how ironic! verbal irony, situational irony or dramatic irony?
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How Ironic! Verbal Irony, Situational Irony or Dramatic Irony?
Verbal IronyWhen an author or character says one thing but means something else.
In verbal irony there is a discrepancy between the meaning of what the speaker says and what the situation indicates the speaker means by it.
Verbal irony with an edge to it is sarcasm. If the speaker uses irony to give someone a verbal jab, that is sarcasm. The water in the building will be turned off for the next six hours. How wonderful! (Having the water off is the opposite of wonderful.)
You got straight As on your report card? Im so disappointed! (The speaker feels the opposite of disappointed.)Teenagers and Parents excel at verbal irony:
After seeing that her sons bedroom is still a disgusting pig sty, his mom says,
Oh, I see you cleaned your room.
Verbal irony can also be expressed as overstatement or understatement.
If my computer freezes again, Im going to throw it out the window! (The speaker is frustrated but overstates what he or she will actually do.)I suppose that a seven-foot basketball player is rather tall. (Rather tall understates the idea that the player is very tall.
Situational irony is an inconsistency between what the audience or reader expects, and what actually happens.
Dramatic irony occurs when an audience or reader knows something that a character does not know. The audience is more aware than the characters in a work.
How the Grinch Stole Christmas the viewer knows that the Grinch intends to ruin Christmas in Whoville, but the residents of Whoville dont realize this.
And now for a delightful Irony Quiz!
you run into your date who is with another guy.
You break a date with your girlfriend so you can go to the ball game with the guys. When you go to the concession stand,
Movie: The audience knows that the wife poisoned the meal, but the husband doesnt and he starts to eat it.
Its such a thrill to find out that Ill be spending the summer with a cast on my leg.
Juliet takes the sleeping potion** and Romeo thinks shes dead so he kills himself.
** The audience knows this but Romeo does not!
Bill Gates winning a computer system.
Horror Movie: The audience knows that the teenagers should not go walking in the woods late at night, but the foolish teens think a midnight stroll would be romantic. Needless to say, they become the next victims.