elements and principles of design

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Elements: Line Shape Form Color Value Texture Space. Principles: Balance Emphasis & Focal Point Movement Contrast Variety Pattern & Repetition Unity Harmony/Gestalt. Elements and Principles of Design. Line - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • Elements and Principles of DesignElements:LineShapeFormColorValueTextureSpacePrinciples:BalanceEmphasis & Focal PointMovementContrastVarietyPattern & RepetitionUnityHarmony/Gestalt

  • LineA line is defined as a mark with length and direction, created by a point that moves across a surface. A line can vary in length, width, direction, curvature, and color.Contour, Diagonal, Broken, Curved, Outline, Implied, Vertical, zigzag, Horizontal, Wavy, Slanted, Continuous, Solid, Narrow, Bold

    Jasper Johns, 0-9 (continuous line)Gesture drawing

  • line

    Jackson Pollock, Autumn Rhythm

  • Andy GoldsworthyLINE

  • Keith Haring

  • Shape Shape is an enclosed space defined by other elements of art. Shape is 2-Dimensional

    Shape can be:Geometric: Angular, man-made conceptOrganic: curvilinear - found in natureFernana Leger, The CityMatisse, from the series Jazz

  • Picasso, Three Musicians

  • FORM3 Dimensional Shape. Volume

  • MC Escher, Self Portrait

  • Tamara de LempickaPortrait of Ira P. 1925

    Vincent Van Gogh, Shoes

  • Value

    An element of art that refers to luminance or luminosity the lightness or darkness of a color.

    Value is an especially important element in works of art when color is absent. This is particularly likely with drawings, printmaking, and photographsKathe Kollwitz,Self portrait

  • ValueChuck Close(made w/ thumbprints!)Edward Weston, Pepper(photograph)

  • TextureTexture refers to the surface quality or "feel" of an object, such as roughness, smoothness, or softness. Actual texture can be felt while simulated textures are implied by the way the artist renders the surface areaOppenheimFur-lined cup

  • Texture

    Actual and Implied

    GolsdworthyAlbrecht DurerRhinocerus

  • Color Is an element of art with three properties1) Hue, the name of the color, e.g. red, yellow, etc. 2) Intensity orthe purity and strength of the color 3) Value, or the lightness or darkness of the colorDelauneyJasper Johns, Target(primary colors)

  • Primary Colors

  • Piet MondrianWassily Kandinsky

  • Warm ColorsColors that are often described as being higher in temperature Reds, oranges, yellowsAssociated with fire and sunOptically, appear to advanceStimulating and passionate

  • Ex. Warm

  • CoolColors that are often described as being lower in temperature Greens, Blues, and VioletAssociated with water, sky, and springOptically, they appear to recedeCalming and depressing

  • Ex. Cool

  • Color and Mood

    Picasso, the Old GuitaristVan Gogh, the Night Cafe

  • SpaceSpace is the empty or open area between, around, above, below, or within objects. Shapes and forms are made by the space around and within them. Space is often called three-dimensional or two- dimensional.

    MC Escher

  • SpacePositive space is filled by a shape or form. Negative space surrounds a shape or form.

  • Space/DepthMay be created by overlapping, change in scale, perspective placement, color theory, or projection toward the viewer.

    David HockneyPlace Furstenberg, Paris, August 7,8,9, 1985 -#11985

  • BalanceBalance is a sense of stability in the body of work. Balance can be symmetrical (formal) or assymmetrical (informal)Wayne Thiebaud, Around the Cake (formal balance)

  • Diane Arbus, TwinsSymmetrical/Formal Balance

  • Leonardo da Vinci, The Last Supper 1495-1498Symmetrical Balance

  • Asymmetrical Balance

    Edgar Degas (informal balance)

  • Asymmetrical Balance

  • VarietyWhen elements are changed in scale, color, or form.Andy WarholStuart Davis

  • MovementMovement adds excitement to your work by showing action and directing the viewers eye throughout the picture plane. Edward Munch, the Scream

  • MovementMarcel Duchamp, Nude Descending StaircaseUmberto Boccioni, Unique forms of continuity in space

  • Dominance & SubordinationThe part of a composition that is emphasized, has the greatest visual weight, the most important, powerful, or has the most influence.

  • Emphasis & Focal PointEmphasis - Any forcefulness that gives importance to some feature or features of an artwork; something singled out, stressed, or drawn attention to by means of contrast, anomaly, or counterpoint Focal Point = portion of an artwork's composition on which interest or attention centersDavid Hockney

  • Emphasis & Focal PointBarbara KrugerRene Magritte

  • Pattern & RepetitionInvolves multiples of the same element. Repeated elements can vary in size, color, or axis placement. Repeated elements can create a pattern. The use of repetition may be applied to all Visual Elements. Motion can be created by repetition.

    William MorrisArts and Crafts Movement

  • Pattern & Repetition

    Chuck Close, Self Portrait, detail

  • ContrastA large difference between two things, such as light and shadow, color and black/whiteAndy Warhol

  • ContrastDavid, the Death of Marat

  • Economy

  • Unity & HarmonyThe quality of wholeness or oneness (Gestalt) that is achieved through the effective use of the elements and principles of design.Claude MonetHaystacks

  • Unity

    CezanneWayne Theibaud

  • Unity

    Van Gogh Starry Night

  • What Elements and Principles stand out?

  • What Elements and Principles stand out?Goya, The 5th of May

  • GauguinWhat Elements and Principles stand out?

  • What Elements and Principles stand out?