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  • 1. The Elements and Principles ofDesignVocabulary and Example ArtReviewMrs. Olinde Rm. 243West Ouachita High School

2. Elements of DesignLineTextureValueShapeFormSpaceColor 3. Elements of ArtThe Elements and Principles of Design are thebuilding blocks used to create a work of art. TheElements of Design can be thought of as the thingsthat make up a painting, drawing, design etc.Good or bad - all paintings will contain most if notall, the seven Elements of Design. 4. ElementLine: Continuous Mark made on somesurface by a moving point or the edgecreated when two shapes meet. 5. Kinds of Line Horizontal Vertical Diagonal Zig zag Curved 6. Variations of Line Length Width Texture Direction Degree of curve 7. Variationsof LIneKinds and Variations ofline 8. Two Main Categories for LineLines may be described in two maincategories. Kinds: (5) horizontal,vertical, zigzag, curved and diagonal.Variations (5) width, direction, length,texture and degree of curve 9. ElementTexture: refers to the way things feel, or lookas if they might feel if touched.IngresPrincesse de Broglie1853 10. ElementValue: Describes the lightness ordarkness of an object or hue.Georgia O KeefeFlower1900s 11. ElementShape: A Two dimensional area clearlydefined by one or more of the other visualelementsHenri MatisseFall of Icarus1900s 12. ElementForm: An object with ThreeDimensions-MichelangeloMoses1515LengthWidthDepth 13. ElementSpace : The distance or area between,around, above, below, or within things. 14. ElementColor= three distinct qualities of hue, intensity, and value 15. Principles of DesignThe different ways the elements can be usedin a work of artBalanceEmphasisHarmonyVarietyGradationMovementRhythmProportion 16. BalanceRadial balancemeans lines orshapes growfrom a centerpointAsymmetrical(informal)balance meanseach side of animaginary lineare different yetequal.Symmetrical(formal) balancemeans both sidesof an imaginaryline are the same 17. PrincipleBalance = A way of combining elements toadd a feeling of equilibrium or stabilitySymmetrical Balance- Formal balance in which two halves of workare identicalRadial Balance- Objects are positioned around a central pointAsymmetrical Balance- More informal and takes in account qualitiessuch as hue, intensity, and value, in addition tosize and shape to a achieve a felt balance. 18. Careful selections and placementwill balance your design. 19. Grant Wood used near-formal balance in his painting American Gothicto emphasize a kind of formal, iconic presentation. Everything here issolid, grounded, carefully balanced (boring?)the epitome of solidAmerican values 20. PrincipleEmphasis = A way of combining elements to stress thedifferences between those elements.a ContrastVermeerGirl with the PearlEarring.1665 21. What area is your eye drawn to?Why? 22. EmphasisKandinsky emphasized the largeblack circle in the upper leftcorner of his work.The object is different fromeverything else in the painting andtherefore it "stands out". 23. PrincipleHarmony= A way of combining similar elementsin an artwork to accent their similaritiesHenri MatisseHarmony in Red/LadesserteSpring 1908 24. What has been repeated in thispainting of Sunflowers? 25. VarietyVariety occurs when an artistcreates something that looksdifferent from the rest of theartwork.Changing a color or size is avariation.Artists create variety to makeartwork more interesting. 26. PrincipleVariety = A way of combining elements in involved waysto create intricate and complicated relationshipsKandinsky uses aVariety of lines,shapes and colors togive this paintinginterest. He alsooverlaps some of theseElements. 27. PrincipleGradation = A way of combining elements by using aseries of gradual changes in those elements such as achange from small shapes to large or dark hue to light hueGeorgia O KeefeFlower1900s 28. Gradation: a way of combining elements by using aseries of gradual changes in those elements 29. Movement and RhythmMovement is used to create the lookand feeling of action and to guide theviewers eye through out the work ofart.Visual rhythm makes you think of therhythms you hear in music or dance.Artists create visual rhythm byrepeating art elements and creatingpatterns.Artists create pattern by repeating aline, shape or color over and overagain. 30. PrincipleMovement = The principle of art used to create thelook and feeling of action and to guide the viewerseye throughout the work of artEdvard MunchThe Scream1890s 31. PrincipleRhythm = The careful placement of repeatedelements in a work of art to cause a visual tempoor beatRoy Lichtenstein1960s 32. How is visual rhythm created here?. 33. PrincipleProportion = The principle of art concerned withthe relationship of certain elements to the wholeand to each other 34. Proportion is concerned with the relationship ofcertain elements to the whole and to each other. While the scale of thepainting works becauseof the perspective ofthe image, the proportionof the woman is vastlydifferent in size thanthat of the little boyon the left.