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  • SatireWhat Is Irony?Verbal IronySituational IronyDramatic IronyReviewPracticeIronyFeature Menu

  • SatireIn satire, an author ridicules the subject through the use of techniques such as exaggeration, reversal, incongruity, and/or parody in order to make a comment or criticism about it.http://www.theage.com.au/ffximage/2006/07/28/tragedy_narrowweb__300x374,0.jpg

  • 4 Techniques of SatireExaggeration: To enlarge, increase, or represent something beyond normal bounds so that it becomes ridiculous and its faults can be seen.Incongruity: To present things that are out of place or are absurd in relation to their surroundings.Reversal: To present the opposite of the normal order (e.g., the order of events, hierarchical order).Parody: To imitate the techniques and/or style of some person, place, or thing.

  • Irony is the contrast between expectation and reality. Three kinds of irony areWhat Is Irony?verbal irony[End of Section]situational ironydramatic irony

  • Verbal IronyIn verbal irony, a speaker says one thing but means the opposite. Verbal ironycan become sarcasm if taken to a harsh extremeis the simplest kind of irony

  • Verbal IronyJane Austens Pride and Prejudice begins with an excellent example of verbal irony.[End of Section]It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife. How might this opening sentence be an example of verbal irony?

  • Situational IronyIn situational irony, what actually happens is the opposite of what is expected or appropriate. Situational ironymay mock human plans and intentions, which in real life often come to littleis often humorous

  • Situational IronyRead this sentence from Hanson W. Baldwins R.M.S. Titanic.[End of Section]. . . she was fresh from Harland and Wolffs Belfast yards, strong in the strength of her forty-six thousand tons of steel, bent, hammered, shaped, and riveted through the three years of her slow birth.Explain the situational irony in this ship sinking on its first voyage.

  • Dramatic IronyDramatic irony occurs when the reader or the audience knows something important that the character does not know. Dramatic ironyheightens the sense of humor in comedies and deepens the sense of dread in tragediesadds greatly to the tension in stories, plays, and movies

  • Dramatic Irony[End of Section]When gods war with gods, they use weapons we do not know. It was fire falling out of the sky and a mist that poisoned. It was the time of the Great Burning and the Destruction. They ran about like ants in the streets of their citypoor gods, poor gods! Then the towers began to fall. A few escapedyes, a few. The legends tell it. . . . I saw it happen, I saw the last of them die. It was darkness over the broken city and I wept.In this passage from Stephen Vincent Bents By the Water of Babylon, the narrator describes the vision he has while exploring the ruins of New York City.What do readers know that the narrator does not?

  • Identify each item as one of the following:verbal ironysituational ironydramatic ironyReview[End of Section]The movie audience knows that a hostile alien is just past the door. Dont go in there! one viewer yells at the screen. The guest opens his mouth to compliment the chef, but before he can speak, he burps long and loudly.Quick CheckAfter tripping over his own feet, the teen exclaims, That was graceful!

  • The movie audience knows that a hostile alien is just past the door. Dont go in there! one viewer yells at the screen. ReviewIdentify each item as one of the following:verbal ironysituational ironydramatic ironyThe guest opens his mouth to compliment the chef, but before he can speak, he burps long and loudly.Quick CheckAfter tripping over his own feet, the teen exclaims, That was graceful!verbal ironydramatic ironysituational irony

  • Invent an example of each kind of irony. Describe each example in a paragraph. Record your examples in a similar chart.Practice[End of Section]

    Verbal ironySay one thing but mean the oppositeExample:Situational ironyWhat happens is the opposite of what is expectedExample:

    Dramatic ironyWe know something a character does not knowExample:

  • The End

    ******Possible answer: Not everyone universally acknowledges this to be true, and the wealthy man in particular may not be looking for a wife. The people who do believe it, and who say that everyone believes it, are women who want to marry a wealthy man and parents looking for a wealthy husband for a daughter.**Possible answer: No one expected such a strong vessel to be vulnerable to sinking, yet it did.**Possible answer: Readers know that it was humans, not gods, that made war on each other and caused the great destruction that the narrator weeps over.****

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