latin america physical geography. regions of latin america i.mexico and central america ii.caribbean...

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Latin America Physical Geography

Author: myron-gardner

Post on 26-Dec-2015




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  • Slide 1
  • Latin America Physical Geography
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  • Regions of Latin America I.Mexico and Central America II.Caribbean Islands III.South America
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  • Mexico El Salvador Honduras Nicaragua Guatemala Belize Costa RicaPanama Cuba Jamaica Dominican Republic Haiti Trinidad & Tobago
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  • Brazil Peru Ecuador Colombia Venezuela Paraguay Chile Uruguay Argentina French Guiana Suriname Guyana Bolivia
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  • Landforms/Bodies of Water 1.Mountains: Sierra Madre Occidental/Oriental (Mexico) Andes (South America) 2.Rivers: Amazon (South America) Orinoco (Venezuela) Parana (South America) 3.Islands: Lesser Antilles (Small Islands) Greater Antilles (Large Islands) Also throughout South America, you will find the Pampas (a plains area) and Patagonia (plateau)
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  • Caribbean Islands: Greater vs. Lesser Antilles Greater Antilles: Larger islands in the Caribbean Ex: Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, and Puerto Rico Lesser Antilles: Smaller of the Caribbean islands SOUTHEAST All islands SOUTHEAST of Puerto Rico
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  • Pampas and Patagonia Pampas: Plains found in parts of Argentina and Uruguay Very rich soil is found here Main resources = cattle and wheat grain Patagonia: Plateau area found in Argentina and Chile
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  • Amazon River Flows about 4,000 miles from west to east Begins in the Andes Mountains and empties into the Atlantic Ocean Fed by over 1,000 tributaries Carries more water to the ocean than any other river in the world
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  • Climate and Vegetation Vegetation: *Rain Forests (Amazon) Desert (Argentina) Grassland
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  • Resources Most of the region is wealthy in terms of mineral resources (gold, silver, iron, copper, tin, lead, etc.) Many Energy resources are also found (oil, coal, natural gas, etc.) Oil Reserves in Mexico Central American countries are POOR in terms of resources Numerous resources in South America Amongst the worlds leaders in mining raw materials
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  • Human-Environment Interaction 1.Slash-and-Burn: Old method still used by todays farmers Cut trees/brush and burn debris to clear fields Exhausts the soil 2.Terraced Farming Growing crops on hillsides 3.Urbanization: Push and Pull Factors Encouraged cities to grow rapidly
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  • Tourism Pros: Brings in money Creates jobs Cons: Congestion Pollution Disrupts unsettled lands
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  • Information cg_survey/page_build.htm?id=resources/js p/ani_geo/ani_geo_3 cg_survey/page_build.htm?id=resources/js p/ani_geo/ani_geo_3
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  • Latin American Vocabulary! 1.Andes Mountains10. NAFTA 2.Llanos 3.Cerrado 4.Pampas 11. Oligarchy 5.Patagonia12. Carnival 6.Slash-and-Burn13. Samba 7.Tenochtitlan 8.Mestizo 9.Maquiladoras
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  • Latin America Human Geography
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  • Ethnic Diversity Latin America is made up of many different groups of people: natives, Europeans, blacks, and mixed peoples MestizosMestizos = people of mixed Native American and European descent MulattosMulattos = people of mixed African and European descent
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  • Language Most regions have adopted the language of the people who colonized them. DialectsDialects = forms of a language peculiar to a particular place or group CountryLanguage Brazil Portuguese Haiti, Martinique, & French Guiana French Jamaica, The Bahamas, & Guyana English Suriname Dutch Rainforest regions Native Languages Everywhere else Spanish
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  • Population Density ~ a closer look at Mexico and Mexico City ~ ~97.5 million people live in Mexico It is the most populated Spanish-speaking nation in the world. 11Mexico City is ranked the 11th most populated city in the world One of the most polluted cities in the world.
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  • Religion POLYTHEISITICAll of the early Meso-American civilizations (Maya, Aztec, and Inca) were POLYTHEISITIC Worship gods such as the maize/corn god, sun god, etc.
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  • The Maya Central America (present-day Guatemala) Tikal city in modern Guatemala Pyramid shaped temples
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  • The Maya continued Skilled in mathematics Developed concept of zero Calendar based on orbit of the Earth & Sun (365 day calendar) Invented Game that is a cross between basketball & soccer Pictures of Ballcourts
