elements and principles of design
Post on 07-Jan-2016
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DESCRIPTIONElements: Line Shape Form Color Value Texture Space. Principles: Balance Emphasis & Focal Point Movement Contrast Variety Pattern & Repetition Unity Harmony/Gestalt. Elements and Principles of Design. Line - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Elements and Principles of DesignElements:LineShapeFormColorValueTextureSpacePrinciples:BalanceEmphasis & Focal PointMovementContrastVarietyPattern & RepetitionUnityHarmony/Gestalt
LineA line is defined as a mark with length and direction, created by a point that moves across a surface. A line can vary in length, width, direction, curvature, and color.Contour, Diagonal, Broken, Curved, Outline, Implied, Vertical, zigzag, Horizontal, Wavy, Slanted, Continuous, Solid, Narrow, Bold
Jasper Johns, 0-9 (continuous line)Gesture drawing
Jackson Pollock, Autumn Rhythm
Shape Shape is an enclosed space defined by other elements of art. Shape is 2-Dimensional
Shape can be:Geometric: Angular, man-made conceptOrganic: curvilinear - found in natureFernana Leger, The CityMatisse, from the series Jazz
Picasso, Three Musicians
FORM3 Dimensional Shape. Volume
MC Escher, Self Portrait
Tamara de LempickaPortrait of Ira P. 1925
Vincent Van Gogh, Shoes
An element of art that refers to luminance or luminosity the lightness or darkness of a color.
Value is an especially important element in works of art when color is absent. This is particularly likely with drawings, printmaking, and photographsKathe Kollwitz,Self portrait
ValueChuck Close(made w/ thumbprints!)Edward Weston, Pepper(photograph)
TextureTexture refers to the surface quality or "feel" of an object, such as roughness, smoothness, or softness. Actual texture can be felt while simulated textures are implied by the way the artist renders the surface areaOppenheimFur-lined cup
Actual and Implied
Color Is an element of art with three properties1) Hue, the name of the color, e.g. red, yellow, etc. 2) Intensity orthe purity and strength of the color 3) Value, or the lightness or darkness of the colorDelauneyJasper Johns, Target(primary colors)
Piet MondrianWassily Kandinsky
Warm ColorsColors that are often described as being higher in temperature Reds, oranges, yellowsAssociated with fire and sunOptically, appear to advanceStimulating and passionate
CoolColors that are often described as being lower in temperature Greens, Blues, and VioletAssociated with water, sky, and springOptically, they appear to recedeCalming and depressing
Color and Mood
Picasso, the Old GuitaristVan Gogh, the Night Cafe
SpaceSpace is the empty or open area between, around, above, below, or within objects. Shapes and forms are made by the space around and within them. Space is often called three-dimensional or two- dimensional.
SpacePositive space is filled by a shape or form. Negative space surrounds a shape or form.
Space/DepthMay be created by overlapping, change in scale, perspective placement, color theory, or projection toward the viewer.
David HockneyPlace Furstenberg, Paris, August 7,8,9, 1985 -#11985
BalanceBalance is a sense of stability in the body of work. Balance can be symmetrical (formal) or assymmetrical (informal)Wayne Thiebaud, Around the Cake (formal balance)
Diane Arbus, TwinsSymmetrical/Formal Balance
Leonardo da Vinci, The Last Supper 1495-1498Symmetrical Balance
Edgar Degas (informal balance)
VarietyWhen elements are changed in scale, color, or form.Andy WarholStuart Davis
MovementMovement adds excitement to your work by showing action and directing the viewers eye throughout the picture plane. Edward Munch, the Scream
MovementMarcel Duchamp, Nude Descending StaircaseUmberto Boccioni, Unique forms of continuity in space
Dominance & SubordinationThe part of a composition that is emphasized, has the greatest visual weight, the most important, powerful, or has the most influence.
Emphasis & Focal PointEmphasis - Any forcefulness that gives importance to some feature or features of an artwork; something singled out, stressed, or drawn attention to by means of contrast, anomaly, or counterpoint Focal Point = portion of an artwork's composition on which interest or attention centersDavid Hockney
Emphasis & Focal PointBarbara KrugerRene Magritte
Pattern & RepetitionInvolves multiples of the same element. Repeated elements can vary in size, color, or axis placement. Repeated elements can create a pattern. The use of repetition may be applied to all Visual Elements. Motion can be created by repetition.
William MorrisArts and Crafts Movement
Pattern & Repetition
Chuck Close, Self Portrait, detail
ContrastA large difference between two things, such as light and shadow, color and black/whiteAndy Warhol
ContrastDavid, the Death of Marat
Unity & HarmonyThe quality of wholeness or oneness (Gestalt) that is achieved through the effective use of the elements and principles of design.Claude MonetHaystacks
Van Gogh Starry Night
What Elements and Principles stand out?
What Elements and Principles stand out?Goya, The 5th of May
GauguinWhat Elements and Principles stand out?
What Elements and Principles stand out?