irony verbal, situational, and dramatic. irony a contradiction between what happens and what you...

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Irony

IronyVerbal, Situational, and Dramatic

IronyA contradiction between what happens and what you expect to happen Examples: A fireman afraid of fireA dentist with crooked teeth and cavities galoreYou shout Im not upset! but your fists are clenched, your eyes look like they are ready to pop out, and your face is the color of tomato red (sarcasm)There are three types of ironyVerbalSituationalDramaticVerbal IronySaying one thing but meaning anotherIt is often similar to a sarcastic response.Examples: As your teacher is signing detention forms for students who did not complete their homework, she says in an irritated voice, I just love when students dont do their homework!Its raining cats and dogs outside. You took the day off from work today to finally put up a fence post because of your annoying neighbors. You express, This weather is just lovely.Your friend spoils the ending of a movie for you, and you express in a haughty tone, Thanks a lot!

SarcasmSituational IronyOccurs when a situation turns out to be the opposite of what you thought it would be.The character and the reader are unaware of the ironyExamples:The teachers daughter is a High School drop out.The mayors wife gets caught stealing.The chef wont eat his/her own cooking.The barber always needs a hair cut himself.

Dramatic IronyThe reader knows something about a characters situation that a character does not know. The reader is aware of the irony. The character is unaware of the irony. Examples: In Shakespeares Julius Caesar, we know that Brutus is plotting to kill Julius Caesar, but Julius Caesar does not know this. He thinks that Brutus is a loyal man to him.In Cinderella, the prince goes searching for the princess who lost her slipper at the ball. The prince does not know that she is a poor girl, almost a slave to her stepsisters and stepmother. It is ironic because we know the owner of the shoe is Cinderella, a poor girl, but he thinks it is a girl that comes from great wealth.

AssignmentWith a small group, come up with at least one example of each type of ironyVerbal: Saying one thing but meaning anotherSituational: Occurs when a situation turns out to be the opposite of what you thought it would be.Dramatic: The reader knows something about a characters situation that a character does not know. Be prepared to share with the class.

Short Story: GameTurn to page 878Read Game by Donald BarthelmeMake this chart on your paper and complete

Type of IronyExample from StoryVerbalSituationalDramaticPostmodernismHow is this story an example of postmodernism?Verbal Irony ExampleGreen Memory

A wonderful time- the War: when money rolled inand blood rolled out. But blood was far awayfrom here---Money was near

Do you think that the speaker really considered this a wonderful time? Why or why not? What kind of people might be willing to sacrifice blood for money?

What kind of irony is evident?

13What kind of irony is evident?

14What kind of irony is evident?

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