bana uebc sampler 1 bana uebc sampler 1, april 2001 1 introduction bana is the braille authority of
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BANA UEBC SAMPLER 1
Prepared under the auspices of the Braille Authority of North America
Introduction .................................................................... 1
Sample 1. Recipe: ATwice as Nice Coconut Rice@ .............. 6
Sample 2. Article on the recording industry ..................... 9
Sample 3. Excerpt from novel ........................................ 11
Sample 4. Article: ATidal Energy@ .................................. 14
Sample 5. Article: AThe Electronic Media: Television@ .... 16
Sample 6. Article on condensation ................................. 19
Sample 7. Magazine advertisement: Hilton Head Health 21
Sample 8. Magazine advertisement: Audubon .............. 24
Sample 9. Specially composed story: AA Day in a Life@ .. 26
Sample 10. UEBC Compared with Other Braille Codes .. 33
Sample 11. Algebra ....................................................... 37
Sample 11A. Algebra in UEBC .............................. 38
Sample 11B. Algebra in Nemeth Code ................... 41
Questionnaire ................................................................ 44
BANA UEBC Sampler 1, April 2001 1
BANA is the Braille Authority of North America. Its purpose is to promote and facilitate the use, teaching and production of braille. It publishes codes and interprets and renders opinions pertaining to braille in all existing and future codes. Its mission is to assure literacy for tactile readers through the standardization of braille and tactile graphics. At present BANA is made up of 14 organizations:
American Council of the Blind American Foundation for the
Blind American Printing House for the
Blind Associated Services for the Blind Association for Education and
Rehabilitation of the Blind and Visually Impaired
Braille Institute of America California Transcribers and
Educators of the Visually Handicapped
The Canadian National Institute for the Blind
The Clovernook Center for the Blind
National Braille Association National Braille Press National Federation of the Blind National Library Service for the
Blind and Physically Handicapped, Library of Congress
Royal New Zealand Foundation for the Blind (associate member)
UEBC is the Unified English Braille Code Research Project, the purpose of which is to make one braille code which would be used for all reading, e.g. cookbooks, novels, computer manuals, magazines, and mathematics, except music which is an international code. UEBC is based on literary braille with additional symbols for technical materials. BANA initiated the project in 1991. In 1993 the International Council on English Braille (ICEB) accepted BANA=s proposal to internationalize the research project under ICEB. This meant that the goal of the project changed from developing one code for North America to developing one code for the English-speaking world. The working commitees from Canada and the United States were increased to include braille experts from Australia, New Zealand, Nigeria, South Africa, and the United Kingdom. Their tasks were to: extend the base (literary) code to include technical symbols and write the reading rules; consider the impact on contractions;
BANA UEBC Sampler 1, April 2001 2
ensure interface with foreign language codes; standardize format (the set-up of the braille page) where practical; and write transcribing rules.
What brought the English speaking braille authorities together in this exciting research project?
The literary braille code used in North America and New Zealand differs only slightly from its counterpart in the United Kingdom and the rest of the English-speaking world. UEBC is very similar to these codes--a prime goal of the project. This ensures the vast holding of English literary braille in the libraries around the world will remain available to braille readers who wish to read these titles.
But for technical material there are many different codes. In North America, a braille user must learn three different codes to read math, computer notation and chemistry. And these codes are completely different from the technical braille codes used in the United Kingdom; a person from North America cannot read any of the UK technical material without learning their codes.
UEBC provides one code which includes the symbols for all technical materials. This will make learning braille much easier for everyone. And material in UEBC could be shared by all English-speaking countries.
Braille materials in developing countries are very scarce and are often donated from other countries in their own codes. UEBC will enable braille readers to take full advantage of donated materials regardless of their origin.
Each UEBC symbol is unambiguous—a print symbol is represented by the same braille symbol regardless of the subject. This design feature will make it easier for a braille reader to work independently using computer translation and be assured of the accuracy of both print and braille.
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Each country participating in the UEBC project conducted a lengthy evaluation of the basic code in 1997B98. In North America evaluation packages were sent to everyone who volunteered to participate (over 500 in the United States). There was general agreement on the concept of a unified braille code but not on all the suggested changes. Modifications were made to the code as a result of the evaluations.
Purpose of the Sampler
The working committees should be finished their work in 2001. Their reports will go to the UEBC Project Committee. Each of the participating countries has one vote. In January 2002, the ICEB Executive Board will meet and decide if the code should be presented to the ICEB General Assembly being held in Canada in 2003. If UEBC gains approval at each of these steps, each participating country=s braille authority will consider its adoption.
The purpose of the sampler is to put material in the hands of readers, educators and braille producers that shows how it appears in UEBC. BANA wants you to have an opportunity to assess for yourself the changes UEBC proposes in the way braille looks and feels.
Eight contractions found in English Braille American Edition (EBAE), the literary code, are not used in UEBC. Six are brailled letter-for-letter: ble, com, dd, ally, to, by; and two are brailled with a contraction: into and ation. All other 181 contractions, wordsigns and shortforms are unchanged.
Print format has been followed in preparing these samples, as UEBC has not finalized braille formats. These samples have not been chosen to illustrate format.
The algebra sample follows the existing format of the Nemeth Code, the BANA code for mathematics and science.
UEBC recognizes print spacing. Mathematical signs of operation are spaced or unspaced according to print.
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The UEBC examples are presented in two Samplers: Sampler 1 for literary materials and Sampler 2 for technical materials. Each is available in embossed and simulated braille.
Sampler 1 (literary materials) includes excerpts taken from published materials from a number of countries (which results in some spelling variations). A specially composed story, AA Day in the Life,@ illustrates as many UEBC changes as possible.
A list of basic mathematics compares the way each example would be brailled in UEBC, EBAE, Nemeth Code and BAUK (as brailled using the code of the Braille Authority of the United Kingdom). There is also a sample of algebra.
At the beginning of each sample there is a list of the UEBC new or changed symbols you will encounter.
If you would like to have a copy of the original print on which Sampler 1 is based, please contact:
The American Foundation for the Blind National Literacy Center Contact: Frances Mary D'Andrea 404-525-2303 or AFB's Information Center 800-232-5463 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Those who wish a simulated braille copy of Sampler 1 (which includes the print) should request it from The American Foundation for the Blind also.
Sampler 2 (technical material in two braille volumes) includes published works of elementary arithmetic, algebra, calculus, chemistry and computer notation. Each sample is presented in UEBC and either Nemeth Code, Computer Code or Chemistry Code as it would be brailled in North America today.
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To help those who are not familiar with these codes there is a list of symbols required to read the material which precedes each sample.
To receive a copy of the BANA UEBC Sampler 2 please contact:
Eileen Curran, BANA Chair National Braille Press 88 St. Stephen Street Boston, MA 02115 888-965-8965 #17 or 617-266-6160 #17 fax: 617-437-0456 email@example.com
BANA wants your comments and has prepared a short list of questions as a guide (to get you started). It is at the end of this Sampler. You will find the contact person=s name and address there. You may respond in braille, print, on audio tape or by e-mail.
Thank you for reading the Sampler and for sending your comments to BANA. You will be able to get up-to-date information on UEBC by visiting the BANA web site at http://www.brailleauthority.org
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BANA UEBC Sampler 1, April 2001 7