okuyamba okutegeera kwaffe. Naye, ebibuga bingi nebifo ebirala bingi bye tusomako mu Baibuli tebikyaliwo oba tebikyali nga bwe byali mu biseera byokuwandiika Baibuli.

6. Waliwo olukonko lwennimi wakati wennimi Baibuli ze yawandiikibwamu nezaffe aba leero. Endagaano Enkadde yasooka okuwandiikibwa mu Luebbulaniya (ebitundu ebimu mu Luramaiki); Endagaano Empya yasooka kuwandiikibwa mu Luyonaani (ebitundu ebimu mu Luramaiki). Ennimi ezo zigenze zikyuka okusinziira ngemirembe bwe gizze gikyuka. Zirimu ebigambo, enjogera, enjatula yebigambo, nebirala ebitategeeza kye bitegeeza mu Luganda oba ennimi endala eza leero.

7. Waliwo olukonko wakati wobuwandiike obwa Baibuli nobuwandiike obwa leero. Abawandiisi ba Baibuli baakozesanga ebika, nebifaananyi ebyenjogera, enjogera, nengeri eyokuwandiika eyali emanyiddwa obulungi mu buwangwa bwabwe. Ebimu ku bintu ebyo ebikwata ku kuwandiika tebifaanana enjogera nengeri eyaffe eyokuwandiika.

II. Amakulu, Ebyetaago, nEbigendererwa ebyOkuvvuunula Baibuli.

A. Ekikula nAmakulu.

1. Eddaala lyekikula kyolulimi (erimanyiddwa nga ekikula ekyokungulu) likwata ku nkozesa yebigambo (enzimba yebigambo, ebigambo, nobuwayiro) nenteekateeka yebigambo mu boozi.

2. Eddaala eryamakulu mu lulimi (erimanyiddwa nga enzimba eyomunda) bwe bubaka obukulu ekikula ekyo ekyobuwandiike bwe kiwa. Enzivvuunula ya Baibuli oluvannyuma lwa byonna ekwata ku kutegeera amakulu gekyo Baibuli kyegamba. Naye amakulu ago gasinziira ku kikula kyobuwandiike.

B. Enkolagana wakati wekikula namakulu mu kuvvuunula Baibuli.

Mu kusalawo ku makulu gekyawandiikibwa ekiri Baibuli, tulina okulowooza ku bintu bisatu:

1. Omuwandiisi. Okutegeera obulungi Baibulioba ekiwandiiko kyonna ekyomugaso oba omulimu gwonna ogukwata ku kuwandiikaekibuuzo ekisooka kye tuteekwa okwebuuza kiri nti: Kiki omuwandiisi kye yategeeza bwe yawandiika ekitundu kino? Kino Geisler akyanukula bwati: Ekyo ekitundu kye kitegeeza kisalwawo omuwandiisi era tekyalekerwa abasomi okwesalirawo. Kino tekitegeeza nti okubikkulirwa okulala ku mulamwa oguba guliwo tekuyinza kuyamba omuntu okutuuka ku kutegeera okujjuvu, naye nti amakulu gekiwandiiko tegalina kukyusibwa olwamazima agabikkuliddwa oluvannyuma. Amakulu tegalina kukyusibwa kubanga waliwo ekkomo eryateekebwawo okusinziira ku makulu omuwandiisi ge yalaga mu kikula kyolulimi lwe nobuwangwa bwe. Amakulu gaweebwa omuwandiisi; gazuulibwa abasomi. (ICBI 1982: Art. VII)

2. Abaasooka okusoma ebigambo ebyo. Katonda yayogera eri abantu abaaliwo ddala abaalina embeera gye baalimu. Okwogera okwo kwajja mu lulimi lwabwe, nga omuwandiisi akozesa ebigambo bye baali bamanyi, era nga biwandiikibwa mu ngeri eyokuwandiika gye baali bamanyidde (Wolvaardt 2005: 19). Kubanga ebitabo bya Baibuli byasooka kuweebwa abantu abaali bamanyiddwa era abaali mu mbeera eyali emanyiddwa, tuteekwa okwebuuza: Ekiwandiiko kino kyategeeza ki eri abantu abaasooka okukifuna?

3. Ekiwandiiko kyennyini. Okusukka ku muwandiisi nabasomi, waliwo obuvunanyizibwa obusinga okusalawo ekiwandiiko kye butuukiriza nga omukakasa wamakulu (Ryken 2002: 116). Ensonga eri nti, Abawandiisi ba Baibuli tetubalina wano naffe okutunyonnyola kiki ddala kye baategeeza mu buli kitundu kyebyawandiikibwa. Nabasomi abaasooka okufuna ebintu ebyo tebaliiwo okutunyonnyola kiki ddala kye baategeera mu buli kitundu. Nolwekyo, tukakibwa okukkiriza ekiwandiiko ekiriwo nga ekyo kyennyini omuwandiisi kye yagenderera okutegeeza era nga omusomi eyasooka okukifuna kye yategeera. (Wolvaardt 2005: 47). Kale, abakolokosi bebiwandiiko batulabudde mu ngeri eyamagezi ku bulimba obugenderere, ensobi eyokulowooza nti omuwandiisi yategeeza kintu kirala ekitali ekyo kye yawandiika (Caird 1980: 61).

4. Obufunze.

a. Amakulu agaategeezebwa mu buli kiwandiiko kya Baibuli gali gamu, galiko ekkomo, era gaakakasibwa ne ganywezebwa.

b. Obuyinza bwokka obutuufu obufuga amakulu mu kiwandiiko ge makulu gekiwandiiko ekyo mu mwaliro gwakyo ogwasooka.

c. Amakulu gekitundu kya Baibuli kyonna geesigamizibwa ku kikula kyakyo.

C. Enzivvuunula za Baibuli ezikozesa amakulu gebigambo aga bulijjo nezikozesa ebigambo ebirina amakulu ge gamu.

Kubanga ekiwandiiko kye tusookerako mu kunoonya amakulu, ekika kyenzivvuunula ya Baibuli gye tukozesa kirina enjawulo nnene nnyo gye kikola. Waliwo ebirowoozo bibiri ebikulu ku nzivvuunula ya Baibuli: (1) enzivvuunula ezikozesa ebigambo nga bwe biri katugambe nga ekozesebwa mu Baibuli ezOlungereza nga NASB, ESV, NKJV, ne RSV; nenzivvuunula (2) ezikozesa ebigambo ebirina amakulu ge gamu katugambe nga ezikozesebwa mu Baibuli ezOlungereza eza NIV, NRSV, Good News Bible, New Living Translation, ne Contemporary English Version.

1. Ebirowoozo ebiri emabega wenzivvuunula za Baibuli (Ryken 2002: 85-91).

a. Enzivvuunula ezikozesa amakulu aga bulijjo zitunuulira eddaala lyekikula kyekiwandiiko kya Baibuli. Okusookera ddala zikola enzivvuunula yolulimi (kwe kugamba, zisalawo ku bigambo ki [ebyOlungereza] ebisinga okutegeeza ebyOluebbulaniya nebyOluyonaani ebiri mu biwandiiko bya Baibuli ebyasooka).

b. Enzivvuunula ezikozesa ebigambo ebirina amakulu ge gamu nazo zikola ku kikula naye nga zitunuulira eddaala erya ekirowoozo oba amakulu. Zeetaba mu nzivvuunula yomulamwa gwekiwandiiko (kwe kugamba, enzivvuunula zamakulu gebigambo ebyasooka okukozesebwa ezikwatagana ne Katonda). Ekivaamu yenkozesa nentegeka yebigambo ebitafaanana ebyOluebbulaniya nebyOluyonaani ebyakozesebwa, newakubadde omuntu tayinza kumanya wa okuzibira we kwakolebwa. Ekivaamu, abakola ku kutereeza ebiwandiiko abebigambo ebirina amakulu ge gamu bakoledde omusomi enzivvuunula za Baibuli, newakubadde omusomi tajja kumanya wa ekyo we kiri. Enzivvuunula eya NIV ne NRSV zisinga okukuuma ebigambo awatali kukyusaamu (kwe kugamba, ziri kumpi nenzivvuunula etwala amakulu gebigambo aga bulijjo) okusinga Baibuli eya Yerusaalemi oba eyAmawulire Amalungi.

c. Enzivvuunula ekozesa ebigambo ebirala. Ku nkomerero yenzivvuunula eyebigambo ebirina amakulu ge gamu (kwe kugamba, ewala okuva ku ntegeera yebigambo eya bulijjo) waliyo enzivvuunula ekozesa ebigambo ebirala, katugambe nga Baibuli Ennamu. Enzivvuunula ekozesa ebigambo ebirala evvuunula ngekozesa ebigambo ebirina amakulu ge gamu naye oluusi egenda mu maaso ne mu kukola olutindo wakati wobuwangwa bwaffe nobwabantu be tusanga mu Baibuli (Wolvaardt 2005: 54). Kale, omusomi afunamu enzivvuunula ezikwatagana ne Katonda okuva eri omuvvuunuzi (era bwe kirina okulabibwa) (Ibid.). Enzivvuunula ngezo ziyinza okutuyamba okutegeera amakulu gekiwandiiko kya Baibuli, naye tuteekwa okwegendereza, era ziteekwa okugeraageranyizibwa nenzivvuunula ezitwala amakulu gebigambo aga bulijjo omuntu bwaba asobola okuzifuna.

2. Ebizibu ebiyinza okubeera mu nzivvuunula ezikozesa ebigambo ebirina amakulu ge gamu. Enzivvuunula ezikozesa ebigambo ebirina amakulu ge gamu zonna zikkaatiriza ekyokubeera ennyangu okusoma okusinga ebigambo omuwandiisi bye yakozesa byennyini. Nolwekyo, bakyusa ebiwandiiko ebyasooka okukozesebwa mu ngeri omuntu nomu gyataaliyinzizza kugumiikiriza singa kyali kikoleddwa mu kitabo ekirimu ebintu ebiyiiye oba omuzannyo. Batera okwewala ebigambo bingi ebyomugaso ebikwata ku Katonda omuwandiisi bye yakozesa. Kale, enzivvuunula ya Baibuli entuufu eyinza okubeera enzibunaddala mu kutegeera enjawulo mu makulu gebigambo enzibu okulaba nobutategeerekeka bwebigambo ebyo, okulaba emiramwa emikulu egyesigamizibwa ku bigambo ebimu, ebigambo ebitalina makulu majjuvu awamu nendowooza ezimanyiddwa, nokugeraageranya ebitundu ebyenjawuloomuntu bwakozesa enzivvuunula ekozesa ebigambo ebirina amakulu ge gamu mu kifo kyetwala amakulu gebigambo aga bulijjo. Enzivvuunula ennungi eya Baibuli eyinza okusinziira ku ekyo omuwandiisi eyasooka mu butuufu kye yayogera (amakulu mu lulimi olwo), mu kifo kyekyo abawandiisi abomulembe guno kye balowooza bali abaasooka kye baategeeza(amakulu okusinziira ku mulamwa) (Ryken 2002: 117, 147).

D. Ennono zOkuvvuunula Ebiwandiiko nOkubyekenneenya.

1. Ennono zOkuvvuunula Ebiwandiiko zennono abantu ze bakozesa okutegeera kiki ekiwandiiko kye kitegeza ne kiki kye kiraga eri obulamu bwaffe.

2. Okwekenneenya nokunyonnyola ekiwandiiko kukozesa ennono ezo nobwegendereza, okusoma ebiwandiiko mu ngeri enteeketeeke okuvumbula amakulu gaabyo agaagendererwa mu kusooka.

3. Ennono zOkuvvuunula awamu nOkwekenneenya Ebiwandiiko nokubinyonnyola bikolagana mu ngeri eno: [Ennono zokuvvuunula ebiwandiiko] zikolagana nokwekenneenya awamu nokunyonnyola ebiwandiiko nga ekitabo ekirimu amateeka gomuzannyo bwe kikolagana nomuzannyo. . . . Amateeka ago si gwe muzannyo, nomuzannyo tegubaamu makulu awatali mateeka ago. Ennono zokuvvuunula ebiwandiiko ku bwazo si kwe kwekenneenya awamu nokunyonnyola ebiwandiiko ebyo, so nga okwekenneenya awamu nokunyonnyola ebiwandiiko zennono zokuvvuunula ebiwandiiko nga ziteekeddwa mu nkola (Ramm 1970: 11).

4. Okwekenneenya Ebiwandiiko nOkubivvuunula kuzza kyennyumannyuma ekintu omuwandiisi kye yakola. Mu kuvvuunula ebiwandiiko tutandika nebigambo ebituli mu maaso ne tukomekkereza nokutegeera kiki kye bitegeeza. Mu butuufu tuba tutambula nga twolekaganye ekkubo omuwandiisi lye yakwata mu kuwandiika ekitundu ekyo. Omuwandiisi yatandika nekyo kye yayagala okutuusa (amakulu) eri abantu nalyoka akiteeka mu bigambo, emboozi, ebigambo ebiri ku nsonga emu, nomugatte gwebyo (Wolvaardt 2005: 46).

