The Holocaust. Anti-Semitism Hostility towards or prejudice against Jews or Judaism

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<ul><li><p>The Holocaust</p></li><li><p>Anti-SemitismHostility towards or prejudice against Jews or Judaism</p></li><li><p>Anti-Semitism in GermanyFrom the time he was a boy, Hitler blamed Jews for German losses after WWI and the economic depression that spread thereafter</p></li><li><p>The Jewish QuestionNAZIS, led by Hitler, believed that something needed to be done to remove Jews from German lands</p></li><li><p>Boycott of Jewish Stores</p></li><li><p>RetirementGovernment dismissed all workers NOT of Aryan descent</p><p>Jewish teachers, lawyers, and performers were not allowed to work</p><p>Jewish admissions to universities cancelled</p></li><li><p>DachauThe first concentration camp was opened in Germany in 1933</p></li><li><p>Book Burnings</p></li><li><p>Nuremburg LawsSection 1 Marriages between Jews and citizens of German or kindred blood are forbidden. Section 2extramarital sexual intercourse between Jews and subjects of the state of Germany or related blood is forbiddenSection 3 Jews will not be permitted to employ female citizens under the age of 45, of German or kindred blood, as domestic workers. Section 4Jews are forbidden to display the Reich and national flag or the national colours On the other hand they are permitted to display the Jewish colours. </p></li><li><p>Krystallnacht Nov 9th, 1938Night of Broken GlassJewish homes and stores were ransacked in a thousand German towns and cities</p></li><li><p>The Warsaw Ghetto - 1940</p></li><li><p>The Judenrat</p></li><li><p>By 1939, six large concentration camps existed in Poland</p></li><li><p>By 1941, they started operating as death camps</p></li><li><p>1942 Wannsee ConferenceThe Final Solution</p></li><li><p>Einsatzgruppen</p></li><li><p>Adolf EichmannSpecial force of the SS created to deal with the undesirables of occupied countriesEichmann headed a special section that dealt strictly with Jews</p></li><li><p>Liquidation of the Warsaw Ghetto</p></li><li><p>1943 Warsaw Ghetto Uprising</p></li><li><p>T-4 Euthanasia Program</p></li><li><p>Zyklon-B Gas ChambersAuschwitz</p></li><li><p>Trains transported Jews to camps</p></li><li><p>Identifying the prisonersGreen = professional criminalPink = homosexualBrown = gypsyViolet = Jehovahs WitnessBlack = a-social (alcoholic or prostitute)</p></li><li><p>Identifying the prisonersJews were given 2 black and yellow trianglesTogether they formed the 6-pointed Star of David</p></li><li><p>NAZI leaders Adolf Hitler</p></li><li><p>NAZI leaders Joseph Goebbels</p></li><li><p>NAZI leaders Hermann Goring</p></li><li><p>NAZI leaders Heinrich Himmler</p></li><li><p>NAZI leaders Rudolf Hoss</p></li><li><p>NAZI leaders Joseph Mengele</p></li><li><p>Liberation - 1945</p></li><li><p>Nuremburg Trials 1945 - 49</p></li><li><p>Roberto Benigni as Guido Orefice</p></li><li><p>Nicoletta Braschi as Dora</p></li><li><p>Giorgio Cantarini as Joshua</p><p>Life Is Beautiful is a 1997 Italian tragicomedy comedy-drama film directed by and starring Roberto Benigni. Benigni plays Guido Orefice, a Jewish Italian book shop owner, who must employ his fertile imagination to shield his son from the horrors of internment in a Nazi concentration camp. Part of the film came from Benigni's own family history; before Roberto's birth, his father had survived three years of internment at the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. The film was a critical and financial success, winning Benigni the Academy Award for Best Actor at the 71st Academy Awards as well as the Academy Award for Best Original Dramatic Score and the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.*</p></li></ul>

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