ch. 9-1: physical geography of latin america objective: identify important landforms and resources...

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Ch. 9-1: Physical Ch. 9-1: Physical Geography of Latin Geography of Latin America America Objective : Identify important landforms and resources of Latin America

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  • Ch. 9-1: Physical Geography of Latin AmericaObjective: Identify important landforms and resources of Latin America

  • Regions of Latin AmericaMexico

    Central America

    Caribbean

    South America

  • Mountains and HighlandsThe Andes Mountains-part of the mountain range that runs through a portion of North, Central and South America.United States- The Rocky MountainsCentral America- The Sierra MadresSouth America- the Andes

  • Patagonia Southern Andes

  • Many volcanoes

    The longest mountain range in the world, nearly 5,000 miles long.

    Creates a barrier between the coastal cities on the west coast and the interior of the continent.

  • Highlands

    The Guiana Highlands The Brazilian HighlandsGuiana Highlands

  • The Plains of Latin America- Well suited for agriculture

    Llanos: Colombia and Venezuela

    Pampas: Argentina and Uruguay

    Amazon River Basin: Brazil

  • The Pampas: Argentina

  • The Amazon River and Other Major River Systems

    Amazon River: Brazil

    Orinoco River: Venezuela and Colombia

    Paran River: Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina

  • The Mighty AmazonAmazon : Flows 4,000 miles from west to east and empties into the Atlantic Ocean. Source is the Andes Mountains close to the Pacific Ocean.

  • The Orinoco RiverFlows mainly through Venezuela and Colombia. It creates part of the border between the two countries.

  • The Paran Riverbegins in the Brazilian Highlands and flows southward through Paraguay and Argentina. It meets with several other rivers to create the Rio de la Plata

  • Islands of the CaribbeanThree Main Island Groups make up the West Indies:

    The Bahamas

    The Greater Antilles

    The Lesser Antilles

  • The BahamasMade up of hundreds of islands off of the southern tip of Florida.

  • The Greater AntillesMade up of the largest islands in the Caribbean including Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic), and Puerto Rico.

  • The Lesser AntillesIncludes the smaller islands in the region southeast of Puerto Rico.

  • ResourcesGoldSilverOilNatural gasHydroelectric powerCopperTimberAgricultural Products

  • Ch. 9-2: Climate and VegetationObjective: Identify Latin American climate and vegetation patterns and their impact on the daily life of the people

  • Climate and VegetationTropical WetRain forest (Brazil)Tropical Wet and DryLlanos and Pampas (Venezuela and Argentina) Semiarid Patagonia- ArgentinaDesertAtacama Desert-Chile

  • Mid-Latitude ClimatesHumid SubtropicalParaguay, Uruguay, southern Brazil, Bolivia, and Argentina

    Mediterranean West coast of ChileMarine West Coast Southern Chile, eastern Argentina

    Highlands

  • Vertical Climate ZonesAbout 15,000 ftTierra Helada (Mountain Tundra) Tree Line

    10,000-12,000 ftTierra Fria (Cloud Forest)

    6,000 -6,500 ft Tierra Templada (Wet forest)

    2,500- 3,000 ft Tierra Caliente (Dry Forest and swamp)

  • Ch. 9-3: Human-Environment InteractionObjective: Explain the impact of agricultural techniques on the physical environment.

  • AgricultureSlash-and-burn technique used to clear the land for farmland in the Amazon River basin.

  • Slash and burn- Panama

  • \Slash and burn agriculture in Peru

  • Terraced Farming is an ancient technique introduced by the Inca for growing crops on the side of a mountain. This reduces soil erosion.

  • Terraced farming - Peru

  • UrbanizationPush and Pull factors: People are moving from rural to urban areas in search of better opportunities.

  • Push FactorsPush factors: reasons people move away from rural areas Ex: Poverty, poor medical care, poor educational opportunities, low-paying jobs

  • Pull FactorsPull factors: reasons people are drawn to the cities. Ex: Possibilities for work, education, medical care.

  • Urban SprawlUnemploymentCrime Illegal Drug traffickingSlumsPollutionSanitationShortages of clean drinking water and housing

  • The Constitution Square, Or Zcalo. With The Palacio Nacional, Mexico City, Located On The East Side. Photo Taken From The Top Of The Latin American Tower. Looking East. January 18, 2005

  • TourismAdvantages:Creation of new jobsReduction of the income gap between rich and poor

  • TourismDisadvantages:CongestionPollutionStrain on local resourcesResentment and hostilityLarge public debt due to building tourist facilities

  • 5 Minute WritingHumans interact with the environment in different ways. We depend, modify, and adapt to our specific environment.Identify how Latin Americans have depended, modified, and adapted to their physical world.