E. Ekigendererwa kyokutegeera Baibuli kugondera buyinza bwayo nokukola ekyo kyegamba.

1. Ekigendererwa ekituufu ekyokutegeera nokuvvuunula Baibuli kuteeka ekyo kyegamba mu nkola. Okugondera obuyinza bwa Baibuli nokukola obuwulize eri enjigiriza zaayo byombi byebigendererwa byokutegeera era byebyetaago omuntu byasaana okubeera nabyo olwokutegeera okutuufu (laba, Zab 111:10; 119:98-100; Mat 7:24-27; Luk 6:46-49; Yok 7:16-17; Bar 2:13; 1 Kol 13:2; 1 Tim 1:5; Beb 4:12-13; Yak 1:22-25).

2. Newakubadde mu kusooka Baibuli yawandiikirwa abantu abaali bamanyiddwa abaali mu mbeera zimanyiddwa, yagendererwa okuweereza nga obubaka eri abantu bonna ebiseera byonna (laba Ma 31:9-13; Nek 8:1-8; Yok 17:20; Bar 15:4). Nolwekyo, Osborne anyonnyola enzivvuunula ya Baibuli nga sepulingi eva ku biwandiiko nedda ku mwaliro, eva ku makulu gaabyo agaasooka nedda ku makulu gaabyo mu mwaliro ogwa leero oba amakulu gaabyo eri ekkanisa ya leero (Osborne 1991: 6). Newakubadde buli kitundu kyebyawandiikibwa kirina amakulu oba enzivvuunula emu, kiyinza obutaba na nkozesa esukka ku emu (laba, ICBI 1982: Art. VII). Bwe tumala okuvvuunula ekitundu kyebyawandiikibwa ne tutegeera amakulu gaakyo, kitwetaagisa okubuuza, Ebyawandiikibwa bino binkwatako bitya? Oba, ekisinga okuba ekyomugaso, tuyinza okubuuza, Ebyawandiikibwa bino binjogerako ki?

III. Ennono zOkuvvuunula Ezawamu ku lwOkutegeera Baibuli.

Ennono zokuvvuunula nokuteekesa ebyawandiikibwa mu nkola zino wammanga bulijjo zikola omuntu bwaba asoma nokuvvuunula ekitundu kyebyawandiikibwa kyonna.

A. Baibuli yennyini bwe buyinza obusembayo mu nsonga ezikwatagana nokukkiriza awamu nobulamu.

Kubanga Baibuli kyEkigambo kya Katonda, bwe buyinza obusembayo. Ekkanisa kye kintu kiriwo, ate obulombolombo bwekkanisa, ebyafaayo byekkanisa, abayizi ba Baibuli abebitiibwa, obumanyirivu bwomuntu, nensonga byonna bya mugaso era byetaaga okuwulirizibwa nokuweebwa ekitiibwa. Naye ate, Baibuli yerina obuyinza ku ebyo byonna. Ssinga omuntu, ensonga zawa, obumanyirivu bwe, ebibiina, oba obulombolombo, oba kimu ku ebyo kiba nobuyinza ku Baibuli, kiba kitegeeza nti omuntu yeetutte okubeera waggulu wa Katonda. Eyo yensonga lwaki amateeka amalungi agokuvvuunula nokuteekesa ebyawandiikibwa mu nkola nokubyekenneenya kwa mugaso nnyomu kuvvuunula obulungi Ekigambo kya Katonda mwe tuyinza okutegeera kiki Katonda kyatugamba.

B. Baibuli yeenyonnyola yokka.

Baibuli kyekintu ekirina obumu era ekitubikkulira ebyafaayo byokununulibwa okuyita mu kukkiriza Kristo (laba, Luk 24:27, 44-47; Yok 5:39). Naye ate, okubikkulirwa kwa Katonda kugenda kuvaayo mpola mpolakugenda kwezingulula mpola mpola mu Baibuli yonna. Ennono ezomugaso eziwerako ziva mu mazima ago.

1. Ebyawandiikibwa tebiyinza kukontana byokka na byokka.

a. Baibuli mu bulamba bwayo yeekutte wamu. Nolwekyo, ebitundu byebyawandiikibwa bibiri ebirabika okukontana bijja kuzuulibwa obutakontana ssinga byekenneenyezebwa bulungi. Ekitundu ekimu kiyinza okutangaaza oba okunyonyola ekirala, naye nga tebikontanye.

b. Oluusi amazima abiri oba okusingawo gayinza okuyigirizibwa obulungi mu Baibuli, naye ne galabika okukoonagana. Ekyokulabirako, obwakabaka bwa Katonda nobuvunaanyizibwa bwomuntu bizibu okukwanaganya, naye ate nga byombi Baibuli ebiyigiriza. Mu ngeri ngeyo, jjukira nti Baibuli erimu amazima agava eri Katonda nga gaweebwa omuntu alina okutegeera okuliko ekkomo. Amazima abiri oba okusingawo agayigirizibwa obulungi mu Baibuli bwe galabika ngagakoonagana, jjukira nti olina okutegeera okuliko ekkomo. Totwala wala nnyo enjigiriza, ekintu Katonda kyataakola, mu kugezaako okugiyingiza bulungi mu kutegeera kwo! Leka Katonda ayogere kyayogedde era togezaako kumutereeza oba okumunyonyola. Jjukira, ye Katondaggwe oli muntu buntu. Wewoombeeke mu kukkiriza kwo okkirize ekyo Katonda kyayogedde, ne bwoba nga tokitegeera tokikwanaganyizza nokutegeera kwo mu kaseera ako. (Arthur 1994: 62)

2. Ebyafaayo byobununuzi nokuteesa kwa Katonda kwonna (Bik 20:27) byombi biteekwa okulowoozebwako okusobola okutegeera obulungi ekitundu kyebyawandiikibwa kyonna ekiba kiriwo. Baibuli kye kitundu ekyekutte wamu ekibuulira ekyafaayo kimu ekyekutte wamu. Wabula, amazima ga Baibuli gonna tegavaayo mulundi gumu, naye gatwala ekiseera nga geebikkula. Endagaano Enkadde yenteekateeka yengiri; Ebiwandiiko byEngiri kwe kulabisibwa kwengiri; Ebikolwa kwe kugaziyizibwa kwengiri; Ebbaluwa yenyinyonnyola yengiri; nOkubikkulirwa kwe kutuukirizibwa kwengiri. Amakulu amajjuvu agekitundu kyebyawandiikibwa kyonna gayinza obutavaayo bulungi okujjako nga Baibuli yonna nebyafaayo byobununuzi birowoozeddwaako.

3. Endagaano Empya Evvuunula Endagaano Enkadde. Kigambibwa nti Empya mu Nkadde ekwekeddwa; Enkadde mu Mpya ebikkuliddwa. Yesu nabawandiisi bEndagaano Empya bonna baalaba Endagaano Enkadde m ngeri emu oba endala nga ekitabo ekikwata ku Yesu (laba, Luk 24:25-27, 44-45; Yok 5:39-40). Amateeka gEndagaano Enkadde, emikolo, nebikolwa ebirala byatuukirizibwa mu Kristo (Mat 5:17; 2 Kol 3:12-16; Bag 3:23-4:7). Newakubadde yaliwo mu mubiri, Isiraeri eyEndagaano Enkadde namateeka gaayo, emikolo, nebikolwa ebirala byonna byali bika, bisiikirize, oba ebyokulabirako ebyamazima agali mu Ndagaano Empya (1 Kol 10:1-6; Bak 2:16-17; Beb 8:1-10:22). Okutegeera Endagaano Enkadde kutuyamba okutegeera ekyo Yesu kye yeeyogerako. Waliwo okugenda mu maaso nobutagenda mu maaso wakati wEndagaano Enkadde nEmpya. Endagaano Empya yazimbibwa ku ndowooza eziri mu Ndagaano Enkadde, ebiseera bingi mu ngeri eyeewuunyisa. Nolwekyo, bulijjo soma Endagaano Enkadde ngokozesa galubindi yEndagaano Empya (Lehrer 2006: 177). Ebyokulabirako byekyo birimu bino wammanga:

a. Amateeka gEmmere mu Leev 11:1-23 gagaana Abaisiraeri okulya ebika byebisolo bingi. Mu Mak 7:19, Bik 10:9-15, Kol 2:16-17, ne 1 Tim 4:1-5 okugaanibwa okwo tekukyakola (Ebisaanyizo ebikwata ku mmeere eweereddwa ebifaananyi ebisinzibwa biweereddwa mu 1 Kol 8).

b. Amakulu gEndagaano, obunabbi, nensonga endala amawanvu oba amatuufu gavaayo mu kitangaala kyenjigiriza yEndagaano Empya. Yeremiya ayogera ku Ndagaano Empya mu Yer 31:31-34, erabika okukola ku bwakabaka bwa Isiraeri ne Yuda bwokka, mu butuufu bufuna okutuukirizibwa kwabwo okwamazima mu Kristo nabagoberezi be (laba, Luk 22:20; 1 Kol 11:25; 2 Kol 3:6; Beb 8:6-9:15). Mu ngeri yemu, ku Lunaku lwa Pentekoote, mu Bik 2:29-36, Peetero yakitangaaza bulungi nti okuzuukira kwa Yesu Kristo kye kyategeezebwa mu 2 Sam 7 (Endagaano ya Dawudi) Katonda lwe yalayira okutuuza ezzadde lye ku nnamulondo ye.

4. Ebyawandiikibwa ebitegeerekeka obulungi birina okuvvuunula ebitategeerekeka.

a. Ebiwandiiko ebimu biyinza obutategeerekeka bulungi era byetaaga ebiwandiiko ebirala okunyonnyola. Mu Isa 7:14 ekigambo kyOluebbulaniya ekitegeeza embeerera kiyinza era okutegeeza omukazi omuto. Naye, Matayo bwajjayo olunyiriri olwo nalukozesa mu Luyonaani mu kwogera ku kuzaalibwa kwa Yesu (Mat 1:23), ekigambo ekyOluyonaani kirina amakulu gamu gokka, embeerera.

b. Ebiwandiiko ebimu birabika nga ebitangaavu, naye nga ate si biramba; ebiwandiiko ebirala byetaagibwa okusobola okutegeera obulungi omulamwa gwabyo. Ekyokulabirako, Mat 21:22 egamba buli kintu kye musaba, nga mukkiriza, munaakiweebwanga. Abantu abamu bakozesa olunyiriri luno okuwakanira enjigiriza eya kiyite erinnya era kitwalebagamba nti abakkiriza bayinza okuweebwa ekyobugagga kyonna kye baba basabye, era ensonga lwaki tebakiweebwa eri nti tebalina kukkiriza. Naye ate, ebyawandiikibwa ebirala byongera ku kutegeera kwaffe ku kusaba. Yakobo agamba, Musaba ne mutaweebwa, kubanga musaba bubi mulyoke mubikoze okwegomba kwammwe (Yak 4:3). 1 Yak 5:14-15 etutegeeza nti essaala ekola eriko akakwakkulizo akokusaba nga bwayagala (so si nga bwe twagala). Ekirala, Katonda yagaana okuwa Omutume Pawulo (2 Kol 12:7-9) ne Mukama Waffe Yesu Kristo yennyini (Luk 22:41-42) bye baali basabyeate nga tewali nomu ku abo eyali talina kukkiriza.

c. Olunyiriri olutategeerekeka lwe lunyiriri olulina amakulu agatali matangaavu oba agatategeerekeka bulungi. Ebyawandiikibwa ebitategeerekeka byebyo ebyeyawudde ku biralabiyinza okulabika omulundi gumu gwokka, era waliwo okunyonnyola kutono nnyo omuwandiisi kwe yakola ku ekyo kye yategeereza ddala. Kubanga amakulu gaabyo tegategeerekeka, tetulina kuleeta enjigiriza ezeesigamizibwa ku byawandiikibwa ngebyo.

(1) Mu biseera ngebyo, twetaaga okulowooza ku bintu bibiri:

(A) Noonya ebyawandiikibwa ebitangaavu ebiri ku mulamwa gwe gumu mu mwaliro omugazi ogwekitundu kyekitabo ekyo ekisigadde, ekigambo ekyo, oba Baibuli yonna. Gezaako okukwanaganya ekyawandiikibwa ekitategeerekeka bulungi nebitegeerekeka. Ebyawandiikibwa ebitegeerekeka biyinza waakiri okutubuulira kiki ekyawandiikibwa ekitategeerekeka kye kitategeeza.

(B) Lowooza ku ntambula etegeerekeka nekigendererwa ekikulu ekya omwaliro ogwamangu ago. Omwaliro ebigambo ebitategeerekeka mwe biri guyinza okutuwa ekkomo ku kiki ebigambo ebyo kye biyinza okutegeeza oba obutategeeza.

(2) Ebyawandiikibwa ebitategeerekeka biyinza okusigala nga tebitegeerekese. Mu kulowooza ku bitundu ebitegeerekeka obulungi ebisigadde nekyEbyawandikibwa, obutakoonagana, tuyinza waakiri okwogera ekyo ekyawandiikibwa ekitategeerekeka kye kitategeeza. Tuyinza nokwogera ekyo ekyawandiikibwa ekitategeerekeka osanga kye kitegeeza.

