Anti-Semitism, Racism, and the Holocaust. Learning Targets I can explain the initial stages of the Holocaust, including sterilization. I can explain why.

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Slide 1 Anti-Semitism, Racism, and the Holocaust Slide 2 Learning Targets I can explain the initial stages of the Holocaust, including sterilization. I can explain why no countries intervened to stop the Holocaust. I can identify groups targeted by the Nazis in the Holocaust. I can define anti-Semitism. Slide 3 Hitler Takes Over Germany Hitler was NOT a communist!!! He promoted National Socialism or Nazism, and was a fascist and racist. Blamed the Jews, socialists, and communists for Germanys Defeat in WWI Economic depression Lack of global power Took power in 1933 and turned Germany from a republic to a dictatorship. That year, Nazis led a boycott against Jewish businesses. Slide 4 Sterilization Law Nazi Germany began sterilizing people against their will in 1934. People with disabilities, mental illness, epilepsy, deafness, blindness, schizophrenia, etc. U.S. had been involuntarily sterilizing the same groups for decadesplus Native Americans and Blacks. By 1939, Hitler began killing these groups instead of sterilizing them. Slide 5 Raleigh, North Carolina Slide 6 Racial Integrity Law of 1924 Virginia began sterilizing people deemed as unfit. Often labeled the lower class and minorities as unfit. The Germans are beating us at our own game. I hope this work is complete and not one has been missed. (commenting on Nazis sterilization of Blacks) Slide 7 Euthanasia of Disabled 60000 RM This is what this person suffering from hereditary defects costs the Community of Germans during his lifetime. Fellow Citizen, that is your money, too. Read 'A New People' The monthly magazines of the Office for Race Politics of the NSDAP Slide 8 Nuremberg Laws Began with segregation of public places. No Jews Allowed signs were all over. In 1935, Nazis passed the Nuremberg Laws. Didnt allow Jews to marry or have intercourse with non-Jews. Took away citizenship rights of Jews Jews werent allowed to hire non-Jews to be maids Not allowed to wear national colors or have flag Also defined someone as being Jewish by their ancestryNOT based on religious beliefs! Slide 9 Anti-Semitic Propaganda The Jews are our misfortune. Slide 10 1936 Olympics Held in Berlin, under Nazi Germany. Hitler wanted to use Olympic Games to provide superiority of Aryan race. Didnt allow Jews or racial minorities to join American Jesse Owens won four gold medals! Slide 11 Formation of Ghettos In 1939, Nazis began forcing Jews into segregated neighborhoods called Ghettos. Waited there to be taken to concentration camps. Also began having to wear Star of David to identify themselves as Jewish. Slide 12 Warsaw Ghetto 1943 Slide 13 Concentration & Death Camps Healthier concentration camps Weaker death camps Pack Jews into backs of trucks and let the truck fill with exhaust. Shower rooms- Jews were told they were going to take showers. Instead, they were locked in and carbon monoxide was released into the room. All dead bodies were burned and buried. So many were burned that ashes in the air would cover cars in nearby towns on a daily basis. Slide 14 Slide 15 S. S. St. Louis A ship of over 900 Jewish refugees from Germany tried getting U.S. visas. U.S. refused to let the boat dock in Miami due to immigration quotas against Jews. Sent back to Europe where 600+ died. Slide 16 Other Atrocities Performed sick medical experiments on children, particularly twins. Injecting ink in eyes to try to change eye color. Seeing if twins could feel each others pain. Filled seat cushions and mattresses with human hair of victims. Used the bones of victims as legs for coffee tables. Used the skin of victims as lamp shades. Slide 17 Roma Children as Victims of Medical Experiments Slide 18 Who Were the Victims? Jews Roma (Gypsies) Disabled People Homosexuals Jehovahs Witnesses Catholic Priests Christian Pastors Non-whites Communists Non-supporters Total Death Count = 11 18 Million Slide 19 Slide 20 Slide 21 Slide 22 Slide 23 Slide 24 The road to Auschwitz was built by hate, but paved with indifference. -Ivan Kershaw, historian Slide 25 Learning Targets I can explain the initial stages of the Holocaust, including sterilization. I can explain why no countries intervened to stop the Holocaust. I can identify groups targeted by the Nazis in the Holocaust. I can define anti-Semitism.

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