Hunters And Gatherers PowerPoint

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<ul><li> 1. Objective: To Learn about the early Hunters and Gatherers</li></ul> <p> 2. Hunters and Gatherers Lesson 1: Page 10-16 3. Vocabulary 4. </p> <ul><li>Prehistory </li></ul> <ul><li>Archaeology </li></ul> <ul><li>Archaeologist </li></ul> <ul><li>Artifact </li></ul> <ul><li>Migrate </li></ul> <ul><li>Glacier </li></ul> <p>-Long period of time before people developed systems of writing. -Huge Ice Sheets -to move from one place to another -study of past cultures through the things that remain such as buildings, tools, or pottery. -an object made by people long ago -A scientist who uncovers evidence, or proof, from the past. 5. Studying PreHistory </p> <ul><li>Long period of Time before people developed systems of writing and written language.</li></ul> <ul><li>No books, letters, or newspapers from prehistory. </li></ul> <p>We can still learn about these pre-historic times 6. Archaeology</p> <ul><li>What is Archaeology?</li></ul> <p>(Archaeology video) Study of past cultures through the things that remain: buildings, tools, pottery, etc. 7. Artifacts 8. More Artifacts </p> <ul><li>Ash from Campfire </li></ul> <p> 9. </p> <ul><li>We need to figure out:</li></ul> <ul><li>The gender of the owner </li></ul> <ul><li>The age of the owner </li></ul> <p> 10. Early People </p> <ul><li>Using artifacts, Archaeologist can determine where people migrated from and where they went.</li></ul> <ul><li>Migrate: human movement </li></ul> <p> 11. Early People 12. 13. Ice Age </p> <ul><li>11,000 years ago: Earth was in an Ice Age </li></ul> <p> 14. Glacier </p> <ul><li>1.6 Million Years ago until 10,000 years ago </li></ul> <p> 15. Glaciers Melt. 16. Giant Ground Sloth 17. Saber Tooth Cat 18. 19. American Mastodon 20. 21. Big Horned Bison 22. How did People get to North America? </p> <ul><li>During Ice Age, Seas were lower than they are today.WHY??? </li></ul> <ul><li>The Result: A Land Bridge connected Asia to Alaska.</li></ul> <p>Beringia or Bering Strait 23. Bering Strait </p> <ul><li>Google Earth Measure Tool </li></ul> <p> 24. Early Americans </p> <ul><li>Clovis, NM11,000 year old artifacts </li></ul> <p> 25. 26. </p> <ul><li>Migration Path of Early Americans </li></ul> <ul><li>11,500 years ago. </li></ul> <ul><li>Was it a fast Migration? </li></ul> <p>1,000 years 27. New Discovery-Different Path </p> <ul><li>20 years ago: Discovery at Monte Verde, Chile. </li></ul> <p> 28. Monte Verde, Chile</p> <ul><li>Archaeologists found artifacts from 12,500 years ago. </li></ul> <ul><li>Disputed: May prove scientists were wrong with Clovis, NM. </li></ul> <p> 29. Topper Site </p> <ul><li>18,000 Year Old Artifacts </li></ul> <p> 30. Sequence </p> <ul><li>11,500 years ago: Clovis, NM </li></ul> <ul><li>12,500 years ago: Monte Verde, Chile </li></ul> <ul><li>18,000 years ago: Topper Site (South Carolina) </li></ul>