(3) Ekyokulabirako, waliwo ekyawandiikibwa ekitategeerekeka mu 1 Kol 15:29 ekyogera ku bantu ababatizibwa ku lwabafu. Tewali biwandiiko birala ebyogera ku kubatizibwa ku lwabafu oba ekikolwa ngekyo. Ekintu ekisinga okutegeerekeka obulungi ekiyinza okuyamba okutangaaza ebigambo ebyo gwe mwaliro ogulimu ebigambo ebyo. Ebigambo bya Pawulo kirabika bulungi nti si kiragiro (talagira bantu kubatizibwa ku lwabemikwano oba abenganda abafu). Omwaliro gwa 1 Kol 15 gulaga nti Pawulo awakanya abagamba nti teri kuzuukira (1 Kol 15:12). Newakubadde ekikula namakulu ga okubatizibwa ku lwabafu tebitegeerekeka bulungi, omulamwa gwokuwakana kwa Pawulo gutegeerekeka: Oba teri kuzuukira, oba abafu tebalizuukira, ekigendererwa kyomukolo abantu mwe babatizibwa ku lwabwe kiki? Abo abeetaba mu mukolo ogwo baba si basiru oba nga ddala teri kuzuukira? . . . Omutima gwokuwakana okwo awatali kubuusabuusa kwe kukoonagana wakati wekyo kye bakkiriza nekikolwa kyabwe. Bakkiriza nti teri kuzuukira; naye ate ekikolwa kyabwe kiwakanya enzikiriza eyo. (Kaiser, et al. 1996: 617)

C. Omwaliro kye kisumuluzo mu kunyonnyola nokutegeera ekitundu kya Baibuli kyonna.

Omwaliro kye kintu ekisinga obukulu mu kutegeera nokunyonnyola ekitundu kya Baibuli kyonna. Omwaliro kitegeeza ebiri mu biwandiiko ebyo. Waliwo, mu butuufu, ebika byomwaliro bibiri ebifuga ebyawandiikibwa: omwaliro gwobuwandiike nomwaliro gwebyafaayo (obuwangwa). Omwaliro gwobuwandiike guyinza okumanyibwa okuva mu Baibuli yokka. Omwaliro gwebyafaayo gwetaagisa omuntu okumanya ebintu ebiri ebweru wa Baibuli.

1. Omwaliro gwObuwandiike.

a. Omwaliro gwobuwandiike bye bigambo, emboozi, ebitundu byessuula ebikola ku nsonga emu, oba essuula ezeetoolodde ezikolagana nebyawandiikibwa ebyo (Doriani 1996: 31). Omwaliro gwobuwandiike gutulaga engeri ekitundu kyessuula ku nsonga emu oba ekitundu ekirala kyonna gye kigyaamu mu kitundu ekinene ekyEbyawandiikibwa. Gutuyamba okutegeera amakulu gebyawandiikibwa, ne bwe tuba nga tetulina kye tumanyi ku muwandiisi oba abaasooka okufuna ebyawandiikibwa ebyo.

b. Ennamba eziraga essuula nennyiriri mu Baibuli tezaalimu mu kusooka. Engabanya yessuula gye tulina olwaleero mu Baibuli teyaliiwo okutuusa mu myaka gya 1200; ennamba eziraga ennyiriri mu Ndagaano Enkadde tezaalimu okutuusa mu myaka gya 1400; engabanya yennyiriri mu Ndagaano Empya yakolebwa mu mwaka gwa 1551 (Metzger and Coogan 1993: 105-07). Kubanga ennamba eziraga essuula nennyiriri zaateekebwamu okuyamba omuntu okuzuula ekitundu ekyogerwako kyokka, tezitera kukwatagana bulijjo nenzimba yekirowoozo ekiri mu kitundu ekyo (Ibid.: 105). Ennamba eziraga ennyiriri ziyinza okulowoozesa omuntu nti buli lunyiriri luyimiridde lwokka mu makulu ga lwo, naye ate nga si bwe kiri.

c. Ebitundu byebirowoozo ebyemalirira mu Baibuli bye bitundu byessuula ebikola ku nsonga emu, so si nnyiriri. Ekisumuluzo ekituyamba okumanya amakulu golunyiriri lwonna kiva mu kitundu kyessuula ekikola ku nsonga emu, so si ku bigambo byokka (Koukl 2001: n.p.). Ensonga ereeta ekyo eri nti omwaliro gwe guwa olunyiriri ekifo kyalwo ne guluwa namakulu galwo amatuufu. . . . Kino kikola olwetteeka ekkulu eryempuliziganya: Bulijjo amakulu gakulukuta okuva waggulu okudda wansi, okuva ku bitundu ebinene okudda ku bitundu ebitono, so si okuva ku bitundu ebitono okudda ku binene (Ibid.). Ekirala, ekitundu kyessuula ekikola ku nsonga emu kyesigamizibwa ku mulamwa gumu. Newakubadde omulamwa ogwo guyinza okukolebwa ebitundu bingi, ebyo bijja kukwatagana wamu okukola ku mulamwa ogwo (Wolvaardt 2005: 99). Ebigambo byebintu omuwandiisi byakozesa okunyonnyola ekirowoozo ekigazi nomulamwa gwalina mu kirowoozo kye. Ekigambo tekikozesebwa kyokka nga bwe kiri naye kikozesebwa wamu nebirala okukola emboozi (okuggyako mu mboozi ezikolebwa ekigambo ekimu mwe kyesigamira ku mboozi ezikyetoolodde okuwa amakulu gakyo) (Ibid.: 48)

d. Newakubadde ebigambo bya mugaso nnyo ku bwabyo nga bwe biri, okusobola okunyonnyola obulungi Baibuli amakulu galina kufunibwa okuva ku bitundu ebinene okudda ku bitono. Ebigambo byetaaga okunyonnyolwa okusinziira ku nyiriri mwe biri, ennyiriri zeetaaga okunyonnyolwa okusinziira ku kitundu kyessuula ekikola ku nsonga emu mwe ziri, ebitundu byessuula ebiri ku nsonga emu byetaaga okunyonnyolwa okusinziira ku bitundu byessuula ebikola ku nsonga emu ebyetoolodde; era ebyo byonna byetaaga okutegeerwa okusinziira ku miramwa gyessuula, ebitundu, nekitabo ekyo kyonna. Olwomugaso gwa kino, Koukl agamba bwati: etteeka ekkulu liri nti, Tosomanga lunyiriri lwa Baibuli lumu lwokka. Wakiri, soma ekitundu kyessuula ekikola ku nsonga emu. Bulijjo weetegereze omwaliro. Weetegereze entambula yekirowoozo kyomuwandiisi. Olyoke otunuulire olunyiriri. . . . Kyekyokuyiga ekisinga okuba ekyomugaso kye nnali njize. . . . era ekintu ekimu ekisinga okuba ekyomugaso kye nyinza okukuyigiriza (Koukl 2001: n.p.).

e. Omwaliro gwobuwandiike gulinga amadaala gebirowoozo. Ebiwandiiko bya Baibuli bitambula eddaala limu okutuwa enjigiriza emu, mu ngeri enteeketeeke, buli kirowoozo nga kitutwala eri ekirala. Nga bwe kyalibadde ekyobusiru okugezaako okulinnya amadaala ngobuuka okuva ku lisooka ogwe ku lyomusanvu, ate ku lyokusatu, ate ku lyomunaana, kale kiba kya busiru okubuukabuuka eno neri mu Baibuli, nga tofa ku madaala gaayo agebirowoozo nemikolo (Doriani 1996: 32).

f. Omwaliro gwobuwandiike gulinga ekidiba. Omuntu alina okulowooza ku mwaliro gwobuwandiike omugazi (ekitundu kyekitabo, ekitabo, nendagaano ekitundu mwe kiri, nomwaliro gwobuwandiike omufunda oba ogwokumpi (emboozi nebitundu byessuula ebikola ku nsonga emu ebiriraanye ekitundu ekikwatibwako) mu kwagala okumanya ekigendererwa kyebyawandiikibwa namakulu gaabyo. Omuntu bwasuula ejjinja mu kidiba kyamazzi, amayengo agagenda gagobereragana galabika okwetooloola akafo awasuuliddwa ejjinja. Akafo ako kalinga ekitundu kyebyawandiikibwa kyosoma, namayengo agatambula galinga ebitundu ebisigadde ebyekitabo. Enkulungo lwe yeeyongera okuba okumpi namakkati (ebiwandiiko ebyo), lwe yeeyongera nokukwatagana nekitundu kyebyawandiikibwa ekyo (Doriani 1996: 33).

g. Kiba kirungi nnyo okusoma ekitabo kyonna nga tonnaba kutandika kwekenneenya ekitundu kyakyo. Kubanga omuwandiisi yayisa obubaka bwe bwonna okuyita mu kitabo kimu, okunyonnyola kwaffe okwekitundu kyebyawandiikibwa kuteekwa okubeera mu mwaliro gwekitabo ekitundu ekyo mwe kiri. (Wolvaardt 2005: 90). Mu kusoma ekitabo kyonna, ofuna ekifaananyi ekinene. Goberera entambula yebirowoozo byomuwandiisi nga bwekula okuva ku ntandikwa okutuuka ku nkomerero yekitabo. Gezaako okwerabira engabanya yessuula nennyiriri. Naddala mu bitabo ebimpi, soma ekitabo kyonna, mu lutuula lumu. Mazima, okusoma ekitabo kyonna emirundi egisukka ku gumu kya mugaso nnyo. Otandika okulaba emiramwa nensonga omuwandiisi zayogerako. Otandika okulaba engeri ebitundu byessuula ebikola ku nsonga emu gye bikwataganamu. Mu bumpi, otandika okulaba omwaliro gwobuwandiike ogwekitundu kyosoma ogwokumpi nogwewala.

h. Kumpi, buli lunyiriri lulaga omugaso gwokunyonnyola mu kitangaala kyomwaliro gwobuwandiike ogwetoolodde. Oluusi amakulu golunyiriri galabikirawo, naye ate oluusi omwaliro gutuwa ekifaananyi ekirungi era ekyamakulu amatuufu. Wano wammanga waliwo ebyokulabirako bibiri:

(1) Ebiseera bingi mu kuwa omukisa, owomukwano Omukristaayo, oba omusumba ayinza okukozesa Lub 31:49 ku munne ngebigambo ebyokufaayoMukama atunulenga wakati wange naawe; bwe tuliba nga tetukyalabagana. Naye ate, omwaliro gulaga nti ebigambo ebyo byayogerwa Labani eri Yakobo. Omwaliro omugazi ogwa Lub 29-31 gubikkula obukumpanya bwa Labani eri Yakobo, nobuteesigangana wakati waabwe. Omwaliro ogwokumpi ogwa 31:22-55 gulaga nti ebigambo ebyo byayogerwa oluvannyuma lwembeera yobulabe nobuteesigangana wakati wababiri abo. Mu butuufu, Labani kyagamba kiri nti, Mukama ateeke amaaso ge ku ggwe era akukube omuggo singa osala olunyiriri luno oba singa olumya bawala bange. Kale, omwaliro gulaga nti ebigambo bya Labani birina amakulu agoolekaganye nengeri gye bikozesebwamu mu ngeri eya bulijjo (bwe biba nga biggyiddwa mu mwaliro gwabyo) amakulu gaabyo aga bulijjo.

(2) Mu Luk 17:5 abayigirizwa bagamba Mukama, Otwongereko okukkiriza! Mu kulabika kwabyo ebigambo ebyo biraga okusaba okulungi ennyo. Naye ate, omwaliro guwa kifaananyi kya njawulo. Mu 17:3-4 (omwaliro ogukulembera) Yesu yali yaakabagamba okusonyiwagana emirundi musanvu olunaku. Mu mwaliro ogwo, Yongera okukkiriza kwaffe kuyinza okutegeeza, Twagala era tugezaako okukugondera, nolwekyo tuyambe ngotwongera okukkiriza, oba Tetuyinza era tetujja kukugondera okuggyako ngotwongedde okukkiriza. Ekyokuddamu kya Yesu mu 17:6-10 (omwaliro oguddako) gulaga nti baali balabika okubeera nendowooza eyo eyokubiri. Ebigambo bye yayogera ku kaweke ka kaladaali (17:6) biraga nti baali balina okukkiriza okumala. Olugero lwe ku muddu (17:7-10) lulaga nti ekikolwa ekyokusonyiwa owoluganda kikolwa kya bulijjosi kyekikolwa ekyokukkiriza ekyamaanyi, naye kyekintu ekirina okukolebwa omuddu. Kale, mu mwaliro ogwo, ebigambo, Yongera okukkiriza kwaffe, si byebigambo ebirungi ebyalibadde byogerwa, wabula bigambo bya kwetaasa olwobujeemu. . . . Newakubadde ebyawandiikibwa ebimu bitukubiriza okusabira okukkiriza, Lukka 17:5 si kimu ku byo. Wabula, etulabula obutakweka obujeemu bwaffe emabega webigambo ebyalibadde ebirungi ngebyo. (Doriani 1996: 34)

i. Ebigambo bye tunokolayo oba bye tukozesa okuva mu Ndagaano Empya. Waliwo ebigambo ebyEndagaano Enkadde ebitakka wansi wa 257 nebirala ebisukka ku 1,100 (okusinziira ku biwandiiko byOluyonaani ebya Nestle-Aland) ebyanokolwa ne bikozesebwa mu Ndagaano Empya (Osborne 1991: 277). Ebigambo ebyo ebyakozesebwa [butereevu oba mu butali butereevu] biyinza okubanga byalina amaanyi mangi kubanga omuwandiisi yali asuubira nti omusomi yali alina kyamanyi (Ibid.: 135). Okunokola okwekika ekyo nebigambo ebyakozesebwa mu ngeri eyo birina okunoonyezebwa nomugaso gwabyo okuzuulibwa. Ebiseera bingi, naye si bulijjo, bisuubira nti waliyo omwaliro ogwebigambo ebyo ebinokoddwa oba ebikozeseddwa ogwasooka mu Ndagaano Enkadde. Omwaliro gwEndagaano Enkadde guyinza okwongera okutegeera kungi okwEndagaano Empya. Mu kunoonya engeri ebigambo byEndagaano Enkadde ebinokoddwa oba ebikozeseddwa gye bigasaamu mu Ndagaano Empya, era oba omwaliro gwEndagaano Enkadde oguli emabega webigambo ebinokoddwa biyinza okukozesebwa, tulina okunoonya okulaga (okusinziira ku nkolagana wakati wemyaliro gyEndagaano Enkadde nEmpya) ensonga eyamakulu eragiddwa mu mwaliro gwEndagaano Empya nengeri omuwandiisi wEndagaano Empya gye yategeeramu ekyawandiikibwa ekyEndagaano Enkadde (Ibid.: 136).

