africa 5 themes of geography


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AFRICA 5 THEMES OF GEOGRAPHY. PLACE. A theme of geography that conjures up a mental picture of a place with people going about their everyday lives in their familiar environment. PLACE is the personality of geography. 2 things to consider about a place:. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation




5 THEMES OF GEOGRAPHYPLACEA theme of geography that conjures up a mental picture of a place with people going about their everyday lives in their familiar environment.

PLACE is the personality of geography.2 things to consider about a place:Physical characteristics things determined by nature, such as climate, land forms, indigenous plants and animals, and types of soil.

Human characteristics can be defined by the culture of a place, for example, the language, clothing, architectural styles, and government ideologies.What features make Africa unique?WildlifePhysical characteristicsPeopleWhere they liveLanguage they speakHuge contrastsLarge cities small villagesModern old tribal customsLiving locations:Coastal regionsSavanna regionsGrasslands and certain types of agricultureCoastal Cities/PortsNorthern EuropeEastern AsiaWestern North America and Western EuropeSuez Canal shortcut from Mediterranean Sea to the Indian OceanPhysical CharacteristicsHuge rainforests equatorPlains in the EastTell mountainsDeep valleysHuge deserts Sahara covering the northREGIONA region is an area that is defined by certain similar characteristics. Those unifying or similar characteristics can be physical, natural, human, or cultural.

A region is described by the features that make it unique, either small or large.Regions can change over time due to changes in climate, economic conditions, accessibility of trade routes, and many other factors.Well known regions:Nile Valley Region long historyLongest river in the worldHas affected the lives of people, wildlife, and vegetation for thousands of yearsBanks of river are rich, green, fertile strips of land.People raise crops, relying on water from rivermany town and cities are found along the riverWell known regions:Serengeti Plains Flat, grassy area filled with a variety of wildlifeMasai Mara National ReserveGame reserve for endangered animals

HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTIONHuman-environment interaction looks at the relationships between people and their environment; how people adapt to the environment and how they change it.

How do people depend on the environment? (Example: In ancient times, the annual flooding of the Nile River produced good soil for growing crops.) How to people adapt to the environment? (Example: The ancient Egyptians rebuilt their homes each year, after the annual flooding. As time went on, they built their homes above the flood plain.) How do people modify the environment? (Example: The ancient Egyptians built irrigation ditches to help water the crops. In modern times, Egypt built a dam to control the flood waters of the Nile River.) Nile river has flooded for thousands of yearsAswan High Dam blocked the flow of the river and created lake NassarAbu Simbel ancient Egyptian TempleTaken apart and reassembled in a location away from the lake.

LOCATIONWhere is it? Absolute: A location can be absolute (specific) as in coordinates of a map using longitude and latitude Relative: A location can be relative - examples: next door, nearby, a short drive, down the road a ways. Or, it can be in the same general location as another location - example: next to the post office.Both the equator and Prime Meridian pass through AfricaLarge size of Africa makes giving is absolute location very difficultHuge size and location gives Africa many different climates. Surrounded by bodies of water-Atlantic Ocean to the west, Mediterranean Sea to the north, Indian Ocean to the EastSinai Peninsula links Africa with AsiaMOVEMENTMovement refers to the way people, products, information and ideas move from one place to another.

African MovementTravel for work, school, or recreational.Many forms of travel-Rural or remote locations may still use traditional forms of transportation (oxen pulling a cart)Camels now used mainly to attract tourists.Small airplanes and helicopters are used to fly tourists.Urban trains, bikes, cars, scooters, buses, trucksCoastal to travel to other locations