j.r.r tolkien

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J.R.R Tolkien. Was born John Ronald Reuel (JRR) Tolkien in modern day South Africa. Moved to England at a young age. After fighting in World War I, he started create his own language called. Middle Earth. Languages based in Anglo-Saxon, Welsh, and Finnish roots. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


J.R.R Tolkien

J.R.R TolkienWas born John Ronald Reuel (JRR) Tolkien in modern day South Africa.Moved to England at a young age.After fighting in World War I, he started create his own language called. Middle Earth.Languages based in Anglo-Saxon, Welsh, and Finnish roots.In the early 1930s, he started to write the first chapters of the Hobbit.In 1973, he died of pneumonia.

Fantasy LiteratureFantasy literature is probably the oldest genre of fiction writing in the world. Fantasy literature has its roots in the fairy tale or folk tale, should do one of these:1). To teach a lesson (i.e.: the tortoise and the hare),2). To explain the unexplained or unexplainable (i.e.: creationist stories like the Book of Genesis),3) Allow the audience to connect with the characters in a way that would make them feel better about their daily lives (i.e.: the story of Cinderella).

In fantasy literature, we see several types of reoccurring themes or elements.Things that may look different from book to book but which represent the same thing called archetypes.

The quest (including the struggle of good vs. evil)The family (or party)The heroThe villainThe monster (may also be the villain)The god-figureAnimalsThe father figure (or wise man)The mother figure (or wise woman)The child (bildungsroman child to mature)The foolThe maiden

Do Now & HomeworkDo Now: Take out your notebook and novel. ***SEATS ARE GOING TO BE MOVED***Answer this in your notebook:Based on your reading of the first chapter, what are some key ideas from this chapter. You may list them.

HOMEWORK: Read Chapter 2 for discussion tomorrow and Thursday. TEST ON SAT VOCABULARY, CH 1 AND 2 FRIDAYFreytag PyramidHow an author shows the parts of a play/novel.ExpositionRising ActionClimax (Turning Point)Falling ActionResolution (denouement)Does the novel also have a beginning, middle, end?So, do we say it has 3 or 5 parts altogether?Answer these questions on looseleaf to be handed in1. What did Bilbo first say to Gandalf?2. Which dwarf arrived at Bilbo's house first?3. Name ALL dwarfs from the first chapter.4. What was Bilbo's job going to be? 5. What is the name of the wizard? DwalinBalinKiliFiliDoriNoriThroinOinOriGloinBifurBofurBombur.Do Now & HomeworkAnswer these questions in your notebook:What creatures do we meet during this part of the novel?How does Gandalf help Bilbo during a time of trouble?

TEST FRIDAY on SAT Vocabulary words from last week, introduction information from notes, Ch. 1 & 2 of book.SettingWhere the story take place.General setting for this novel is Middle-earth, an area with certain people, plants, customs etc.First vision is Bilbos hobbit hole, built by his father (with moms money) (page 32-33, show the trolls)The setting can create conflicts, solve problems, create hardships.Page 1 gives you an idea of Bilbos character.MoodThe feeling of a play/novel shows the mood.The setting can greatly affect a characters mood.The affect the setting has on a characters mood can foreshadow that might be happening soon or later in literature.In your notebook, NOWCreate a 3-column chart like this one:

Look in Chapter 1 & 2 for examples, and based on what you see, fill in the chart.Page NumberSetting DescriptionHow it may/does affect the storyDo Now & HomeworkFinish up your charts from yesterday, you should have 3-4 examples.


YOU MUST BRING A PENCIL AND PEN TO CLASS, NO EXCEPTIONS!CharacterizationA character is someone or something whose actions, ideas, thoughts and influence develop the plot.Most characters are either the protagonist or antagonist.Characterization are techniques that a write uses to reveal the personality of characters to the reader.Words: comments from the narrator, dialogue by others about the character.Thoughts: whats going in their mind, motives, choices.Appearance: physical and clothing (Gandalfs white beard can be symbolic for wisdom).Action: what they doInteractions: how they relate to othersNames: symbolicSetting: items, furnishing (what they see around them)Change/Development: change that the character goes through.In your notebooksanswer these questionsWhich techniques does Tolkien use to characterize the trolls?What does the name Bilbo Baggins mean to you?How does Thorin interact with others?What changes do you see so far in the story to Bilbo?How would you characterize Gandalf and his role in the adventure so far?Do Now and HomeworkTake out your essays, I AM NOT TAKING LATE ONES

HOMEWORK: 1. Finish reading Ch. 42. Quiz MONDAY April 2nd on Ch. 3 & 4. Including notes and novel work.RhetoricRhetoric means either the art of persuasion on an audience or the techniques used by a writers in their craft. Usually called figures of speech.Throughout the novel, Tolkien uses these figures of speech to help sentence structure and give deeper meaning to the words.Some of these include:Simile using like or as, or as ifMetaphor comparing two different thingsHyperbole exaggeration or overstatementPersonification giving human characteristics to inanimate things.Onomatopoeia words that echo the meaning they represent.Idioms expressions the meaning of which cant be figured out from the words themselves.Complete in your notebookFind three similes from Ch. 1-4 and write down the quote and the page number.