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  • Aztecs Valley of Mexico Capital of Tenochtitlan on an island in the middle of a lake (modern day Mexico City is built on top) Advanced farming Chinampas floating artificial islands built on large rafts covered with mud.
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  • Chinampas online diagram cg_survey/page_build.htm?id=resources/js p/ani_geo/ani_geo_3 cg_survey/page_build.htm?id=resources/js p/ani_geo/ani_geo_3
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  • The Aztecs continued Complex political system with an emperor Worshipped many gods & goddesses ceremonies with prisoner sacrifices Hernan Cortes conquistador from Spain, conquered the Aztecs
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  • The Incas People of the Andes Mountains Capital is Cuzco in Peru Political system with an emperor Terrace farming cut into the side of mountains Domesticated the alpaca & llama
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  • The Incas continued QuipuQuipu = a rope with knotted cords of various lengths and colors, used to keep records and send messages Machu Picchu Lost city of the Inca Machu Picchu Incan city in the Andes mountains - discovered in 1911 untouched!!
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  • Incan Terrace Farming
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  • Religion 1.Human Sacrifice PPurpose = to celebrate accession of king or stop crisis a.Victims = child (most beautiful or royalty) b.How i.Option A: child = given alcohol bound with rope, hit in head walled inside stone structure ii.Option B: child placed on sacrifice table shaman cuts artery in thigh bleed to death
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  • The Incas continued Taken over by a Conquistador or Spanish conquerorTaken over by a Conquistador or Spanish conqueror Francisco Pizarro conquered the Inca people
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  • Legacy of colonialism When colonies, Latin America was ruled by kings and queens of Europe.
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  • All became independent by the mid to late 1800s -Ruled by a few leaders, called an oligarchy. Did not always protect peoples basic rights (freedom of speech, and press)
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  • During the 20 th century some Latin American countries were ruled by a military dictator, a caudillo.( kaw-deel-yoh) Ex. Juan Peron of Argentina, whose wife Evita Peron was famous for being loved by the people. When the government could not control the people, sometimes the military took over, a junta, and was ruled by generals.
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  • Creating Stable Governments Today all the countries of Latin America except Cuba are some type of democracy. CUBA = Communist The goals of Latin America today are to end poverty, pollution, & illiteracy
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  • Art ~ Diego Rivera ~ Used art to educate Created huge murals combing modern forms with traditional designs to present the daily life and history of the country. Most famous mural is in Detroit, Michigan
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  • Art ~ Frida Kahlo ~ Mexican artist whose tormented paintings gave her great fame and changed the art world Featured on the cover of Vogue magazine 2002 movie staring Salma Hayek about her life.
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  • Literature Modernism = 1800s literary movement, in which writers and poets focused on artistic expression for its own sake. Gabriela Mistral writer from Chile Gabriel Garcia Marquez writer from Colombia A movie is being made of his book Love in a time of Cholera Both have won a Nobel Prize for Literature.
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  • Music Calypso from Trinidad (combines musical styles of Africa, Spain and the Caribbean) Reggae Jamaica, 1960s deals with social problems and religion Bob Marley
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  • Baseball Very POPULAR In Latin American countries MANY MLB players come from various countries throughout this region Examples: David Ortiz (Dominican Republic) Pedro Martinez Rafael Furcal Javy Lopez (Puerto Rico) Manny Acosta (Panama) Jorge Campillo (Mexico) Yunel Escobar (Cuba)
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  • Leisure Time & Celebrations Futbol (soccer) very popular and a national sport in many countries Jai alai (HY- LY ) a traditional favorite in Mexico and Cuba, fast paced game like racquetball Brazil has won the World Cup of Soccer 5 times!!
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  • Leisure Time & Celebrations continued Capoeira martial arts of Brazil Samba Brazilian Dance
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  • Leisure Time & Celebrations continued Carnival festival celebrated just before the beginning of Lent, the Christian holy season that comes before Easter the biggest Carnival is held each year in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
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