geography of africa


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GEOGRAPHY OF AFRICA. SS7G1 The student will locate selected features of Africa. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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GEOGRAPHY OF AFRICASS7G1 The student will locate selected features of Africa. a. Locate on a world and regional political-physical map: the Sahara, Sahel, savanna, tropical rain forest, Congo River, Niger River, Nile River, Lake Tanganyika, Lake Victoria, Atlas Mountains, and Kalahari Desert. b. Locate on a world and regional political-physical map the countries of Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, Sudan, and South Sudan.

The Nile River in Egypt

Facts about the Nile RiverIt is the longest river in the worldIt flows through the following countries: Kenya, Eritrea, Congo, Burundi, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Egypt, Sudan, South Sudan and Ethiopia.The Nile Delta in Northern Egypt is where the Nile River drains in to the Mediterranean Sea. The Aswan High Dam was built in 1970 to help regulate flooding of the Nile River. Before the Aswan Dam was built, years that featured high levels of water could wipe out crops while years of low level water could produce famines and drought. The dam helps control these water levels.

Atlas MountainsAtlas Mountains

Atlas Mountains FactsThe Atlas Mountains span across three countries: Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia. Highest point - Jbel Toubkal (13,671 feet) People - The Berbers. They are natives who speak Arab languages. Mostly grassland and no trees. However, the middle of the range is heavily forested. The Atlas Mountains contain a wide variety of mineral deposits, including gold, silver, lead, zinc, iron, manganese, antimony, phosphates, and petroleum.

A view of the Atlas MountainsThe Atlas Mountains

tropical rainforest

Tropical Rain Forest FactsDense evergreen forest with an annual rainfall of at least 60 inches. The rainforest has shrunk because of deforestation and destructive farming practicesPart of the rainforest is in Ghana and 2/3rds is in the Democratic Republic of Congo

The Congo RiverThe Congo River FactsThe Congo River is the main transportation source in Central Africa.A tremendous amount of goods are transported on the river every day.It is the second longest river in Africa.The Congo River is an extremely powerful river; there are approximately forty hydropower plants along the river that utilize this power to provide energy for the African continent.

Lake Tanganyika

Lake Tanganyika FactsIt is the second largest lake in AfricaIt is the deepest lake in Africahas important fisheries and there are large populations of hippopotamuses and crocodiles

The Sahara Desert

Sahara Desert FactsThe worlds largest desertBordered on the north by the Atlas MountainsA trade route goods transported between European and African nationsMost populous area is Cairo, EgyptIt is defined by its climate very hot and dry

The savanna

Savannah FactsTropical grasslands with scattered treesHome to an amazing variety of wildlifeThe most famous savannah is the Serengeti, which includes parts of KenyaGrazing land for cattle, goats, and sheep

The Sahel

The SahelThe Sahel experiencing desertification

Sahel FactsStrip of semi-arid land south of the SaharaSome areas rich in natural resourcesIt depends on farming, so it can be devastated by bad weather1970 drought caused 200,000 people to die from starvation; this caused many people to move to cities; but the cities cannot handle the population increase so many live without electricity, running water, or proper sewers

The Kalahari Desert

Kalahari Desert FactsCovers 360,000 square miles Located in South Africa, Botswana, and NamibiaIt is semi-arid, meaning it contains a few more plants and wildlife than a traditional desertSome of the worlds largest diamond mines are found hereTHE NIGER RIVER

Niger River FactsThird longest river in AfricaLocated in western AfricaSource is the Guinea HighlandsLake Victoria

Lake Victoria FactsLargest lake in AfricaBordered by Uganda, Kenya, and TanzaniaNamed after Queen Victoria of England80% of its water comes from rainLargest tropical lake in the world