geography of latin america

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Geography of latin america. Mountains. The Andes Mountains are part of a chain of mountains that includes the Rockies and the Sierra Madre in Mexico They contain many active volcanoes As a result, many people live east of them - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Geography of latin america

Geography of latin americaMountainsThe Andes Mountains are part of a chain of mountains that includes the Rockies and the Sierra Madre in MexicoThey contain many active volcanoesAs a result, many people live east of themThey were home to some of the most important civilizations, including the IncaAndes

PlainsCerrado savannas with flat terrain and moderate rainfall in BrazilPampas plains made of rich soil, gaucho (cowboy) culture grew up here Llanos grassy, treeless plains much like Great Plains in U.S.WaterAmazon River flows west to east and empties into the Atlantic , it carries more water into the ocean than any other river in the worldAngel Falls is the worlds tallest waterfall located in eastern Venezuela

Major IslandsCaribbean Islands consist of three major groups: Bahamas, Greater Antilles and Lesser AntillesGreater Antilles (larger) Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic), and Puerto RicoLesser Antilles (smaller) southeast of Puerto RicoIslands

ResourcesSouth America is among the worlds leaders in mining of raw materialsJamaica began as a plantation economy dependent on bananas and sugar (and tourism)It is now an exporter of bauxite (aluminum ore)Mexico and Venezuela contain important oil resourcesRain Forests contain valuable products used to make medicine, many are undiscoveredHEINative people used slash-and-burn farming to clear the land for agricultureThis method is still used today but has over exhausted the land, which is one reason for the shrinking rain forestsThe Inca used terrace farming (grown on hillsides) which reduced soil erosionUrbanizationPeople move to cities hoping to improve their livesPush factors: poor medical care, poor education, low-paying jobs, ownership of land by a few richPull factors: higher paying jobs, better schools and medical careMost populous city is Mexico CityGovernments find it difficult to deal with population increasesTourismIs a mixed blessingBrings money and creates jobsCan reduce income gap between rich and poorHas produced resentment between rich tourists and less well-off local residentsGovernments have run up large debts building tourist facilities