2. Omwaliro gwEbyafaayo (ogwObuwangwa).

a. Omwaliro gwEbyafaayo (ogwObuwangwa) bwe buwangwa, obulombolombo, ennimi, enzikiriza, nebyafaayo byomuwandiisi nabasomi be abaasooka (Doriani 1996: 31). Omwaliro gwEbyafaayo gutuyamba okutegeera engeri ekitundu mu Baibuli gye kikwataganamu nebitundu ebirala byonna. Gutuwa okumanya ebyaliwo ebiyinza okunyonnyola omugaso gwebigambo, ebitundu byemboozi, obulombolombo, abantu, ebifo, nemikolo omuwandiisi wa Baibuli gyayogerako.

b. Buli lwe tweyongera okumanya ku nsi yebiseera bya Baibuli, lwe tweyongera nokutegeera obulungi Baibuli. Obulamu bwabantu abebiseera byokuwandiikibwa kwa Baibuli nebiseera byabwe nobuwangwa bwabwe biyinza okutuwa agomugaso agayinza okutuyamba okumanya amakulu gebigambo ebiri mu Baibuli. Omwaliro gwebyafaayo tegutera kwogerwako butereevu mu Baibuli, kubanga ennono zobuwangwa nebyafaayo mu biseera ebyo byali bimanyiddwa bulungi abawandiisi ba Baibuli nabasomi baabwe abaasooka. Eyo yensonga lwaki ebitabo ebirala, ngoggyeko Baibuli, katugambe nga ebinyonnyola Baibuli, enkuluze zebigambo bya Baibuli, ebitabo bya maapu, nebirala ebinyonnyola birina okukozesebwa awamu ne Baibuli.

c. Noonya mu Baibuli yennyini ebigambo byoyinza okutandikirako okuzuula omwaliro gwebyafaayo. Bwe tusoma nga bwe twebuuza, ebigambo ebituyamba okuzuula omwaliro mu Baibuli biyinza okutwewuunyisa olwokuzuula ebyafaayo oba embeera zobuwangwa ezaaliwo mu biseera biri. Ekyo kiyinza okutusindika okweyongera okunoonyereza oba okusoma. Ekirala, Baibuli eyinza okutuwa ekitangaala ku mazima agedda.

d. Omwaliro gwebyafaayo guyinza okutwala ewala, oba nokukyusa, okutegeera kwaffe eyekitundu kyebyawandiikibwa. Ebyokulabirako bino wammanga biraga engeri okumanya kwffe okwomwaliro gye kuyambamu okutegeera kwaffe:

(1) Okumanya ku nyambala yEkipalastiina nobulombolombo bwabwe kutwala okumanya kwaffe okwebitundu byebyawandiikibwa ebimu e buziba. Okwambala kwalinga kwa muwendo, era abantu abasinga baalinanga ngoye ntono. Kale, Yesu bwe yagamba nti, Omuntu bwayagalanga okuwoza naawe okutwala ekkanzu yo, omulekeranga nekizibawo kyo (Mat 5:40), yali yeetaazisa abawulizi be saddaaka eyakasirise era eyobulumi. Nebyambalo ebikozeeko byalinga bya mugaso. Abaakolanga omulimu gwokutta abantu baatwalanga engoye zomufu nga omuganyulo gwomulimu gwe bakoze. (laba, Mat 27:35; olunyiriri olwo namagezi amalala agava ebweru wa Baibuli era bitubuulira nti Yesu yakomererwa bukunya, so si nolugoye mu kiwato nga bwatera okulagibwa). Ekirala, mu lugero lwomwana eyabula, (Luk 15:11-32), mu kwesiba engoye ze adduke, kitaawe ayinza nokubanga yayanika ebimu ku byambalo bye ebyomunda. Naye kitaawe yafaayo ku mwana we okusinga okukuuma empisa. Kitaawe bwe yamuwa ekyambalo, empeta, nengatto, abasomi abaasooka baakimanya nti yali akomyewo eka. (Doriani 1996: 46)

(2) Okumanya ebyafaayo bya Isiraeri ne Ruumi kutwala okutegeera kwaffe okwebitundu byebyawandiikibwa ebimu e buziba. Mu kuyingira kwa Yesu okwobuwanguzi mu Yerusaalemi, (Yok 12:13-15), abantu baawuuba ensansa, nga Yesu bwavuga endogoyi, so si mbalaasi. Ensansa zaakolanga ngakabonero keggwanga lya Isiraeri. Zaateekebwanga ne ku bikomo byensimbi enkalu ezaakolebwanga abayeekera mu ntalo Abayudaaya ze baalwananga ne Ruumi mu myaka gya 66-70 ne 132-35 nga Yesu azaaliddwa. Kale, Yesu bwe yayingira mu Yerusaalemi, ekyabantu okuwuuba ensansa kiyinza okubanga kyalaga bulungi essuubi lyeggwanga lyonna nti omununuzi omumasiya yali atuuka ku kitebe (Carson 1991: 432). Wabula, Yesu tayingira mu Yerusaalemi nga ali ku mbalaasi ennwanyi . . . ekyalibadde kitabangula ebirowoozo byabantu ebyali bijjudde ebyobufuzi ne bakola akatabanguko, naye yasalawo okweraga nga kabaka ajjira mu mirembe, omuteefu era avuga endogoyi (Ibid.: 433). Amawulire gano agebyafaayo galaga nenjawulo wakati wokujja kwa Yesu okwasooka nokujja kwe okwokubiri. Baibuli ekozesa olulimi olwobubonero okugamba nti Yesu bwakomawo alijja, so si ku ndogoyi naye ku mbalaasi enjeru awamu neggye lye ku mbalaasi enjeru, oku sala omusango nokuggulawo olutalo (Kub 19:11-14). Mu Ruumi eyedda, abakulu bamaggye abaawangulanga entalo enkulu oluusi baalinanga essanyu eryobuwanguzi eryalagibwanga abantu bonna mwe baayingiranga mu kibuga Ruumi mu kigaali ekyasikibwanga embalaasi ennya enjeru, eggye lyabwe eryali liwangudde nga libagoberera (Ramsay 1875: 1163-67).

(3) Okumanya enfaanana yensi kuyamba okutereeza entegeera enkyamu gye tulina ku bitundu byebyawandiikibwa ebimu. Mu Kub 3:15-16 Yesu ayogera ku kkanisa ye Lawodikiya nga etenyogoga era etebuguma, era agamba nti kubanga . . . ndikusesema mu kamwa kange. Ekifaananyi kyAbe Lawodikiya obutanyogoga oba obutabuguma naye okubeera kisuususu mu mpisa zaabwe eza bulijjo kitegeererwa nga obutatumbuka bwabwe mu byomwoyo nokwewaayo kwabwe okwekitundu eri Kristo. Ekizibu kimu ku ekyo kiri nti ekya Kristo okwagala bannyogoge oba babugume kiraga nti enjuyi zombi ziriko obukakafu. Entegeera eya bulijjo elengera okunnyogoga ngembeera embi, ekirowoozo emabega wakyo kiri nti Yesu ayagala abasomi bebiwandiiko ebyo okumuyaayaanira (okwokya) oba obuteewaayo nakamu (okunnyogoga), naye si kubeera wakati woluguudo. Naye tekirabika nti Kristo yaalisembye omuntu atali mwesigwa nakatono (newakubadde waliwo cf. 2 Pet. 2:21).

Enyinyonnyola eyaakajja ennaku zino etunuulira ekifaananyi kino mu ngeri eyenjawulo. Ekifaananyi kyamazzi agookya, agannyogoga, naga kisuususu galabibwa ngekikula kya Lawodikiya nebitundu ebigiriraanye ekyenjawulo mu mulembe ogwasooka. Amazzi agookya aga Hierapolis gaakolanga ngeddagala namazzi agannyogoga aga Kolosaayi gaali malongoofu, nga ganyweka, era nga gawa obulamu. Naye, waliwo obujulizi nti abe Lawodikiya baafunanga amazzi agabuguma gokka, agaali tegawooma okunywa era agaaleeteranga omuntu okwagala okusesema. Mazima, Lawodikiya yali ekuze nefuuka ekibuga kubanga ekifo kye yalimu kyali kirungi okukoleramu obusuubuzi, naye yali wala okuva ku mazzi amalungi. Ekibuga ekyo bwe kyagezaako okusika amazzi, kyasobolanga okufuna amazzi agekisuususu, agasinduukiriza emmeeme. Ekyavanga mu mpisa zaabwe kyakolanga Kristo nga amazzi ago kye gaabakolanga nolwekyo Kristo yayagala okubawanda okuva mu kamwa ke. (Beale 1999: 303)

D. Okunyonnyola nOkulagira.

Okunyonnyola kuba kuwa kyakulabirako oba kigambo ekyogera ku muntu, ekintu, oba ekintu ekyayita. Okulagira kuba kuwa kiragiro (ekiragiro) ekitubuulira ekyo kye tuteekeddwa okukola oba nga bwe tuteekeddwa okubeera. Ebyokulabirako ebyomu Baibuli tebitera kukola ngebiragiro okuggyako nga biriko ekiragiro. Okwawula wakati wokunyonnyola nokulagira enkozesa yekintu kwa mugaso bwe kituuka ku nsonga yokuteekesa mu nkola.

1. Ebika byEnjogera. Obuwandiike bwonna buli mu kika kyenjogera eya bulijjo oba obutontome. Omuwandiisi bwamala okusalawo ku kika kyobuwandiike, ateekateeka ebiwandiiko bye okusinziira ku kigendererwa kye. Ekyo kitutwala eri ebika byenjogera ebikulu bina (enjogera ebeera ngeri ya nkubaganya yebirowoozo ewanvuyiddwa nga erina omulamwa): okwogera ku kintu ekyaliwo; enkola yekintu; okwanjuluza; nokukubiriza (watera kubaawo okukwatagana wakati webika ebyenjawulo mu Baibuli, nolwekyo ebika ebyo bitera kubeera nga bitabuddwaamu). Ebika byenjogera ebyo bisinziira ku bintu bibiri okugobereragana kwebintu nga bwe byaliwo (ebintu bigenda bigobereragana) nokulagira (enjogera eyo elagira butereevu ekyo ekirina okukolebwa) (laba, Wolvaardt 2005: 87-88):

Enjogera etelagiraEnjogera elagira

Enzimba egobereragana:okubuulira ebyaliwoEnkola yekintu

Enzimba etegobereragana:OkwanjuluzaOkukubiriza

2. Ebyokulabirako byebika byenjogera ebina bye bino wammanga:

a. Okubuulira ebyaliwoEkitabo kya Luusi kirimu ebintu ebyagenda bigobereragana (kinyonnyola ebintu ebyajjanga nga buli kimu kigoberera ekirala mu bulamu bwa Nawomi ne Luusi), naye nga tekirina kye kilagira (newakubadde kirina obubaka gye tuli, tekiwa omusomi biragiro butereevu. Okubuulira ebyaliwo kukolagana butereevu nebiseera ebyayita, era kulina abantu be kutunuulira, ebikolwa byabwe, ebifo bye baalimu, nebintu.

b. Enkola yekintuOkubala 8:5-14. Katonda yawa Musa ebiragiro ku ngeri yokwawula Abaleevi ku bantu abalala. Kino kilagira bulagizi (kubanga Katonda yali alagira Musa butereevu ku kye yalina okukola), era kirimu ebintu ebyajja bigobereragana (kubanga ekintu kimu kyalina okukolebwa oluvannyuma lwekirala). Enkola zitera kubeera biragiro ku bintu ebirina okukolebwa buli kimu oluvannyuma lwekirala okusobola okutuuka awantu.

c. OkwanjuluzaBak 1:1-2:5. Newakubadde waliwo enteekateeka etegeerekeka eyenzimba yekyo Pawulo kyagamba (kwe kugamba, azimba enjigiriza emu ku ndala), okwogera kwe ku byaliwo tekugoberera bintu ebyo nga bwe byajjanga bibaawo (okugobereragana kwobudde) (nolwekyo, si yenzimba egobereragana). Ekirala, mu kitundu ekyo ekyekitabo, Pawulo tawa biragiro butereevu ku kiki ekirina okukolebwa oba ngeri ki gye tulina okutambuzaamu obulamu bwaffe (nolwekyo, tekilagira). Okwanjuluza kutera okukola ku kunyonnyola ekirowoozo, bigambo, oba ensonga ekubaganyizibwako ebirowoozo.

d. OkukubirizaBak 2:6-4:6. Mu kitundu ekyo ekyekitabo Pawulo awa endagiriro butereevu ku ngeri Abakristaayo be Kkolosaayi gye balina okweyisaamu (nolwekyo, kilagira), naye si yenzimba egoberera ebintu nga bwe byajjanga bibaawo, kwe kugamba, endagiriro ze tezirina kugobererwa mu nteekateeka yonna. Okukubiriza kutera kuba njogera ku nkozesa yennono ezikwata ku mpisa nomwoyo.

