irony: verbal, situational, and...

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  • Irony:

    Verbal, Situational, and Dramatic

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  • Irony

    (The general definition of)

    A contradiction between appearance and reality,

    between expectation and outcome, or between

    meaning and intention.

    Three different kinds of irony:

    Verbal

    Situational

    Dramatic

  • Verbal Irony

    Occurs when someone says something that deliberately contradicts what that person actually means.

    Ex: Positive connotations- “My, you’ve certainly made a mess of things!” could be said to a hostess who presents a spectacular dish prepared with obvious care and skill.

    Ex: Negative connotations- Sarcasm. “Go ahead and keep sleeping during class, why don’t you?” could be said to a sleepy student even though the teacher clearly doesn’t want the student to keep sleeping.

  • Situational Irony

    Occurs when something happens that contradicts our expectation.

    Ex: “The Gift of the Magi” story

    Rock trio ZZ Top is famously associated with the chest-length beards of guitarist Billy Gibbons and bassist Dusty Hill. The group's drummer, who only has a mustache, happens to be named Frank Beard.

    A man jumps over a giant waterfall like Niagara Falls in a barrel and survives, only to take a clean-up shower where he slips on the soap and dies from trauma.

    Arnold Schwarzenegger, an actor famous for his violence in film, campaigning against violence in video games in general - which ironically includes those featuring his own characters.

    An anti-technology website.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ZZ_Tophttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billy_Gibbonshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dusty_Hillhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Beard_%28musician%29http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Niagara_Fallshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arnold_Schwarzenegger

  • Situational Irony cont.

    Rapper Ice-T, once famous for his “Cop Killer”

    album, now plays a cop on Law & Order: SVU.

    A fat personal trainer

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  • Dramatic Irony

    Occurs when the reader or audience is aware of

    a contradiction that a character(s) does not

    know.

    Ex: Romeo and Juliet

    http://www.shakespearefilms.c

    om/images2/romeo-and-

    juliet.jpg