irony: verbal, situational, and dramatic

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Irony: Verbal, Situational, and Dramatic. Ms. Wampler Literature. Irony (The general definition of). A contradiction between appearance and reality, between expectation and outcome, or between meaning and intention. Three different kinds of irony: Verbal Situational Dramatic. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Irony: Verbal, Situational, and Dramatic

Irony:Verbal, Situational, and Dramatic

Ms. WamplerLiteratureIrony(The general definition of) A contradiction between appearance and reality, between expectation and outcome, or between meaning and intention.Three different kinds of irony:VerbalSituationalDramaticVerbal IronyOccurs when someone says something that deliberately contradicts what that person actually means.Ex: Positive connotations- My, youve certainly made a mess of things! could be said to a hostess who presents a spectacular dish prepared with obvious care and skill.Ex: Negative connotations- Sarcasm. Go ahead and keep sleeping during class, why dont you? could be said to a sleepy student even though the teacher clearly doesnt want the student to keep sleeping. Situational IronyOccurs when something happens that contradicts our expectation.Ex: The Gift of the Magi storyRock trio ZZ Top is famously associated with the chest-length beards of guitarist Billy Gibbons and bassist Dusty Hill. The group's drummer, who only has a mustache, happens to be named Frank Beard. A man jumps over a giant waterfall like Niagara Falls in a barrel and survives, only to take a clean-up shower where he slips on the soap and dies from trauma. Arnold Schwarzenegger, an actor famous for his violence in film, campaigning against violence in video games in general - which ironically includes those featuring his own characters. An anti-technology website. Situational Irony cont.Rapper Ice-T, once famous for his Cop Killer album, now plays a cop on Law & Order: SVU.A fat personal trainer

Dramatic IronyOccurs when the reader or audience is aware of a contradiction or situation that a character(s) does not know.Ex: Romeo and Juliet

PracticeIdentify whether each of the following examples are situations of verbal, situational, or dramatic irony:1. A preachers daughter becomes an atheist.2. Sam invites his friend George over to his house. George walks in and finds the house a complete mess. George says, Gee, Sam, you didnt have to clean up the place for me!3. In a scary movie, the audience knows a killer is standing around the corner, but the actress in the movie does not.Is it Actually Ironic?Alanis Morissette Ironic

Even though the song is meant to contain examples of irony, it doesntThe irony of the song is that its called Ironic, but its not!What kind of irony would this be?Is it Actually Ironic? continued...It's Finally IronicWhat are the effects of irony?Verbal irony?

Dramatic irony?

Situational irony?What are the effects of irony?Humor irony creates a private joke that creates a sense of complicity between author and reader. In effect, the author is saying to the reader, I know you are smart enough to understand what is really going on here.Ironyin literature is intended to provoke the reader into thinking harder and analyzing a situation.What are the effects of verbal irony?Humor Help readers gain insight into character personalities or motivesEx. A character who is frequently sarcastic or dishonest might not be trustworthy. A character with credulity who believes that sarcastic character may be nave.Can be used by one character to condemn or draw out the flaws of anotherEx. In the Shakespeare play Julius Caesar, Marc Antony gives a speech repeatedly calling Brutus an honourable man even though Brutus has just committed a dishonorable act by slaying Caesar.What are the effects of situational irony?Situational irony can make a plot twist more interesting, draw attention to a reader's unwarranted biases, or show how a character handles an unexpected situation.

What are the effects of dramatic irony?Dramatic irony can create suspense or tension for the audience.Dramatic irony can stimulate strong emotions in a reader because the reader knows what awaits a character and may see the character act against his or her own well-being.Exit TicketWrite 1 example each of verbal, situational, or dramatic irony. It can be from a book, movie, real life, etc. or just something you make up, but it cant be one of the examples used in class.Turn in your exit ticket to the basket when youre finished.ParadoxDefinition: astatement or group of statements that leads to a contradiction or a situation which (if true) defies logic or reasonFor simplicity, think of it as more or less a play on wordsExamples: I can resist anything but temptation. Oscar WildeYour friend saying to you Im lying.I must be cruel to be kind. ShakespeareInterviewing for her first job, Sam is told he doesnt have enough experience for the position, but without the position he cannot gain the experienceEffects of ParadoxMakes you stop and think! When you read something that doesnt make logical sense at first, you have to stop and think about it.Paradox is often used to draw attention to and convey major themesCan be used for humor or to point out latent truthsEx. In George Orwells Animal Farm, one part of the societys cardinal rule is the statement, All animals are equal, but some are more equal than othersOrwells book is a criticism of the Communist revolution. He is pointing out the latent truth that there is no such thing as an equal society

r17Difference between Irony and ParadoxA paradox is a statement that is self-contradictoryIrony doesnt have to be a single statement, and irony doesnt have to be contradictory

Both can be humorous.Think, Pair, ShareIs it possible or desirable to tell the truth at all times?FIRST Take two minutes to silently THINK about your answer to the question. Write down notes if you need to.THEN For three minutes, PAIR with your desk partner. Tell ONLY YOUR PARTNER your opinion. Discuss reasons why you have your opinion and ask each other questions. FINALLY We will SHARE out. I will call on random partners to share what they discussed, so be ready to articulate your opinions! Like the Sun by R.K. Narayanp. 190The author, Narayan, grew up in Southern India the setting of the short storyThis is a story about a man who decides to tell the whole truth for one day

Goal for reading: Analyze how Narayan uses irony and paradox to explore the idea of honestyReadingWhen is speaking the truth less than desirable?Volunteer read page 191What truth is Narayan trying to convey by presenting Sekhars perception of honesty?Through the interaction that Sekhar has with his wife, what reality is Narayan conveying about telling the absolute truth?ReadingVolunteer read page 192 from His next trial to Anything special, sir?Volunteer read from Yes. to behind closed doorsWhy is it ironic that this is the day the headmaster will ask for Sekhars opinion about his musical abilities?ReadingVolunteer read from They started to get rid of the nuisance on page 193Volunteer read from The headmaster lighted to come out with your opinion.What can we tell about what Sekhar thinks of the headmasters music? What diction clues us in to his opinion? ReadingVolunteer read Cant I give it tomorrow to whatever happened on page 194Who is Harischchandra? What can we infer about what happened to him?Why does the author make this allusion?Volunteer - Read to the end of the storyHow does Sekhars experience contradict the idea that honesty is the best policy?Think, Pair, ShareCritical thinking questions 3 and 4Big Question

5 minutes to silently THINK and record your answer5 minutes to PAIR with your partner and discuss your answersBe ready to SHARE about your partner discussion if called on.