3. Ensobi emu etera okukolebwa bulijjo kwe kukyusa okunyonnyola okuli mu Baibuli okukufuula ekiragiro oba okutwala ekyokulabirako ekiri mu Baibuli nga ennono yekkanisa eya leero. Ensobi eyo etera kukolebwa omuntu mu kuddira ekyokulabirako ekiri mu Baibuli, nakola kimu ku bino wammanga:

a. Bwalemwa okutegeera ekika kyenjogera ekiri mu kitundu ekyo (laba waggulu).

b. Bwalemwa okulaba omulamwa gwekitundu omuli ekyokulabirako ekyo, oba bwakozesa ekyokulabirako ekyo nga teyeetegerezza omulamwa gwekitundu.. Ekyokulabirako, abantu bangi bateeka ku Katonda ekintu ekiyitibwa okujjako ebyoyakwe kugezaako okutegeera okwagala kwa Katonda. Bakola ekyo nga basinziira ku Balam 6:36-40. Wabula, Baibuli tetukubiriza okuggyako ebyoya oba okuteekawo embeera oba amateeka agaffe, ebintu Katonda byateekwa okutuukiriza okutusobozesa okumanya okwagala kwe. Ekirala, omulamwa oba ensonga eri mu Balam 6 teyali ngeri gye tuyinza okumanyamu okwagala kwa Katonda. Mu butuufu, mu Balam 6:1-24 Katonda yali yalabikira Gidyoni, yamubuulira kye yali alina okukola, namugamba, mazima nja kubeera naawe. Kale, ebyoya bya Gidyoni mu butuufu byalaga obutaba na kukkiriza nobuwulize.

c. Alondamu ebyokulabirako ebimu, oba ebitundu byekyokulabirako ebimu, natafa ku bitundu ebirala ebitawagira kyatwala okuba amazima agakwata ku bonna oba ennono.

(1) Mu kuyiga okuva ku byokulabirako ebiri mu ngero eziri mu Baibuli, tuteekwa okunoonya ebintu ebilambikiddwa obulungi, so si ebyokulabirako ebyesuddesudde wano na wali. Ekyokulabirako, abantu abamu bagamba nti okujjuzibwa omwoyo kitegeeza nti oteekwa okwogera ennimi. Abantu ngabo batera okwekwasa ekyo ekyakolebwa mu Bik 2:3-11. Naye ate ngabantu abo balondamu kabonero kamu kokka akOmwoyo (ennimi), nga tebafa ku bubonero obulala obwaliwo. Tebalemera ku kyokugamba nti obubonero obulala obwaliwookuwuuma okwava mu ggulu ngempewo ewuuma namaanyi; ennimi ezomuliro ezaatuula ku buli muntu; amazima agaliwo nti ennimi zaali nnimi zabantu ezitegeerekekanabwo buteekwa okubaawo olwaleero. Ekirala, abantu ngabo tebafa ku byokulabirako ebirala ebyabantu abajjuzibwa Omwoyo awatali kigambibwa nti okwogera ennimi kwava mu kujjuzibwa Omwoyo. (laba, Bik 4:31; 8:17; 9:17-19).

(2) Era tuteekwa okugeraageranya ebyokulabirako ebyo nenjigiriza endala ku mulamwa ogwo. Mu kufuula ekyokulabirako ekyennimi ekintu ekya bonna oba ekyetteeka, bangi tebafa ku njigiriza ya Pawulo ku birabo ebyOmwoyo nokujjuzibwa Omwoyo. Abakkiriza bonna balina okulagibwa kwOmwoyo (1 Kol 12:7Naye buli muntu aweebwa okulagibwa kwOmwoyo olwokugasa). Okusinziira ku 1 Kol 12:7-11, 28-30, Omwoyo yasalawo ku kirabo kyanaawa omuntu. Tewali nomu alina ebirabo byonna oba ebika byokulagibwa byonna. Tewali nomu alina ekirabo ekikye oba okulagibwa okukwe. Mazima, 1 Kol 12:30 etulaga butereevu nti si buli omu yayogera ennimi. Ekirala, mu Bef 5:18-21 Pawulo alagira abakkiriza okujjulanga Omwoyo. Era wano alaga okulagibwa kwookujjula Omwoyo kwa mirundi ena, naye ku bika byonna tewali kirimu okwogera ennimi.

d. Alemwa okwawula wakati wekikolwa ekyali ekyobuwangwa nekyabantu bonna ebiseera byonna. Ekigendererwa kyaffe ngabakkiriza kufaananyizibwa nengeri ya [Yesu] (Bar 8:29). Naye, nekyokulabirako kya Yesu tekitegeeza nti buli kintu ekikwata ku bulamu bwe kya nnono (kwe kugamba, omutindo ogwetaagibwa ogwobutuufu) olwempisa zaffe zonna.

(1) Ebintu ebimu mu bulamu bwa Yesu byali bya buwangwa. Yesu yabeeranga mu Palastiina, yatambuzanga ku ndogoyi, yayambalanga ekyambalo nga kya kitundu kimu era tekyalina kirala kye kyafaanana, era yayogeranga Oluramaika; wabula tetuli wansi wekiragiro kyonna ekya Baibuli ekitulagira okukola ebintu ebyo. Ate ku ludda olulala, Yesu teyavuga ku mmotoka, teyaleka buwandiike bwonna ku bye yali anoonyerezza, teyalya ku bimu ku bye tulya ennaku zino, oba teyakozesa ku byuma bikalimagezi; naye tetugaanibwa kukozesa bintu ebyo. Ebintu ebyo byonna bya buwangwa.

(2) Ebintu ebimu mu bulamu bwa Yesu tebyali bya buwangwa. Yesu teyawasa, newakubadde abantu abaali basinga mu buwangwa bwe baawasa. Nolwekyo, abantu abamu olwaleero bagamba nti abakkiriza abaagala okugoberera Yesu nobumalirivu tebateekwa kuwasa. Wabula, okufuula okunyonnyola kwobulamu bwa Yesu okwo ekiragiro eri abantu bonna olwaleero si kya Baibuli. Tewali kiragiro kya Baibuli kigaana bufumbo. Yesu yakkiriza obufumbo (Mat 19:1-9).

1 Bakkolinso 7 ekkiriza era ekubiriza obufumbo. 1 Tim 4:3 nayo egamba nti okugaana obufumbo njigiriza ya bulimba, njigiriza ya mizimu.

E. Okunyonnyola kulina kukwatagana nebigambo ebyakozesebwa mu buwandiike nekika kyekitundu.

Wano Ekikula kyekika kyekitabo oba ebiwandiike ekibyawula ku bika ebirala. Baibuli erimu ebikula bingi ebyebiwandiike (ebyafaayo, ebitontome, engero, obulaguzi, ebbaluwa, ebiwandiike ebyamagezi, ebyobuzaale, ebyobulaguzi). Buli kikula kirina amateeka gaakyo. Okuvvuunula ekitontome nga etteeka kuyinza okuleeta ensobi eyamaanyi mu njigiriza. Abawandiisi ba Baibuli batera okukozesa ebifaananyi ebyenjogera. Nolwekyo, omuntu alina okwegendereza ebikula nebika byebiwandiike ebiri mu Baibuli byonna, era abikwate mu ngeri eya bulijjo mu kubisoma nokubivvuunula. ICBI ekiteeka bweti mu kitabo ekiyitibwa Chicago Statement on Biblical Hermeneutics (1982: n.p.):

1. TUKKIRIZA nti okumanya ettuluba, erikwata ku ngeri oba enkola, ebitundu byEbyawandiikibwa ebyenjawulo lye bigwamu, kwetaagibwa nnyo mu kuvvuunula Ebyawandiikibwa ebyo, nolwekyo tutwala okwekkaanya kwekika kyobuwandiike nga ekimu ku bintu ebingi ebirina okukolebwa mu kuyiga Baibuli (Akawayiro XIII). Geisler ayogera ku kawayiro ako bwati: Okubeera ngomanyi ekika kyebiwandiiko byovvuunula kwa mugaso nnyo mu kutegeera ebiwandiiko. Okusalawo okutuufu ku kika kyebiwandiiko kulina kukolebwa olwokutegeera okutuufu. Olugero, katugambe, telulina kuyisibwa ngekyafaaayo, oba ekitontome okuyisibwa ngolugero. Buli kiwandiiko kirina ettuluba lye kigwamu, era omuvvuunuzi waakyo alina okumanya ekika kyekiwandiiko ekyo mu kugezaako okukivvuunula. Awatali kwetegereza ekika kyebiwandiiko omuvvuunuzi ayinza okuwaba mu kutegeera ekyawandiikibwa ekyo. Ekyokulabirako, nabbi bwayogera ku emiti okukuba mu ngalo (Isa. 55:12) omuntu ayinza okulowooza ku miti okweyisa ngekintu ekitegeera okuggyako ngakimanyi nti kino kitontome so si njogera ya bulijjo.

2. TUKKAATIRIZA obwetaavu obwokuvvuunula Baibuli okusinziira ku ntegeera yaayo eya bulijjo, esuubirwa. Entegeera eya bulijjo yentegeera efa ku mateeka golulimi nebyafaayo, kwe kugamba, amakulu omuwandiisi ge yagenderera. Okuvvuunula ekiwandiiko okusinziira ku ntegeera eya bulijjo kutwaliramu ebifaananyi byenjogera byonna nebika byebiwandiike ebisangibwa mu biwandiiko ebyo. (Akawayiro XV). Geisler agamba bwati ku kino: Entegeera yEbyawandiikibwa eya bulijjo wano ekkaatirizibwa na maanyi. Mu butuufu okutwala ebigambo nga bwe biri kuleeta obuzibu mu kutegeera. Kale ebigambo eya bulijjo ne etwaliramu amateeka golulimi nebyafaayo bikozesebwa mu kunyonnyola ekyo omuwandiisi kyategeeza. Entegeera eya bulijjo nayo elagibwa entegeera etwaliramu amateeka golulimi nebyafaayo awamu nomutwe gwekitundu. Kitegeeza nti okuvvuunula okutuufu kwekwo okuvumbula amakulu gebiwandiiko mu bika byabyo okusinziira ku mateeka golulimi nobuwangwa nebyafaayo ebiwandiiko ebyo mwe biri. . . . Ekyo tekirina kutegeerwa ngekiggyawo ebika ebirala ebyenjogera eyebifaananyi.

F. Ennono ezo waggulu ziraga omugaso gwokumanya Ebyawandiikibwa obulungi.

Tuyinza okukola ebintu ebiwerako okugaziya nokuwanvuya okumanya kwaffe okwa Baibuli, omuli:

1. Okusoma Baibuli nokugilowoozaako bulijjo, nokubaako ne bye tuwandiika ku bye tusomye.

2. Okusoma Endagaano Enkadde nEmpya zombi tusobole okufuna entambula yebyafaayo bya Baibuli nokubikkulirwa kwayo.

3. Okutegeera abantu abakulu mu Baibuli, enteekateeka zaabwe ne bye baakola mu nteekateeka ya Katonda eyobununuzi.

4. Okutegeera ebiseera ebintu ebikulu ebyaliwo mu Baibuli we byabeererawo nokunyweza enkolagana wakati waabyo egenda evaayo mpolampola.

5. Okutegeera ebiseera byokuwandiika ebitabo bya Baibuli ebyenjawulokiki ekyawandiikibwa ne ddi era kyawandiikibwa ani.

6. Okukola maapu, nebifaananyi ebiraga ebifunze, ennyiriri ezikolagana, nenzivvuunula yebyawandiikibwa.

7. Okukola etterekero lyebitabo, omuli ebitabo ebyomugaso nga ekiraga wa ebigambo bya Baibuli ebikulu we bisangibwa, enkuluze ya Baibuli, ebinyonnyola Baibuli, nebirala.