Write the meaning of the following idioms:Time out of mind, pg. 2Going off into the Blue, pg. 5-6Put your foot in it, pg. 18A nice pickle they were all in, pg. 39Caught their eyes, pg. 39Do Now & HomeworkFinish your 3 similes to share with the class in your notebook.

HOMEWORK: Quiz on Monday April 2nd on Ch. 3 & 4 including notes from Powerpoints.Point of ViewHow the narrator participates in sharing the story is called point of view.There are five types of point of views:First Person POVSecond Person POVThird Person POVOmniscientLimitedFirst person: Narrator is present or involved (uses I).Second person: narrator speaks to the reader as you, and addresses the reader directly, as speaking together (you).Third person: separate from the action and tells from a greater distance (he, she, it).Omniscient: knows all the actions even whats going on in a characters mind.Limited: knows only the perspective of one character.The Hobbit shows the narrator sometimes addresses the reader directlySometimes gives third-person omniscient narration.Authors do this for the purpose of conveying the story.

In your notebooksYOU MUST FIND 2 EXAMPLES OF EACH:Find 2nd person POV on pages 2, 3, OR 19Shows Bilbos inner thoughts or feelings on page 50, 57 or 59

Do Now & HomeworkAnswer this in your notebook:

Do you know any riddles? If yes, what is it? What is the point of riddles?


Questions?Who does Bilbo meet?What does Gollum win?What does Bilbo win?How does Bilbo get away from Gollum?

What do the dwarves think of Bilbo when he reappears after being missing?What creatures will come back after the dark?What new creatures do we meet?What do these two set of creatures do?Who comes to save the day?ConflictConflicts make us wonder if the protagonist will attain his or her goal.They can be internal or external conflicts.Internal: desires, values, personality traits, and/or motives.External: something or someone outside of him or herself. Problems with society, nature, ideas or force (good & evil)Answer in your notebookWhat is the main conflict in this story? What was the main internal and/or external conflict in this chapter (think Gollum & Bilbo).Do you remember any other conflicts thus far in our reading?Do Now & HomeworkTake out your novels and notebooks.

HOMEWORK: read the rest of chapter 7 for homework due tomorrow.Answer these in your notebookWhat large formation do the eagles take the party to?

Explain what Beorn is?

What is Beorns estate like?

Describe Gandalfs plan for approaching Beorn for help.

Do Now & HomeworkTake out your novel and notebook write a small summary of what happened at the end of chapter 7.

Homework: In-class assignment due Monday, April 23rd DiariesRecordings from a persons point of view.Can be linked to the present, past, including hopes, dreams, and plans for the future.Diaries can be objective, or very personal.Diary writing is normally informal, and dont follow the rules of grammar, punctuation, including private abbreviations.People also add other quotes, lyrics, meaning phrases.Some people also doodle or add pictures.On looseleafYou will be creating FOUR journal entries on a character of your choice, 10 or more sentences each. You can write one for several chapters.Feel free to write it HOWEVER you want, CREATIVITY IS PART OF THIS GRADE.YOU MUST stay in character.I must be able to read your writing, however, use different types of fonts.Adding pictures, typing this, etc. will help your grade.Due Monday April 23rd Do Now & HomeworkTake out loose leaf for quick quiz

HOMEWORK: One page description of your character traits (will understand at the end of class). Explain how his behavior varies along the continuum that you identified.Character TraitsCharacter traits can be absolute, either always or always not having them.Ex. A character can be greedy.Depending on the situation, they may be seen more or less greedy.Variations in characteristics traits can view a more realistic view of the complex thing of a character.Can be seen on a continuum.Character Traits continuedHospitable ----------------------Inhospitable

Bilbo Ch. 1: Initial greeting is polite and welcoming. By the end, his welcoming is tested by the 13 dwarves in the house, and can be seen too as rude. You can say that Bilbo is or isnt hospitable would not c