History of Anti-Semitism and the Roots of the Holocaust

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What do you know about the following: Judaism Anti-Semitism Pogroms Ghettos The Holocaust

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<ul><li><p>History of Anti-Semitismand the Roots of the Holocaust</p></li><li><p>What do you know about the following:Judaism</p><p>Anti-Semitism Pogroms Ghettos</p><p>The Holocaust</p></li><li><p>Jewish BeliefsJudaism predates ChristianityOne God (same God as Christians &amp; Muslims)In prophets of old especially MosesIn Torah (first five books of the Bible)no New TestamentJews do not believe that Jesus was anything more than a good and wise man who lived and died 2000 years ago Jews still await their messiah</p></li><li><p>Quick History of JudaismIn 1750 B.C.E - The12 tribes of Israel settled in Egypt from Mesopotamia.In 1250 B.C.E , the Israelites led by Moses, escaped from Egypt and lived in the desert for 40 years.</p></li><li><p>Quick History of JudaismJoshua and the Israelites defeated the Philistines living in Canaan.Later, Saul was anointed the first King of Israel 1020- 1000 B.C.E</p></li><li><p>Quick History of JudaismThe kingdom of Israel reached the height of its existence and included the most territory under the reign of King David (1000961 B.C.E). Its borders stretched far beyond present-day Israeli borders and included parts of what is now Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, and Egypt.</p></li><li><p>ConquestsJerusalem was conquered many times:605 B.C.E by Nebuchadnezzar II 320 B.C.E by Alexander the Great 70 B.C.E. Pompey the Great </p></li><li><p>Death of JesusA hundred years later the Romans still occupied Jerusalem and the situation was not much improved when, Jesus, a Jew from Nazareth, began his ministry and travels in Palestine. Although Jesus' death had been ordered and carried out by non-Jews, most Christians believed that the Jews and their priests were responsible. </p></li><li><p>DiasporaDiaspora is a Greek word meaning sowing of seed or dispersal which refers to Jewish population living outside of Israel</p><p>Diaspora forced Jews to The Jewish people lived in many different parts of the Roman Empire, and wherever a minyan (10 Jewish adult men) could be found, they were able to establish a Synagogue Beginning around 70 CE rabbis met together to create commentaries on the Torah. These commentaries are known as the Talmud, and the Midrash. Studying the Torah, Talmud and Midrash became one of the central features of the Jewish religion.</p></li><li><p>Heart of Anti-Semitism? Diaspora+Widespread Christianity +Belief that Jews killed Jesus=Widespread rumor and distrust</p></li><li><p>Anti-JudaismSt. Paul later proclaimed that the Jews: "killed the Lord Jesus and the prophets and drove us out, the Jews who are heedless of God's will and enemies of their fellow men..." (I Thessalonians 2:15-16)St. Augustine wrote that Jews were a "wicked sect" and should be subjected to permanent exile because of their evil ways. John the author of the book of Revelations even called them the children of Satan.</p></li><li><p>Anti-JudaismLaws were passed throughout the Christian world to "protect" the "faithful" from Jewish "contamination" by forbidding them to eat or do business with Jews, by the sixth century, Jews were not allowed to hold public office, employ Christian servants, or even show themselves in the streets during Holy Week </p><p>Church vs.. Synagogue </p></li><li><p>Anti-JudaismHost Desecration:It was claimed that Jews stole consecrated hosts (bread and wine) and desecrated them by stabbing or burning the host. by crucifying the host they were crucifying Jesus anew. </p></li><li><p>Anti-JudaismBlood Libela myth that the Jews used the blood of Christian children in the preparation of their Passover bread (matzos). This "blood libel" was ironic in that the consumption of any blood is expressly prohibited by Jewish law. </p><p>Nazi portrayal of Blood Libel</p></li><li><p>Anti-JudaismSimon of Trent was a boy who went missing around Easter, 1475, his father decided that he must have been kidnapped and murdered by Jews. Town magistrates arrested 18 Jewish men and five Jewish women on the charge of ritual murder. In a series of interrogations that involved torture, the magistrates obtained confessions Eight were burned at the stake in late June, and another committed suicide in jail</p></li><li><p>The CrusadesThe First Crusade was especially bloody. Entire communities of Jews were forced to choose between baptism or death resulting in nearly 10,000 Jews being slaughtered during the first six months alone.Godfrey Bouillon, leader of the First Crusade, vowed "to leave no single member of the Jewish race alive," and ordered the synagogue in Jerusalem burned to the ground with its entire Jewish congregation trapped inside.</p></li><li><p>The Black DeathThe Black Death was blamed on the Jews.The Pope issued a bull declaring that Jews were not responsible for the plague, but not before many Jews were burned alive or hanged by enraged mobs. </p><p>Jews condemned to hell</p></li><li><p>Martin Luther and the JewsOnce a supporter of the Jews, Martin Luther became one of the most intensely bitter anti-Semites in history. His writings described Jews as: the anti-Christ, worse than devils. as ritual murderers and parasitesthey should be expelled from Germany. synagogues should all be burned to the groundall Jewish books should be seized.</p></li><li><p>Roots of the HolocaustBy the end of the fifteenth century, some Jews were forcibly confined in ghettos.Ghettos were sections of cities that were enclosed by high, prison-like walls. No Jew was allowed to live anywhere in the city of Venice for more than 15 days per year </p></li><li><p>Roots of the Holocaust</p></li><li><p>Roots of the HolocaustWith forced segregation came new myths and stereotypes. Jews were portrayed as agents of the devil. They were blamed for every catastrophe from random crime to plague and drought. Artists portrayed Jews as having horns, tails, and evil satanic faces. Christian priests and scholars often elaborated on the idea that Jews were evil creatures who were somehow less than human.</p></li><li><p>Roots of the Holocaust</p></li><li><p>Roots of the HolocaustJews were allowed to become moneylenders only because the Catholic Church considered it (usury) a sin for Christians to do so. Because Jews had few other ways of earning a living, large numbers of them eventually became bankers. This resulted in a stereotyping of Jews as money-hungry exploiters. </p></li><li><p>Roots of the Holocaust</p></li><li><p>Roots of the HolocaustBy the thirteenth century, church leaders in what is now Germany required all Jews to wear cone-shaped hats so that no one would mistake them from ordinary Germans. Jews were forced to sew yellow badges on their clothing as a means of instant identification. </p></li><li><p>Roots of the Holocaust</p></li><li><p>Roots of the HolocaustOver time, most Jews were driven from central Europe. Many of them settled in Poland and Russia. In 1648 and 1649, thousands of Polish Jews were slaughtered. During the late 1800's, in both Poland and Russia, Jews were murdered in organized mass killings called pogroms.</p></li><li><p>The Final Solution</p></li><li><p>The Final Solution</p></li><li><p>The Final Solution</p></li><li><p>Quick Write # 26Men are not born with hatred in their blood. The infection is usually acquired by contact; it may be injected deliberately or even unconsciously by the parents, or by the teachers...</p><p>Consider the quote above, what you have learned about the holocaust, and what you have learned in history class this year. Explain why it is important to learn about the past.</p><p>Diaspora forced Jews to The Jewish people lived in many different parts of the Roman Empire, and wherever a minyan (10 Jewish adult men) could be found, they were able to establish a Synagogue Beginning around 70 CE rabbis met together to create commentaries on the Torah. These commentaries are known as the Talmud, and the Midrash. Studying the Torah, Talmud and Midrash became one of the central features of the Jewish religion.</p></li></ul>