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Geography of Africa

Geography of Africa

A satellite picture of Africa at night. . . What does the light, or lack thereof, tell you about Africa?

Photo Citation: bcnn5.com

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Physical Features of Northern AfricaAtlantic Ocean to the Red SeaMediterranean to the North, Sahara to the South

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Physical Features: Sahara Desert largest hot desertErgs of the Sahara

Regs of the Sahara

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Physical Features: The Nile River

Above: The Nile is like an oasis in the desertTop Right: For centuries, farming has been a major way of life around the NileBottom Right: The Nile flows north, as the delta empties into the Mediterranean Sea; the Sinai Peninsula to the east

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ResourcesCrops of wheat, barley, olives, grapes, citrus fruits, and cotton

Fishing

Oil and Gas

Iron Ore and Minerals

Copper, Gold, and Silver

Above: An oil refinery in Libya

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Slidecast Summary QuestionPause the slidecast and take note of the answer to the question(s) below (save the answer for later use)

Q1. What are ergs and regs and where would you find them in Northern Africa?

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Northern Africa History

Pyramids and hieroglyphics left by the Ancient Egyptians

European control in Africa

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Northern Africa TodayPeople and Cities

A fellahin of Egypt

Egypts capital city, Cairo

Carpet making is one of the oldest crafts of Egypts textile industry

Free port of Tangier in Morocco

Casbah of Algiers in Algeria

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Q2. Where can you find a free port in Northern Africa? What is the advantage of a free port?

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Western Africa Landforms and Climate

The Sahara DesertPhysical GeographyThe Sahel Region

The SavannaCoastline and Forest

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Resources Include: diamonds, gold, iron ore, manganese, bauxite, and oilStaple Crops: millet and sorghumOther Sources of Income: fishing, cotton

Millet

Physical Geography: ResourcesSorghum

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History and Culture:The Slave Trade

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History and Culture: Colonial Era and IndependenceLate 1800s Many European countries compete for colonies

1820s Liberia remained free as the Americans set it up as a home for freed slaves

1950s and 1960s Many colonies gain independence in western Africa

1974 Portugal finally gives up its western Africa colonies

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History and Culture: Challenges

Ethnic RivalriesHealth Conditions

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History and Culture: Culture

Traditional Clothing/Robes

Rural home in West AfricaAnimism Worship

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Q3. What is malaria? Why is it a problem?

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Physical Geography: From East to West

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Physical Geography: Traveling Further EastGreat Rift ValleyMt. KilimanjaroLake VictoriaBlue and White Nile

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History and Culture

Left: A drawing of the Kongo KingdomBelow: European colonization map

Left: A group of slave children aboard the Daphne

Right: European colonization map

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Modern Eastern and Central Africa

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Slidecast Summary QuestionPause the slidecast and take note of the answer to the question(s) below (save the answer for later use)

Q4. What is a rift? What unique physical feature does Africa have related to rifts?

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Physical Features of Southern Africa: Deserts to WaterfallsAbove: Kalahari, Top: NamibWaterfalls of Southern Africa

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Physical Features: ResourcesGold, diamonds, platinum, copper, uranium, coal, iron, crops, livestock, herders

Kimberly Diamond Mine in South Africa

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History and Culture: European Control

Top Left: Afrikaner commandosTop Middle: Gathering ivoryTop Right: Colonization of AfricaBottom Left: Digging for diamondsBottom Right: Political cartoon showing imperialism

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South Africas Recent PastRacial Divisions

Left and Bottom Right: Examples of ApartheidTopRight: Young Nelson Mandela

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Independence from EuropeEnd to ApartheidNelson Mandela ElectedSouth Africas Recent Past: Pressures Against South Africa

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Slidecast Summary QuestionPause the slidecast and take note of the answer to the question(s) below (save the answer for later use)

Q5. Virtually all of Africa was once colonized by countries from which continent? It wasnt until after which major war that the African countries started to gain independence?

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Picture CitationsSlide 2mappery.comSlide 3thundafunda.comweru.ksu.edutravelswithsheila.comSlide 4litestraboen.blogspot.comsb.westfordk12.usegyptpyramid.orgSlide 5majo.rsSlide 7levechad.blogspot.comegypthistorytourism.blogspot.com001yourtranslationservice.comSlide 8thefullwiki.orgworld-mysteries.comthomaswhite.comdalje.comtripadvisor.com

Slide 10worldwidehomestay.compsdblog.worldbank.orgsavannaenvironment.wordpress.comsierraexpressmedia.comSlide 11web.worldbank.organcientfoods.wordpress.comSlide 12edit.emich.eduhistclo.compbs.orghistoryonthenet.comSlide 13en.wikipedia.orgSlide 14preview.samemission.comSlide 15timo-aim.commessengerandadvocate.wordpress.comtruthforsaints.com

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Picture Citations Continued . . .Slide 17rainforests.mongabay.commediafreedominternational.orggreenpeace.org.ukSlide 18contact-donate-invest.sonsofeve.orgcircleofblue.orgbrandonsneed.comgrowingalibrary.wordpress.comhistory.howstuffworks.comafricanwater.orgSlide 19newworldencyclopedia.orgmegumitoai.wordpress.comSlide 20awtreyms.blogs.comcaribbeanbookblog.wordpress.comhumanrightsblogucf.blogspot.comnews.bbc.co.ukwired.comentretelarestome.cl

Slide 22theadventureblog.blogspot.comphotography-match.compm.oneworldtechnologies.comblog.biographyonline.netSlide 23african-dune.comSlide 24studygroup-bd.orghistoriainfinitus.comafricahunting.comthesouthafricaguide.comen.wikipedia.orgSlide 25southafrica-for-dummies.comottawadownsideup.blogspot.comsouthafrica.toSlide 26tyronevh.wordpress.comnews.bbc.co.ukfuturemediachange.com

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Slidecast Exit SummaryClick Here to go to the Slidecast Exit Summary Questions

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