Or we were gatherers and hunters most of our time on planet earth

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Or we were gatherers and hunters most of our time on planet earth </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Some 5 million to 6 million years ago, our ancestors diverged from African apes and the line leading to chimpanzees 20 to 30 different species of hominid or humanlike creatures developed In eastern and southern Africa </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> All hominids were bipedal Bipedal = To walk upright on two legs </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> In 1976, Mary Leakey uncovered in what is now Tanzania a series of footprints of three such individuals, preserved in the cooling volcanic ash about 3.5 million years ago Two of the hominids appeared to be holding hands </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> About 2.3 million years ago, one particular hominids brain grew larger Scientists believe this brain growth was due to extreme and rapid climate change that required the ability to adapt Homo Habilis or Handy Man had evolved </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Some 250,000 years ago, Homo sapiens emerged in Africa And sometime after 100,000 years ago, Homo sapiens began to migrate out of Africa They eventually settled every habitable region of the world! </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> 95% of humanitys time on earth Food-collecting or gathering and hunting way of life Refers to food-collecting or gathering and hunting way of life Foraging societies Small groups, mobile, nomadic </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Inability to store food Few personal belongings due to nomadism Did not build permanent settlements </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> Development of spoken language Ability to make simple tools out of stone Ability to control and use fire Ability to adapt to a multiplicity of environments </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> The Stone Age lasted from 2.5 million years ago to 5,000 or 6,000 years ago But three phases of the Stone age 1. Paleolithic 2. Mesolithic 3. Neolithic </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) -ending 12,000 years ago and overlapping with the Great, or Pleistocene, Ice Age Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age) -lasting from 12,000 to 10,000 years ago Neolithic (New Stone Age) -beginning around 8000 BCE </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> Ensuring a steady and plentiful food supply Food collectors not food producers </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> Earliest clothes: Furs and animal hides As time passed, learned to use plant fibers By 26,000 years ago, some Stone Age peoples were weaving cloth and even dyeing it to add color </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> Based on family unit Extended families clustered together Extended families formed clans bound by ties of kinship Clans formed bands and tribes </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> Scarce resources led to the practice of nomadism Moved on to other areas in search of resources </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> Worshipped many deities Made sacrifices to gods and spirits Buried their dead </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> Assigned by gender Men = Hunted Women = Gathered But mens roles were not necessarily seen as superior to womens roles This division continued after Stone Age and gave rise to long-standing gender inequality that did favor men </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> In what significant ways did the Paleolithic period differ from the world we live in today? </li> </ul>

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