IV. Ebika byEbiwandiiko mu Baibuli.

Ekika kitegeeza ekika kyebiwandiiko ekiyinza okumanyibwa okusinziira ku nkola eyakkirizibwa eyokuwandiika oba ekika kyobuwandiike ekitegeerekeka olwebisaanyizo ebimanyiddwa (enkola, eddoboozi, enkozesa yebigambo, ebiri mu biwandiiko ebyo, nebirala.). Ebitabo bya Baibuli biraga, okusinga, ebika bino wammanga: Olubereberye-Esiteri, nEbikolwa byAbatume bituwa ebyafaayo; Oluyimba lulimu bitontome; Yobu, Engero, nOmubuulizi biwandiiko bya magezi ebyawandiikibwa mu ngeri yokutontoma; Isaaya-Malaki bya bunabbi; Engiri zituwa ebyafaayo byabantu; Abaruumi-Yuda ezo bbaluwa; Okubikkulirwa kulimu ebika ebitabule, bbaluwa, obunabbi, nobulaguzi. Newakubadde ekitabo kiyinza okusinga okubaamu ekika kimu, ebitabo ebisinga birimu ebika ebisukka ku kimu (oba engeri) mu byo, ekyokulabirako, ebyafaayo birimu ebyamagero, enjogera eri abantu, okunyumya, engero, amateeka, ebyobuzaale, enkalala ezikwata ku mpisa, nebisoko. Okumanya ekika kyebiwandiiko kya mugaso kubanga kileetera omusomi okubaako ne byasuubira. Ekika kyebiwandiiko kiraga nomulimu. Ekyo kituufu kubanga enkola ezimu zitera okwagala okufuga oba okulaga amakulu gebika ebyenjawulo. Nolwekyo, amateeka agakola ku kika ekimu gayinza obutakola ku kika ekirala.

Ekirala, abawandiisi bengero ezitali njiiye, katemba, ebitontome, kumpi ne buli kika ekirala okuggyako ebyoku mukono ebikozesebwa mu kuyigiriza bonna, bakozesa ebintu ebyeyambisibwa mu kuwandiika (ekkubo abawandiisi lye bayitamu okutonda amakulu, obusimu, endowooza, nebirala, okuyita mu nkozesa yolulimi). Ebintu ngebyo ebyeyambisibwa mu kuwandiika birimu okutunulako emabega, obwenkanya mu kutontoma, okuddingana, obutayogera butereevu ku kintu, okulengera mu maaso, nenkola endala ngezo nyingi. Okumanya ebintu ebyeyambisibwa mu kuwandiika kuyinza okuyamba okutegeera kwomuntu nokusiima Baibuli. Ebika ebikulu nebitali bikulu mulimu bino wammanga:

A. Ebyafaayo.

Ekyafaayo lugero: lwogera ku bantu nemikolo egiba gyatwala obudde nebbanga. Luba lugero olubuuliddwa nga lulina entandikwa nenkomerero. Lulimu ebintu omuwandiisi byalaba nti bya mugaso mu bubaka bwatuusa eri abawulizi. Olugero lubuulira ekintu Katonda kye yakola mu kiseera ekyaliwo. Lufuula ekintu ekitayinza kukwasika (ebirowoozo ebikwata ku Katonda, enjigiriza, nebiteeso) okubeera ekya ddala era ekyobuntulutuyamba okulaba amazima nga gakozesebwa mu ngeri ekigambo obugambo gye kitayinza kututegeeza. Engero zaateekebwa mu Baibuli olwekigendererwa ekyokutuusa obubaka, newakubadde tezituwa biragiro lwatu.

1. Mu Baibuli, ebitundu byengero byonna byasimbibwa mu ndowooza etunuulira ebyafaayo ebyesigamizibwa ku butonde nobugabirizi bwa Katonda. Tewali kintu kimala gabeerawo mu Baibuli. Buli lwosoma olugero mu Baibuli, oteekwa okubeera ngolowooza ku Katonda (kubanga enkomerero yengero eziri mu Baibuli kwogera ku Katonda). Amazima gali nti, ebyafaayo ebiri mu Ndagaano Enkadde (ne mu Ngiri nEbikolwa) biyinza nokuyitibwa okuyiga ku Katonda okukolebwa okuyita mu lugero oba ebyafaayo. Ensonga eri nti, Baibuli ereeta amazima agali ku Katonda nga agaasibibwa mu bintu ebyaliwo ddala. Kale, Katonda yennyini ali wakati mu ngero za Baibuli zonna. Engero ziyamba okuggyayo ennyama eri mu njigiriza nebiragiro ebiri mu Baibuli.

2. Ebintu Baibuli byewandiika byaliwo ddala, naye ebyafaayo bya Baibuli byagenda bilondebwamu olwensonga ezikwata ku kuyiga ku Katonda. Ekyokulabirako, emyaka 335 wakati wokufa kwa Yakobo nokuzaalibwa kwa Musa gyalekebwa ebweru, so nga emyaka 40 mu ddungu gisangibwa mu bitabo bya Okuva-EkyAmateeka Olwokubiri byonna (essuula 125). Ekintu ekiyinza okuba ekyomugaso eri ababuulira ebyafaayo ebitakwata ku Katonda kiyinza obutaba ekyomugaso eri abawandiisi ba Baibuli, nekyomugaso eri abawandiisi ba Baibuli kiyinza obutaba ekyomugaso eri ababuulira ebyafaayo ebitakwata ku Katonda.

3. Ebyobuzaale mu Buvanjuba obwOkumpi obwEdda, omuli ebyo ebiri mu Baibuli, byakolanga ku kwettanira ebifo, obuyinza, namaanyi; era byakolanga nomulimu ogwokuyigiriza. Ebyobuzaale ebyedda biraga ebintu bibiri: obuwanvu (bitera okukoma ku mirembe etaano oba kkumi); okukyukakyuka (bisobola okukyukamu mu ngeri yokuteekamu amannyabitera obutabaamu amannya agali mu makkati gebyafaayo byobuzaale). Katugambe nga olugero mu Luusi 4:18-22 lukoma ku mirembe kkumi. Lukola omulimu gwokuyigiriza ogukwata naddala ku kyokuteeka Bowaazi mu kifo ekyagalwa ekyomusanvu, nogwokukakasa obutuufu bwekyo Daudi kyagamba ku nnamulondo ya Isiraeri.

4. Ebika byengero ebikulu mu Baibuli bye bino:

a. Ebibuulira Ebyaliwo (biwandiiko bimpimpi);

b. Engero ezOkwogera (eziwa alipoota naddala ku bintu omuntu bye yayogera; ekikulu mu lugero olwo kwe kwogera kwomuntu oyo); ne

c. Katemba (Engero ezisinga okuba empanvu era enzibu). Katemba atera kubaamu: (1) abantu; (2) enteekateeka yabantu eyekiseera ekitono; (3) okulwanagana; (4) ekiseera ekyakabi nentikko; (5) ekyokukikolera; ne (6) ekikolwa ekiddirira oba okugera. Weegendereze bino mu katemba ali mu Baibuli:

(1) Okwogera mu bujjuvu mu ngero zomu Baibuli kutera kuba kutono nnyo. Nolwekyo, ebyo ebiba byogeddwa mu bujjuvu bitera kuba bya mugaso (empisa zisinga kumanyika mu kwogera ne mu bikolwa).

(2) Abantu abali mu katemba owomu Baibuli be batuwa ebisumuluzo. Waliwo ebika byabantu bisatu ebikulu: abakulu (abantu ensonga be zeetooloolerako mu katemba era abatayinza kwerabirwa); abawakanyi (abalabe oba amaanyi agawakanya abakulu ensonga be zeetooloolerako); nabawagizi (abantu abayimusa omukulembeze eyeetooloolerako ensonga nga balaga enjawulo oba oluusi okufaanana). Ekyokulabirako, mu 1 Samwiri 25 Dawudi ye mukulu, Nabali ye muwakanyi, ne Abbigayiri ye muwagizi. Mu 2 Samwiri 11-12 Dawudi ye mukulu ate Uliya nakola nga omuwagizi; newakubadde Basusebba naye wa mugaso mu lugero olwo, omulimu gwe mutono ku gwa Uliya. Mu Lubereberye 38 Yuda ye mukulu ne Tamali ye muwagizi; abantu abalala bonna mu lugero bakola omulimu omutono ku gwa bano oba ogwokubawagira.

(3) Emboozi wakati wabantu mu lugero za mugaso nnyo, era ziyinza okulaga omulamwa gwomuwandiisi. Ensonga yomuwandiisi enkulu etera kulabikira mu kiseera ekyakabi nekyokusalawo ku kyokukola. Mu kikolwa ekigoberera okusalawo okwo, omuntu mu katemba oba oyo azannya katemba ayinza nokunyonnyola omugaso gwekintu ekyaliwo.

(4) Enzimba yebitundu bya katemba. Ebitundu bya katemba bitera okuzimbibwa okusinziira ku misingi esatu emikulu (newakubadde wayinza okubaawo okwegatta kwagyo):

(A) Enteekateeka-entuukirizaenteekateeka ekolebwa olugero ne lulaga engeri gyetuukirizibwamu. Ekyokulabirako, mu Bik 1:1-8 Yesu alagira abayigirizwa be okubeera abajulirwa be nokutuuka ku nkomerero yensi; ekitundu ekisigadde ekyekitabo ekyo kiraga engeri ekyo gye kyatuukirizibwamu.

(B) Ekyama-enyinyonnyolaekibuuzo kibuuzibwa, ne kiddibwamu. Ekyokulabirako lwe lugero lwa Samusooni olwanyonnyolwa oluvannyuma (Balam 14:12-18).

(C) Ekizibu-okusalawo ku kyokukikoleraEkizibu kireetebwa olugero ne lulaga engeri gye kyakolebwako. Eno yengeri ya katemba esinga okulabibwa buli wamu. Ebyokulabirako mwe muli okutiisatiisa kwa Dawudi ku Nabali nengeri Abbigayiri gye yakolamu ku kizibu ekyo (1 Sam 25), nokuwonyezebwa kwomusabiriza omulema (Bik 3:1-10).

5. Ngekitundu kyessuula ekiri ku nsonga emu bwe kiri omusingi ogwokwekenneenya ebiwandiiko ebisinga, mu ngeri yemu ekitundu ekiramba mu katemba gwe musingi ogwokwekenneenya ebiwandiiko bya katemba. Ezo zenyiriri ezisangibwa mu kitundu kimu ezoogera ku bintu ebyaliwo ebikwatagana, ebyakolebwa mu kiseera kye kimu, nebyakolebwa abantu be bamu. Okukutulamu wakati webyaliwo, ebifo, nabantu oba ekiseera kutera okulaga entandikwa yekitundu ekipya. Okuggyako mu katemba alimu okutambula olugendo, omuli okukyusa ekifo buli kiseera, naye ekyo tekiraga kitundu kipya. Ebitundu bya katemba biyinza okufaananyizibwa nebitundu ebyenjawulo mu muzannyo, mu nteekateeka ya televizoni, oba ebifaananyi ebyoku ntambi.

6. Engero nyingi mu kusooka ziyinza okutegeerwa mu ngeri ezisukka ku emu, nensonga enkulu eyinza obutalabikirawo. Ebyawandiikibwa byonna ebibuulira ebintu ebyaliwo byateekebwa mu Baibuli lwa kukola nsonga. Okwawula wakati wekyo ekinyonnyolwa (katugambe, omuntu ali mu lugero bwalimba) nekyo ekilagirwa kikulu nnyo mu kutegeera obulungi ebyawandiikibwa. Okuddingana ekintu kwa mugaso mu kulaba ensonga enkulu oba omulamwa mu lugero. Tuteekwa okujjukira obutatabula obubaka bwolugero olwo nobufunze bwalwo. Obubaka kyekintu olugero kye lugenderera okuyigiriza omusomi.

7. Mu ngero ezimu omuwandiisi oba omuntu agera olugero abaako byanyonnyola. Omuwandiisi wolugero bwabaako byanyonnyola, bulijjo yeesigika, era ye mulagiriza owomugaso eri ensonga enkulu mu lugero olwo. Ebyokulabirako byokuyonnyola okwekika ekyo bisangibwa mu Lub 39:2; Balam 17:6; 18:1; 19:1; 21:25; Bik 6:7; 9:31; 12:24; 16:5; 19:20.

B. Ebitontome.

Ebitontome bisangibwa mu Baibuli yonna. Ebitabo ebikulu ebyebitontome ye Zabbuli nOluyimba. Obutontome kyekika kyobuwandiike ekikulu ekyokulaga obusimu. Obutontome si lwe lulimi olwokwetegereza okutafugibwa ndowooza ya muntu , naye lwe lulimi olwokuteebereza. Nga Ryken bwagamba, ennono esooka eyekitontome bwe bukulu bwekifaananyi. . . . Abatontomi boogera olulimi olwebifaananyi kubanga baagala abasomi okuwulira oba okufuna ebiri mu kwogera kwabwe ngekifaananyi era ekitole ekiriwo ddala, so si ekirowoozo bulowoozo (Ryken 2002: 247). Okutontoma kutuyamba okuwulira amazima ga Katonda, ne tugalaba namaaso gebirowoozo byaffe, mu ngeri okusoma obusomi ebiteeso ebyokuyigiriza gye kutaalisobodde kukikola. Okusobola okutuusa obubaka mu ngeri eno, ebigambo ebikozesebwa mu kitontome biba bijjuvu ate nga bya nsonga. Ekiseera, ekifo, nokuwulira mu mbeera biyinza okukyuka mbagirawo. Ekitontome kibaamu enkozesa yolulimi olwekifaananyi. Tekiraga empulira yobusimu oba okulowooza kwokkaekitontome kibaamu endowooza ezikwata ku njigiriza, naye kiyinza obutatwala nnyo kiseera ku zo, (okwawukanako, ekyokulabirako, nebbaluwa). Ekitontome kiba nkolagana wakati wenjogera yomuntu etegekeddwa na magezi era nobwegendereza nebivudde mu kukozesa obwongo bwe, era lyerimu ku makubo Baibuli gekozesa okukola ku nsonga zomuntu zonnaamagezi gaffe (okumanya), obusimu bwaffe (okuwulira), nokwagala kwaffe (okukola).

