the physical geography of africa

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The physical geography of africa. Regions of Africa. Traditionally there are five main regions: NORTHERN SOUTHERN EASTERN WESTERN CENTRAL OR MIDDLE. Regions of Africa. Fertile land lies along the Mediterranean Coast in the North and at the tip of southern Africa. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The physical geography of africa

The physical geography of africa

Regions of AfricaTraditionally there are five main regions:

NORTHERNSOUTHERNEASTERNWESTERNCENTRAL OR MIDDLE

Regions of AfricaFertile land lies along the Mediterranean Coast in the North and at the tip of southern Africa.

There are many mineral resources including:salt, gold, copper, diamonds, oilRegions of AfricaSavannah largest and most populatedgrassy plaingood soil but irregular rainfalllong droughtstsetse fly infects cattle and humans

Tsetse fly

Regions of AfricaBelow the savanna are dry steppes and then two major deserts: The Sahara (worlds largest desert) and the Kalahari (along with the smaller Namib) in the south.

Bantu and other MigrationsThe Sahara was originally an area of neolithic farming villages.

Desertification and MigrationThe Sahara area dries out due to climate change; process known as desertification which continues to the present day. (Yes the desert is growing!)

Cropland and pastureland disappearsPeople must find new areas to live

WHAT EFFECTS WILL THESE SITUATIONS HAVE ON THE ECONOMIES OF THE VARIOUS NATIONS?

Sahara, Savanna , Sahel

Migration and TradeMovement in Africa has been difficult due to geographic barriers:

A. desertsB. Long coast line but few natural harborsC. Interior is a high plateauD. Rivers turn into cataracts/waterfalls at the coasts hinders travel between coast and interior

Bantu MigrationsBantu Area3-phase migration

Bantu MigrationsTraced by studying language patternsWest African farmers and herders migrated to the south and east between 1,000BC and 1,000AD.

Common root language was the Bantu family of languages.

This is how the migration was traced.Results of MigrationPeople adapted to the varying climates

Developed Diversity of CulturesNomadic cattle herders Farmers (grain and root crops)Several large farming empires developed