Elements & Principles of Design. The ELEMENTS of art: line, shape, form, color, value, texture and space. The PRINCIPLES of design: balance, movement,

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<ul><li>Slide 1</li></ul> <p>Elements &amp; Principles of Design Slide 2 The ELEMENTS of art: line, shape, form, color, value, texture and space. The PRINCIPLES of design: balance, movement, rhythm, contrast, emphasis, pattern and unity Slide 3 The ELEMENTS of art: line, shape, form, color, value, texture and space. Slide 4 1) Line a dot that moves or continuous mark Describes a shape or outline. It can be: straight, curved, vertical, horizontal, jagged, or dotted Slide 5 The ELEMENTS of art: Line a dot that moves.defines space, contours and outlines, or suggests mass and volume. Straight, curved, vertical, horizontal, jagged, dotted Vincent van Gogh Cottage Garden 1888 reed pen, quill, and ink over graphite on wove paper, 24 x 19-1/4 inches Private Collection, Courtesy Metropolitan Museum of Art Dominance Portfolio, Blue, Bridget Riley, 1977 Slide 6 2) Shape An enclosed space defined by other art elements such as line, color and texture. Shapes can be geometric or organic. Geometric: Circles, squares, rectangles, triangles. Seen in architecture, manufactured items. Organic: Leafs, seashells, flowers. Seen in nature; free flowing and irregular shapes. Slide 7 The ELEMENTS of art: shape An enclosed space defined by other art elements such as line, color and texture. May be geometric or organic Dogs, MC ESCHER, 1938Cycle, MC ESCHER, 1938 Slide 8 Is this artwork geometric or organic? How do you know? Slide 9 Positive and Negative Shapes Positive Shapes are the solid forms in a design such as a bowl of fruit. In a sculpture it is the solid form of the sculpture. Negative Shapes-In a drawing it is the space around the positive shape or the shape around the bowl of fruit. In sculpture it is the empty shape around and between the sculptures.. Slide 10 3) Form Appears 3-dimensional (3D) such as a cube, sphere, pyramid or cylinder. (Shape is only two-dimensional; form is three-dimensional. You can hold a form; walk around a form) Form can also be geometric or organic. Slide 11 The ELEMENTS of art: form Are these forms organic or geometric? Where is the positive and negative shapes? CLOUD GATE, Chicago,Anish Kapoor SNOWBALL, Andy Goldsworthy Midsummer Snowballs, Andy Goldsworthy Slide 12 Organic or Geometric Forms? The ELEMENTS of art: form Louise Nevelson Alexander Calders MOBILE at the National Gallery of Art White Vertical Water, 1972 Slide 13 4) Color See Color Theory Handout and Color Wheel Slide 14 The ELEMENTS of art: color http://www.webexhibits.org/colorart/riley.htm l Complementary,Cool, Warm Color Schemes Yellow and blue accentuate each other in van Goghs Caf Terrace on the Place du Forum, Arles, 1888 Red and green accentuate each other in van Goghs Night Caf in Arles, which was painted the same month as the caf at left Slide 15 5) Value Refers to the light and dark areas of a picture. Value creates depth within a picture making an object look three dimensional (3D) with highlights and cast shadows. Slide 16 Categories of Value Tint is adding white to create lighter values such as light blue or pink. Shade is adding black to create dark values such as dark blue or dark red. Value Scale is a scale that shows the gradual change in value from its lightest value, white to its darkest value black. Slide 17 The ELEMENTS of art: value Refers to the light and dark areas of an art work Slide 18 Study of Arms and Hands, Da Vinci 1474 The ELEMENTS of art: value Slide 19 El Greco: Allegory, Boy Lighting Candle in the Company of an Ape and a Fool The ELEMENTS of art: value Slide 20 THE MILKMAID (De Melkmeid ) c. 1658-1661 oil on canvas 17 7/8 x 16 1/8 in. (45.5 x 41 cm.) The Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam The ELEMENTS of art: value Slide 21 6) Texture The surface quality A rock may be rough and jagged. A piece of silk may be soft and smooth and your desk may feel hard and smooth. Texture also refers to the way a picture is made to look rough or smooth. Slide 22 The ELEMENTS of art: texture The surface quality of an artwork usually perceived through the sense of touch. Texture may also be implied. Piet Michelangelo, 1499 Marble SURFACE is polished marble, simulated texture of flesh and fabric Slide 23 Shoes, 1888 Vincent van Gogh (Dutch, 18531890) Oil on canvas; 18 x 21 3/4 in. Vincent van Gogh (Dutch, 18531890) Sunflowers 1887 Medium Oil on canvas 17 x 24 in. (43.2 x 61 cm) The ELEMENTS of art: texture Slide 24 6) SPACE The distance around, between, above, below, and within an object. Categories of Space Positive Space (similar to positive shape) Negative Space (similar to negative shape) Composition: organization of elements in artwork Focal Point Slide 25 The ELEMENTS of art: space The distance around, between, above, below, and within an object. Fallingwater is the name of a very special house that is built over a waterfall. Frank Lloyd Wright, Americas most famous architect, designed the house for his clients, the Kaufmann family. Fallingwater was built between 1936 and 1939. It instantly became famous, and today it is a National Historic Landmark. NEGATIVE SPACE OR POSITIVE SPACE Slide 26 Paris Street Scene 1972 Richard Estes (American, 1936- ) Oil on canvas 40H x 60W 101.6 cm x 152.4 cm Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, The ELEMENTS of art: space Where is the positive and negative space? How can you tell? Slide 27 The PRINCIPLES of design: balance, movement, rhythm, contrast, emphasis, repetition and unity Slide 28 The PRINCIPLES of design: balance Used to create a sense of stability - can be asymmetrical or symmetrical or radial Equal distribution of VISUAL weight on either side of a compositions center Martin Johnson Heade American, 1819-1904 Magnolias on Light Blue Velvet Cloth, 1885/95 Oil on canvas 38.6 x 61.8 cm (15 1/4 x 24 3/8 in.) Slide 29 The PRINCIPLES of design: balance Lips Sofa by Salvador Dali Slide 30 Robert Indiana LOVE in NYC The PRINCIPLES of design: balance Slide 31 On the Trail, c. 1892, watercolor over graphite on paper, Gift of Ruth K. Henschel in memory of her husband, Charles R. Henschel Slide 32 The PRINCIPLES of design: balance The Third of May 1808, Francisco Goya, 1814, Prado Museum Slide 33 The PRINCIPLES of design: movement Combines elements in an art work to create the illusion of action The Scream, Edvard Munch, 1893, oil LITHOGRAPH, 1895 Slide 34 Claude Monet. Water Lilies. c.1920. Oil on canvas, triptych, each section 6'6" x 14" (200 x 425 cm). The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Mrs. Simon Guggenheim Fund. Photograph 1997 The Museum of Modern Art, New York, by Kate Keller/Erik Landsberg Slide 44 Sources https://teachers.dvusd.org/dvms/crews/ep/E_ p_Design4.html https://teachers.dvusd.org/dvms/crews/ep/E_ p_Design4.html www.incredibleart.org </p>