1. Ekitontome, nga ekitundu kyessuula ekikola ku nsonga emu, kirina ekkomo mu makulu gakyo. Kyetooloolera ku mulamwa gumu ogwa wakati era ogwekutte. Ebitontome mu Baibuli si nyiriri ezaamala gateekebwa wamu awatali kuteekateeka, naye birina enzimba ennungi, erina amakulu amajjuvu (Wolvaardt 2005: 153).

2. Ngekitundu ekikulu mu kwekenneenya olulimi bwe kiri ekitundu kyessuula ekikola ku nsonga emu, ekitundu ekikulu mu kwekenneenya ekitontome kyekibiina kyenyiriri ezikola ekitundu ekiramba mu kitontome. Ekyokulabirako, mu Zabbuli 1 enyiriri 1-3 zikola ekitundu kyekitontome ekiramba; enyiriri 4-5 zikola ekirala; nolunyiriri 6 lukola ekisembayo.

3. Akabonero akakulu akalaga ekitontome ekyOluebbulaniya kwe kukkiriziganya kwenyiriri. Kino kitera okukolebwa olunyiriri olumpimpi olulimu obutundu obubiri [A ne B], akatundu akokubiri nga kalina engeri gye kakolaganamu nakasooka (oluusi ekitontome ekyOluebbulaniya kikozesa enyiriri eziri ku bwannamunigina, oba enyiriri ssatu ezikkiriziganya. Ebika ebikulu ebyokukkiriziganya kwenyiriri birimu:

a. Ezirina amakulu ge gamu (enyiriri A ne B zifaanaganira ddala, zitegeeza ekintu kye kimu)ekyokulabirako A: Mukama lwe lwazi lwange,era kye kigo kyange, era ye andokola B: Katonda wange, olwazi lwange olunywevu, oyo gwe ngenda okwesiganga (Zab 18:2).

b. Ezoolekagana (olunyiriri olwokubiri lugeraageranyizibwa nolusooka)A: Kubanga Mukama amanyi ekkubo lyabatuukirivu, B: Naye ekkubo lyababi liribula (Zab 1:6).

c. Ezizimbagana (olunyiriri olwokubiri lwongera okuzimba ekirowoozo ekiri mu lusooka)A: Kubanga Mukama ye Katonda omukulu, B: Era Kabaka omukulu asinga bakatonda bonna (Zab 95:3).

d. Ezirimu akabonero (olunyiriri olumu luleeta amazima, olulala ne luleeta akabonero oba ekifaananyi ekitangaaza ensonga eri mu lusooka)A: Alaba ebirungi oyo akola ebyekisa, awola; B: Alinyweza ensonga ye bwalisalirwa omusango (Zab 112:5).

4. Okukkiriziganya kwenyiriri ke kamu ku bintu ebirabika ennyo mu Zabbuli ezisinga, engero, okukungubaga, okuwa omukisa, okukolima, okusaba, namateeka nenjogera nyingi ezOluebbulaniya. Nolwekyo, tekukoma ku bitabo byebitontome byokka. Ekyokulabirako, Isa 64:8A: Naye kaakano, ai Mukama, Ggwe Kitaffe, B: Ffe tuli bbumba, naawe mubumbi waffe, C: naffe ffenna tuli mulimu gwa mukono gwo (weetegereze nti kino kirimu obutundutundu busatu).

5.Kubanga okukkiriziganya kwenyiriri kikula kya buwandiike obwOluebbulaniya, kisangibwa ne mu Ndagaano Empya. Ekyokulabirako, Mat 7:17A: Bwe kityo, buli muti omulungi gubala ebibala birungi; B: naye omuti omubi gubala ebibala bibi. Mat 11:30A: Kubanga ekikoligo kyange si kizibu, B: nomugugu gwange mwangu.

6. Zabbuli si ntuumo ya Zabbuli ezaamala gakunganyizibwa ne ziteekebwa awo awatali nteekateeka:

a. Zabbuli zirimu ebitabo bitaano: Ekitabo IZabbuli 1-41; Ekitabo IIZabbuli 42-72; Ekitabo IIIZabbuli 73-89; Ekitabo IVZabbuli 90-106; Ekitabo VZabbuli 107-150. Buli kitundu kilabikirawo kubanga oluyimba olumpi (okutendereza Katonda) kuggalawo buli kitabo.

b. Zabbuli zaagabibwaamu ebibinja okusinziira ku mulamwa oba ekika, omuli: ezokukungubaga (Zabbuli 3-7; 9; 12-13; 17; 22; 25-28; 31; 38-40; 42-44; 51; 54-58; 60; 69-71; 79-80; 90; 94; 120; 130; 137; 139; 142); ezokwebaza ( Zabbuli 18; 30; 32-34; 40; 65-67; 75; 92; 103; 107; 116; 118; 124; 129; 135-136; 138); ezokutendereza ( Zabbuli 8; 19, 66; 100; 103-104; 113; 117; 146-150); ezamagezi ( Zabbuli 1; 36-37; 49; 73; 119; 127-128; 133); ezobwakabaka (Zabbuli 72; 89; 93; 95-100); ezokukolima (Zabbuli 7; 12; 35; 40; 52; 55; 57-59; 69-70; 83; 109; 137; 140); ezikwata ku Masiya (Zabbuli 2; 22; 69; 110).

C. Ebiwandiiko ebyAmagezi.

1. Ebiwandiiko ebyAmagezi ebyomu Baibuli (Yobu, Engero, Omubuulizi) byogera ku bintu ebya bulijjo mu bulamu, naye nga bitunuulira obulamu mu ngeri ekontana namagezi agobuwangwa. Amagezi agobuwangwa gatandika ne maanyieddembe, ekifo, nenkizo. Amagezi agomu Baibuli gatandika ne Katondagatunuulira Katonda ne gamwesiga nga atuwa ekkubo eryobulamu. Amagezi agomu Baibuli gaategekebwa okutuwa ekipimo ekyasukkuluma ku kyobutonde ekiri mu bulamu bwaffe: waliwo okuteekateeka okwebiwandiiko ebyamagezi okutali kwa bigambo bugambo, okwesigamizibwa ku kutunuulira obulamu bwaffe mu kitangaala kya Katonda, nokusinziira ku ye. Ebiwandiiko bya Baibuli birina kubeera waggulu wobuwangwa (ekiyinza okugaleetera okuba amazibu okukozesa bwe tuba nga tusigadde mu buwangwa bwaffe). Birina kutuyamba okukyusa obulamu bwaffe. Mu biwandiiko ebyamagezi tulina okusooka okukola ku myoyo gyaffe, so si amagezi gaffe. Ebiwandiiko ebyamagezi byogera ku bumanyirivu bwabantu nengeri gye bawuliramu, ebiseera ebisinga okusinziira ku ndowooza yomuntu asooka. Mu Ndagaano Enkadde nEmpya zombi, enjigiriza bulijjo eyungibwa ku kukula mu magezi. Ebiwandiiko ebyamagezi bituyamba okukula mu kwewaayo, mu mpisa, ne mu kitundu kye tuba tulimu.

2. Engero biwandiiko bya magezi mu ngeri yebitontome. Engero ziba bigambo bya magezi ebyogera ebintu ebitera okubeera ebyamazima mu bulamu. Si bisuubizo, bunabbi, bisaanyizo, oba mateeka. Ensobi etera okukolebwa mu kuvvuunulakubanga ekikula kyekiwandiiko tekitera kulowoozebwakokwe kutwala Engero nga ebisuubizo eri abakkiriza ba leero okuva eri Katonda. Ekyokulabirako, Nge 22:6 egamba, Manyiiza omwana omuto mu kkubo erimugwanira okutambuliramu, awo newakubadde nga mukadde talirivaamu. Ekyo ekirungi ekivaamu kitera kubaawo, era abazadde basaanye okumanyiiza abaana baabwe mu makubo ga Katonda. Naye, ebiseera bingi abantu bamaliriza nga bawabye ne bwe baba nga babamanyiizizza mu kkubo eribagwanira okutambulirangamu. Ekyomukisa omubi, Nge 22:6 teerina bukakafu bwonna bwetuwa obwenkomerero ennungi (njogera ya lugero bugero). Engero ezisinga zikozesa ngeri emu oba endala eyokukkiriziganya kwenyiriri. Ekirala, tezaateekebwa awo awatali nteekateeka yonna, naye zaateekebwa mu bibinja okusinziira ku mulamwa oba ebigambo ebiba byakozesebwa oba empulikika yeddoboozi. Okwawula emiramwa, ebibinja, nenteekateeka yengero, mu kifo kyokumala gazitwala ngebigambo ebitayungiddwa ku birala, kuyinza okuyamba okusanyuka nokutegeera kwaffe.

D. Obunabbi nebyObulaguzi.

Obunabbi buyinza okuba kimu ku bitundu ebisingira ddala okusoomooza mu kunyonnyola Baibuli. Bbiri ku nsonga enkulu ezireeta ekyo kwe kulemererwa okukozesa ennono zokunyonnyola Baibuli ezoogeddwako mu kitabo kino, nokutegeera obubi ekikula kyobunabbi.

1. Omwaliro nekikula kya bannabbi abali mu Baibuli.

a. Isiraeri yabeeranga mu mwaliro ogwalimu abakaafiiri. Eddiini yonna eyobukaafiiri ya kutogaatoga abantu. Yenkola yabantu okunyonnyola ensi, okunyonnyola ekifo kyabwe mu nsi, nokubeera olwekigendererwa. Obulaguzi kwe kugezaako okumanya ebyomu maaso; eddogo kwe kugezaako okweyambisa obutamanya oba obunafu bwabalala mu ngeri yokugoberera emikolo gyobuwangwa egilagiddwa. Okwawukanako neddiini zamawanga, Katonda yawa Isiraeri okubikkulirwa kwe, nateekawo nendagaano. Mu nteekateeka eyo, Katonda naleeta abanabbi ngayita mu Musa. Okuyita mu kubikkulirwa kwa Katonda, Isiraeri yali ya kubeera mu bulamu obukontana nobuwangwa.

b. Ekikula kya banabbi abEndagaano Enkadde. Nabbi yalina kubeera: omusajja wa Katonda; eddoboozi era omujulirwa wa Katonda; omuddu wa Katonda; eyeewaddeyo eri Katonda. Yalina kwogera eddoboozi lya Katonda, okwawukana nabantu okuwulirizanga eddoboozi lyabantu. Mu ngeri eyo, yalina kukola nga omukolokosi wobuwangwa, okwawukana nokwenyigira kwabantu mu byobufuzi ebitambulira ku nkozesa yamaanyi.

2. Ekikula kyObunabbi obwomu Baibuli.

a. Omwaliro gwebyafaayo/Obuwangwa.

(1) Banabbi ba Katonda baakozesanga ekigambo kya Katonda mu biseera ebyakazigizigi akaaliwo mu nkolagana eyendagaano wakati wa Katonda nabantu be. Ekikolwa kya bannabbi abEndagaano Enkadde ekikulu tekwali kulagula ebyomu maaso. Wabula, bonna baalina obubaka nobuweereza bwa mirundi ebiri:

(A) Balabulanga abantu ba Katonda ku kabi akava mu bujeemu eri amakubo ga Katonda nga bababuulira ku musango ogujja; ne

(B) Bakomyangawo abantu ba Katonda eri obwesigwa nga bababuulira ku ssuubi eryobulokozi.

Kale, obunabbi obwEndagaano Enkadde bwakwatanga ku biseera ebyaliwo nebyomu maaso.

(2) Bannabbi abEndagaano Enkadde bonna baakolanga ku nsonga eyokukyusa empisa zabantu. Obubaka bwabwe bwali, bwe mukola kino, omusango gujja; bwe mugoberera Mukama, emikisa gijja. Mu ngeri eyo, kitundu kinene ku bunabbi obwEndagaano Enkadde kyatambulanga nakakwakkulizo akokwenenya kwabantu nempisa zaabwe, newakubadde obunabbi bwalabika obutabaako kakwakkulizo (laba, Yona 3).

(3) Mu kutunuulira ebyafaayo, omuntu ayinza okulaba enkyukakyuka mu ssira lyobunabbi oluvannyuma lwokutwalibwa kwa Isiraeri e Babulooni. Nga okutwalibwa mu busibe tekunnabaawo, banabbi baasinganga okuteeka essira ku bujeemu bwa Isiraeri. Oluvannyuma lwobusibe, essira lyateekebwanga ku buvunaanyizibwa bwabantu ba Katonda okweteekerateekera okujja kwobwakabaka bwa Katonda okujjuvu.

b. Ebikwata ku Buwandiike. Banabbi okusinga baakozesanga ebigambo ebyavanga mu kamwa kaabwe okutuusa obubaka bwabwe; ebiwandiiko byobunabbi byajja luvannyuma. Ebitabo byobunabbi bitera okubeeramu entuumo yebigambo bingi ebyayogerwa naye nga tebyategekebwa okusinziira ku biseera bye byayogerwamu. Olulimi olwokugeraageranya lwe baateranga okukozesa lwesigamizibwanga ku bifaananyi byebintu ebyalina amakulu mu buwangwa bwabwe.

3. Ebirowoozo ebya bulijjo ku kuvvuunula obunabbi.

a. Bulijjo obunabbi tebutuukirira nga bugobereraebigambo byennyini nabbi bye yayogera. Bannabbi baleengera ebiseera ebyomu maaso mu bifaananyi ebigenda bigaziwa. . . . Amakubo agenjawulo ge bakozesa mu kubuulira abantu enteekateeka ya Katonda ku lwebiseera ebyomu maaso galaga okutegeera kwabwe ku ngeri Katonda gyakolamu ebintu bye. Kubanga ayagala okubikkula okwagala kwe okutakyuka nobulungi bwe eri Isiraeri namawanga amalala, akolagana nabantu mu makubo oluusi agatatuukiriza ebigambo byennukuta oba ebyasuubirwa mu kusooka, naye akuuma omugendo ogwokutuuka ku bigendererwa bye ebikulu. . . . Kubanga ebigendererwa bya Katonda bigenda bivaayo mpola mpola ne bigaziwa okuyita mu kwetaba kwe mu nsonga zabantu, okuyitiriza okunyonnyola ebintu okusinziira ku nnukuta oluusi kuyinza okuwabya omuntu. Ekyokulabirako, Yeremiya ne Isaaya baalagula nti Babulooni yali ejja kugwa mu mikono gyAbameedi (Yeremiya 2:11, 28; Isaaya 13:17), ne Isaaya yanyonnyola bulungi okuzikirizibwa kwa Babulooni nokuttibwa kwabantu baayo awatali kusaasira (Isaaya 13:14-22). Naye ate Babulooni yagwa mu mikono gyAbaperusi, abaali banywezezza obufuzi bwabwe ku Abameedi nga Babulooni tennaba kugwa. Ne Babulooni yeewaayo awatali kulwana. Ekibuga tekyayonoonebwa, era kyasigalamu abantu. Nolwekyo, obunabbi bwokugwa kwa Babulooni bwatuukirizibwa, naye si ngebigambo byobunabbi obwo bwe byali.

Mu ngeri yemu, Isaaya 10:28-34 yalagula ku bulumbaganyi bwa Asuria, nga anyonnyola bulungi nga eggye lya Asuria bwe lyali lijja okuva mu mambuka okujja e maserengeta, kibuga ku kibuga nga bayita mu nsozi za Ai, Gibeya, Anasosi ne Enobu okutuuka ku Lusozi Sayuuni. Amazima gali nti Senakeribu bwe yajja namagye ge yagoberera olubalama lwenyanja enne natuuka mu Yerusaalemi ngava e Bugwanjuba. (Travis 1982: 138)

b. Obunabbi bwesigamizibwanga ku mbeera ezaali zimanyiddwa; nolwekyo, okukyuka kwembeera kulina kye kukola ku kutuukirizibwa kwobunabbi obwo. Kubanga obunabbi busibwa ku mbeera ebaawo, bukozesa ebigambo ebikwatagana nebiseera embeera eyo webeererawo. Ibulayimu asuubizibwa ensi. Abawanganguse okuva e Yerusaalemi eyazikirizibwa basuubizibwa Yeekaalu empya (Ezek 40-48). . . . Era kubanga obunabbi bwogera ku mbeera emanyiddwa, bwe bumala okutuukirizibwa, (ekyokulabirako), mu kukomawo okuva mu buwanganguse), tetuyinza kubuteekesa mu nkola mu bujjuvu mu mbeera endala ebeera ezze oluvannyuma (ekyokulabirako, Obuvanjuba obwa Wakati olwaleero). Ekinene ennyo, tuyinza okulaba okukkiriziganya kwennyiriri okwawamu, ngEndagaano Empya bwekola, wakati wembeera nabbi gyayogerako nembeera ya Isiraeri eya leero, ekkanisa. . . . Kubanga engeri yobunabbi eraga embeera zekiseera kye bwakolebwamu, tetulina kwewuunya okusanga nti butuukirizibwa nga tebugoberera ebigambo ebyakozesebwa obutereevu. Okutwala akaseera okukirowoozaako kutulaga nga bwe tutasaana okusuubira okutuukirizibwa kwobunabbi obumu nga kugoberera ebigambo ebyakozesebwa mu kuwa obunabbi obwo. Ekyokulabirako, waliwo obunabbi bwa Isaaya obwekiseera Asuria, Misiri ne Isiraeri lwe zijja okubeera mu bumu ne zifuukira ensi omukisa (Isaaya 19:19-25). Olwaleero Asuria tekyaliwo ngeggwanga, nabantu ba Misiri abasinga baawufu nnyo okuva ku Bamisiri abebiseera bya Isaaya. Kizibu obunabbi ngobwo okutuukirizibwa nga ebigambo byabwo bwe bigamba, newakubadde buyinza okuba ekifaananyi ekyemirembe egiri wakati wAbayudaaya nAbamawanga egisobose olwa Kristo (Abaefeso 2:11-22), oba enkolagana eza namaddala wakati wabantu abamawanga gonna mu bwakabaka bwa Katonda obusembayo. (Travis 1982: 136, 138)

c. Essira liri ku byokulabirako nemiramwa. Obulaguzi Endagaano Enkadde bwekola ku biseera ebyenkomerero butera okuyungibwa wamu nemiramwa nebigambo ebyomugaso okusinga okuyungibwa entegeka esinziira ku biseera byokutuukirizibwa kwabwo (ekyokulabirako, laba Dan 7:8-27; 8:9-26; Kub 16-19) (Oropeza 1994: 195n.10). Ekirala, olwobubaka bwabwo obwemirundi ebiri (okusalirwa omusango nokulokoka), newakubadde banabbi baakwataganyanga enjogera zaabwe nembeera enzibu ezaali zimanyiddwa, emiramwa egyekika ekyo gigenda girabika buli wamu mu banabbi. Emiramwa egyo girimu: endagaano ya Katonda nabantu be; okubeerawo kwa Katonda; Katonda nga kabaka; Masiya wa Katonda; olunaku lwa Mukama; obwakabaka bwa Katonda; Omwoyo wa Mukama. Abawandiisi bEndagaano Empya baatunuuliranga ebiwandiiko byobunabbi ebyEndagaano Enkadde ngebyokulabirako ebyatuukirizibwa mu Ndagaano Empya. Kale, nga Lakeri bwe yakaaba ngatwalibwa mu buwanganguse (omulamwa gwa Yer 31:15), Lakeeri adamu okukaaba Kerode bwe yatta abaana (omulamwa gwa Mat 2:18 Matayo mwanokolera obunabbi bwa Yeremiya). Twetaaga okunoonya emiramwa nebyokulabirako ebyo, kubanga mu byo tutandika okulaba endowooza ya Katonda.

d. Essira liri ku Katonda, so si ku bintu ebyabaawo ebyali bimanyiddwa. Obubaka obwobunabbi okusinga kuba kuwaayo Ekigambo kya Katonda, okusinga okuba okulagula kwebigenda okubaawo mu biseera ebijja. Okwekaliriza kwobubaka bwobunabbi buli ku Katonda. Kale, okutuukirizibwa kwobunabbi kwesigamizibwa ku muntu (Katonda), so si mu kintu ekinaabaawo. Kubanga okutuukirizibwa kuli mu muntu, Katonda wa ddembe okutuukiriza ekigambo kye ye nga bwayagala ne buli lwayagala. Katonda tatambulira ku kusuubira kwabantu. Ekyokulabirako, banabbi tebaayogeranga ku kujja kwa Katonda mu mubiri, wabula ku Dawudi oba ezadde lye. (nga, Isa 11:1; Yer 30:9; Ezeek 37:24). Wabula, mu butuufu Katonda yajja ngomuntu, nobwakabaka bwa Katonda kwalabisibwa mu muntu Yesu mu ngeri banabbi abEndagaano Enkadde gye baali tebasobola kutegeera (laba, Mak 1:15; Luk 17:21; Mat 16:19 [ger, Isa 22:22]). Abantu abebiseera bya Yesu abaalina entegeera eya bulijjo be baasanga obuzibu mu kulaba okutuukirizibwa kwobunabbi obwo mu kujja kwe. Abo abaali banoonya Masiya owekinamagye nowebyobufuzi, eyalinga Dawudi, baalemwa okulaba nti Yesu yalina bingi, so si bitono, ebyokuwaaayo. Abo abaamuteekako omusango mu kuwozesebwa kwe tebaasobola kugenda ewala okuva ku okutegeera okwa bulijjo okwobulaguzi bwe nti mu nnaku ssatu aliddamu okuzimba Yekaalu eyali emenyeddwa (Mat 26:61; ger. Yok 2:18-22). (Travis 1982: 139) Nolwekyo, Ssinga tukkiriza nti obunabbi obwedda buyinza okutuukirizibwa mu ngeri ze tutasuubira, tetuyinza kukozesa obunabbi nga enjoogera ekoleddwa mu bujjuvu ku biseera ebyomu maaso. Tuyinza okulaba okufaanagana wakati wembeera ya nabbi oyo neyaffe; naye ate tuteekwa okulekamu akabanga akajja okuyingiramu ebintu bye tutalabiddeewo (Green 1984: 105). Tetumanyira ddala bulungi ngeri ki obunabbi bwa Katonda gye bugenda okutuukirizibwamu mu biseera ebyomu maaso. Wabula, kubanga Kristo yenkomerero ya byonna, okwanukula kwaffe eri okusuubira kwobunabbi kwe kusukkuluma kwaffe mu Kristo, nokuyigira ku Kristo.

e. Obunabbi kitundu ku bubaka bwa Katonda obununuzi era obwekyafaayo, obubikkulibwa mu mitendera. Okubikkulirwa kwa Katonda eri omuntu kuzze kulabisibwa mpola mpola. Okubikkulirwa okwo okuzze kweyongera okulabisibwa kulimu ekigambo kyobunabbi. Obubaka bwobunabbi obwo bwalagirizibwa eri embeera ezakabi ezaali zimanyiddwa obulungi, era zaatuukirizibwa mu biseera ebyEndagaano Enkadde. Naye, bulimu obubaka obwokusalirwa omusango nobulokozi obukwata ku bantu ba mirembe mingi. Okwolesebwa okwobunabbi kugatta emitendera egyokutuukirizibwa, ebitundu byensi (okuva e Kanaani okutuuka ku ggulu eppya nensi empya), nabantu (Abayudaaya nabAmawanga), mu kifaananyi ekigazi. Obunabbi kitundu ku nteekateeka ya Katonda yonna eyokununula omuntu. Nabbi omu ayinza okuzimba obunabbi bwe ku bulala obwasooka okujja. Kale, endagaano za Katonda zikula era zeeyongera okutumbka okuyita mu banabbi abazimba era abazikyusa okuyita mu kubuulira kwabwe ku kusalirwa omusango nobulokozi. Bino wammanga byakulabirako bibiri ebyokutuukirizibwa kwobunabbi okuva mu Ndagaano Enkadde:

(1) Ekisuubizo kyensi mu Ndagaano eyakolebwa ne Ibulayimu (laba, Lub 12:1-3). Ebintu byonna ebyali mu ndagaano ya Katonda ne Ibulayimu ( Endagaano ya Ibulayimu) byagenda byegongera okutangaazibwa. Ku kisuubizo kya ensi, ensi mu kusooka teyanyonnyolwa (Lub 12:1). Yasooka okunyonnyolwa nga ensi Ibulamu gye yali asobola okulaba (Lub 13:14-15), oluvannyuma ekifo wesangibwa kyanyonnyolwa (Lub 15:18-21; 17:8), ku nkomerero yateekebwa mu bigambo ebyatwaliramu byonna nti ezzadde lyo balirya omulyango ogwabalabe [ ababe] baabwe (Lub 22:17). Endagaano Enkadde eraga nti ekisuubizo kyensi kyatuukirizibwa waakiri emirundi ebiri (mu biseera bya Yoswa [Yoswa 21:43-45] nebyobufuzi bwa Sulemaani [1 Bassek 4:20-21]). Naye, olwobujeemu bwa Isiraeri, yagobwa okuva mu nsi eyo, kale ekisuubizo ekyo tekyatuukirizibwa mu bujjuvu mu biseera ebyEndagaano Enkadde. Ensi yali ekyasuubirwa nokuzzibwawo kwasuubizibwa mu biseera ebyobuwanganguse (laba, Ezeek 20:1-44). Ekisuubizo kyaddamu okutuukirizibwa, mu kitundu, oluvannyuma lwobuwanganguse.

(2) Endagaano ya Dawudi (2 Sam 7:12-16).Obunabbi bwa Yeremiya ku kabaka nobwakabona bwAbaleevi mu Ndagaano ya Dawudi (Yer 33:19-22) bwatuukirizibwa mu Yesu Kristo. Yeremiya yajjukira ebisuubizo bya Nasani eri Dawudi ku kabaka eyali owokuva mu Dawudi nobwakabona bwa Leevi, okukakasa abawanganguse nti Katonda yali ajja kubakomyawo mu nsi yaabwe (Yer 33:19-22). Yeremiya n